This report is a continuation of my personal development plan. In this report I have shown how I have worked towards improving my strengths, overcome my weaknesses and negative attitudes while considering external threats and opportunities in favour. Then I have drawn my attention in developing a range of interpersonal and transferable business skills such as communication and presentation skills. I have studied the different styles I am going to adopt in order to bring things to the right track and become confident what I say and do.
I have realized that I should develop my voice, slow down, animate my voice (increase and reduce volume), pronounce words properly and so on.
The findings of the report also states that the duty of authentic leader is always grounded on the acceptable standards of business ethics, corporate culture and management skills. Leaders are guided by code of conducts in performance of their duties. Ethics in business is a way of sustaining competitive advantage and sustainable development. Today's managers or leaders, particularly those who are serving the automotive industry, need to form an acceptable workplace environment that is guided with ethical behavioral guidelines towards productivity and moral responsibility.
Taking the leadership role means having a vision about what can be accomplished and making a commitment to the mission and to the people you lead plus assuming the risk of loss and failure while accepting recognition for success.
A leader especially an authentic leader must be able to express his or her vision clearly and in a compelling manner so that others are engaged by it. People will judge such a leader by his or her commitment, and will commit themselves no more than the leader does. A leader assumes a considerable amount of responsibility not just for the mission that he or she urges others to accept, nor just for the organization he or she heads, but for his or her followers, their lives and efforts, as well.
There are few strategies that can be very much useful in managing time much more effectively and have explained in detail of how it must be practiced in real life. Finally it is all about the Self-managed learning which includes my aims and requirements, personal achievement goals, identification of what has to be learnt, skills of personal assessment, planning, organization and evaluation.
Table of Contents
Topic Page No.
1. Introduction 4
2. Personal SWOT Analysis 5
2.1 About myself 5
2.2 SWOT Analysis 5
2.3 How to overcome my weaknesses 6
2.4 How to defeat my Threats 6
3. Goals & Objectives 7
4. Evaluation of PDP 8
5. Leadership Styles 8
5.1 My style of Leadership 8
5.2 Authentic Leadership 9
6. Sri Lankan Corporate Culture 11
6. Conclusion and Recommendations 12
6.1 Conclusion 12
6.2 Recommendations 13
7. References 14
This report is a continuation of the previous report which I submitted previously for the same module personal development plan. In the previous report I have completed the tasks which includes an introduction of what personal development plan is, a brief description of who I am, a complete analysis of my career using the SWOT analysis, how I can build my strengths and move away from my weaknesses using the opportunities available and opened to me and how I can get rid of my weaknesses by identifying my threats.
This authentic journey report provides a deep analysis of my personal strengths and weakness and also finds the different leadership styles which could be adapted in order to become a successful leader in an automotive industry, specifically in the Sri Lankan culture or environment. Also this is an evaluation on my achievement towards my learning targets, developing a range of interpersonal and transferable business skill.
The report examines the various leadership styles too that have been adopted in organizations, the results drawn from the personal development plan, actions and to be taken or methods to follow to become a strong and a successful leader which is suitable particularly for an automotive business. By examining a range of published articles, magazines, books and various web sites on the topic of leadership styles and personal development plans, this report describes how to become a successful and a winning leader to sustain in any environment. Apart from that, the results of my personal SWOT analysis have been taken into consideration to practically match my qualities and interests with the characteristics needed for a successful leader.
This report has been arranged in a way to address, what is required to be an authentic leader and the best leadership style to be adapted plus the best practices to work out as an individual who is required to lead or act as the head of any group or organization. This also includes the journey of an authentic leader plus the essentials to be such an authentic leader. The next section examines and analyzes the outcome of the personal development plan. Also it focuses on the leadership styles in detail. The final section is mainly about the Sri Lankan corporate culture and how I need to build up and improve the skills and knowledge that are essential to become an authentic leader, when working for a Sri Lankan organization.
2. Personal SWOT Analysis
2.1 About My Self
I'm called Ragunath. That is the name which was given to me by my mother who is a house wife. My father is a businessman. Even though my parents are from Jaffna I'm I was born in Colombo and attended Royal College. Presently I'm following business management at ICBT campus. I have two elder brothers, who live in the UK and help me very much with my expenses.
I can call my self a sports person, who likes car and bike racing very much and I have a passion for swimming. From the small days it self I was interested in vehicles and still carry out research on automotive trends and do some business deals over the phone too.
As far as my nature is concerned I'm a very open minded, straight forward person and a hard working individual. I easily do not give up on what I have to do and I'm quite clever in completing work on time. I should also say that I'm very friendly and supportive but a bit short tempered at times.
2.2 SWOT Analysis
I use SWOT analysis to identify and analyze the Strengths and Weaknesses of myself, as well as the Opportunities and Threats.
When I analyzed myself, I found that I'm blessed with a lot of good qualities and I'm ready to name them as my strengths. I strongly believe that I have very good leadership skills since I'm a hardworking person and follow a friendly approach when working with my own mates and always ready to help and support others. I am also highly confident in what ever the tasks I carry out and do not give up in the middle of carrying out some work.
Even though I have my own strengths I have few weaknesses too. I have always had a fear of speaking in public due to the language barrier and for the reason me being shy.
I have a kind heart and an open mind plus straight forward too which also could be considered as weaknesses at certain points in life. I have also realized that I spend money without much thought; it could be because I still do not earn my own cash.
I have observed and realized that there are few of opportunities opened to me as well. Nowadays there is a very high demand for automotive industry and also it is very much popular across the globe. I have some friends too who are engaged in the same field which is a great opportunity for me.
I have not followed Mathematics for A/L, which could be a threat to me I feel. Also my brothers and my relations can be a threat at any moment, because of the impression they have towards the automotive industry.
2.3 How to overcome my weaknesses
It is natural for anyone to have few weak points in their lives, and I have realized it is not something that I should be ashamed of. It's just that I need to work on my negative attitudes and turn them out into my own strengths to be a successful individual in real life.
So I decided to associate more with people I know, in order to share and improve my knowledge. Since I attended a government school did not get a chance to talk in English and Sinhalese language much. I had to overcome that language barrier. Therefore I started using those languages when communicating with my colleagues. Also I have reduced saying things directly to people's faces, since some do not appreciate me being straight forward as and when I want. Also I have made a point not to waste the money or cash I get into my hands because it could turn into a habit and could badly affect my life.
2.4 How to defeat my Threats
I believe I'm a person who thinks differently and in a unique way when compared to my brothers and relatives, since I'm the one and only person who is interested in automotive engineering out of all. Most of them think that I just want to become a mechanic. Hence my parents too prefer me to engage in some other field. I feel I should fly to some other country to make my dream come true. At the same time I need to satisfy my parents. So I have decide to do some studies that they also prefer me to do and then go abroad and start and run my own automotive shop.
3. Goals & Objectives
Every individual should have a Personal Ambition, goals and objectives in an exciting and persuasive manner and making it visible. Our Personal Ambition encompasses our personal vision, mission, and key roles, relatedÂ to four perspectives, which should be in balance: internal, external, knowledge & learning, and financial perspectives. This will create balance in our life. It is basically identifying ourselves and figuring out what our dreams, who we are, what we stand for, what makes us unique and special, why we different than anyone, and identifying your genius, incorporating an introduced breathing and silence exercise.
To become a successful authentic leader in automotive industry, I should be honest and truthful and be clear with what I speak to the relevant crowd. I should never betray myself by using words that are not aligned with who I am.
Also I must genuinely care about other people and spend my time developing the people around me and should work on my character. It is a known fact that authentic leaders should be noble and good so that they earn respect.
Being courageous is also important since it takes a lot of inner strength to do what you think is right. Authentic leader should do what is right not what is easy.
Authentic leaders need to create workplaces that foster human relationships and lasting friendships plus they need to nurture a strong self-relationship. They should be aware of their weaknesses and play to their strengths.
Also, should be able to imagine and dream up new possibilities. They care for themselves. Taking care of your physical dimension is a sign of self-respect. You can't do great things at work if you don't feel good.
They commit to excellence rather than perfection. No human being is
perfect. Authentic leaders commit themselves to excellence in everything that they do. They are constantly pushing the envelope and raising their standards. Authentic leaders are constantly building their legacies by adding deep value to everyone that they deal with and leaving the world a better place in the process.
Hence I should be willing to follow and practice what is mentioned above to be such an authentic leader by following my personal beliefs "to be good and to do good things to others". And "Give respect and earn respect"
4. Evaluation of PDP
A Personal Development Plan also known as PDP has been described as a structured and supported process undertaken by an individual to reflect upon their own learning, performance and/or achievement and to plan for their personal, educational and career development.
The primary purpose of a PDP is to help us to learn and develop more effectively and to be able to:
learn in a wider variety of ways and a wider range of contexts;
recognize and be able to list evidence for our own learning and therefore the progress are making;
draw upon and use our expanded personal knowledge to achieve particular goals
review, plan and take responsibility for our own learning;
Recognize and define our training/learning needs.
My PDP has helped me in:
Realizing where I am right now, where and what I want to be in the future, what my strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats are, how I can build up my strengths reducing my weakness or turning the weaknesses also to strengths, discover the opportunities by dropping down the threats.
Planning where I need to reach and what is required to improve to achieve my targets with the help of opportunities
Taking actions, having personal targets and working around them and keeping track of my achievement and the progress I have made.
reflect on my learning and achievements and areas for further personal, academic and career development
Assessing the progress of personal development
Developed a range of interpersonal and transferable business skills.
I have scored my self high in being a creative person, planning events , leading teams and motivating others.
Also by analyzing certain Questions and the Answers I have given in my personal evaluation, anyone will realize that I'm sort of a kind hearted person who hates to criticize people. I'm one of the first to react to sudden events and I naturally assume responsibilities plus act immediately when necessary and plan things in advance.
Also the MYERS-BRIGGS test shows that I have the four personality letters of ISFJ, which means I will be a very hard working and a cool person to work with.
My opportunity scale helps to prove that I have worked towards improving my strengths and reducing my weaknesses. I have gained a lot of practice in doing presentations and my level of knowledge in Information technology and Business management has been improved very much.
LeadershipÂ is stated as the process ofÂ social influenceÂ in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task.
The style that individuals or leaders use will be based on a combination of theirÂ beliefs,Â valuesÂ andÂ preferences, as well as the organizationalÂ cultureÂ and norms which will encourage some and discourage others.
A person's leadership style involves some combination of task behaviour and relationship behaviour. The two types of behaviour, which are central to the idea of leadership style, are defined as follows:
a) Task behaviour - the extent to which leaders are likely to organize and define the roles of the members of their group.
b) Relationship behaviour - the extent to which leaders are likely to maintain personal relationships between themselves and members of their group.
5.1 My style of Leadership
The fundamental underpinning of the Situational Leadership Theory is there is no single "best" style of leadership. Effective leadership is task-relevant and that the most successful leaders are those that adapt their leadership style to the maturity.
While certain leadership style can be considered as often highly effective, we cannot say precisely that there is one right way to manage or lead that suite all situations. In order to select the most suitable approach for myself, I need to consider the skill levels and the experience the team members have too. Also the work involved plus the environment of the organization whether it is stable or radically changing.
A good leader needs to switch instinctively between styles according to the people and the work they are dealing with. This is referred to as "Situational Leadership", as mentioned above.
Also after analyzing my personal attributes in life and I strongly believe that I'm much more capable of following situational leadership style. This would let me survive being an authentic leader for a company which has a Sri Lankan culture
5.2 Authentic Leadership
In Authentic Leadership an individual continually grows. They creatively adjust to the conditions that are facing them. This process is sustainable and shapes culture. PeopleÂ become more honest with themselves and those they are in contact. Developing higher levels of trust and goodwill towards each other. An individual connects with and aligns decisions to their personal conscience. This means higher levels of ethics and personal integrity. LeadersÂ appreciate and utilise 'difference versus sameness'. This fosters innovation and an ability to resolve conflict. New ways of thinking develop. This provides an opportunity to view theÂ world differently and solve issues of great complexity.
To become an authentic leader I;
Need to be myself and should not imitate anyone else
Must develop my Unique Leadership Style
Should be aware of my weaknesses
Should be a great communicator
Need to know what I stand for
Need to inspire others
Should Lead the team at the same time be a part of the team.
Need to ask for and give 100% and need to create a vision for the future
6.0 The Sri Lankan Corporate Culture
5.1 Business Etiquettes and protocols
Sri Lankan business etiquette can be rather formal and need to adhere to some of the local customs.
5.1.1 Ways of Greeting
Shaking hands is the most common form of greeting and the handshakes are quite firm.Â They tend to greet when meeting and leaving.Â Men may shake hands with other men and women may shake hands with other women.Â Â Many Sri Lankan women might not want to shake hands with men. Therefore need to wait for a woman to extend her hand.Â Sri Lankans always use titles used with the person's name or the surname. Also Business cards are usually exchanged after an initial handshake and greeting and must treat people's business cards with respect.
Having a good face is important in all types of communication. Openly criticizing people is not accepted. A Sri Lankan may say one thing but mean another and it is up to the listener to work out the message. Also need to watch for long pauses, avoidance of eye contact.
As relationships are so important for business it is always wise to invest time in relationship-building conversations at the start of any meetingsÂ .The Sri Lankans will want to feel at ease with the person and have a background about him/her before they will feel comfortable doing business or discussing business. Prior to a meeting it is worthwhile to send some information about your company, the attendees and an agenda for the meeting. Meetings may be interrupted by other business but this should not be interpreted as rude in any way.Â
7. Conclusions and Recommendations
Effective leadership styles include qualities that are most likely to be effective in today's world. In this century, leadership needs to be both similar to leadership of the past and different from leadership of the past.Â
The basics and fundamental beliefs of effective leadership skills have remained the same for generations. They are based on timeless human relations principles, but many of the strategies have been changed to meet the demands today.
The world around us has changed dramatically in the last few decades. Some styles may have qualified as very effective leadership in the old times, but they are simply less effective today. Therefore it means you have to lead differently and be unique in a positive manner.
For anyone in the role of leadership today, Commanding leadership style of former times will simply not enable any of us to achieve results but effective leadership styles will definitely enable us to attain good results. Hence the situational leadership style would be one of the best styles to put into practise as far as my capabilities, strengths and the Sri Lankan culture are concerned.
I would like to sum up by stating how personal development plan helped me to improve my personality, understand what and how I can plan and to review and take responsibility for my own learning. By doing this repot now I was able to measure myself of where I was before doing the PDP and of where I am now after doing the PDP. It also helped me as to how to become more effective and overcome my weakness.
My opinion is that every individual should implement a personal development plan (PDP) to survive in the current business world and lead a successful life as a leader . Without such a plan I personally think life would be uneasy and unpredictable and might lead to make wrong decisions and an unproductive career life.
Few initiatives should be taken to improve my leadership qualities aiming at the Sri Lankan culture that exist within organizations in Sri Lanka.
Need to address issues in different leadership styles and prepare myself for the responsible practice of a leadership focused on people, their professional and personal needs.