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When it comes to being an effective teacher it is important for him/her to keep the class working together and oriented toward classroom tasks. Studies have shown that effective teachers can establish and maintain an environment in which learning can occur. In order for teachers to establish a learning environment they need the proper classroom management skills and a list of strategies for establishing rules and procedures, monitoring and pacing classroom activities, organizing groups, and also handling misbehavior. These strategies are known as classroom management strategies. Even though there are some classroom management skills that do not work, classroom management is an important skill for teachers to have because classroom management can create an environment that supports and facilitates academic and social-emotional learning and classroom management skills can help keep the classroom running smoothly so that student can learn and work safely and effectively (Santrock, 2009).
Specialists that teach in the field of education believe that classroom management seeks to encourage and establish student self-control through promoting positive student achievement and behavior. They also believe that teacher and student behavior and teacher effectiveness are directly associated with the idea of school and classroom management. My philosophy on classroom management is similar to other educators and that is to provide a safe and comfortable classroom environment with maximizing opportunities for student to learn, which will help in governing student behavior.
There are many behavior challenges when it comes to the classroom. They consist of negative response to requests and rules, lack of respect, argumentative students, boastful attention seeking students, and students with behavior problems. It is my opinion that out of this list the most two important challenges at the beginning of the year would be negative response to request and rules and lack of respect. Below are some simple classroom management strategies that Teacher Vision (2000-2011) feels will help teachers in the classroom.
Negative responses to request and rules
What can you do when you are confronted with students who are negative about rational requests and/or rules?
1. Try to use these guidelines when establishing classroom rules
a) Involve your class in making up the rules.
b) State the rules positively.
c) Keep rules brief and to the point.
d) Review rules periodically with the class.
2. Arrange private conferences with students to discuss the problem in depth.
3. Try to have frequent, positive interaction in the class (e.g., praise, group projects, discussions, etc.).
4. Make sure students clearly understand what is expected from them. (In some cases, it's the student's confusion that causes oppositional behavior.)
Lack or Respect
What do you do with students who show a lack of respect for adults, peers, their belongings, and the property of others?
1. The teacher should practice the 3 R's: Respect, Responsibility, and Reciprocity.
2. Role-play situations where there is lack of respect. For example: Someone fails a test and others make fun of that person. Follow with group analysis and discussion of the situation and alternative actions.
3. Clearly state the reasons for respecting other people's property. Publicly acknowledge those who demonstrate respect for others' property, so their peers can model their behavior.
4. Listen to each student. Never assume that you know what the student is going to say to explain his/her actions.
5. Show that even though, as the teacher, you are in charge of the class, you respect the student and expect respect in return (p. 1).
In order to deliver good classroom management there are many activities that can be enforced. One activity that can be enforced at the beginning of the school year for classroom management would be classroom setup. When a parent walks into a classroom he or she would typical see the classroom setup in rows or in groups of 3-4 tables. Although this seems to allow easier cooperative learning there are still fundamental problems that are displayed. Studies have shown that when students set in rows those students who set further back the more discipline problems they acquire. Many believe that the teachers physical, visual, and auditory stimulation is more and more reduced as you move further back. When student set in groups it is the opposite. Students seem to be over stimulated by their peers who are next to them and across the table from them. This in turn is more distraction for the student and makes it even harder for the teacher to keep the students focused. An alternative is to arrange the student table and chairs into 3 side box shape. This will allow the teacher to move around freely in the classroom as he/she talks therefore giving personal contact to each student (Mandel, 1995).
As we all know students can be excited about their first day of school and there are even those who stay excited throughout the year. As a teacher it is very hard to teach students who are too full of energy. It is a good idea for a teacher to use some type of concentration activity to engage their minds and focus their thoughts. These classroom management activities consist of crossword puzzles and the game who am I. Teachers can invest in their own crossword puzzle creation program. This allow teachers to create their own crossword puzzle to help prep for an upcoming test or to review a past lesson. Who I am is a productive activity that is mainly used in English classes. However, it can be used in other classes to clam students down. This activity consist of asking students to write a poem with the title â€œWho I Amâ€Â, each line of the poem must begin with the phase â€œI amâ€Â. The teacher will then as for volunteers to read their poems out loud. These two activities will promote a calm introspection (Dowling, 1999-2011).
In conclusion, although there are some classroom management skills that do not work, classroom management is an important skill for teachers to have for two main reasons. First, classroom management skills can help keep the classroom running smoothly so that student can learn and work safely and effectively. But most importantly, classroom management can create an environment supports and facilitates academic and social-emotional learning.