Bibliometric Analysis Of The Library Hi Tech Journal Education Essay

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Purpose - The study aims to present a bibliometric analysis of the journal Library Hi-Tech, the aim being to offer an overview of research activity in this field and characterize its most important aspects.

Design/methodology/approach - Over 493 articles for the period 2001-2010 were collected from the journal Library Hi-Tech and were analyzed the authorship pattern, year-wise, institution-wise and country wise distributions, the subject wise distributions, etc. articles in the journal.

Findings - It is found that the out of total 493 articles, the maximum numbers of articles are in the year 2002 and 2008 contributing 51(10.34%) to the total publications. The analysis shows that majority of the articles in the journal are single-authored and majority of the contributions are from USA. The study reveals the maximum number of articles published as under research paper category, mostly authors are contributed articles related to library and Internet subject from university.

Originality/value - The paper is relevant to those interested in bibliometrics and provides a comprehensive overview of authorship in the library and information science community.

Keywords: Library Science, Journal, Bibliometrics,

Paper Type: Literature Review

Introduction

Journals/Periodicals are the primary source of information and an important media for communication. They play a major role for communicating the latest research findings and publishing the articles containing the current development in any field of knowledge. They are forceful reflectors of emerging new trends in any discipline. Information is one of the most important resources for a nation and forms the integral base for the economic, socio-cultural and scientific development of the country as a whole and periodicals are the main carriers of nascent thought and information.

Biblometrics is a sort of measuring technique by which interconnected aspects of written communications can be quantified. (Sengupta, 1992, p.76)). It is a research process used in library and information science. It is a fast developing area in information science, which is defined as a discipline that investigates the properties and behavior of information.

The term "bibliometrics" was first coined by Pritchard in 1969. A pioneering example of a bibliometric study was statistical analysis of the literature of comparative anatomy from 1543 to 1860, done by including book and journal titles, and grouping them by countries of origin and periods. In 1923, a study was conducted by Hulme, entitled "Statistical Analysis of the History of Science". His analysis was based on the entries in the English International Catalogue of Scientific Literature. A third study was the work of Gross and Gross reported in 1927. They counted and analyzed the citations in articles from the Journal of the American Chemical Society, and produced a list of journals deemed important to chemical education. Zipf's Law (1933) relates to the frequency of word occurrence. Zifps derived his law from the empirical law of least effort. He said that there is relationship between the rank of the word and its frequency of textual matter, if the words are arranged in their decreasing order of frequency of occurrence in a long text.This law states that, "in a long textual matter if the words are arranged in their decreasing order of frequency then the rank of any given word of the text will be inversely proportional to the frequency of occurrence of the words".Another prominent work was Bradford's 1934 article on the distribution of literature in lubrication research. It is an important part of the theoretical foundation of bibliometrics, "Bradford's Law of Scattering."

Library Hi-Tech Journal

Library Hi Tech focuses upon computing and technology for the library community. It is a peer-reviewed, ISI-indexed journal published by Emerald Group Publishing, Ltd. It is international in scope and defines technology in the broadest possible terms to include the full range of tools employed by librarians and their customers. The majority of journal issues are themed, thus allowing for extensive in-depth coverage and analysis of key areas. (http://www.emeraldinsight.com/products/journals/journals.htm?id=lht). This journal periodicity is quarterly.

Literature Review

Literature plays a very important role in research activities, as it forms the very first step of a research pursuit. Review of literature happens to be an important segment of the concerned topic. The literature of collection development is vast. A substantial number bibliometric studies have been carried out in the world. Some of them are listed in this paper (Anand,1981; Nag, 1984; Vaidyanathan, 1985; Anand, 1991/92; Subramanian and Navaneetham, 1992; Verma, 1994/95; Bose and Goria, 1995; Dalai and Ramesh, 1995; Kalyane and Sen, 1995; Sarala, 1995; Tiew, 1996; Halkar, Senapati and Chand, 1998; Ramesh Babu and Muthusamy 1998; Tiew, 1998 (1); Tiew, 1998 (2), Thajuddin, 1998; Vij and Bedi, 1998; Dhiman,2000; Prasher, 2001; Tiew, Abrizah and Kiran, 2001; Narnag, 2004).

Objectives of the study

The objective of the present study addresses the following aspects:

To study the authorship pattern, year-wise, institution-wise and geographical distribution of contributions of the journal;

To determine the subject wise distributions, and to study the types of publications cited in the contributions of the journal; and categories wise classification of papers.

Methodology

The methodology applied in the present study is bibliometic analysis, which is used to study in detail the bibliographic attributes of the articles and citation analysis of the references at the end of each article published in The Electronic Library journal from 2001-2010. Eleven volumes (vol 19 to 28) containing sixty six issues of EL have been taken up for the study. The details with regard to each published articles, number of authors, name of authors, address of authors, number of pages, number of tables and figures etc. Then they are tabulated and analyzed for making observations.

Data Analysis of the Study

All the details such as author(s), title, year of publication, institutional affiliation, etc.of all articles published from 2001 to 2010 were recorded for the following analysis.

Table 1: Year-wise Distribution of Articles

 

 

No. of Articles Issue-wise

No. of Articles

Years

Vol.No.

1

2

3

4

2001

19

13

11

12

14

50

2002

20

13

14

14

10

51

2003

21

11

15

14

10

50

2004

22

12

14

11

10

47

2005

23

13

11

12

13

49

2006

24

12

11

13

14

50

2007

25

13

12

11

14

50

2008

26

13

12

12

14

51

2009

27

13

12

11

12

48

2010

28

11

11

11

14

47

Total

10

124

123

121

125

493

Year-Wise Distribution of Article

Table 1 indicates the year-wise distribution of articles in the journal. The numbers differs from year to year and there is also sturdy increase in the number of articles from the year 2001 to 2010. Out of total 493 articles, the maximum numbers of articles are in the year 2002 and 2008 contributing 51(10.34%) to the total publications, while 50(10.15%) in 2001, 2003, 2006, and 2007 to the total publications. The minimum numbers of articles are in the year 2004 and 2010 with 47 articles, which are 9.53% to the total publications.

Table 2: Category-wise Classification of Papers

No. of Articles Issue-wise

No. of Articles

Category

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Research paper

3

7

21

20

9

10

13

32

19

23

157

Technical paper

11

7

5

3

9

9

2

3

5

3

57

Conceptual paper

2

0

0

2

0

8

11

2

6

5

36

Viewpoint

7

7

0

0

3

3

4

2

4

2

32

Case study

14

22

14

15

26

16

17

9

10

10

153

Literature review

0

2

0

0

0

2

1

0

0

1

6

General review

13

6

10

7

2

2

2

3

4

3

52

Total

50

51

50

47

49

50

50

51

48

47

493

Category-wise Classification of Papers

Table 2 focuses that the classification of the paper under the said table categories published during period from 2001 to 2010. The study reveals the maximum number of articles published as under research paper category i.e.157 (31.85%), whereas 153(31.04%) articles published under case study category. There were a small numbers of articles published as under literature review category, i.e. 22(3.81%).

Table 3: Subject-wise Distribution of Articles

No. of Articles Issue-wise

No. of Articles

Subjects

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Electronic Resources

18

5

6

2

1

1

1

3

2

1

40

Library Automation

3

3

4

1

6

1

2

0

2

3

25

Library and Internet

15

22

7

10

9

5

10

11

4

5

98

Library Profession

0

1

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

3

Digital Libraries

0

3

9

7

12

14

13

5

3

5

71

Academic Libraries

2

4

2

2

7

7

10

7

3

10

54

Public Libraries

0

0

1

0

0

2

0

4

1

1

9

Special Libraries

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

2

OPACs

1

4

3

18

0

1

0

5

7

3

42

RFID Applications

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

2

Information Services

3

4

8

2

7

8

5

7

13

9

66

Others

8

5

9

4

6

11

8

8

12

10

81

Total

50

51

50

47

49

50

50

51

48

47

493

Subject-wise distribution

The information of subject-wise analysis of articles is shown in the Table 3. The majority of authors are contributed articles related to library and Internet i.e. 98(19.87%), while 81(16.43%) authors are contributed articles related to different subjects. The next position is taken by digital library 71(14.41%). This is followed by information service 66(13.39%) and academic libraries 54(10.96%).

Table 4: Authorship Patterns

No. of Articles Issue-wise

No. of Articles

Authorship

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Single Author

38

28

30

26

23

25

32

29

23

17

271

Two Authors

7

13

14

13

14

18

14

16

9

26

144

Three Authors

3

7

3

6

5

6

1

2

13

4

50

Multiple Authors

2

3

3

2

7

1

3

4

3

0

28

Total

50

51

50

47

49

50

50

51

48

47

493

Authorship Patterns

Table 4 reveals the authorship pattern of the articles published during the period of study. The largest number of articles had published single authors 271(54.96%). This is followed by two authors 144(29.21%), three authors 50(10.15%) and multiple authors with 28(5.68%) of the total articles.

Table 5: Institutions-wise Distribution

No. of Articles Issue-wise

No. of Articles

Institutions

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Universities

32

41

39

31

46

37

32

38

30

37

363

Colleges

0

1

0

1

1

2

6

2

3

2

18

Research Institutions

12

3

7

9

2

8

6

8

8

5

68

Others

6

6

4

6

0

3

6

3

7

3

44

Total

50

51

50

47

49

50

50

51

48

47

493

Institution-wise distribution of contributions

Table 5 examined the Institutions-wise distribution of contributions. A majority of the articles 367 (73.64%) were contributed by university. This is followed by Research Institutions with 68(13.79%), other centers 44 (8.92%) and colleges 18(3.65%) articles.

Table 6: The most prolific contributors in 2001 to 2010

Authors

Contributions

%

Rank

Michael Seadle

42

8.51

1

Morell D. Boone

11

2.23

2

Judith Wusteman

8

1.62

3

Stephen M. Mutula

8

1.62

3

Joseph Janes

5

1.01

4

Timothy W. Cole

5

1.01

4

Arthur Hendricks

4

0.81

5

Axel Schmetzke

4

0.81

5

Brad Eden

4

0.81

5

Elke Greifeneder

4

0.81

5

Jason Vaughan

4

0.81

5

Kenneth E. Marks

4

0.81

5

Authors contributions 2&3 times

166

33.67

6&7

Authors contributions 1 times

564

114.4

8

Ranking of Contributors of Articles

Table 6 shows the ranking of authors/contributors of articles. In the rank list the contributors who have contributed more than 5 articles. There are a total of 833 of contributors for 493 articles. Michael Seadle has contributed 42 articles, whereas Morell D. Boone contributing 11 articles. Judith Wusteman and Stephen M. Mutula contributed 8 articles. Others have contributed less than 5 articles during the period of study.

Table 7: Country-wise Distribution of Article

Name of Country

Contributions

%

Rank

USA

522

105.88

1

Germany

79

16.02

2

Canada

34

6.89

3

UK

32

6.49

4

Australia

22

4.46

5

Greece

12

2.43

6

Botswana

11

2.23

7

India

10

2.02

8

Ireland

10

2.02

8

Spain

10

2.02

8

Iran

9

1.82

9

China

8

1.62

10

New Zealand

7

1.41

11

Netherland

6

1.21

12

Sweden

6

1.21

12

Italy

5

1.01

13

Other Countries

50

10.14

14

Country-wise distribution of contributions

Table 7 analysis that the country-wise distribution of contributions in the tenth volumes of the journal. Out of 833 contributions, the highest number 522(105.88%) has been contributed by authors from USA, while 79 (16.02%) has been contributed by authors from Germany. There were 34(6.89%) contributions are from Canada.

Findings and Conclusion

The number of articles in the journal is not consistent and varies from volume to volume.

Single-author articles are dominant 271(54.96%), followed by two authors 144(29.21%), three authors 50(10.15%) and multiple authors with 28(5.68%) articles.

The study reveals the maximum number of articles published as under research paper category i.e.157 (31.85%).

Most of the articles have emanated from academic institutions.

USA, where from the journal originates accounts for the highest number of articles.

The study reveals the maximum number of articles published as under research paper category i.e.157 (31.85%).

Majority of authors are contributed articles related to library and Internet i.e. 98(19.87%), and generally the articles 367 (73.64%) were contributed by university.

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