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The American educational system, often criticized its mistakes and shortcomings in judgments and planning. Parents will frequently turn over to charter schools or private schools when they lack of confidence in public school system which failed to provide the education they wish their children to have. Nevertheless private schools can be expensive and charter schools are still dominated to some degree by the state department of public sector level.
In an attempt to address this difficulty, home school is gaining popularity among parents who have the resources and time to devote to it. Homeschooling is actually not a new concept that highlights the re-shaping their own education was. Before compulsory education laws were established in the 19th century, particularly all the children were educated at home, if they received a formal instruction.
By the middle of the 19th century, there was a number of dissatisfaction among many parents with the public education system. Around 1970, movement of a strong home school began to appear and by 1980, parental influence with a strong support groups had caused homeschooling to become legal in almost half the states. However, government is still considering whether children should be allowed to educate by parents at home?
Parents should be allowed to educate their own children at home as homes beat schools on two importance aspects - facilities and an environment that encourage learning, has a positive attitude towards socialization and educate children within an atmosphere in order to meet religion needs.
This research will show compelling testimony of why education should be carried out at home which under parents guidance. The report findings are confined to the United States of America. In USA, there is a largest looms of homeschooling where it is comparatively popular.
2.0 Homeschooling is social development
Socialization question is always asked almost every homeschooled parent and youth who was home educated. Home schooled parents usually called it as "S question." "S question", an inevitable result of a social problem deals with whether homeschooled students interact with others outside their nuclear family. According to the studies, home-educated students would adhere to interact with adults outside their immediate family and children of different ages.
2.1 Homeschooling has a positive effect on socialization.
Home schooled children have a positive effect towards socialization. "One of the few researchers who has examined aspects of the adult lives of wholly or partly home-educated people, found that all who had attempted higher education were successful and that their socialization was often better than that of their schooled peers." (Webb, 1989) Since most homeschooled children adopt their socialization through the programs which are selected by their parents who place them in, they are always exposed to a much wider scope of people than public school socialization of children. For instance, many homeschooled children participate in sports, art, or music because they have more time to pursue those interests. They do not have to spend on hours at the homework, and the social activities are not limited to those available as in their schools. These classes will allow children to have more chances to meet with a more varied and larger group of friends. As a result, home schooled students are more likely to be actively participated in various community activities that allow them to get acquainted different types of people. They may volunteer themselves for local charities, spend time visiting orphanages, guide dog puppies to raise etc. Homeschooled children tend to be more socially conscious than public schooled counterparts, and indeed, they are much more likely to be involved in politically as an adult.
2.2 Homeschooling has a strong family bond and tends to be more independent.
Homeschooled critics also point out that homeschoolers' dependence on parents as a negative impact of homeschooling. Nevertheless, this consciousness of dependence is not what it seems. Yes, homeschooling family typically does share a strong family bond. The schooling of a child can become a family activity, like examples are experiments and field trips. In addition, the children also receive more time with their parents. This shown that there is more quality time for family bonding. In fact, parents and children spending successive days at home, sometimes it will subject to a phenomenon which sociologists call it as 'hothouse' relationship - the relationship between them becomes exclusive, with reaction to the other people almost aggressive by instinct. "The stereotypical home-schooled child is often portrayed as being shy, passive, and lethargic because of his/her isolation from the normal socialization found in formal schooling. Critics further allege that the self-concept of the home-schooled child suffers from lack of exposure to a more conventional environment." (Stough, 1992). But in general, homeschooled students are to be more independent than traditional educated peers. Homeschooled children are usually independent thinkers and learners who are less likely to succumb to negative impacts or to fall under the peer pressure. "Children who learn at home appear to develop very different skills from those learning in school. Such children integrate easily into a variety of social settings and are accustomed to taking responsibility within their families and to motivating themselves in their day to day activities." (Rotherme, 2002). Due to their regular exposure to a wide range of situations and people, homeschoolers are more comfortable to deal with unfamiliar experiences.
Home schooled children have more opportunities to acquaint with different people and they are tended to be more independence on learning and thinking. Therefore, there is sufficient evidence to prove that homeschooled children can definitely improve in social development skill rather than public schooled children.
3.0 Homeschooling encourages learning
Homes provide two significant fronts like facilities and study environment that encourages learning. Nowadays, many negative influences are widespread. Homeschooling allow parents to keep children mentally and physically safe from the negative distractions. Homeschooling needs one or very few of the students to focus on the entire educational process. Children who are homeschooled even benefit from having more one-on-one attention.
3.1 The home lacks many distractions of schools
Sadly, bullies, peer pressure, boredom and competition - are part of a public school today. Typical school children encounter in many negative distractions. Bullying is wide-ranging and children are now exposed to sex and drugs at very younger ages. Students may feel an immense amount of pressure to cope into and frequently judged on their physical appearance and the labels of their clothes. This problem can be a particularly for girls. According to research, self-esteem plunges in middle-school girls. As youngsters enter their adolescent, they frequently experience a plummets in self-esteem. For a time marked by the relative isolation from the scope of the family suddenly moved to an academic demand of junior high and more complex social. "However, similar studies of homeschooled girls have shown that self-esteem remains intact and that these girls continue to thrive. (Sheffer, 1995)" Homeschooled kids can act, dress and think on the way they desire, without fear of scoff or a necessary to "fit into". They live in a real world, where lives are not dangerous experimentation and dictated by adolescent trends. Homeschoolers cannot defend their children from all worse things that are painful, but homeschooling allows parents an opportunity to better fit out their children to make a wise choice.
3.2 Homeschooling has more one-on-one attention.
In a typical classroom setting where there are mostly forty students are assigned in a class under a teacher. Therefore, the teacher is hardly to devote 100 percent attention to every single child since it is unfairness to any other children. It is considerably impossible to give an individual time and provide individual attention to every student if they really need it. Whilst for homeschooling, children would be able to get all the individual attention they ever need. "Homeschooling is about tailoring the education to a child's learning style and providing that one-on-one attention which conventional schools are unable to provide." (Henry, 2010) Schedule of homeschooling children may be adjusted to crater, for instance, if a kid is better in mathematics rather than science, it can be done with cut back on time for mathematics and simple devote more homeschooling hours to science. With homeschooling, the choice is on parents. Traditional schools are not allowed to do that. Furthermore, it is also possible that children might be learning more than they would in a regular classroom, reason being that if they really excel on something, they can keep on learning more at their own pace. Homeschooled children benefit from this by performing much better in exams and classes because they have an opportunity to learn something fully. Nevertheless, many claim that homes are highly unlikely to have an extensive sport facilities, science laboratories and etc. The children might be educated at the kitchen table as "school" area in the home. They also may carry out the science experiments in home kitchen. To address this issue many parents willing to invest in their children appropriately and often find that the local and ill-equipped state schools are not able to match the targeted provisions to meet their goal. "The Grace Homeschooling Resource Centre can provide support, training and facilities to assist all parents who want to homeschooled their children. The centre also has a learning area open to children five days a week, comprising library, science and computer facilities." (Henry, 2010) One or very few of the students are focused on the needs of the entire educational process. When kids are being homeschooled, they will have all the individual attention focuses they ever need.
Based on the evidence above, it is clear that homeschooled a child can better equip them to make a wise choice. Reason being homeschooling keeps children away from many negative influences and provides more one-on-one attention to children that can learn something fruitfully.
4.0 Homeschooling enforces religious practices and beliefs
Nowadays, many public schools in the world tend not to accept the Christian religion included as a part of the course curriculum. Religious practices and beliefs are eliminated from the schools in accordance to the United States separation of state laws and church. Today most of the homeschool families' religious faiths are the driving force behind the family which decided to homeschool their children.
4.1 Homeschooling provide religious materials fully that help children to learn
For a religious family, guiding children on the path of religion is a very important part of life. Most of the state schools today forbid for students to talk about personal faith beliefs and practices. There is nowhere is truer than in discussing the suitable place of doctrine in schools. Many deeply held beliefs, like creationism is undermined, indirectly and directly by the government educators. Many schools are refused to change text books to give prominence to the fact that evolution is a theory, not to prove the truth and rejected to teach creationism as a possibility alongside it, are served to certify this point. "Most home-schoolers will definitely have a sort of creationist component to their home-school program."(Dylan, 2010) Freedom of religious, personal morality and values are usually a significant part of homeschooling. In the homeschooled classroom, many homeschooling curriculums are designed and taken into account with the individual's religious practices. Homeschooling even offer a beneficial and an effective homeschool scheme to build around the religious faith. Parents able to provide materials fully that help children out to learn, to understand what Bible is all about and memorize and comprehend key phrases on Bible. This goal is mainly aims to provide religious knowledge and guidance for each child in their daily learning lessons.
4.2 Homeschooling provide proper manner to teach religious topics
Religious learning is a sensitive issue that it avoided by the most traditional schools. Try as it might, the state has always failed those with largest faith needs in traditional schools. Many examples can be found which the state does not provide for students of 'minority' belief - ignorance failure to provide the time of worship, prohibition or belittle of religious dress, students unwitting subjection to religious festivals that are clearly inappropriate. The famous homeschooling in the United States emerged of two legitimate and real concerns of Christian students' parents that their religion is being vilified in the national curriculum and the ritual humiliation for their beliefs which they were subjected to. Those who want their children to be taught in a religious environment have the opportunity to deliver them to some specific religious school that the quality of which is supervision by the state. No doubt, schools should be reformed to ensure that such practice is minimized. However, if parents wish to prevent such perils altogether and educate their child within an atmosphere that ingratiates for their religious needs, it is and certainly their right. Being of this reason, most of the homeschooled families had decided that take educational as a matter into their own hands and are chosen their religion to teach their children at home. A homeschooled classroom, parents make the decision on what religion should be practiced, the manner in which topics of religious are to be educated and how their child are instructed about the religion as well. "Today, it is estimated that over thirty percent of homeschool families have chosen the homeschool lifestyle because they want their children to be raised in a religious environment, following the beliefs and practices of their family religion." (Kristle, 2010) With homeschooling, parents can control all over the religious and moral learning of the children. Parents can even affect children's thinking and deep faith, rather than what the state school dominated the moral and religious education of children will be receiving.
Religious beliefs and practices are significant fronts to a religious family. However, there is too many problems arise when mentioned about sensitive issue of religious. Homeschooling is a best choice to educate a child under parents' guidance which can promote a proper manner and provide materials fully to their children. This is certainly homeschooling a child is better than send them to a public school.
Homeschooling is not an easy task and not for everyone. It involve a family learning style and most families are unprepared to make the require sacrifice of money (losses income revenue for a parent at home) and time to make it work. Whilst the longer a child being homeschooled, the more contact the child have with both homeschooled families and schooled and the more convinced are that homeschooling is a remarkable alternative to private and public school.
Family has to get ready themselves for personal sacrifice. Homeschooled parent is always has little time alone or personal time. If they do not set aside time for themselves, it will never have time alone. Basically, parent and child are together for 24/7. There is no way to deny it - if homeschooled is their choice, parents are prepared going to be with their kids all the time. If some parents do not really enjoy the moment being together, then they should be reconsidering whether homeschooling is suitable for them. Whilst sometimes it can be a difficult task, most homeschooled parents view interactions with their children daily - the ups and downs - as a precious opportunities for familial as well as personal growth.
On the other side, parents may have to face financial restraints as well. Homeschooling is actually accomplished very inexpensively. Nevertheless, it often requires that the parent who takes the responsible to educate children at home will not be able to work out of the home. If the family is used to be two incomes, those sacrifices will necessary to be made. For married parents, one partner usually foregoes employment opportunity out of the home due to homeschool. This can be considering as a sacrifice for a family who is working hard to balance their budget. Amazingly, the majority of homeschooling families agree that the lost revenue is well worth to maximize the satisfaction to watch their children grow and learn in freedom.
Parents even willingly to sacrifice the time commitment for homeschooling. Homeschooling tends to consume a lot of daily time because it is always more than just sitting down holding with books for a couple of hours. There are many more projects and experiments to be done, prepare for a lesson, papers to grade, music lessons, field trips and the list goes on. There is no other way around it that being educated outside of a school environment can takes up a lot of parents' time. Some family has never gone through that route like interesting activities act for learning and hands-on experiences as learning tools, instead. "We have to be very creative in our timing because I work and homeschool. Luckily, I work close to home and have a lot of time off, but it's still a challenge." (Mickey, n.d)
Despite the growing popularity of homeschooling, many critics are still concerned about the negative influences on home education have to children. The bad news is that there are some potentially negative impacts of homeschooling. The good news is that if the parents are aware of it, it can definitely be overcome successfully. For those parents who are willing to receive the challenge, homeschooling would provide a wonderful opportunity for family growth, a comprehensive approach for learning and a more relaxed lifestyle.
On the whole, this idea is that if given the right tools and environment, learning does not necessary have to be executed. On the contrary, it will be actively and eager to embrace by children wish to explore to the world around them. Different thought within homeschooling diverge on what should be done next.
Some people, such as those who embrace the 'non-school education' think that no direction or course needs to be given by tutors or parents. Only provide the children with natural phenomena, books or other sources that the child will learn whatever in order to strike of their natural interest.
View on to a more formal structure, so far as teaching entirely the same theme with the same reading materials as to be taught in private and public schools. Under this circumstance, the parents are simply replacing the public educator and the home substitutes the school.
Homeschooling allows children to grow at their own pace while providing necessary guidance and materials. Exercises of motor and sensory development, next followed by learning of language form a part of the program. The tutor focuses on the child, not vice versa, this happen imagination to stimulate learning. Therefore, this emphasis is more on self-correction instead of external corrections.
The motivation of the way through and extensive, there is a consistent ideological line. The child in their own experience and the appropriate focus of development is the goal. This goal, homeschoolers believe that the best achievement outside the public school system and not most of the schools can provide the same level of teaching quality as parents.