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Using ICT resources is considered to promote children's physical, creative, social and emotional and communication this is because it will enhance their learning in many ways. For example using a computer can support the child's physical development, this can be practised by an adult placing their hand over a child's hand on the mouse this will demonstrate enjoyment and develop his fine motor skills. Using a computer will also direct the children's attention with conversation; questions asked by them thus increasing both his thinking and communication skills. Thinking skills can be enhanced when playing an onscreen jigsaw game. When using ICT children should be encouraged to work in pairs or groups this is because they will progress their social development. Additionally children can develop their creativity skills by drawing pictures on the Paint Software using ICT. Also creative development can be increased by electronic music devices that enable children to use their imagination and express feelings. Small, free-standing keyboards can play, series of songs with a range of different instruments, including animal sounds. More complicated systems can be linked to a computer. Music produced by the children can then be added to multimedia presentations to add with their pictures.
How to adapt use of ICT for children of different ages, gender, needs and abilities
Younger children will use gadgets and toys that can perform digitally or sound effects e.g. speaking dolls or remote controlled cars, the activity can include steering the remote control to move the car. Also early years programmes can be found in a computer e.g. whiteboard or paint, introducing this will help to teach them the technology aspect of doing activities. However older children will adapt a different use of ICT e.g. using a computer to complete class activities or to use a digital camera to take a photo of a class role play.
It is common for girls to enjoy playing with speaking dolls; therefore providing this sort of toy to a young girl however adapting and encouraging a different source of ICT for boys broaden their knowledge of the society this is because there gender are usually interested in remote controlled cars, or a speaking police or some sort of doll etc however to promote a balanced view of genders the girls could be given the same toys as the boys and vice versa.
Furthermore, children with needs and abilities should encounter different ways of ICT resources they should be supported when using an electronic toy, they must be instructed and an explanation of how to use the toy has to be made clear to them. Additionally they should be watched most of the time so that if they require help they can be assisted. ICT resources used must promote the understanding and empathy of special needs e.g. giving simple instructions to demonstrate the use of a digital camera or computer.
How to make best use of ICT in bilingual or multilingual settings
Children that have English as an additional language must be considered in a way that will influence their literacy skills e.g. they should be shown interactive stories that will build up their literacy skills. Also, interactive whiteboards and digital photos can be used to display photos and support children's literacy skills as well as social development. Teaching rhymes from books and songs will also improve their understanding of the English language. Social skills will also be developed because working in pairs or as a member of a group; learning to share and cooperate with one another would increase independent learning and decision-making.
In order to use some ICT equipment children will need to develop a range of skills e.g. fine motor skills to use a keyboard and mouse, and will need time to explore the equipment before they are able to use it.
Children will need to develop fine motor skills in order to use a keyboard or a mouse because movements of fingers and thumb to move this equipment are required also the hands and eyes work together (hand and eye coordination). Fine motor skills will give the ability to perform small accurate movements to direct a mouse.
How children use ICT as a tool to support learning in many curriculum areas and in doing this what they learn about ICT as a subject in its own right.
ICT use will support the learning in many curriculum areas this is because educational websites can help children to enhance their learning for example using 'early years' website that contains every subject (mainly English, maths and science) will assist them to be taught their subjects in a more fun and enjoyable because they will be able to play games online related to the subject. Learning about a variety of subjects will also expand their knowledge of ICT as a subject in its own right because they learn the names of the computer parts this will increase their vocabulary, moderate the use of a mouse and differentiate the letters on a keyboard.
How to involve families in ICT in ways that are sensitive to their prior knowledge and level of confidence
Families can be involved in ICT in ways which are responsive to their prior knowledge by asking a parent to take a photo of their child doing an activity at home and send it to the classroom for a photo slideshow created by the class.
Using screening devices to prevent access to unsuitable material via the internet
Screening devices to prevent access to unsuitable material through the internet is important because it ensures the safety of children. Children should be protected from harmful websites that could offend them or disturbing images i.e. murder, blood etc. When watching movies targeted for class children their age range should be considered and the age certificate should always be checked on DVDs and websites (it should preferably state 'Universal' which basically means that it is suitable for all ages). Therefore it is significant that there is a barrier between the unsuitable material to guard the children and protect them from harm.
Safety issues for children who access the internet
The potential to offer children internet access will benefit them to explore new opportunities and develop new skills and learning.
The use of email and instant messaging should be monitored both at home and in school. They should, if possible be restricted from these websites. This is because there are elements of dangers in these websites seeing that the children could be harassed or bullied. Therefore to avoid these complications from happening the use of ICT should be controlled and excess use of it is limited. Children should be educated to use computers and the internet sensibly. Both older and younger should be told that they should not give their personal details to strangers i.e. there address, phone number and age etc. They should also be informed that if they see threatening messages they must not respond however, they should tell an adult immediately.
Useful online and offline resources that support appropriate use of ICT
When online (internet access) children should make use of the website to educate their knowledge by visiting various educational websites. They should use it less to socialize and more to engage their interests in subjects that will develop their creative skills, thinking skills etc. For example they may want to do some painting using children's websites they may also enjoy playing puzzle games or adventure games that will enhance their creativity skills. In addition to this they can visit websites that will develop their classroom learning e.g. ks2, ks1, ks3 Bitesize; this website inspires young children to learn at home and in school outside the classroom environment to build on their thinking skills.
On the other hand when children are offline and do not have internet access they can use softwares like paint to do simple drawings for art and creative activities, however a different software should be used for learning e.g. Boardworks is used to make progress in children's learning in the classroom this is a software targeted for children aged 12 and above that is implemented in an interactive whiteboard session.
As ICT is a rapidly developing and changing area how you will keep up to date in order to ensure you provide the best service to children and families.
Interactive whiteboard is up to date ICT software that has many resources such as games, educational sources it is used in classrooms to enhance children's learning. The board is touch screen therefore you use a pen to drag, click and write this way will be different from the boards teacher's normally use.
Children can study different subjects and try varied activities using the whiteboard. Also families can keep up to date by ensuring that they are provided with useful websites that will help their children to develop many skills.
Ways of selecting good quality ICT resources that encourage positive learning for children by applying selection criteria e.g.
By giving the child good resources and allowing them to be in control of the activities it will ensure that they feel positive about their learning. It is important that children do not watch or play violent games that will encourage them to fight and lose control of their behaviour.
ICT resources should be easy to use so that children do not find it difficult and hate the use of it. Therefore they will portray ICT as fun and an enjoyable way of learning. For younger children rhymes and puzzle games will be intuitive for them to complete using ICT because they have already been introduced to this in the classroom.
ICT has more than one solution because it develops children's listening skills and encourages children to cooperate as a group.