National Philosophy of Education is an important document for teachers and pupils to study, to understand, to heed and to follow closely. All of the educators need to realize successfully the aims and aspirations of FPK by having profound understanding on it. It is the main reference in all education planning and activities since its official proclamation in 1988.Â
Elements in NPE
"Education in MalaysiaÂ is an on going effort towards further developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner, in order to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically, balanced and harmoniously, based on a firm belief in and devotion to God. Such an effort is designed to produce Malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable and competent, who possess high moral standards and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high level of personal well being to contribute to the betterment of the nation, family and society."
The Importance of NPE
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The important aspects are harmony and the prosperity of society and nation. Malaysia can achieve multiracial harmony when everyone practicing good and polite attitudes, cooperation, respect each other and foster unity among various races in Malaysia. Economy and other things will develop very well when the harmonious environment happen. It also make other country respect us thus their investors are attracted to invest in our country.
Malaysian also hopes to be responsible and capable in achieve personal well being. Responsible towards God, race and nation in performing their duties with honesty and dedicatedly is what hoped by the government in producing their citizen. Besides responsible the personal well being is also very important as it contribute to the betterment of the family, religion and even the nation.
Lastly, Malaysian has the ambition to produce educated Malaysians that are competent with noble characters.People who are competent possess knowledge and various skills are able to contribute for the progress of nation. Capable of performing their duties competently and satisfactorily according to condition and requirement is what they do. Noble character meant here that people that have high moral values that also possess the qualities such as discipline integrated the noble practice in their life. It is very important here because with high intellectual but without the application of noble character could bring to worst of the society and the nations.
2.0 National Curriculum
Curriculum is the planned and guided learning experiences and intended learning outcomes, formulated through the systematic reconstruction of knowledge and experiences, under the auspices of the school, for the learners' continous and willful growth in personal social competence.School curriculum implies as a series of planned events to have pedagogical effects towards the students. The educational goal also will be achieved as the school curriculum is well planned and regulated by the school.Besides, the curriculum made is to guide and lead the school learning activities and usually it is represented in specific documents. The reflection of those curriculum usually is implies to actualize it in the classroom for the learners to experience and lay down by the observer.The learning environment also influence the learners for what they have learnt.
2.1 KLSR, KBSR AND KSSR
Education system in Malaysia has changed a lot after several years of Independence Day. Basically, school curriculum is based on Education Act 1961 that was formed from Rahman Talib Report 1960. As we know, Razak Report 1956 was suited in system of education by Rahman Talib 1960 and after that become as Education Act 1961.
Kurikulum Lama Sekolah Rendah (KLSR) was the first curriculum that is being implemented in primary school. The education system focused more on eradication of literacy among students as reading is very important at this phase. In addition, all students must pass Bahasa Melayu subject in public examination.
For instances, Peperiksaan Malayan Secondary School Entrance Examination (MSSEE),Ujian Penilaian Darjah Lima, SRP dan MCE. The assesments for the students was started since they are in standard 3. Unfortunately, KLSR was repealed and has been replaced by Kurikulum Baru Sekolah Rendah (KBSR) later change to Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Rendah for some reasons.Firstly, the syllabus contents were sometimes repeated and there was no links between the subjects and the next year of learning. The process of learning and teaching were just based on textbooks. Hence, it limits the teachers' creativity and teaching techniques that are more interesting and effective.Besides, the syllabus was too heavy and it made students feel burdened and boring.
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There are several important objectives need to be achieved on this new curriculum. KBSR emphasize the students to master and appreciate the Malay language as the National language as well as a tool for solidarity.Besides, this curriculum also stress on the three major skills in learning which are Reading, Writing and Arithmetic.It also focuses on the development of the individual wholly which includes the physical, emotional, spiritual, intellectual and social.KBSR principles bring on the student-centered teaching, the diversity of activities and involvement of all students in the activity among themselves. Besides, KBSR students are more efficient and independent compared to KLSR students. Nevertheless, there are some drawback regarding this curriculum. Some principles of KBSR were not implemented effectively in the process of learning and teaching. Thus, the learning process that occurs in the classroom is more towards preparing students for the examination, not of imparting knowledge, skills and values necessary as required by the curriculum.
Now, the curriculum that exist and replacing KBSR is Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah (KSSR). This curriculum was implemented in all primary school since 2010 with some phases and stages. It has 8 major elements that are stress on like time management and pedagogy. Besides, there are also additional elements in KSSR which are creative and innovative, entrepreneurship and ICT. These are because to focus the students more on creative thinking and fully occupied with holistic development of 'modal insan'.
In conclusion, reformation of school curriculum must be relevant to the needs of global and local education system. The perfect and effective ways of implementing the curriculum will give a huge impact on the future generations.
4.0 School Activities
4.1 'Merentas Desa'
In order to achieve the NPE objectives, the activities carried out in school also must be relevant with it. Headmasters, teachers and all of the staffs play prominent role to make this things success. 'Merentas Desa' is one of the activities that are being conveyed by the school every year. It becomes an annually compulsory event because this activity really can make students healthy and they can enjoy beneficial time with their friends. Students also will learn to be disciplined, co-operate with each other and learn something with the community. Besides, the relationship between the school communities will get closer through this activity. Students and teachers tend to know more about each other and there will be fewer gaps among themselves.
All of the students are compulsory to join this event but there is exception for those who has bad health condition like asthma. The training time is done for a month on every Wednesday which is right after the co curriculum activities. So, students from year 4 until 6 will run for 'Merentas Desa' while the students from year 1 until 3 will do the aerobic session with the trained facilitators. The briefing for both of the events is held at the hall by the teachers' in charge. The run will take place for about 2km near the residential area around the school. RELA squad also will lend their hand to patrol the students' safety throughout the activity. All participants must wear the physical education attire and gathered at the school compound at 4.30 p.m.
4.2 Teachers Day
Besides, Teachers Day also is celebrated by the school every year. This event is conducted to appreciate the teachers' hard work and sacrifices through their journey being educators. This day also is held to inspire and be inspired by idealistic words from professional educators who are successful in their teaching careers. The educators' talents and exceptional performances through the activities with the students will reduce their gaps as well as make the day full of enjoyment for the teachers. All of the students, staffs and teachers will gather during the assembly time on 16th May to celebrate the day and do some activities.
The event is started with the delivering messages of the Minister of Education by the headmaster. Then, it is followed by messages from the District Director of Education. After that, lots of activities being held such as delivering the poems, karoke-ing with the teachers, mini-sketch from the year 6 students and award appreciation for the teachers. Many awards will be given like 'Cikgu Paling Penyayang', 'Cikgu Paling Berdedikasi' and many more. The awards given to the teacher are voted by the students and each of them has to vote at least 2 teachers for each categories. Finally, the event put an end at 12 p.m. with mini reception.
4.3 'Program Guru Penyayang, Murid Berkualiti'
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Other than that, the school also initiates 'Program Guru Penyayang, Murid Berkualiti' inspired by the State Education Department of Terengganu. The purposes of this program are to welcome the students and instill loving surrounding between teachers and students. When the teachers welcome the children every morning, they feel being appreciated and honored by the school.
It is also a program that cherishes lovely moments for each of the students' birthday. Last but not least, the objective of this program is to emphasize more on students' discipline and good behavior. The good environment will result in good achievement of the children in both academic and co curriculum activities respectively.
62 teachers are responsible for 818 students in this school. Each class will receive two teachers as their adopted mother or father which consist of 30 students averagely. Hence, every morning there must be two teachers in front of the school gate to welcome the students and greet them with smile. If there are no teachers available, some of the school prefects will replace the teachers. After that, each teacher or the tutor will meet his or her tutees in the classroom and do some activities with them for 30 minutes. Usually, students will recite the holy Al-Quran verses together with the teacher. The tutor also will give advices and motivation for them as a paradigm shift before they start learning in the class.
4.4 Discipline Week
The activities carried out in school must be balanced with co- curriculum, academic and students' affair. As the Senior Assistant of Students Affair of the school, Encik Zainuddin takes his role to develop and shape the children discipline through a one week program called Discipline Week. This is a compulsory program every year and it is being carried out during the February or March. The main objective is to strengthen the discipline of the students as well as to make them better children in many aspects. In addition, teachers tend to know and capture students' problems during this week through the counseling session either the group one or the individual.
There are a lot of activities that are being carried out during this week. For instances, talks by the invited guest from Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara (LPPKN), counseling session by school's counselor, and some spiritual advices from Ustaz Hashim. All students are compulsory to attend this program. Everyone will gather at the hall and sit in group of 10. Class teachers' also are compulsory to sit together in the hall and take note if any fishy things happen. The session will start at 8 a.m. and ends at 12.30 p.m. Students are free to leave the hall after that time.
4.5 Sports Day
Last but not least, the school also organizes the Sports Day twice a year and starting from 2010, each of the students in school must have one sport for each of them. It is just nice as the slogan said by the Prime Minister, '1 Murid 1 Sukan'. Sports Day has clear objectives because this event has to be planned very well and everyone will join to have fun together. First of all, it can unite everyone and strengthen the bond between the teachers, students and the school community. Everybody lend their hand and co-operate together to ensure that their Sports' Unit will win during that day. Students also feel appreciated when their talents can be shown during the Sports Day and they can improve their skills from time to time. It is also a good way for teachers to search and filter for the new talents in the sport's field. Besides, it is also a good way of practicing good lifestyle with the children as we become healthier when involving in the cardiovascular activities.
Hence, all of the students and teachers will gather at the school's hall as early as 7.30 a.m. The attire for that day is the same as physical education class. Everyone looks fresh, so enthusiastic and look forward for the events to start. Ms Laila as the head of this event briefly talks about the dos and the don'ts throughout the ceremony. All of the members of the sports unit are so eager decorating their sports house with a variety of colorful patterns and designs. There are variety of sports that are being contested like 100m sprint, 100x4m sprint, 100m hurdles and many more. The awesome day usually ends at 12 noon. Prizes, consolation and the certificates will be given to the winner. Food also is provided to all participants and they can take them at the canteen.
5.0 Class Activities
Class activites are also important as for the implementation of the NPE in schools. Teachers play the vital and prominent role in the class as they are the educator that teach the students and face them everyday.So, there are some activites that are implied in the classroom and all of them are very interesting to do.
5.1 Public Speaking
First of all, the public speaking. Public speaking is very significant nowadays and it should be done at least twice a week in the class to improve students' confidence when they are talking to the friends and other people. Some of the children are very shy to speak because they scare to be laughed by their friends, they scare of the way they are dressing themselves and sometimes they are scare to socialize and make friends with other because of lack of confidence.
Hence, public speaking can occur at any place. It is not necessarily be done in the class but teacher can pick a different environment for them such as at the library or the hall. Simple and easy topics just nice for them to speak out. Just begins with the stories about family, friends, pets or even favourite cartoons. This activity really help on the development of their language and communication skills. Usually, teachers will set the time from 5 to 7 minutes only but if they exceed, do not stop them. Just let them voice out their stories and support them if they need advices. Level up the scope of the stories when they are stable in their communication skill. For instance, a child can tell a story about 'Kura-kura dan Arnab' or 'Jack and His Friends'.
5.2 Sing songs
Other than that, singing is one of the way to make the students do not feel bored during the class session. Children learn a lot while they are playing and doing activities. Many values can be nurtured when children sing songs related to our nation like 'Saya Anak Malaysia' , 'Warisan', and others. They can know the value of our country, instill the patriotism spirit in their heart as well as know the history of our Independence Day.
This activity usually is done in a group. Teacher may assist each group to sing the songs paragraph by paragraph and repeat it till they get the tempo. They will learn something while they are enjoying the singing. Co-operation among the children is very important to make the class is beneficial to each other. This actvity is suitable for students from year 1 until year 3. Teachers also may conduct the singing with children songs like O' MacDonalds , Baa Baa Black Sheep and many more. Teaching aids like video from the Youtube would help a lot this activity for the best result in their listening skills.
5.3 Spel it Right
Spell it Right (SIR) is one of the activity that could trigger children's brain to think more and more. This activity can develop their brain and enhance their vocabulary needs. Children also will learn to think critically when they try to spell the words given by the teachers. This includes the listening skill, speaking skills and their alertness toward what has been said by the teacher. In addition, this activity can make the students compete with their friends to get the highest score and automatically level up their confidence and their curiousity.
This brilliant activity can be done 5-10 minutes before the class started. For the first level, give them easy words. Then, keep level up their vocabulary knowledge with medium and high level. Furtehrmore, this activity is suitable for all students from year 1 till year 6. Reward and praise them if they are success in trying. Never down their emotion when they get things wrong instead, guide and advice them. Besides, teacher also can organize a competition regarding this activity and make it open to anyone to join. This is for sure will make them compete to each other and struggle more to win the contest.
5.4 Arts Class and Activities
In order to make children more creative and innovative, involve them in the arts class. This class really can reveal their hidden talents and make them happy. Children really love colours, entertainment and crafts. So, this activity can polish their talents, reduce their stress and let them feel the enjoyment while expressing their emotions through arts.
Learning can take place when teacher give them a theme for them to create the environment for the tasks given. For example, making clay can build and develop their fine motors and brains. They will think creatively how to make the shape of the clay beautifully and no defects. Their skills will improve from time to time. They also will feel happy because their make the arts by themselves. This emotions willl develop the children to love the learning session.
5.5 Reading session
Reading really can make someone gain more knowledge and improve their leaarning styles. Students are lack on keen of reading, so as a teacher, we should take a paradigm shift to their way of thinking about the boredness of reading. Besides, reading can truly improve students vocabulary and knowledge. Children will learn easily when there is visual arts or pictures. They will pay attention because they can visualize what is the explaination below the pictures. Lastly, reading session can polish and enhance their writing and reading skill. They will write better when they know a lot of phrases and words.
Reading activity usually will take place in the class once a week. The teacher can pick one topic from the textbook and let the students read. Do correct them if they utter or pronounce the word wrongly. This is for sure can polish their speaking skill too. Beside that, a teacher also can use flash cards, pictures, or show them a video. For example, show a video on making creative arts and let them watch it. Then, ask them to read the story and look up on foreign words. Again, ask them to search the foreign words in the dictionary. This strategy will welp help them a lot throughout the activity if it is constantly done in a right way.
In conclusion, every single activity that is being carried out in school must follow and based on the NPE. All the activities mentioned above relate to each other and without the co-operation between the schools community and other government help, it wont success. Everyone needs to lend a hand to make NPE is a success for our future generations. The formation of the school curriculum really gives a huge impact on the formation of great pedagogy and knowledge. Last but not least, NPE also gives a huge impact on our education system as it is a guide to produce a great 'modal insan' as inspired by Tun Dr Mahathir.