Visitors Experience On Visiting Jantar Mantar Cultural Studies Essay

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This research paper seeks to find out about the experience build of visitors on their visit to a monument, in this case, Jantar Mantar. Jantar Mantar is a place of great historical, astronomical, and astrological value and is in existence since 1724. It is an Observatory built by Jaipur's Maharaja Jai Singh Sawai II on the order of the Mughal Emperor, Muhammad Shah to develop a medium to record and compile all the astronomical data and future predictions of time, related to study of the movements of sun, moon, and other planetary bodies.

Oldest Observatories in the world: Chinese archaeologists claim that they have found the world's oldest observatory, dating back to some 4,100 years ago, in North China's, Taosi, Shanxi Province. He Nu, a researcher from the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said "the observatory was not only used for observing astronomical phenomena but also for sacrificial rites."

Other discovered sites that fall under the category of the "world's oldest astronomical observatory," includes one in Goseck, Germany, that was constructed around 7,000 years ago, it is called a "sun temple" and other is the "German Stonehenge" with construction beginning around 4,000 to 5,000 years ago. Standing Stones of Callanish in Scotland, are older than Stone henge, being constructed around 2900-2600 BC. In Egypt Nabta Playa, are around 6,000 to 8,000 years old.

As the name says "Samrat" which means Supreme. The name completely justifies the instrument because it is in the shape of a giant triangle which represents a sun-dial. Measuring 70 feet in height, 114 feet in length and 10 feet thick which depicts the hours, the minutes and seconds of the day. Its hypotenuse is parallel to the axis of the Earth. It is used to depict Delhi's local time.

The shape of the instrument is very interesting in itself, it has windows and the edge of windows have marking inscribed on them, and with the help of those marking the observers can find position of sun and moon. The role of this instrument was to track the eclipse and full moon There are two Ram Yantra's one to track the moon and other to track the Sun.

The earliest references to astronomy are found in the Rig Veda, which are dated 2000 BC. Astronomical principles were used to explain matters which are related to astrology, like making of a horoscope. Besides from linking astronomy with astrology in ancient India, astronomy continued to develop independently, and resulted into original findings, like:

Experience design is the practice of designing services, events, and environments with a focus placed on the quality of the user experience by providing a relevant solutions. Experience design draws from many other disciplines psychology, linguistics, architecture, environmental design, hazard analysis, product design, theater, information design, ethnography, brand strategy, interaction design, service design, storytelling, and design thinking.

My day started with the touring of the Eiffel tower. The tower has glass-walled elevators which get to the first, second and top platforms. There is a ticket to enter the tower which is around 12-14 euros. Nevertheless, I purchased the ticket and started my journey, the journey of eiffel. Everything about eiffel is special, starting from the entry gate, the glass-walled elevators which gives you a wide view of the lovely city. As there are three levels in the tower, I halted at each one of them as I wanted to have the feel from different altitudes. At last I reached the Top most platform of the eiffel tower. The moment I stepped outside the elevators I was flabbergasted with the view I saw. It was a lifetime view, the one I used to see in my dreams. As I was on a height of 300 meters, there was fear inside but I outstripped it and moved towards the corner. The view of the Paris city I saw from there cannot be defined. It was the most mind-blowing and fabulous scene I have ever in my life. From the top I could see the sienne river just below me, the high-rise just opposite the tower, a playground and traffic moving like ants. The humans from the top were barely visible. On the Top platform, there were arrangements for a pantry and other basic necessities. There was a room in which an effigy of Gustave Eiffel was placed. In another room, there was a list of countries and their distance from the 'Eiffel tower.'

It appeared on coins issued to mark its 1986 centennial. An image of the statue was chosen for the American Eagle platinum bullion coins in 1997, and it appears on the reverse side of the currently issued series of Presidential Dollar circulating coins. Two images of the statue's torch appear on the current ten-dollar bill.

Between 1986 and 2000, New York State issued license plates featuring the statue. The Women's National Basketball Association's New York Liberty uses both the statue's name and its image in their logo. The New York Rangers of the National Hockey League depicted the statue's head on their third jersey, beginning in 1997. The National Collegiate Athletic Association's 1996 Men's Basketball Final Four, played at New Jersey's Meadowlands Sports Complex, featured the statue in its logo.

Replica: A smaller version of the original statue, one-fifth the height of the original, was given by the American community in Paris to France. In a patriotic tribute, the Boy Scouts of America, as part to Strengthen the Arm of Liberty campaign in 19491952, donated about two hundred replicas of the statue to states and municipalities across the United States.

Media: In the movies, the torch sets the climax of director Alfred Hitchcock's 1942 film Saboteur. The statue makes one of its most famous cinematic appearances in the 1968 picture Planet of the Apes, in which it is seen half-buried in sand. It is destroyed in the science-fiction films Independence Day, The Day After Tomorrow, and Clover field. In Jack Finney's time-travel novel Time and Again, the right arm of the statue, on display in the early 1880s in Madison Square Park, plays a crucial role.

On October 15, 1924 it was announced to be US National Monument, and in 1984 it was announced to be a UNESCO world heritage site.

Presentation to Public: Inside the statue is a museum for visitors to get to know about the history, importance of the place and about the great minds behind its making, for this the picture gallery is set there, they have audio visual media and multimedia presentations for explaining it easy and convenient way.

For kids special program has been installed to get to know the place better and understand it in fun and easy way. For this a program called "Junior ranger" has been set up in which children from age group of 7-12 can participate. Children are given assignment sheets in which they have to complete the assignment which asks questions about the Statue, answers to which could be found from visiting museum and asking questions from the ranger. In this way the children learn about the statue which will remain with them for time, and as a reward on the completion of the assignment they get certificate and a batch.

One of the visitors to the observatory was a Physics professor from Bangalore, he was extremely keen to understand the instruments because of which he went through every descriptive boards. He was able to get a fair idea that different instruments are used for different purpose. But he was not able to understand how it used to work, what are the different components in an instrument about which is described in board.

Jantar Mantar being an astronomical and astrological observatory has all visual appeal and because of it's non working instruments its main motive has disappeared. Visitors visit a place like observatory expecting to make observations using instruments, markings and shadow but on their arrival the scenario changes. In short, their experiences are not great in terms of gaining or understanding the purpose of the monument.

While the other tourist places attract more tourists and have a better name because they let their purpose of existence come across the people and they make sure it does not wash off, which creates a space in memory of visitors.


Jantar Mantar, Delhi, is place which holds great astronomical and astrological value since 1700's when it was build my Jaipur's Maharaja Jai Singh Sawai II, to track the stars, sun and moon placement.

The present day scenario is that everything sells because it try to creates a memory or emotional bond with the people.

Jantar Mantar is one of the monuments which attracts large number of audiences one of the reason except for its values is that its in Connaught place. Observatory is not working now, the visitors except for large red structure don't get to see anything as the observatory is something in which you observe and not imagine, the same happens with every visitors. A lot of imaginations go in for those who are interested in knowing the working of observatory, which can be misleading.

Now, it's the age to sell place by providing a unique experience, the other tourists places are doing it by creating an whole package for the visitors, which they can take home as a nice experience.

Travel has become a part of lifestyle and tourist plans there tour keeping in mind the place which suits there style.

The tourist places follow it, although it make the place commercial and might hurt the sentiments of the stake holders, but for doing so related authorities should agree and then think about the changes, and improvements.

It's the time when Jantar Mantar should also step forward and follow on the lines. It is a need of the visitors to build an experience which is missing for now, and the good place which builds an experience always keeps in mind the visitors/ tourist's interest and makes it possible for them to create a memorable visit experience.