The Tower Of London Cultural Studies Essay

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In this photo-essay I am going to write about the Tower of London. The essay will include introduction, literature review, case study and conclusion. Other sub-headings will be also included in the photo-essay for additional information about specific attractions, time-facts, history and definitions of 'cultural tourism' and 'culture tourist'. Information, history and key facts of the towers and Royal Family' Jewellery house also be included into the main body of the photo essay which I will describe below.

Literature review:

Def. of Cultural tourism:

"Cultural tourism (or culture tourism) is the subset of tourism concerned with a country or region's culture, specifically the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those peoples, their art, architecture, religion(s), and other elements that helped shape their way of life. Cultural tourism includes tourism in urban areas, particularly historic or large cities and their cultural facilities such as museums and theatres. It can also include tourism in rural areas showcasing the traditions of indigenous cultural communities (i.e. festivals, rituals), and their values and lifestyle. It is generally agreed that cultural tourists spend substantially more than standard tourists do. This form of tourism is also becoming generally more popular throughout the world, and a recent OECD report has highlighted the role that cultural tourism can play in regional development in different world regions.

Cultural tourism has also been defined as 'the movement of persons to cultural attractions away from their normal place of residence, with the intention to gather new information and experiences to satisfy their cultural needs."

www.audienceslondon.org/download.php?id=309(08/12/12)

Def. of Culture tourists:

"Community solidarity is considered a definitive quality of many rural towns and one that could be dramatically influenced by accommodating tourism development. Previous research indicates that tourism brings people from different cultural backgrounds into a community. In this exploratory study, evidence indicates that tourism development changes residents' relationships to one another and to their community. Five propositions are discussed concerning the impacts of rural tourism: community diversification, delineation of social boundaries, conformity to an ideal town image, shared image as a source of bonding, and a shifting basis of community solidarity".

http://jtr.sagepub.com/content/34/4/26.short(08/12/12)

Case study:

1.Tower of London:

History:

"The Tower of London" has been built in the early 11th century by "William the conqueror". The tower was spread out in the 13th century into the modified compound that we see in present time. The Tower's best magnet is the famous assembly of Crown Jewels. Building of the "Tower of London" was made in 1070 by "William the Conqueror", soon after his triumph at "Hastings" during 1066. The Tower was built to apply the ability of the king over the newly controlled area. The defense, tactically positioned at the Thames, was really nothing than a short time wooden structure that was exchanged in time by the so called today "White Tower". Later in time the building structure was enlarged into a castle with about twenty towers. In present time the "Tower of London" is most known because of Crown Jewels, but it also known to be not popular to the big number of political enemies of the kings that were scrolled, cursed and killed in the Tower. The Tower was used as a royal residence: various kings have lived there, specifically in bad times when the donjon looked much safer than the palace in "Westminster".

2.White Tower

The last longest area of the structure is the "White Tower", which was finished in 1097. This tower was more the highest structure in London at 27.4 meters or 90ft. The walls are 4.6 meter space wide.

The tower has become whitewashed in the sovereignty of Henry III. This bounced the tower's front its white color. Ever since this time the tower has been called as "White Tower". The tower has four 'domed turrets' at all four corners. Most of them have a square figure; the forth one is round, because of its coil staircase. The round turret was used long time as a look out to space.

Other Towers

The Tower of London was substantially enlarged during the 13th century, in the period of Henry III, when two protective walls have been built around the White Tower. The internal wall used to have 13 towers and the outer wall have six more. They were mostly for usage of imprison political enemies.

3. Traitors Gate

Traitors' Gate

A few of the most popular prisoners chambered in the Tower were two princes, the boys of King Edward IV. When Edward's died in 1483 the sons were locked in the 'Bloody Tower' by their uncle, who will later rise the throne as 'King Richard III'. The two children have never been seen again and they were most likely to be killed by guards. 'St. Thomas Tower' is situated near the 'Bloody Tower'. There, prisoners were moved into the prison with a boat via the 'Traitor's gate'. Popular captives were often left in the 'Beauchamp Tower', together with retainers. Writing on the wall in the tower is supposed to belong to 'Lady Jane Grey', who, nine days later she was crowned Queen, was executed and killed on Tower Green, an open area in today's Tower of London.

4.Byward Tower

Byward Tower

The man Thomas More was a prisoner as well in the Bell Tower to his execution when he did not accept King Henry VIII as a controller of the Anglican Church. Queen Elisabeth I was held there for short time as well.

Yeoman Warders

The head entrance of the 'Tower of London' is located to the 'Byward Tower' there you will see the famous 'Beef eaters' or 'Yeoman Warders'. Wearing on historic robes, they also guarding the tower, provide guided tours of the building. They called one of the Ravenmaster of the about 40 Yeoman Warders who is head of the rest so called ravens that have been living there for hundred's of years.

5. Yeoman Warders

An old story states that the Tower and the kingdom will fall when the ravens go away. Hence King Charles II put the birds under royal defense and the wings of the ravens are cut and make sure they cannot fly away.

Crown Jewels

The most popular tourist attraction in the 'Tower of London' is the assembly of Crown Jewels that has been used as an exhibition from the 17th century, in the period of 'Charles II'. A big number of the crown jewels have been made around the1660's, when the monarchy was on place again. Most of the previous crown jewels were destructed by Oliver Cromwell. They may be seen in the Jewel House, it is part of the Waterloo Barracks north of the White Tower. A few of the high spots of the assembly are the 530 carat First Star that comes from Africa, it is the

6. Imperial State Crown

Imperial State Crown.

Scepter of the Cross; the Imperial State Crown exceeding 2800 diamonds and the famous Koh-I-Noor, a 105 carat diamond.

More Sights

There's a lot left to be seen in the 'Tower of London', some of them is the Royal Armories, that considers the personal arsenal of King Henry VIII and it is one of the worlds biggest. The so-called 'medieval palace' in the 'Tower of London' is open to tourists as well and there are often reenactments of historic issues in the compound. If you need more information on the events of the Tower of London, check out their excellent and exhaustive website.

http://www.aviewoncities.com/london/toweroflondon.htm(07/12/12)

Tourists at The Tower of London

The 'Tower of London' provides research plans during the whole year in order to identify who the visitors are, where they from are, and their opinion about the Tower as a tourist attraction.

There is a Profile Survey runs out four times yearly, and provides a summary of the essential breakdown of races and more key tourist features. There is also a Visitor Survey which is runs out only twice a year and explores tourist practices. Marks from promote study assumed in the year 2000.

United Kingdom tourists created 22% of the total; evaluated to 78% internationally. The Tower is principally a mature attraction, conquered by duos and foreign tourists. Only 35% of tourists were to the Tower previously. Around 40% of tourists are viewing the Tower as it is a 'must see' attraction. The normal duration of stay is 2-3 hours. Fine or brilliant scores are given for satisfaction of stay by 91% of tourists; 79% for customer service; and 73% for worth for money. 71% of summer tourists have viewed one or more of the shops, and 47% of these purchased an at least an item. Every visitor practised minimum one of the trips or events. The most famous explanation used is in the Jewel House.

www.gttp.org/docs/casestudies/2002/02UKCase.pdf(08/12/12)

7.Tourists at the Tower of London

That photo of the Tower of London is from the River Thames during a river cruise. This is a good photo because the Traitor's Gate entrance from the river can be seen. The name Traitors' Gate appeared since the early seventeenth century. Criminals were passed by barge along the Thames, passing under London Bridge.

8.

9.

http://golondon.about.com/u/sty/londonpictures/Readers-London-Photos/The-Tower-of-London.htm(08/12/12)

'The Queen's House' was made around 1530, in a much dissimilar "Tudor" way than is in the others of the Tower of London. This House is one of the several such buildings to outlast 'the Great Fire of London' during 1666, and survived because of its defended spot inside the Tower's walls of stone. Henry VIII may build the Queen's House for Ann Boleyn, who was short afterwards decapitated with the help of Henry at the Tower Green. Her daughter, the well known Queen Elizabeth I, most likely died at Queen's House in next years, though she herself lived in another Tower. Anyway, Queens and Kings didn't in the Tower of London for ages, choosing the luxuries of Buckingham Palace instead. The life in the Tower of London was for sure cold and damps a banding in which we can more easily illustrate the Tower's plenty of prisoners than frustrated royalty. In the beginning, a floor for a Council Chamber was contributed to the Queen's House and it was there, since 1608, that Guy Fawkes was powered to concede his patch to detonate the Houses of Parliament with gunpowder. If you're in England on November 5th, you'll see Guy Fawkes Day celebrated with bonfires and fireworks. The Tower of London is full of history: the more you read, the more the place will come to life.

10.

http://travelwithkids.about.com/od/londonwithkids/ss/tower-of-london_3.htm(08/12/12)

Conclusion:

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