The Lgbt Community In The Market Cultural Studies Essay

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LGBT - is a term that arose in the English language for the general designation of sexual minorities, which include lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. From the first letters (congruent with the first letters of words similar to English) of these words the term is formed.

LGBT or GLBT are the letters that designate collectively to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. In use since the 90's, the term "LGBT" is an extension of the acronym "LGB", which in turn had replaced the term "gay community" that many gay, bisexual and transgender people felt they were not represented adequately. Its modern use attempts are created to emphasize the diversity of cultures based on sexuality and gender identity, and can be applied to describe someone who is not heterosexual, rather than apply only to people who define themselves as homosexual, bisexual or transgender. To account for this inclusion, a popular variation includes the letter Q for queer (for example, "LGBTQ") for those that are not specifically represented by LGBT, as the pansexual, intersexed, and so on. 

Today, many people associate LBGT minorities with the diseases, homelessness, drug abuse, barriers to health, depression and suicide, and discrimination. Sometimes they are right, but sometimes these are the wrong understandings. Homelessness has a considerable impact on LGBT youth, including: mental health issues, substance abuse, risky sexual behavior, victimization of homeless LGBT youth, etc. There are certainly made proper corrections and paid special attention to the LGBT youth, to homeless youth that is involved in different groups. There is a huge risk in communication with such youth, as the actions lead to more serious consequences. "…there is typically a dearth of available foster families to begin with, and few are willing to work with young people who have emotional or behavioral problems. Fewer still are interested in fostering LGBT youths, many of whom arrive with emotional and behavioral issues as a result of the homophobia they've endured."

The acronym has been established as a form of self-identification and has been adopted by most communities and LGBT media in many countries speaking English. On the one hand, some intersex want to be included in the LGBT group and would prefer the term "LGBT". In addition, certain individuals in a group may feel they have no relation to individuals from other groups, and find offensive and encompassed the persistent comparatives. Some argue that transgender and transsexual causes are not the same as those gay and bisexuals. This finds its expression in the current "gay and lesbian separatism," which argues that lesbians and gays should be a community distinct and separate from the other groups normally included. Other people also viewed favorably by the term because they believe that the letters are too politically correct, an attempt to categorize various groups of people in a gray area, which implies that the concerns and priorities of the major groups represented are given the same consideration.

The term LGBT or GLBT group does not generate a consensus among all. For example, some argue that the causes of transgender and transsexuals are not the same as those gay and bisexuals. This argument focuses on the idea that transgender and transsexual people have to do with gender identity or the fact of being male or female, with no sexual guidance. Instead of LGB issues, they are perceived as a matter of sexual orientation or attraction, not identity. These distinctions have been made within the context of political action, where the goals of the LGB can be perceived as different from the goals of transgender and intersex (for example, gay marriage legislation among others).

Many people have tried to find a generic term to replace the many abbreviations existents. This has been tried to use words like "queer" and "rainbow", but have not been adopted and made it general. 'Queer' has many connotations negative for older people who remember using the word as an insult and a provocation. Furthermore, many young people understand that the word "queer" has more power policy that "LGBT". For their part, "rainbow" has connotations that are reminiscent of the hippies, New Age movements and organizations like the Rainbow / PUSH Coalition Jesse Jackson in the United States. The term has been adopted by all, to understand some of it is too politically correct or is an attempt to categorize different groups of people in a word which represents the grey area. Another concern is that the term might imply that LGBT concerns and priorities of the major groups represented consideration.

The representation of an "LGBT community" or "LGB community" catch-all is not appreciated by some gay, lesbian and transgender. Some do not sign or approve the campaign of political and social solidarity human rights, and the visibility that usually goes with it, including pride marches and events gay. Some people believe that non-heterosexual orientations are grouped by perpetuating the myth that being gay / lesbian / bi makes a person different from others poorly. These people are often less visible compared to LGBT known activists. As it is difficult to distinguish this faction of the heterosexual majority, it is very common for people to assume that all persons grouped in the LGBT community support the release LGBT and visibility of the group in society, including the right to live the life you want in a way different from the majority.

"Whether LGBT youth are homeless on the streets or in temporary shelter, our review of the available research reveals that they face a multitude of ongoing crises that threaten their chances of becoming healthy, independent adults.", according to Nicholas Ray (2006).

Transgender - is the collective term for the phenomena discrepancy between the social (gender) and biological sex. Under the definition of transgender fall: transgender people - people whose gender is identified as the opposite biological sex; transvestites - playing the role of the opposite sex (through the wearing of clothing which social norms and conventions of his entourage prescribe for the opposite sex); androgynous - people with an equally strongly expressed both male and female gender qualities; intersexuals (also uses the term "hermaphrodite") - people with the sexual characteristics of both sexes; bigendery - people whose gender identity change regularly under the influence of external factors.

Transgender is an umbrella term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that differ from the normative gender roles (male or female) usually, though not always, assigned at birth, and the role that traditionally held by society. "Psychologists say transgender people often face what feels like a stacked deck against them.", according to Life Science (2010). Transgender is the state of the gender identity of oneself (self-identification as male, female, both or none) which is inconsistent with the "assigned gender" to oneself (identification by others as to whether you are male or women on the basis of genetic sex or physical). "Transgender" does not imply any specific form of sexual orientation, transgender people may identify as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, pansexual, polysexuality or asexual. The exact definition of transgender is continued without being fixed, but includes: "... A person whose identity does not conform unambiguously to conventional standards of masculine or feminine, but that combined or among them." "People who were assigned a gender, usually at birth and based on their genitals, but who feel that this is a false or incomplete description of themselves."

"The failure to identify with, or no-show as the gender one was assigned at birth."

A transgender individual may have characteristics normally associated with a particular genre, otherwise identified in the traditional gender continuum, or exist outside of it as "other," "agender," "intergender," or "third gender." Transgender people can also be identified as biogenerics, or in different parts of the transgender continuum, or continuous more inclusive that have been developed in response to more detailed studies have been done in recent years. While many people simply identify as transgender, transgender identity includes many overlapping categories. These include trans sexuality, transvestism, androgyny, the gender queer, cross-dressing and people living across genres such as drag kings, and drag queens. Transvestites fetishes are not usually included as they are considered a paraphilia, not something related with gender identification.

According to Life Science (2010), "A staggering 41 percent of transgender people in the United States have attempted to commit suicide, according to a new survey. About 19 percent of transgender people report being refused medical care because of their gender-nonconforming status, and a shocking 2 percent have been violently assaulted in a doctor's office."

In the terminology of psychology, psychiatry, endocrinology and the legal term "transgender" is used in simplifying it to describe a transsexual person is not made to the genitals. According to this sense of the term transgender then becomes a term for only a subset of transsexual people, and to separate / Transsexual the function / a (the genitals). As with trans sexualism for the term "transgender" there is a clear distinction on the total variation in the masculine or feminine movement between academia and transgender / transsexual. Similar to trans sexualism, medical and legal texts decline (with very few exceptions) the term in the masculine for people who make a transition from male to female (androginoide) and women for people who make a transition from female to male (ginoandroide) . Such use of the declination is strongly contested by the movement of transgender and transsexual (GLBT or LGBT movement and more generally) as it considers it to give precedence to the gender identity of the person on the simple biological fact of birth. Put simply: a person born male who assumes the female identity and thus also a female name for the scientific culture is "the" transgender, the movement is instead "the" transgender Anna.

Nowadays, homelessness, suicide and depression are considered one of the main problems of the society. All the problems in society some people "devote" to those who are different. They judge other people in many problems, diseases, etc. Today the situation with the perception of the Transgender people and LGBT is rather difficult and contradictive. There are many points of views considering these issues and new information considering this among society. Today there are created successful programs for the targeting groups. Health care has to be obligatory for all people, of any orientation and beliefs. All in all, despite the certain risks and barriers created by society, many people, especially youth get involved in different groups and situations, which are almost without the way out. More attention has to be devoted to the homeless youth, and many things have t be taken into consideration, such as the psychology of the youth in general and there have to be implemented new approaches and limits set, in order to protect youth from different imaginary trends and situations.

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