The organisation culture means it has group of people which have similar kind of culture and they work together in the organization who context within which organizations member perform their assign task and build their inter- relationship with each other, It is mainly focus on the internal type of environment to build the organization.
Culture in its broadest sense is cultivated behavior; that is the totality of a person's learned, accumulated experience which is socially transmitted, or more briefly, behavior through social learning.
Organization culture is build on the value, beliefs and behavioral norms of organizations it is includes values, beliefs dress code, language, way of personality, rules and regulation, policy and the way they work together.
The position that the ideas, meanings, beliefs and values people learn as members of society determines human nature. People are what they learn. The Optimistic cultural determinism place no limits on the abilities of human beings to do or to be whatever they want. Some anthropologists suggest that there is no universal "right way" of being human. "Right way" is almost always "our way"; that "our way" in one society almost never corresponds to "our way" in any other society.
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Ethnic culture means it is characteristic of group of people who is sharing a common and racial coming from different religions and back ground, different languages, rituals, behaviors, different ethics for their society and the way of life of ethnic people is includes each and every rules and norms for their traditions, rituals, thoughts, customs, different dress code, style, etc.
There are many differences between ethnic culture and organizational culture, the differences are listed below.
This type of culture create new things and try differently.
They takes long time to build the relation in the organization.
It has individual attachment with all group of member with the organization.
There are different types of people work in the organization so each other can diversify their culture and adapt the quality of their culture.
They are more flexible as they work together and tie together with their quality of work.
There are number of people involved in the organization
This culture always up for anything and do the things in different ways with the specific norms and condition
It takes short time to build relation in different type of cultural people in the society or group
It has also the same individual attachment with the different ethnic group of people but it takes time to adapt the different culture
There are different cultural people socialize and get together and diversify in their culture
There are good flexible and independent to and accept the different culture norms.
There are number of people and different languages, rituals involved in this culture.
Q.2 Select a leadership example from a culture other than your own and:
Explain how cultural perceptions may influence the leadership style and behavior of the individual or organisation selected. Give suitable and relevant examples to support your arguments.
Explain how your own approach might differ because of your own cultural perceptions and what will be the impact on your behavior. Give suitable and relevant examples to support your arguments.
Different cultural groups think, feel, and act differently. There are no scientific standards for considering one group as intrinsically superior or inferior to another.
Different observation in culture among groups and societies presupposes a position of cultural relativism. It does not imply normally for oneself, nor for one's society. It, however, calls for judgment when dealing with groups or societies different from one's own. Information about the nature of cultural differences between societies, their roots, and their consequences should precede judgment and action. Negotiation is more likely to succeed when the parties concerned understand the reasons for the differences in viewpoints.
This is the own belief of leader that they belief that one's own culture is superior to that of other cultures. It is a form of reductionism that reduces the "other way" of life to a distorted version of one's own. This is particularly important in case of global dealings when a company or an individual is imbued with the idea that methods, raw materials, or ideas that worked in the home country or familiar environment and it may be also work in abroad. Environmental differences are the wide concepts of dealing with the challenge and modify the demand as and when the leader should suggest the group of people the necessary changes, redesign, change management, new products promotions, etc.
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This requires grasping the organisations values, strategies, structure and flow of work, functions of different divisions and communication and rewards system. When leader understand the legal, political, demography and other environmental factors which affects the culture and the inter relationship.
Everything has meaning and significance, and everyone is connected at the deepest levels.
The major differences are:
Expressed his feelings with less strident and pointed words.
Used more simple and direct expressions of his feelings.
Share the views and take a feedback.
Communication and adaptability of the culture and try to cover the needs.
Encouraged a respectful response from the intended recipient.
The leader should handle the conflict constructively:
the withdrawal of resources, or
Someoneââ‚¬â„¢s poor performance.
The leader make it their job to know both the formal power structure and the informal influence networks within the organisation and to develop relationships with the key individuals in both systems.
This leader has own style of working. Talk less about his own actions and achievements.
Use language that focuses more on the specific task and the other people involved.
Present his ideas in a more straightforward way.
Invite a response.
Q. 3 Describe what you mean by a multicultural organization. And also explain the advantages and disadvantages of being a leader in this type of organization. You will be able to show you appreciate the positive and negative aspects of a leader in a multi cultural organization and be able to provide examples to support your comments.
Multicultural organisation should understand first the concept of working together and then going in depth of the venturing on a global assignment, it is probably necessary to identify the cultural differences that may exist between one's home country and the country of business operation. Where the differences exist, one must decide whether and to what extent the home-country practices may be adapted to the foreign environment. Most of the times the differences are not very apparent or tangible. Certain aspects of a culture may be learned consciously (e.g. methods of greeting people), some other differences are learned subconsciously (e.g. methods of problem solving). The building of multicultural awareness may not be an easy task, but once accomplished, it definitely helps a job done efficiently in a foreign environment.
Sometimes the leader Discussions and reading about other cultures definitely helps build cultural awareness, but opinions presented must be carefully measured. Sometimes they may represent unwarranted stereotypes, an assessment of only a subgroup of a particular group of people, or a situation that has since undergone drastic changes. It is always a good idea to get varied viewpoints about the same culture.
Some culture may share many attributes that help mold their cultures (the modifiers may be language, religion, geographical location, etc.). Based on this data obtained from past cross-cultural studies, cultures may be grouped by similarities in values and attitudes. Fewer differences may be expected when moving within a cluster than when moving from one cluster to another.
All organisations operating globally need not have the same degree of cultural awareness. For that the organisation needs to understand global cultures at different levels of involvement. The further a leader moves out from the sole role of doing domestic business, the more it needs to understand cultural differences. Moving outward on more than one axis simultaneously makes the need for building cultural awareness even more essential.