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SECTION I - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This is the first section. In this portion, you are giving your readers a preview of your fact sheet. You will need to write a summary of your findings. Your maximum word length should not be more than 80 words. Only include what you think are your key findings or what you feel will be the key learning points for your readers.
SECTION II - WHAT IS THE ISSUE AND WHO ARE INVOLVED?
Start this section on a new page. This is the introduction to your paper.
Identify who and what are you studying.
Specify the various group/s that you have selected to study.
Explain why you have chosen this particular area.
Racism in Australia against Indians
As mentioned in the article, one Indian student was admitted to hospital with 30 percent burns over his body when a suspected petrol bombs was hurled at him. It was the fourth attack on Indian students in three weeks. Prior to this, the most serious incident involved a student from Andhra Pradesh; he was stabbed with a screwdriver by a group of teens.
An Indian community leader in Sydney said that there had been at least 20 attacks, called 'curry bashing', on Indian students in the city in a month alone, but most went unreported. He estimated that there have been more than 100 attacks on Indian students in the last 12 months.
A rash of what are seen here as 'racist attacks' on Indian students in Australia has prompted calls for India to warn students against going there for studies.
Racism had caused so much harm and pain to so many people in so many countries. It's a big thing for a small word.
Racism is destructive. It denies people by devaluing their identify. It destroys community cohesion and creates divisions in society. It is the exact opposite of the democratic principle of equality and the right of all people to be treated fairly.
An understanding of racism is necessary in order to recognise and counter it successfully. Racism is a global phenomenon which is influenced by a range of social, economic, historical and political factors. It takes different forms in different contexts and as a result has been defined in many different ways.
In Australia, the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission defines it as: Racism is an ideology that gives expression to myths about other racial and ethics groups that devalues and renders inferior those groups, that reflects and is perpetuated by deeply rooted historical, social, cultural and power inequalities in society.
Racism has its roots in the belief that some people are superior because they belong to a particular race, ethnic or national group. The concept of race is a social construct, not a scientific one.
Racism is the result of a complex interplay of individual attitudes, social values and institutional practices. It is expressed in the actions of individual and institutions and is promoted in the ideology of popular culture. It changes its form in response to social change.
Cite examples of some common stereotypes within this area of study.
Anti-Semitism is defined as 'an intense for a prejudice against Jewish people'. Although acceptance and tolerance towards Jewish people is today high as compared to toher times in history, acts of hate towards Jews still exist. Especially in these politically-charged days fuelled by tension in the Middle East, Jewish people who are identifiable by their outward appearance have been attacked, and synagogues and other Jewish property have been vandalized.
Religious hate and fear are factors in some sectarian tension and violence and in tension and violence between members of different world religions. Religious hatred is responsible for some very brutal conflicts. The crusades, where people of different world religions were forced to convert or die, Protestant and Catholic sectarian violence in Northern Ireland, terrorist attacks in Israel, the September 11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre, the bombing of Jewish synagogues and gay Christian churches are all partly due to religious fear and hatred.
SECTION III - WHY IS IT IMPORTANT FOR US TO TALK ABOUT IT?
Go in-depth in the analysis of your chosen topic here. In your analysis, take note of the following:
I. How does this stereotype/prejudice/ discrimination affect the society. The research examples can be from Print, Media, Internet etc. For those taken from movies or music, you must provide written description of the more important points.
Racism in workforce and school are often not recognised or addressed by teachers or others in authority that has the ability to do something about it. It seems that those who do not experience racism themselves either does not see the need to acknowledge it. They tend to dismiss it as trivial and do not see its potential for damage.
This danger is when racist attitudes and behaviours are permitted to go unchecked in school, workforce or even in public. This subconsciously creates a climate which sees theses actions as normal and acceptable and therefore allows racism to become entrenched and rooted in our society.
II. You may also use statistics to support your findings. This can be a simple self-driven survey or data obtained from the web (ensure credibility of sources and proper citation).
University of Sydney conducted a survey that reports on research into the extent and distribution of intolerant attitudes in Australia, as well as data on the reported experience of racism. 5056 people participated in this telephone survey throughout Australia.
Findings suggest a substantive degree of racism in Australian. Anti-Muslim sentiment is very strong. There is a persistence of intolerance against Asian, Indigenous and Jewish Australians.
82% of the participants recognise the problem of racism, leaving the rest of the percentage in denial of racism.
Most Australian recognised the problem of racism yet less than half recognise the cultural privileges that racism accords. Racist attitude are positively associate with non-tertiary education, age and to a slightly lesser extent with those who do not speak a language other than English.
About 15% of Australians have experienced racism within institutional settings like the workplace and in education. Frequencies of racism happening in workplace were higher than for in the institutions. Among all, the experience of racism at shops and sporting events were the highest. About one-in-every-four (25%) of Australian reports the experience of 'everyday racisms.' This includes name calling, making racist comments or jokes, and making fun of people's accents.
Furthermore, about 12% of respondents admitted that they are prejudiced against other cultures therefore self identifying their own racism. This is horrifying as we are talking about having one in every ten Australians who are racist by the narrowest of definitions.
There is still a general inadequacy of concrete evidence as to the extent of racism in worldwide.
III. Highlight how such prejudices create potential dangers to society.
Racism breeds hatred and such hatred can create potential dangers to the society. Here is an example - the murder of James Byrd Jr.
In June 1998, Byrd was brutally beaten and dragged for miles behind a pickup truck with a heavy logging chain wrapped around his ankles. Byrd died when his body hit the edge of a culvert, which cut off his arm and head. His death was senseless and beyond cruel, recognized as a barbaric hate crime committed for no reason - other than the fact that he was black.
There are still thousands of similar cases out there and this is terrifying as one can get killed for being different.
SECTION IV - WHERE CAN WE START TO FIX THE PROBLEM?
Build on the previous section.
Provide a general explanation on how such stereotype/prejudices/discrimination creates inequality in society.
Suggest workable solutions to break down or eliminate stereotype s/prejudices/ discrimination.
Explain how some of your suggested examples can be implemented.
Even till now, many people still choose to ignore the problem of racism. Here is a simple example - my friend's parents will not let their daughter date anyone outside their race. As you can see from this simple example, racism creates inequality in society with their prejudice in race and therefore must be addressed in our communities.
Institutions play a crucial role in contributing towards the development of a society free from racism. There are significant responsibilities for schools in relation to countering racism.
They have a responsibility to provide an inclusive working and learning environment that provide all students and personnel the opportunity to achieve their full potential. They must also respond to the specific needs of students, staff and community from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. This would prepare students and personnel to contribute towards the development of just and harmonious society. Even further, school can develop a policy statement against all forms of racial discriminations.
In school, as students, they can stop racism by saying no to racist jokes and insults. In addition, students can organise events such an inter-cultural music and film convention. They can show films on prejudice, discrimination, racism and stereotyping. This would be much more effective than attending talks on related topics as students are generally more interested in music and movies.
Families should also educate their children that it is never acceptable to be racist.
To conclude, racism is not an naturally acquired ability that people are born with but instead, it is determine based on how an individual is raised and what they learn when they are younger.
There are many solutions to stop and fix racism. This does not means that racism would end because racism will always exist for as long as we live. However, what the institutions, government and the rest of the public can do is help to minimize racism. It a shame that many people feel such hatred towards a group, but if they try to deal with such anger or personal frustration maturely and correctly, they will be able to get more comfortable around the minority groups. People are people and if one can be of broader minded, and does not judge people based on their skin colour and accept them for who they are, it would be a significant step towards minimizing racism.