Popular Ways To Affect Emotions Cultural Studies Essay

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It contains of various group of range of activity and other things like music, dance, literature, films and painting created by humans. Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy in which art is explored.

There are many form of art in which two are:



Indian Art:

It is the part of Indian subcontinent from past many millenniums. Indian art is spread to other countries overly elaborately and complex way.


In Indian culture Voluptuous feeling is unusually given free expression.


A very strong belief of concept is also form of Ancient Indian art from modern as well as traditional forms. Indian art can be divided to specific period on bases of culture, politics and so on.





The Indian art is famous in literature, arts and sculpture. The reasons for innovation of ideas, creation of ideas and the process of imagination of conceptual ideas provides thought in Indian artists.

Different Indian art style:



















Mughal Art:

One of the particular style of south asian painting is Mughal painting. Generally the work is been confined to minute illustrations and be placed safe in album .This is been born from Persian painting of miniature with Jain, Hindu and other people influences and brought up from period of mughal empire.


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Mughal paintings are been admired and praised for its texture, richness, innocence and innovativeness. These paintings were stylish and unique. Some of the most important sub genres of mughal painting were love paintings. These paintings were very attractive as you would have never seen before. They had unlimited themes and unique styles. One striking aspects of mughal love painting is that its not related to realism. Ideas, imaginations, themes and creativity played major role than realism.



Mughal love paintings were the beautiful set of modern era. The art, cultures, concepts, themes were unique and the true specimen of that era which blend the Indian and Persian style. Themes were informative as well as provocative. Love, lovers, failed love, courtly love were some of the comman theme of that time. For historians this paintings became very useful. The artwork consists full of beautiful themes, physical beauty, luxury, sensuality and an essence of love.

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Mughal love paintings gave us the views about the love of kings and queens. Jahangir was an instrumental person in envoking love painting. He had a keen artistic sense in it. 'JAHANGIRNAMA' had some of the most wonderful and amazing taste and reflect of that time. There were some famous painter who had excellence in their love painting. Govardhan was one of the most famous artist of that time. Similary, another person named Ustad Mansur created a huge impact in 17th century. The lovers of mughal paintings were spread not only in India but throughout the world. The popularity of Mughal love paintings is not just restricted to Indian boundaries. They are loved, appreciated and admired all over the world.


Abu al-hasan one of the famous painter of mughal period. He is from Delhi. During that period India was under the rule of Jahangir the mughal painter.


He is the son of Aqa Reza of heart. They lived in western Afghanistan, in a city which was filled with the Afghanistan artistic tradition. He was working with Jahangir after which he was assessing the throne in mughal empires.


Abu al-hasan was first to trained by ruler himself but he later overcame his father and his Ruler. Jahangir said him he has no equal power and granted the title of " NADIR-UZ-SAMAN" to Abu al-hasan.

Documentations of events happening in imperial court was Abu al-hanas's main target to carry out, which turn out to become excellent portraits but not much of his portraits survived, but which ever survived contains the the identity of whole lots of artist works by him.

The most famous painting in his memory, is the master piece depleting of animal posture and movement that could be extracted from the straight forward vision.. The painting show about the Europen squirels unknowns in Indian works ideates that jahangir's animal farm have been held in animals. Alternatively, on one of his travels Abu al-Hasan may have accompanied Jahangir. The painting has signature which is confusing and odd. There may be a chance that both painters collaborated on this painting.

Western Art:

European counties follow and accept the traditional form called as WESTERN ART. The countries which were connected to this ancient form were Ancient Aegean civilization, middle east Asia and ancient Egypt were started from 3rd millennium B.C. while the other countries were using parallel form and culture when compared to Europe countries. The people of those reign wanted to leave their identity so they left sign such as decorative artifacts and huge standing stones. Within Europe all the people were consistent in artistic development clearly proves the ANCIENT ART OF GREECE, which is later adopted by Rome. Then the empire across is carried with middle east , Europe and north Africa.

The idol of the art of that time of classical period easily passed through out 2 thousand years then it later seemed like it slipped into the medieval period in some parts and then was followed by renaissance period and later became the greatest influence in Christianity upon the western art.

For about 1400 years from the time of 300 AD to about 1700 AD ,the people had special profession of aristic in church painting, architecture and sculptural. During this period, history of the Church was reflecting the history of art.

Since in classical period western were been influenced by Secularism. All the works of that time were been produced without ideology and reference of religious faith. Western arts also influenced politics by one or other kind in state and patron and the artists. Western art were futher divided into many small stylist parts which is historically which is carried out in painting by different style in various locality . the other period are:



Fauvism to Cubism

Futurism, Constructivism

Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism


Cubism was been founded by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in 20th century. Cubism was the Avant garde art movement. All this forms leds to the revolusioalisation of European painting and work which is also inspired by music and literature and so on.


The first branch of cubism was Analytic cubism. In france , this art movement took place from the time 1907 to 1911 . Then this movement was been influential and radical . Then further in 1919 synthetic cubism was started. This movement was being spread like fire in that period and kept vital foot prints during that period.


In cubism style all the works were being collected in parts and then were re-arranged in abstract category to inspire the object and thoughts of that time. To represent the object in the deep detail the artist used multiple views. Most often the surface intersects at removing the coherent of depth and seeming random angels. The most beautiful form of cubism is that the object and background interpret ate with each other to generate small confusions.


Before World War 1paris was excited in social politics. There was lots of work on women's rights movement and trade unions which were taken out vigorous and lively but the supporter was much stronger than them.cubism differed in every countries because of there political affiliation with some strong points and national problems and so on are broadly influenced.

Cubism now days:

Nowadays cubism continues to inform the work of the artist who works contemporize. Nowadays its not only cubist who works regular imagery on commercially bases but its also now bases on theoretically done which is done on more significant way. The later cubist contains the clue that the cubist contain artists who are fascinating. Then now in early 20th century there are many questions which were arose during the initial appearance of cubist, presentative artists as current today as first done.




In 20th century Les Fauves were loose grouping and a short-lived of early modern artist whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong colour over the representational or realistic values retained by impressionism. While Fauvism as a style began around 1900 and continued beyond 1910, the movement as such lasted only three years, 1905 - 1907, and had three exhibitions. The leaders of the movement were Henri Matisse and Andre Derain.

Besides Matisse and Derain, other artists included Albert Marquet, Charles Marquet, Charles camion, Louis Valtal, the Belgian painter Henri Evenpoel, Maurice Marinot, jean Puy, Maurice de Vlaminck, the Dutch painter Kees Van Dongen, the Swiss painter Alice Bialy and George Braque.

The paintings of the Fauves were characterized by seemingly wild brush work and strident colours, while their subject matter had a high degree of simplification and abstraction. Fauvism can be classified as an extreme development of Varn Gogh's post impressionism fused with the pointillism of Peuart and other post impressionism painters, in particular Paul Signac. Other key influences were Paul Cezanne and Paul Gauguin, whose employment of areas of saturated colour-notably in paintings from Tahiti strongly influenced Derain's work at Collioure in 1905. In 1888 Gauguin had said to Paul Serusier.

Fauvism can also be seen as a mode of expressionism.

Gustavo Moreau was the movement's inspirational teacher at the Ecole des beaux arts in Paris, a controversial professor and a symbolist painter. During the 1890s he taught Manguin, Rouault, Matisse, Marquet and Camoin, and in 1904 was viewed by critics as the group's philosophical leader until Matisse was recognized as such. Moreau's affirmation, broad-mindedness, originality and other things of the expressive potency was inspirational for his students. In 1898 this source of empathy was taken away with Moreau's death. But for their development the artists discovered other catalysts.

Matisse unknown art student, visited the artist John Peter Russell in 1896. Russell was an impressionist painter. Matisse was so shocked at the style as he had never previously seen an Impressionist work directly. So he left after ten days. The next year Matisse returned as Russell's student and abandoned his earth-coloured palette for bright Impressionist colours. Russell was close friend of Vincent van Gogh so he gave Matisse a Van Gogh drawing.

In 1901, the work of Van Gogh for the first time at an exhibition encountered by Maurice de Vlaminck, declaring soon after that he more important and he loved Van Gogh more than his own father. He started painting directly onto the canvas from the tube.

In1904 exhibition in which parallel came an appreciation of pre-renaissance French art with the artists discovery of contemporary avant-garde art , which was shown in a, French Primitives. African sculpture work was another aesthetic feeding, which Vlaminck, Derain and Matisse were early collectors of.

Class work:

Oil Painting:

Oil painting is the process of painting with the help some semiliquid substance. That is bound with a medium which is dry and is mixed with linseed oil. Varnishes are the substance of called linseed oil which are boiled with a resin which are made up of pine and also frankincense are used. They are valued for their gloss and body. Other oils are rarely use, which included the seeds of poppy, walnut and sunflower from which oil were extracted and used. These oil contain various properties of the different oil paints. This changes the thicknesses of the oil paint Depending on the oil there are certain difference in the oil which are visible in the oil paint. Painters use different kind of paints based on the effect and the pigment what they want in the painting. Paint also changes also quality based on the medium on which it is being used.

History Of Oil Paint:

Although sometime between the fifth and ninth centuries oil paint was used in western Afghanistan for the first time all over the world. I didn't get much popularity till the start of the fifteen century A.D. During the middle Ages its practice may have migrated westward. After this oil paint became more and more important for the whole of the world, became the chief medium to work on by the upcoming artist. In northern Europe the exchange began with early the neitherland paintings rise in the height of the renaissance. These kind of technique which has complete destroyed the temra paint and its completely from this world.

Paint brushes was transferred to the surface using Paint brushes traditionally. There are other methods, including using rags and the palette knife. Oil paint remains much longer than other types of artists' materials, texture or form of the figure and enabling the artist to change the color. The painter get frustrated and might even remove an entire layer of the paint and beginanew. This can be done with some turpentine oil and rag for the while mind the paint is wet, but after the while..the harden layer must be scraped. Poil paint vanishes by oxidation and the evaporation and is usuall dreies. In two weeks. Its likely to dry and is enough to be varnished in the six months to year. Art conversation do not consider than an oil, paintings completely dries until it is 60 to80 years old paintings the dashboardand might even remove an entire layer of paint and begin anew. This can be don

Most sources of Renaissance of the 15th century, in particular vasari, credited northern. European painters and with the "invention" of painting with oil media on wood panel by Jan Van Eyck. However Theophilus Firmly states the instruction of the base painting of the oil medium.it was probably used for paintings carvings, sculptures and wood fittings, perhaps especially for outdoor use. In the 15th century paintings was however the first to make oil the usual medium. The early works were on the still panel paintings on the wood. At the end of the 15th century canvas became much more popular , as it was costed low, easier to carry and alloed bigger works. In the late 15th century the populatarity of the spread . Italy from the north staring in Venice. The previous methods of for the fresco for wall paintings, which was more difficult due to the north climate