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Followed the above-mentioned issue of Globalization, it is a terrific and complicated process that affects various aspects of human life in both positive and negative ways. Culture Identity is known as a big aspect of any countries. Since then it was never been an exception from the role. In another word, culture identity has become the one aspect has strongly effected from this trend. As the fact, many people considered globalization as a "powerful wave" that would destroy the cultural identity of all human beings. For example, every cities are becoming the stereotype to each other that have leaded to the absence of the history and culture which pretty much extended widely. Gone are the true identity in us and our uniqueness which makes us different from the crowd. With globalization, Architecture appeared to be the biggest reflection of this trend.
Carrying on, this paper will be continued with the recalls to Paul Ricoeur's "how to become modern and to return to sources; how to revive an old, dormant civilization and take part in universal civilization" by Frampton, K (1998, p17). "Toward a critical regionalism: six points for an architecture of resistance. Anti-Aesthetic: Essays on Postmodern Culture". Alongside with the above quote, Ricoeur mentioned about the destruction of traditional culture. As the same time, he also question how the cultural past has putted into the movement towards modernization. Therefore, this question has asserted the necessity of a historical model of continuous evolution whereby lessons of the past inform future moves. Borrowing Ricoeur's statement, this essay intends to understand and analyses the current state situation about culture identity crisis in the modern world under architectural aspect. In this case, the initial idea will expanded based on The Singapore Architecture's characteristic to change or shape up the local's perception of their culture identity. In Additional, This paper also further explore about different aspects of culture diversity such as human nature, behavior and societyâ€¦
Followed up, by taking Critical Regionalism as concept for "the solution for a region to be redefined under the circumstance of whole cultural abandonment and therefore shifting boundaries" as Ricoeur mentioned.
Different regions are facing great challenges as the result of globalization. The term "globalization" was only coined in the half of the 20th century, but the term and its concepts did not overwhelm its popular until the latter half of the 1980s. Serving as a buzzword of the decade, the ideal of globalization has attracted more significant global attention than perhaps any other issue in recent period, yet the concept of "Globalization" is come across in many different aspects included architecture as well. Globalization is definitely has contributed several of advantages to human race. It helps to promote countries' economies, technologies and improve our lifestyle. But in the other hand, whether it is a blessing or a curse has sparked much debate. By some it is considered as creating a common global culture and homogenizing identities and life styles, while for others it may be interpreted as highlighting differences and supporting locality. For many reasons, the advantages of globalization always come with the drawbacks. As the fact, Architecture also has influenced as well as other aspect.
In certain angle they have been argued that during the past decades, the globe has been through the most significant era of technological involving and global restructuring since the beginning of the 20th century. Cities have always been centers of civilization that, through the years, have led to human progress through material and scientific advances. Globalization is now an unstoppable historical process led by technological change and involving the dissemination of science and new technologies. Followed by, the urbanization has become part of the globe's development process. But either known as a creation from the age of modern technology. In one of the oldest thesis on architecture, Vitruvius proposed three essential requirements for all good architecture: firmitas, utilitas, and venustas (1914). In order to guide the quality of a building, one should consider the technical means, the practical and functional aspects of the building, and the aesthetic results. Technologies are changing the nature of work, it became more efficiently to create new spatial form. The technological development and expansion which lead the globe has dramatic developed. A new global culture is emerging as a result of computer and communications technologies. Transitional forms of architecture are come across national boundaries and becoming part of a new world culture. The new wave of technologies in electronics, robotics, telecommunications, new materials, and biotechnology has given rise to a new architecture paradigm.
Globalization was major factor to ease exchange of knowledge, communication and technology. Followed up, the absence of boundaries of the nations was appeared as a fact. Thus, urbanization came along with globalization as an important role of a play. In the case of Singapore, urbanization have done a really good job. It reclaimed a rural one and transformed it into a more urbanize form within thirty five years. Singapore can be recognized as one of the top urbanized city in the globe. The wave of urbanization is always come along with industrialization, the building of a consumer society, and great openness to the influences of both East and West. Since then, the local's perception of their own town have been changed. Things such likes a careful city planning, the provision of numerous public parks, gardens, and beaches, and the development of a series of "new towns" or satellite settlements of high-rise dwellings are introduced to the citizens which in certain arguable angle that promote a better lifestyle. As a consequence, Architecture obviously became the visual symbol or evident of Singapore's economic achievement.
To admit "Globalization" benefits does not means we can ignore another side effects of it. Due to requirement for better life, thus culture aspects has been waived out by other aspects of life. In the globalized world, Culture aspects are located at threshold where it could easily be fell off the track of local's perception.
Loss of Culture Identity
Once upon a time, before the era of globalization, there existed local culturally sustaining connections between geographical place and cultural experience. These connections created a community with its own uniqueness of identity. This identity was something people simply had as an undisturbed existential treasure, an inheritance from the past.
Identity, to certain angle, it was describe as a local communities treasure. But it was also discovered to be something fragile that needed protecting and preserving that could be lost. Into this world of manifold, discrete, but to various degrees vulnerable, cultural identities there suddenly burst (apparently around the middle of the 1980s) the corrosive power of globalization. Globalization, so the story goes, has swept like a ¬‚ood tide through the world's diverse cultures, destroying stable localities, displacing peoples, bringing a market-driven, 'branded' homogenization of cultural experience, thus obliterating the differences between locality-de¬ned cultures which had constituted our identities. Though globalization has been judged as involving a general process of loss of cultural diversity, some of course did better, some worse out of this process. Whilst those cultures in mainstream of the ¬‚ow of capitalism - those in the West and, speci¬cally, the United States - saw a sort of standardized version of their cultures exported worldwide, it was the 'weaker' cultures of the developing world that have been most threatened. Thus the economic vulnerability of these non-western cultures is assumed to be matched by a cultural vulnerability. Cultural identity is at risk everywhere with the depredations of globalization, but the developing world is particularly at risk.
This, then, is the story that implicates globalization in the destruction of cultural identity, and in the threat to that particular subset of cultural identity that we call 'national identity'. But another, quite contradictory, story can be told: that globalization, far from destroying it, has been perhaps the most signi¬cant force in creating and proliferating cultural identity. This story involves a rather different understanding of the idea of 'identity' than the somewhat rei¬ed understanding of an individual or collective possession. And it also involves a rather more complex understanding of the globalization process: one, at least, which allows for a degree of unpredictability in its consequences.