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The artistic movement that really caught my attention was Post-modernism. "Postmodernism was a late 20th century movement that opposed the Modernist preoccupation with purity of form and technique, and aimed to eradicate the divisions between art, popular culture, and the media. Postmodern artists employed influences from an array of past movements, applying them to modern forms. Postmodernists embraced diversity and rejected the distinction between "high" and "low" art. Ignoring genre boundaries, the movement encourages the mix of ideas, medias, and forms to promote parody, humor, and irony".(1) I chose this particular art movement simply because I feel that this period of time more artist start to be more experimental, they took more risks on pushing the boundaries. Postmodernism describes a movement that contradicts aspects of modernism (aims to break with classical and traditional forms), which involves wide variety of disciplines. I would like to talk about the postmodern dance and music and how it affects our current dance style.
Postmodern dance started 1960s in a Judson Memorial Church at America, it happened to be a modern technique from Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham. "Where the dancers move rigid out of the traditional genre like Ballet and modernism and created their own new style. The pioneers of this art movement were Anna Halprin who based her choreography on real experiences, not classical works. Her group, the Dancers Workshop, usually avoided traditional technique and often performed outdoors instead of on a conventional stage. Another modern dance pioneer, Robert Dunn, believed that the process of art was more significant than the end product. Merce Cunningham experimented with the relationship between dance and music and created choreography that was unrelated to the music it was accompanied by."(2) This shows that dances created were original, they weren't afraid of pushing the boundaries of typical dance styles or setting. The audience became more involved in dances. Most of Merce Cunningham and Anna Halprins pieces were mostly very difficult to understand because of its extreme movements and random timings that go against the music.
Postmodern music revolves just like other art forms during this time; it breaks through the traditional forms. "Postmodern music is either a musical condition or a musical style. As a musical condition, postmodern music is music that exists in late capitalism, as part of the postmodern condition. In this sense, postmodern music is a language by which people can signify belonging to a musical culture. As a musical style, postmodern music contains characteristics of postmodern art. It favors eclecticism in form and musical genre, and often combines characteristics from different genres. It tends to be self-referential and ironic, and it blurs the boundaries between "high art" and kitsch."(3) Just like dance, postmodern music combines different characteristics of musical genre to start experimenting new ways of making music. There were many pioneers of postmodern musicians like John Cage, Phillip Glass and Frank Zappa. Frank Zappa for example, in one of his live interviews he made music using everyday objects like bicycle and so on. People thought he was crazy and were laughing at what he was doing, but because he wasn't afraid to be different he found new ways to make music, which changed the perspectives of making music.
Postmodern art created and changed people's perspective of art and how it affected our dance today. Because of this artistic movement improvisation and composition existed in our vocabulary. People no longer followed the traditional art forms or styles of performing. Now people become more original and they were able to show their character in their own and individual way. Postmodernists are more pessimistic and do not see the world necessarily improving in the future.(4) People no longer just look for beauty or perfection, they found a way to look beyond that and even if it is distorted people began to appreciate art in an aesthetic point of view. I feel that nowadays people lack the initiative to experiment and be daring to take risks; by pushing boundaries and by not playing safe we could create something different. We won't know if it works or not if we do not try then how could we possible know?
Even though, "Postmodern dance was a relatively short-lived movement, but it was a stepping stone to other artistic endeavors. Performance art, a movement featuring theatrical events realized through loosely structured combinations of events, grew out of the collaboration between dance and other art forms. Dancers like Twyla Tharp put their own stamp on postmodern theory and began a return to more structured choreography, making way for the contemporary dance genre of today."(5) Without these aspects of postmodernism the art forms wouldn't transform to what we have today.