Laidback Nature Of New Orleans Cultural Studies Essay

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1. New Orleans was one of the few cities populated with people who were open-minded and laidback. The various cultures and people of New Orleans produced the many distinct styles of music. In fact, the slave trade was especially significant to bringing in new styles of music, which benefited the advancement towards jazz. Moreover, the docks and Mississippi river were a symbol of jazz. New ideas of musical styles were commonly exchanged, leading to a blend and improvement of all the different styles. For example, many of the music in New Orleans started out with sounds similar to early jazz, but over time, styles tend to blend and improve. The four prominent styles in New Orleans were spirituals, blues, ragtime, and European or classical music, in which both African Americans and the Creoles developed with great success. The New Orleans style included firmly, fixed rhythm, a cooperating improvisation, and a ragging syncopation. In time, New Orleans became the center and heart of all music.

3. The soloing of earliest jazz sounded firm, stiff, and are generally short. Earliest jazz was prominently instrumental, in which many various instruments were used creating a frenzy melody. The main instruments that were utilized and played collectively were the trombone and clarinet. In some way, the early jazz sounded very similarly to bebop and ragtime. Technically, early jazz is a mixture of all the various types of jazz music. Moreover, the tempos are somewhat fast. Unlike modern jazz, early jazz was not so prominent in the use of swing rhythm.

4. Jelly Roll Morton realized that jazz could be incorporated into any musical style, whether its blues, classical, or ragtime. He formed jazz music by simply combining random melodies or harmonies. With his own personal adjustments, he acquired sounds of a ragtime piece and other jingles to create jazz. He successfully utilized the form of 12-bar blues, and incorporated other musical ragtime ideas into his own. He was a music writer and publisher, the inventor of jazz piano, and most importantly, he relished music arrangements. His contributions to the history of jazz were astonishing.

5. Joe "King" Oliver was especially talented in mutes. King Oliver's Original Creole Jazz Band presented a New Orleans style of jazz to the black society in Chicago. This brought the Chicago's black society a unique style of music called New Orleans style. While performing with his band at dancehalls and clubs, there performances were considered to have reached the peak of the New Orleans style. However, Oliver was unsuccessful in emerging from the New Orleans style, while others have advanced beyond it. Nevertheless, this advancement beyond the New Orleans style was only successful because of King Oliver's contribution to the New Orleans style.

6. Tatum was an incredibly influential and important stride pianist. Tatum was the quickest and the best stride pianist of his time, and possibly of all time. Tatum's stride piano playing was virtually untouchable. Since nobody can even come close to Tatum's talent, jazz pianists decided to abandon the stride style to create other innovative musical styles. Thus, Tatum's talent of stride is said to have contributed to the demise of the stride style of jazz music.

9. Throughout Reconstruction, discriminatory codes became distressing to Creoles, and all individuals who consist of even a few percentage of black descent. Creoles began to experience the hard living and solitude of African Americans. Many Creoles lost their occupation and were isolated amongst African Americans alike. Shortly thereafter, black musicians and Creole musicians intensified in competition, in which neither found it easy to accustom to the other's style of music. Thus, the black musicians and Creole musicians theoretically merged and blended their styles together. The black musicians attained the musical and instrumental skills of the Creoles, while the Creoles attained the vocal and harmonious skills of the black musicians. Overall, this blending of styles led to a settled and peaceful atmosphere among enthusiasts of music; this blending was very significant to jazz.

10. Creole musicians were especially talented in European classical-type music. Creoles most prominently played in dance orchestras or musical groups. They learned scales, read music, such as European piano sheets, and were very precise musicians. On the other hand, African Americans were dynamic players who played and performed nearly everywhere: bars, dancehalls, clubs, and the streets. African American musicians performed and entertained for white audiences. African Americans played rowdily and noisily, while the creoles played gently, sympathetically, and in a quiet tone. African Americans introduced the call-and-response, and shouting or hollering to jazz music. As a result, the Creoles influence to jazz is gentle and quiet-toned music, while African Americans influence to jazz is flamboyant and dynamic music.

b)

1. New Orleans was populated with extraordinarily varied cultures. The people of New Orleans were not isolated, but instead assisted one another, specifically during labor at the docks of the Mississippi river. Everybody in New Orleans was somehow connected by the Mississippi river. A major part of jazz in New Orleans was the slave trade, in which played a huge role in bringing in new styles of music. The culture and music of slaves were brought into New Orleans, which included firm and rapid rhythm from Africa and Caribbean to the harmonious music of the Baptist Church. The slave trade also brought in to New Orleans arousing music from the Delta. The docks and the Mississippi river were the New Orleans symbol of jazz.

2. New Orleans was a "melting pot" because there ranged from all sorts of musical style. New Orleans was the center of all music. There was a fusion and combination of every single style of music, such as blues, ragtime, classical, spirituals, and more. The blending and improvement of music styles was significant towards the advancement towards jazz.

3. Monophonic, homophonic, and polyphonic are the three musical textures. The polyphonic texture is important in early jazz.

Livery Stable Blues was immensely popular because there was a mixture of 12-bar blues and a well cooperating improvisation among the group, which are followed by various instrumental sounds. Most people who hear remarkable and appealing new music would wonder about the name of the music, and perhaps the musician or musicians who plays it. In my opinion, people who first listened to the recording, Livery Stable Blues were intrigued by its unique style of music, one in which they have never heard before. Thus, people most likely started asking and requesting information about it. Original Dixieland Jazz Band was the first to present jazz to New York and Europe. Though the ODJB style of music was a blend to the early jazz, at the time, it was an improved and advanced style of jazz. ODJB were the new breed of jazz. Their success paved way for future jazz musicians. The people's appeal and interest helped spread the popularity of the recording, Livery Stable Blues. Over time, popularity of the band and the recording soared. The melody is lively, the style is phenomenal, and the improvisation is complete. The ODJB were clever and excellent musicians, who varied the types of musical instruments that included the clarinet, piano, trombone, and drums. The recording was a huge hit because the musical was produced significantly with a variety of instruments. Livery Stable Blues emulates a similar, but improved sound of early-jazz music, which made it unique and a one-hit wonder.

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