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Current companies are doing business increasingly in an international context, so the requirement for efficient and effective intercultural communication becomes crucial in ensuring success in present international workplace (Peltokorpi, 2010). With globalization, intercultural communication is an unavoidable trend. The main purpose of this paper is to select and discuss one of intercultural communication topics, with critical thinking to address the question. The topic selected is “Examine how corporations can present the same communication challenges as cultures”. This paper will emphasize on the challenges of intercultural communication and how to overcome the challenges.
Firstly, it will introduce the knowledge and inevitability of intercultural communication, in terms of culture, cultural diversity, nonverbal and verbal communication, and intercultural communication. Following this, it will discuss the challenges in intercultural communication, such as time and space, nonverbal communication, individual responsibility, beliefs, and low context vs. high context. Then, it will make some recommendations to overcome the challenges in intercultural communication, including intercultural communication competence and the six phases to build effective cross-cultural communication. Finally, it will show effectively communicate with intercultural communication practices.
Introduction to intercultural communication
Culture means the combination of what people do, what they drink, what they trust and so on. In other words, culture means a shared mechanism of beliefs, codes, manners, hopes, values and criteria of behavior (Hofstede, 2001). Culture impacts the way an individual prioritizes what is significant, builds the regulations of behavior, assists ensure the manners to what is suitable in specific status. In addition, culture contains a batch of mastered ideas and actions, which make up their way of living.
The great majority of the global companies own multicultural workforces, which are associated with the diversity of differences between individuals in a company. Although that seems simple, variety refers gender, ethnic group, cognitive style, age, individuality, tenure, education information and so on. Cultural variety is a growingly significant topic in company and academic environments (Shachaf, 2008). Not only are lots companies are throwing a large amount of time and endeavor into growing the variety of the workforce, they are also training them about the significance, profits and necessity of cultural variety in the modern international environment.
In global business, successful intercultural communication is crucial for success. Culture, gender, and communication affect each other in many ways. Individuals communicate either nonverbally or verbally. Nonverbal and verbal communication happens in the meantime and work together, supplementing or refuting one another. Verbal communication includes three functions, such as assignment ordering, process allocation, and narrative. Nonverbal communication means the process of communication without words (Zeki, 2009). Several categories of nonverbal communication refer eye contact, body language, and facial expression. Facial expression tells an individual a lot about your feelings. In addition, the facial expression delivers when people are cheerful, grieved, irritated, or upset.
In the global business world, cross-cultural communication is crucial for success. Needs for intercultural communication skills are growing since increasingly businesses are international. Intercultural communication is significant to global businesses since it checks how individuals from various beliefs and cultures get together to do business and communicate with one another. And in the age of rapid expansion of globalization all over the world, the research of intercultural communication is correspondingly booming day to day on both home and global levels (Hu & Fan, 2010).
Intercultural communication is considered as communicative meets between individuals or teams with various cultural backgrounds (Baldwin & Hunt, 2002). All communication is critical, as it draws on approaches people deliver nonverbal information. Since communication is interactive, a significant effect on its effectiveness is the relations with others. The shortage of awareness about the culturally established regulations and standards of communication actions can result in public relationships projects failed. But with the help of cross-cultural communication, people can avoid misunderstandings. Efficient communication between co-workers from various cultural backgrounds confirms a group is doing harmoniously.
Challenges in intercultural communication
The most frequently found varieties between different cultures that may influence effective communication include time and space, nonverbal communication, individual responsibility, beliefs, and low context vs. high context. All the challenges in intercultural communication are much more complicated than it is likely to discuss. Each of them affects the process of communication, and may be responsible for cultural shock while it results in miscommunication. A culturally-fluent way to shock is working over time to comprehend these across cultures, for the sake of enhancing relations across various cultures.
Time and space
Time is among the most key diversities separating cultures and cultural approaches of doing business (LeBaron, M). In the western countries, time frequently is considered as quantitative, weighed in units mirroring the march of progress. It means successive, logical, and current-concerned, shifting with incremental certainty. While in the Eastern countries, time seems that it has indefinite continuity. Births and deaths are not so absolute terminates as the universe goes on and people continue to be a part. Cultural ways to communication or time are not used in good intentions, but might offer various motives. Since individuals from various cultural backgrounds work together to design flow to handle the problems, they could put questions to cultural favors about time and space, and how these might influence talks. The straitened circumstances with space favors are not that their existence, but the estimates which are attached to them.
Nonverbal communication is quite significant in any communication with other people, and the significance is multiplied in various cultures, as people frequently search nonverbal hints if verbal information is relatively unclear, since they tend to across cultures. People apply various systems of comprehending facial expression, silence, eye contact, looks, posture, and other nonverbal hints. Because nonverbal action results from people's cultural general knowledge, and their thoughts about what is suitable and efficient as communication in relations. In addition, cultures attribute various levels of significance to nonverbal and verbal action.
Another significant factor influencing intercultural communication is personal responsibility. This means the level to which people feel themselves the masters of their lives vs. the level to which people consider themselves as subject to issues surpass their control. The North American scenery is huge, with big spaces of unmanned territory. In addition, this factor is significant to comprehend cultural shock. When somebody invested in liberalization would cross ways with somebody more fatalistic in allocation, miscommunication is possible. The first man might wish action. Having not seen it, they might consider that the second is dishonest. The second man might wish honor for the normal order of issues. And having not seen it, they might think that the first is impolite.
Cultural beliefs might be served as a tactic through negotiators, so it is necessary that organizations are related to collaborative-process design while handling tricky conflicts. In the labor place, people generally share their company's culture with their colleagues, but it is less likely that they share individual beliefs with all their colleagues (Makela, Kalla & Piekkari, 2007). People find lots of approaches that various modes of life are symbolized in the working place. Relying on their mastered experiences with connecting with various beliefs, their comfort with the teams can raise or reduce.
Low context vs. high context
In high-context countries like Colombia and Japan, comprehending the nonverbal parts of communication is comparatively more significant to achieving the intentional meaning of the communication as a group. While low-context cultures such as Canada and America frequently offer comparatively less focus on nonverbal communication, which does not mean that nonverbal communication is insignificant or it does not occur, but that individuals frequently locate less significance in it than in the meaning of the words themselves.
Overcome the challenges in intercultural communication
This paper interprets the significance for institutions and companies to not only offer intercultural training efficiently, but to also absorb it into the corporate responsibility and ethics, since it influences and refers to business relationships, improvement, and social consciousness, which all are full with technology, making virtual communication indefinite in possibilities, and probably mandatory to achieve the personal or company goal.
Intercultural communication competence
The intercultural communication competence is identifying critical parts from intercultural perspectives (Arasaratnam & Doerfel, 2005). Competent intercultural communicators are experienced with various cultures, sensitive, kind, would like to study cultural issues, and are experts in those. Leaders of international companies should comprehend the role of intercultural communication competence in obtaining cohesive force in various environment of international business. Whether talking things over with a supplier, transferring a description, or offering helps to a consumer, intercultural communication has to be done appropriately.
The phases to build effective cross-cultural communication
The six phases to cross-cultural communication are fundamental cues that every working in cross-cultural groups needs to be aware of to confirm culture is a means for active improvement instead of barriers (Payne, 2011).
Everybody has hypothesis about other people, which are beliefs instead of impersonal faith and are generally affected through lots of subjective variables. Because of cross-cultural communication to really do business, individuals should appraise their hypothesis and question themselves why they insist these beliefs or thoughts. Through working so and more openly checking them with coworkers, the original challenges to cross-cultural communication is conquered.
For the sake of coming to admire and comprehend coworkers from various cultures, empathy is crucial. By putting themselves into somebody else's shoes, people come to admire their ideas.
Involving other people in assignments or make policy granted and establishes powerful relations. Applying across-cultural variety is in nature a more creative way to settle a matter since it encompasses various ideas.
Discourage Herd Mentality
Herd mentality means an occlusive and one spatial way. This way of considering curbs innovation and improvement, since individuals are restrained in how to consider, and occupy in communication challenges. Cross-cultural communication could just boom and so dedicate when individuals are inspired to consider as people, share their thoughts which might be outside the box.
Individuals might and do act in culturally callous approaches. Through attacking somebody's individual, people attack their culture. Cross-cultural communication is on the basis of individuals considering through words and behaviors to confirm they do not behave irrelevantly. If callous action is proved, it is everyone's responsibility to avoid it and confirm it keeps unacceptable.
Individuals should be aware of how to communicate with others with honor and intellectual. By considering issues out, with cultural background to cross-cultural diversities lots of the communication issues proved in business could have been prevented. Cross-cultural communication is in nature founded on the basis of wisdom, presenting maturity of ideas and behavior in handling others.
Effectively communicate with intercultural communication practices
The America work force is constantly shifting with various ethnic groups, more women, and more immigrants involving the present labor force. Companies in America are immediately mastering that encompassing crucial variety policies have active influences on successful business. So the workplace landscape is more active and multicultural nowadays than ever before. Managers would like to hire staff with good communication and individual skills to be convincing team member. These skills are much more of great value since the American labor force improves into broader diversities of cultural backgrounds. Anther practice of effective communication in the intercultural communication is to listen without judging, repeat what you understand, ensure meanings, make advice and recognize a mutual comprehending.
In conclusion, corporations can present the same communication challenges as cultures. In the global business world, cross-cultural communication is crucial for success, and efficient communication between co-workers from various cultural backgrounds confirms a group is doing harmoniously. There are many challenges such as time, nonverbal communication, individual responsibility, and beliefs, which are much more complicated than it is likely to discuss. The intercultural communication competence is identifying critical parts from intercultural perspectives, and the six phases to cross-cultural communication are fundamental cues.