Exploring Different Festivals In America And Phillipines Cultural Studies Essay

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Festival income an event that generally or typically staged by a local community. There are many kinds of festivals in the world. And there are difference and similarity between the festivals of dissimilar countries. There are many types of festival like agricultural, cultural, historical, horticultural, seasonal, arts festivals, film festivals, New Year and etc.

1.1. Etymology of festivals:

The word festival comes from two words. One infests and aother is festivus. The word fest comes from the MiddleHYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_English" English, from MHYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_French"iddle French word festivus, from the Latin word festivus. The word Festival was first recorded as a noun in 1589.

[Etymology]

2. Countries of choice:

I have chosen 2 countries to compare and contrast festival. They are Philippines and USA. There are many festivals in those countries. Among those festivals I choose two. They are-

Ati-Atihan festival of Philippines.

Thanks giving festival of USA.

3. Festivals of Philippines and USA:

Now I will describe bout the festivals of Philippines and USA.

3.1. Ati-Atihan festival of Philippines:

The Ati-Atihan Festival is held yearly in January in honour of the Infant Jesus, on the third Sunday, in the island and town of Kalibo, Aklan in the Philippines. It is celebrated with tribal dance, music, accompanied by indigenous costumes and arms, and display along the road. [Ati-Atihan Festival]

Ati-Atihan Peaking on the third weekend of the month, this week-long mother of all mardi gras rages from dawn to dusk and is at its most riotous in Kalibo on Panay[p322]. Similar festivals are also held in neighbouring towns. Cadiz on Negros celebrates its Ati-Atihan Festival in honour of patron saint Santo Niño [residents believe the Holy Infant protected the settlement from pirate attack] on the weekend nearest 26 January. [Rowthorn, C. and Bloom, G. A. (2006). Philippines.]

3.1.1. History of Ati-Atihan festival of Philippines:

A 13th century [c.1200 A.D.] event describes the origin of the festival. A collection of 10 Malay chieftains called Datus, fleeing from the island of Borneo established in the Philippines, and were established settlement by the Ati people, the tribes of Panay Island. The Ati-Atihan was firstly a pagan festival from this family practicing Animism, and their worshiping their anito god. Spanish missionaries increasingly added a Christian meaning. Today, the Ati-Atihan is distinguished as a religious festival. [History]

3.1.2. Events of Ati-Atihan festival of Philippines:

The people attend plenty for the Santo Niño, and promote dances sponsored by government organizations. The proper opening group emphasizes the festival's religious event. The demo begins with a musical drumbeats, and dances parading along the road. The second day starts at sunrise with a rosary parade, which ends with a society mass, and parade. The show up of the festival occurs on the last day, when groups signifying different tribes fight. The festival ends with a parade of priest carrying torches, and various images of the Santo Niño. The competition winners are declared at a masquerade ball which formally ends the festival. [Events]

3.2. Thanks giving festival of USA:

Thanksgiving Day is distinguished on the 4th Thursday in November at this time. Since 1863 it has been an yearly tradition in the UHYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States"S. Thanksgiving was traditionally a religious inspection to give thanks to God.

People thought that the first Thanksgiving Day was distinguished to give thanks to God for serving the Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony live their first nasty winter in New England. The first Thanksgiving feast lasted three days as long as sufficient food for 53 pilgrims and 90 Native Americans. There were fowl, venison, fish, lobster, clams, berries, fruit, pumpkin, and squash in the feast. William Bradford's make a note of that, "besides waterfowl, there was great store of wild turkeys, of which they took many," probably gave rise to the American habit of eating turkey at Thanksgiving. [ Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day]

Thanks giving Day provides an opportunity for communities of faith to gather to acknowledge God as the source of the goodness and grace we experience. The texts for the day focus on themes of gratitude, abundance, and generosity and call us to create a lifestyle of thinking cantered on God rather than on material possessions or national pride. We are challenged to live in gratitude for the abundance freely bestowed upon us, but we also challenged to cultivate generosity as the expression of our thanks to God for all God's gift. [ Wesley, O., Jr., Holly Hearon, E. and Hank Langknecht,J. (2008). New proclamation]

3.2.1. History of Thanks giving festival of USA:

38 English settlers arrived at Berkeley Hundred On December 4, 1619, which comprised about 8,000 acres [3,200 ha] of the James River on the north bank, near Herring Creek, about 20 miles [32 km] upstream from Jamestown, then known as Charles Cittie in an spot, where the first permanent settlement of the Colony of Virginia, that had been recognized on May 14, 1607.

The group's charter requisite that the day of appearance be observed annually as a "day of thanksgiving" to God. Captain John Wood leaf held the service of thanksgiving On that first day. As quoted from the section of the Charter of Berkeley Hundred specifying the thanksgiving service: "We ordain that the day of our ships arrival at the place assigned for plantacon in the land of Virginia shall be yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God." [ History]

3.2.2. Celebration of Thanks giving festival of USA:

In this day different kinds of foods are traditionally served. Usually baked or roasted turkey is the featured item of this festival. Stuffing, mashed potatoes with gravy, sweet potatoes, cranberry sauce, sweet corn, other fall vegetables, and pumpkin pasty are generally related with Thanksgiving feast. All of these are essentially local to the Americas or were introduced as a new food foundation to the Europeans when they reached. The less blessed are often with food at thanksgiving time. Most communities have yearly food drives that gather non-perishable packaged and canned foods, and company sponsor charitabutions of staple food and thanksgiving dinners. [ Traditional celebrations]

4. Significance:

Now I will describe about significance of these two festivals.

4.1. Significance of Ati-Atihan festival:

The Ati-atihan is assumed in the honour of the Sto. Niño, much like the Sinulog festival (which is being held simultaneously in Cebu) and the Dinagyang Festival of Iloilo (which will be held next weekend). It's a week-long affair, finishing on the third Sunday of January. Though Kalibo is the main place of the festival, other towns also have their own ati-atihan festivity Boracay on the second Sunday, and the city of Itbajay on the fourth Sunday. Maybe it's because I didn't stay long enough or explored the display route, but this festival is pretty toned down compared to the festivals I've seen last year. The strange costumes were definitely present: there were people clothed up as eagles, dressed up as horses and clothed in… pink. [Nina, S(2009). Ati-Atihan Festival]

4.2. Significance of Thanksgiving day:

however thanksgiving originated in America, but it has extend its wings to other continents of the planet also. In November 1997, as a collective attempt to join up people all over the world, the millennium year 2000 was proclaimed as the 'International year of Thanksgiving' by the United Nations. This was first time ever that the common assembly voted generally in favour of a religious idea. The responsibility to take lead was given to Center for world Thanksgiving situated at Thanks-Giving Square. The idea following the declaration was to spread peace, harmony and brotherhood. United Nations determined the year 2000 as the 'International thanksgiving year' in order to celebrate the gift of life as the noblest face of the human spirit. [ UN Declaration]

5. Conclusion:

Festival is an extremely important event for every country. A festival is a huge source of recreation. There are difference type of festival in Philippines and USA. Festival celebration type is also difference there. But both countries are celebrated festival with a great festive mood.

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