Examining The Identity Of Art Today Cultural Studies Essay

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What is Art? Many of the objects we identify as art today like Greek painted pottery, medieval manuscript illumination and etc. Art were made in time and places when people had no concept of 'art' as we understand the term. These objects may have been appreciated in various ways and often admired, but not as 'art' in the current sense. Art lacks a satisfactory definition. It is easier to describe it as the way something is done. Art is 'the use of skill and imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, experiences, or environments that can be shared with others'. During the renaissance, the word Art emerges as a collective term encompassing Painting, Architecture and Sculpture, it is a groping given currency by the Italian artist and biographer Giorgio Vasari in the 16th century. Subsequently, this grouping was expanded to include Music and Poetry which became known in the 18th century as the 'Fine Arts'. These five Arts have formed an irreducible nucleus from which have been generally excluded the 'decorative arts' and 'crafts', such as weaving, pottery, metalworking, and furniture making, all of which have utility as an end.

    These works were produced in an extremely specific geographical setting and revealed a specific attitude. It was the result of the rivalry and dialogue between young American artists and the large community of European artists living in exile in New York. Additionally, it has an image of being rebellious, anarchic, and highly idiosyncratic and, some feel, rather nihilistic. It is seen as combining the emotional intensity and self-expression of the German Expressionists with the anti-figurative aesthetic of the European abstract schools such as Futurism, the Bauhaus and Synthetic Cubism. The movement describe formal trend in American abstraction at the time. It can be broadly divided into two groups: Action Painting and Color Field and Hard-Edge Painting. It has its non-American parallels with similar aims (Art Informed, Cobra, Lyrical Abstraction).

    By the 1960s, the movement had lost most of its impact, and was no longer so influential. Movements which were direct responses to, and rebellions against, abstract expressionism had begun, such as pop art and minimalism. However, many painters who had produced abstract expressionist work continued to work in that style for many years afterwards.

    Another significant stream of Abstract Expressionism is the Color Field and Hard-Edge Painting. The terms Color Field and Hard Edge describe two formal trends in American abstraction in the early 1960's. Color Field works consist of large colored areas; neither signs nor forms existed for the eye to latch on to. Color was used without any perspective device, producing a sensation of impressive size. The shades of color were usually diluted so as to sink into the canvas.

This is a Color-Field and Hard-Edge Painting, and also is my favorite Painting. Woman V it is one of series of women by Willem de Kooning. Woman V is in the collection of the National Gallery of Australia in Canberra. This painting is beautiful to me, it was painted with oil and charcoal on a canvas; I love it so much when I see it on the website, this painting attracted me because of its colour. Even thought it might seem messy to most people, but it was painted with full expression from the painter himself. I would really like to know what was the expression of the painter was having when he was painting this paint.

Abstract Expressionism can be separated into two types of art which is Action Painting and Color Field/ Hard Edge Painting. No matter which type Action Painting and Color Field/ Hard Edge Painting, it still can show the Abstract Expressionism of the art. Abstract Expressionism is a type of art that could express the artist's expression and it can be used as an example for exercising the artist's skill. In my opinion, Color Field is an art that exercises the artist's potential on painting. As for Action Painting, it can help the Artist to show his or her expression. Even though these new art are amazing in my opinion, I would still prefer only these two painting. In the future, I would help my children to learn more about these arts.

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