Examining Festivals Of Senegal And Taiwan Cultural Studies Essay

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The festival is celebrated according to Chinese lunar calendar on the fifth day of the fifth month. It is celebrated the name of Chinese scholar Qu yan. In the third century BCE he was a loyal minister of he ling of chu. In the year of the 278 BCE, Qu yuan wad died and dropped himself in the miluo River. The people of chu try to save him. Thus a zongzi was mode by the people that hopes it would reach Qu yans body. The following year they sink zongzi again.

Date:

It consisting 29or 30 days. For that it is fifth day of fifth moon in every year.

History:

It is originated by ancient China. It is related to the suicide of Qu yan who is the poet of ancient state of chu. During his time he wrote a great deal of poetry. For that he is still remembered. He suicicd in the Miluo River on the fifth day of fifth month. The people who loved him, they threw rice to the river for that fish can't cat his body. As a culture of china it was a holiday for long time.

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Activities:

People cat zongzi, realgar wine and racing dragon boots in this occasion. Other activities are game of making egg and writing spells. Now zongzi are not thrown into rivers in modern Taiwan.

References:

chinese mark first "official" quingming.

Double fifth (Dragon Boat) Festival.

Ghost festival:

Origin:

It is a religious festival of Taiwan. The seventh month is counted as a ghost month in country. It is a month 08 joy for Mahayana Buddhists. So Buddhists joyful day is fifteenth day of the seventh month. It is originally come from India but later now it is played in china. It is also known as hungry Ghost festival.

Date:

The Ghost festival is holding on 15th night of the seventh lunar month (Southern china in 14th).

History:

Actually there is an account of a Buddhist monk named Maudgaly a yana according to the "ullambana Sutra". He was known as extraordinary man trait amongst monks. But his mother had been reborn in a lower Relaim which known as Hungry Ghosts. His mother was greedy and this reason she was in the relaim of hungry ghosts. By doing something he saved his mother from relaim. After some circumstances he finally got his mother is a human birth.

Activities:

Live performances are held and everyone is incited to attend in this day. For the ghosts sit the first row of the sit is always empty. Incense is burnt in front of households during the evening.

Reference:

Mid summer ghost Festival, chine Town connection.

Taiwan's Ghost Festival and other Religious Events, Go 2 Taiwan.net.

Senegal

Eid-ul-adha:

Origin:

There are two main festivals in Senegal as a muslin country of the year. Among them Eid-ul-adha is the biggest one. It is a religious holiday for the Muslims. It came by the sacrifice of the Ibrahim as Ismail as an act of obedience to God. It begins with the prayer of two Raka'ah bollowed by a sermon. It celebrates during the time of Hajj.

Date:

It is held approximately 70 days after the Eid-ul-fitre.

History:

About four thousand years ago Macca was dry, rocky and unhabited place. So, he was orelered to replace here with his family. Then ordering from Allah Ibrahim, again go away from cannan. According to Islam when Ismail was ill than Hagera ran Al-Safa and Al-Marwa for seven times for water but she can't then Ordering from Allah jibrail hited the earth and there created Zamzam wall. After some days Ibrahim came back home. When Ishmael wad about 13 the Allah decied to test Ibrahim. Then Ibrahim saw a dream that God is commanding him to sacrifice Ismail for Allah. Then Ibrahm took Ismael for sacrificing the dearest son for Allah. Ibrahim than told the matter to his son and Ismael was ready for this. When both father and son show their perbect obedience of Allah then Allah replace a ram to the palce of Ismael. From that day the Eid-ul- There are two main festivals in Senegal as a muslin country of the year. Among them Eid-ul-adha is the biggest one. It is a religious holiday for the Muslims. It came by the sacrifice of the Ibrahim as Ismail as an act of obedience to God. It begins with the prayer of two Raka'ah bollowed by a sermon. It celebrates during the time of Hajj.

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Date:

It is held approximately 70 days after the Eid-ul-fitre.

History:

About four thousand years ago Macca was dry, rocky and unhabited place. So, he was orelered to replace here with his family. Then ordering from Allah Ibrahim, again go away from cannan. According to Islam when Ismail was ill than Hagera ran Al-Safa and Al-Marwa for seven times for water but she can't then Ordering from Allah jibrail hited the earth and there created Zamzam wall. After some days Ibrahim came back home. When Ishmael wad about 13 the Allah decied to test Ibrahim. Then Ibrahim saw a dream that God is commanding him to sacrifice Ismail for Allah. Then Ibrahm took Ismael for sacrificing the dearest son for Allah. Ibrahim than told the matter to his son and Ismael was ready for this. When both father and son show their perbect obedience of Allah then Allah replace a ram to the palce of Ismael. From that day the Eid-ul-adha is continuing till now.

Activities:

First Muslims pray to Allah with two rakh'ha namaz. Then theylisten khutba whis is read by Imam. The the Muslims are greeting each other as Eid Mubarak. Then the sacrifice animals for the name of Allah. The intension must be in the heart and should not be spoken loud.

Reference:

Eid-ul-adha History and origin the significance of Eid.

Saint Louis Jazz Festival in Senegal

Origin:

The festival is commemorating the 350th anniversary of the city's indepence from France. The musician from all over the world comes in this occasion. You can hear the world's best jazz, exotic food, all kinds of art and crofts and African drum-beat dancing. For going the city, first cross the Faidherbe Bridge. Saint Louis is about 165 miles from Dakar and it is oldest French town in Africa.

Date:

It is held from May 20th-23rd! In Senegal.

History:

Saint louis is actually Island and it has only one way that is called Faidherbe Bridge. The bridge is also known as bridge of Saint Luis. The bridge is act as a venue for Jazz festivals. Its structure was taken about 100 years ago. In 1930s Jazz festivals become famous.

Activities:

The festival located in the heart of the city. For enjoying this festival a residence hotel is provided named as Hotel de la Residence. The hotel is situated beside the beach side. About 32 rooms are prepared around a patio with palm trees. Some favorable music is head in the city during the Jazz festival.