Business Idea Center Perfume Cultural Studies Essay

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Make the world a better-smelling place by making or selling perfume. To give you a basic guide, here are just some of the most common terms used in world of perfumery. Absolute -- the material extracted from a plant or flower using one of various solvents. It is the most concentrated form of perfumery material. Alcohol -- an important product used in making perfume. It acts as a solvent and creates coolness to soothe the skin. Aromatherapy - essential oils are used in aromatherapy to treat emotional elicit problems, headache, stress and wide range of disorders. It's the art and science of using essential oils to heal and particularly helps with stress or emotionally triggered problems.

Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, animals, objects, and living spaces a pleasant smell.

Composing perfumes

Perfume compositions are an important part of many industries ranging from the luxury goods sectors, food services industries, to manufacturers of various household chemicals. The purpose of using perfume or fragrance compositions in these industries is to affect customers through their sense of smell and entice them into purchasing the perfume or perfumed product. As such there is significant interest in producing a perfume formulation that people will find aesthetically pleasing.

Preserving perfume

Proper preservation of perfumes involve keeping them away from sources of heat and storing them where they will not be exposed to light. An opened bottle will keep its aroma intact for several years, as long as it is well stored.[5] However the presence of oxygen in the head space of the bottle and environmental factors will in the long run alter the smell of the fragrance.

Perfumes are best preserved when kept in light-tight aluminium bottles or in their original packaging when not in use, and refrigerated at a relatively low temperatures between 3-7 degrees Celsius. Although it is difficult to completely remove oxygen from the headspace of a stored flask of fragrance, opting for spray dispensers instead of rollers and "open" bottles will minimize oxygen exposure. Sprays also have the advantage of isolating fragrance inside a bottle and preventing it from mixing with dust, skin, and detritus, which would degrade and alter the quality of a perfume.

Making Your Own Perfume

If you want to have a perfume business but you抮e not sure how to go about it, fear not because it is generally easy to make customized perfumes. Lots of people love homemade or customized perfumes because these often come in cheaper prices and we all know how everyone loves discounts, particularly discount perfumes. To know more about how you can go about making your own perfume, check out the following tips you may find useful.

1. Know what perfume you want to make. One of the first factors to consider is the kind of perfume you want to make and which market you want to target. Do you want a general everyday office wear scent? Do you prefer a sexy night-out perfume for the ladies? Perhaps a strong masculine scent for the men? Or do you want to make it sweet and trendy for the hip, young market? Remember that scents differ in their effects. Some induce calm and reduce stress, while some are made to rejuvenate. Some are made to seduce while some are just designed to refresh. Once you抮e sure of the scent or scents you want your discount perfume to have, you can go ahead and proceed to the actual perfume making process.

2. Determine and prepare the ingredients. After you抳e chosen the kind of scent you want to make, it抯 time to research on the ingredients needed to achieve that particular smell. Do your research and look for the best possible combinations. There are a lot of options you can choose from, such as patchouli, rose, and others. Of course, the key ingredients include alcohol and fixatives. The best alcohol to use is one with great concentrations of ethyl alcohol. Fixatives meanwhile prolong the strength of a fragrance and hamper the rate of evaporation of a perfume. Among the usual fixatives are vanilla and sandalwood. Most of the key ingredients used in making discount perfumes can be bought at health stores or specialty stores. If you want a special ingredient that抯 hard to find in your area, you can search on the Internet and have it delivered right to your house.

3. Use the best oils. The strength of a perfume depends on the percentage of essential oils that are diluted in alcohol and distilled water. Use droppers to allocate how many drops of oil you want to add. The more essential oils you use, the stronger the smell. But remember to use essential oils than fragrance oils because essential oils are natural and fragrance oils are synthetic. Also, use a base that will not degrade quickly, like jojoba oil or sweet almond oil, both of which are odorless.

4. Choose the best equipment. The equipment and tools you use in making discount perfume can also affect the way it will turn out. For instance, it is better to use glass containers when mixing and storing perfumes because glass does not react with the ingredients.


colognes are as popular

as women's perfume. The

way we smell is an

important part of attracting others. Men's colognes are constructed in

such a way that men can feel confident of smelling fresh, interesting and

masculine in any situation. Cologne

is produced for men using natural scents from citrus, woody,

musk, and spicy fragrances.


Perfuming For Seduction

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Mankind made a huge progress in several thousand years; however we are still dependent on five of our senses. You may not believe it, but the most important thing that decides whether we like person or not is smell. Don抰 be hurry to deny it. We do take an image and communication in account, but subconsciously we are very sensitive to smells. More than that, there are certain scents that make us feel euphoric, worry us or even seduce us. If you抳e ever traveled next to a perfumed person you know that smell can be irritating. However, we don抰 搑egister?all the smells with our conscious mind, but they influence us greatly.

Though natural body smell (not a stink of course!) is considered the most sexual, there are some scents used in perfume business that can make us passionate. Some perfumes appeal to our emotions and charm us. What scents should one choose to charm others?

Musk is a part of almost all perfumes; however, it抯 not the main accent of them all. The exiting impact of musk has been known for centuries and even thousands of years. What抯 so special about it? We react to musk smell as to great portion of pheromones. The scent attracts attention to a person who wears it. Musky smell is considered wild and close-to-nature and, of course, sexual. It can be worn both by men and women; however, most perfume抯 world wide are dedicated for females. Musk is also considered a 揾eavy?scent, but most perfumes contain more than one note, so you can find the one that suits you.

Woodsy and spicy tones make us interested and grab attention as well as musk scent. Wood blend is rather dedicated for men. Rich cedar and sandalwood scents are both refreshing and inspiring. Wood scents also are considered very natural and appealing to our senses. Timber and moss remind us of nature, they are cozy, but rather stimulating than calming.

Oriental perfumes are considered sexual as they are exotic. And exotic, unusual things attract people a lot. Oriental perfumes are made of an interesting mix of woods, amber, vanilla scents and others. They are recommended for evening wear. They might be too 揾eavy?for day wear and young persons, as oriental smell is considered sophisticated and mature.

perfume industry

One of the biggest industries in the world is the perfume industry.

All around the world, women spend billions of dollars on perfume in an

effort to smell good and delight the noses of the men that they love.

However, perfume can be expensive and sometimes getting the right kind

of perfume for a woman is simply too much for the pocket book. Unless

they want to but two dollar jugs of perfume from the department store,

there is very few options available. That was the case until Perfume

Bada Boom. This online direct-to-your door discount fragrance superstore

offers the best prices on the internet for perfume.

With a huge catalogue of 100 percent authentic fragrances, customers are

able to find the exact fragrances that they would find at a local

department store or salon, but without the high prices related to them.

Due to bulk buying, low overhead and smaller margins, perfume costs are

kept low, and that means low prices for you.

There is a stigma against cheap perfume as something you don't want to

wear on your body. However, the truth is that discount perfume, or

wholesale perfume, does not have to be a bad word. The perfume you get

from Perfume Bada Boom is the same as the perfume you will find anywhere


Why do you need to pay high prices for perfume, when the stores are only

putting in a large markup for their own profit margins. Perfume is not a

lot of money when it comes straight from the supplier, and that means

when a company like Perfume Bada Boom buys it at cost, those savings are

translated to you.

Women's perfume is a huge part of the cosmetic market. When you walk

into a department store, you will often go through a wave of fragrances

on your way to the clothing area. Those fragrances mean big bucks for

department stores and fragrance companies. To make those big bucks, they

have to charge you a lot of money for it. Who said you had to be rich to

smell good? You don't!

With wholesale perfume from Perfume Bada Boom, you get the lower costs

for the perfume you want.

Aromatherapy - essential oils are used in aromatherapy to treat emotional elicit problems, headache, stress and wide range of disorders. It's the art and science of using essential oils to heal and particularly helps with stress or emotionally triggered problems.

Womens Perfume Womens perfume offers many various types of experiences. Perfume is an experience that allows for you to be taken to a new world. Each time that the scent of your perfume wafts by someone, they should be able to know that you are creating for them a memory of you. Many women are known by the scent of their perfume. Buy perfume that creates a memory in the eyes of those that you love and those that you hope to meet.

Choose the right women抯 scent for your personality.

There are several ways to select a womens fragrance. You will want to think about the type of scent that you enjoy. A fragrance can be musky. The perfume can smell fruity. Or, the fragrance can smell more flowery.

In some cases, the perfume can even smell clean and crisp. Some perfume choices can smell very light while other perfumes will be much stronger. In any of these cases, perfumes are all very distinct. Just because you enjoy one perfume in vanilla does not mean another fragrance in vanilla will smell the same.

If you are looking for a designer perfume, the costs will be higher. If you are unsure of the scent that the perfume can provide you, stop by a perfume store to smell them. But, beware of purchasing women抯 or men抯 perfumes there as it can be quite costly for a small bottle of perfume.

You can also request small samples of perfume to go with your choice so that next time you can find the amazing perfume that you enjoy.

People love perfumes. They like scents in everything they use. In our society, we use perfumes in almost every product we make. Perfumes are in our soap and our cleaning products. We use perfumes to freshen our air, our bodies, and our pets. We cannot escape these scents in our society. People have used perfumes for thousands of years for a number of different reasons. In recent years, perfumes have become less expensive. As a result, more and more people are able to purchase them in a variety of products. Different fragrances, though, smell different on individuals, no matter what product the fragrance appears in. As a result, it is essential to choose your fragrances carefully.

Composing Perfumes

The purpose of perfume compositions is an important part of many industries ranging from the luxury goods, food services, to manufacturers of various household chemicals items. The purpose of using perfume or fragrance is to affect customers through the sense of smell which hopefully will entice customers into purchasing the perfume or perfumed product

What Are Perfumes?

According to Wikipedia "Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, objects, and living spaces a pleasant smell". The word "perfume" comes from Latin "per fume", meaning through smoke. The art of making perfumes (perfumery) began in ancient Egypt and was later improved by the Romans and the Arabs. The process of extracting oils from flowers by distillation was introduced by an Iranian doctor named Avicenna. This is the procedure that is most commonly used today. The first modern perfume, made of scented oils blended in an alcohol solution was made in 1370 in Hungry and was known throughout Europe as Hungary Water. The perfumery continued to develop in Renaissance Italy and from 16th century also in France. The cultivation of flowers for perfume essences grew into a major industry in the southern France. Today, France remains the center of the European perfume design and trade.

The exact formulas of fragrances are kept secret by designer houses. However, some perfume experts can identify components and origins of scents in the same way as wine Testers.

Perfume classifications

In general, perfumes can be classified according to their concentration level and the notes of scent. Perfume oils are diluted, mostly by ethanol or a mixture of ethanol and water because undiluted they can cause allergic reactions or damage to the skin and clothing.

Here is the perfume concentration level chart:

Pure perfume: 20 - 40 % aromatic oils

Eau De Parfum: 10 - 30 % aromatic oils

Eau De Toilette: 5 - 20 % aromatic oils

Eau De Cologne: 2 - 5 % aromatic oils

Fragrance houses assign different concentration levels for the same perfume category.

An Eau De Toilette from one house may be stronger than an Eau De Parfum from another.

There are three different classifications of perfume according to their scents: traditional, created around 1900, modern, since 1945, and so called Fragrance wheel created in 1983.

The Fragrance wheel is widely used in the retail and the fragrance industry today. There are five standard categories: Floral, Oriental, Woody, Fresh, and Fougere (with the Fougere family placed in the center of this wheel since usually contain fragrance elements from each of the other four families).

Perfumes are described also by its three notes: top, middle and base. The notes unfold over time, with the immediate impression of the top notes, then the deeper middle notes and finally the base notes gradually appearing as the final stage. These notes are chosen very carefully with knowledge of the evaporation process of the perfume. Top notes are perceived immediately on application of the fragrance and thus, they are very important in the selling of the perfume. Middle and base notes together are the main theme of the perfume.

Sources of essential oil.

Barks: Commonly used barks are cinnamon and cascarilla and also sassafras root bark.

Flowers and blossoms: These are the largest source of aromatic oils. Rose, jasmine, osmanthus, mimosa, tuberose and blossom of citrus and ylang-ylang trees are commonly used in fragrance industry.

Fruits: Fresh fruits like apples, strawberries, and cherries do not yield odors well and usually are obtained synthetically. Exceptions include litsea cubeba, vanilla, and juniper berry and the most commonly used oranges, limes and grapefruit.

Leaves and twigs: Commonly used are lavender leaf, patchouli, sage, violets, rosemary, and citrus leaves.

Resins: Commonly used resins in perfumery are labdanum, frankincense, myrrh, Peru balsam, gum benzoin and also pine and fir.

Roots, rhizomes and bulbs: Iris rhizomes, vetiver roots are very often used for perfumes.

Seeds: Tonka bean, coriander, caraway, nutmeg, mace, cardamom and anise.

Woods: Very important in providing base notes. Commonly used woods include sandalwood, rosewood, agarwood, birch, cedar, juniper and pine.

Ambergris: Commonly called "amber" is obtained from Sperm Whale.

Castoreum: Obtained from the odorous sacs of the North American beaver.

Civet: Obtained from the odorous sacs of the civets (family of Mongoose).

Honeycomb: Distilled from the honeycomb of the Honeybee.

Musk: Originally obtained from the musk odorous sacs from Asian musk deer, but now replaced by synthetic musk.

Lichens: Lichen is a sort of fungus growing in patches on the trees and rocks. Commonly used lichens are oakmoss and treemoss thalli.

Protists: Seaweed is commonly used as an essential oil in perfumes.

Synthetic sources: Created through organic synthesis from petroleum distillates or pine resins. They can provide scents which are not found in nature. Synthetic scents are often used as an alternative source of compounds that are not easily obtained from natural sources. Typical examples include musk, orchid scents, linalool and coumarin.

Perfume oils usually contain tens to hundreds of ingredients. The modern perfumes and colognes are made using the fragrance oils developed by fragrance houses. The fragrance oils are then blended with ethyl alcohol and water for a minimum of 14 days and filtered to remove any unwanted particles and then filled into the perfume bottles.

In recent years, celebrities have signed contracts with perfume houses to give their names for the perfumes as a self-promotion campaign. Some of the most popular celebrity-named perfumes include Antonio Banderas (Spirit, Diavolo), David Backham (Instinct), Celine Dion (Celine Dion Notes, Celine Dion Belong), Paris Hilton (Paris Hilton, Just Me), Jennifer Lopez (JLo Glow, Still, Miami Glow, Love At First Glow), Britney Spears (Fantasy, In Control, In Control Curious), Elizabeth Taylor (Passion, White Diamonds, Forever Elizabeth), Maria Sharapova (Maria Sharapova) and many more.

There is not an ultimate advice because everyone interprets odors in their own way, and the same fragrance can smell totally different considering type of skin, hair color, temperament and even the season of a year. There are important nuances if you do not want to seem vulgar or lacking of taste.

First, when you choose a perfume, do not account on anybody except yourself. When you breathe in the scent, imagine yourself in it, wear it, like an unseen dress, and look at. Does it fit you? After some training, you will learn which of them best suits you.

Second, do not buy cheap perfumes in occidental places.

Third, when using perfumes it is important to take to account the season, the clothes and the place where you are planning to go. It is known that day perfumes are subtler and more transparent than evening perfumes which are considered as darker and richer in their aroma and mysteriousness.

At work at the office or just on a walk, it is better to use day perfumes; they are softer and lighter. In the evening, going to the theatre, it is essential to emphasize the luxury.

When you are preparing to a date, avoid using perfumes that include lavender, wood, cumarine and bergamot. Your secret goal is to temptate your man, to shock his senses, to give him a hope, not to demonstrate proud independence and unavailability.

There is an advice of an old Russian perfumer who had worked for many years for CHANEL: "At night, use perfumes with fruity scents- they evoke the taste (flavor) sense. These odors turn a woman from a flower to a lustful fruit that promises pleasure".

In winter, cypress perfumes are recommended. Their heavy, sharp woody notes emphasize the luxury of furs and give a feeling of internal heat. By the way, in 1948 Rochas introduced a special winter perfume to use on furs only.

In summer, it is recommended to use sweet-honey and flowery perfumes. They make woman feel like a blossoming fresh flower. Never exaggerate with perfumes. Psychologists have proved that our sense of smell stop reacting to odors we are used to, but people around us feel them very well. So it is not recommended to exaggerate if you do not want to become an object of irritation.

Benefits of Cosmetics

Cosmetics are used to enhance and protect the looks of a person. Most of the people use a wide variety of cosmetics everyday. Here is some interesting information about benefits of cosmetics

A woman deserves to be respected, admired and appreciated. Personality and appearance play a significant role in making your first impression an appealing one. However, everybody is not born with a beautiful face or impressive personality. You can definitely improve your appearance and get that aspired look with the help of cosmetics. It helps a woman feel more confident and assured about her image. That's also a reason why cosmetics have gained extreme popularity throughout the globe. Make-up is a must for celebrities and professionals in the show business industry. Nowadays, cosmetics are equally popular amongst men and women.

Ingredients of Cosmetics

Cosmetics are substances that are applied to improve your appearance. A large variety of cosmetics are used such as skincare creams, powders, lotions, nail paints, lipsticks, colored contact lenses, eye and facial makeup, hair colors, deodorants, hair sprays and gels, bath soaps, bubble baths, bath oils, baby products and many other types of products. There are two types of cosmetics such as decorative cosmetics and care cosmetics. Most cosmetics are made to suit all skin types.

Almost all cosmetics consist of various preservatives and fragrances. Some of the preservatives used in the cosmetics are paraben, quaternium-15, imidazolidinyl urea, phenoxyethanol and formaldehyde. However, cosmetics without any synthetic ingredients are more preferred as synthetic ingredients can be harmful to skin. Today certified organic products are very popular. They are made up of organic and natural ingredients. Water accounts for a large quantity in most skin care products.

Benefits of Cosmetics

Cosmetics are regarded as a means of improving the complexion and beautifying the skin and overall look. The skin creams and lotions can be used to deep-cleanse the skin. If the skin pores are blocked, it may lead to infection and acne formation. The cleansing products thoroughly cleanse the skin and remove any dirt or microorganisms. After cleansing, you need to moisturize the skin. Moisturizers are applied to prevent drying of the skin and keep it smooth and radiant. Moisturizers also offer an excellent protection against sun rays and cold winds. Moisturizers act as a lubricating agent and they are essential for the people with dry skin. If you have an oily skin, then you can use oil-free moisturizers.

There are special sun-protection creams/lotions that can protect you from the harmful UV rays of the sun. These creams minimize the risk of skin cancer that results from exposure to sun rays. There are special body lotions, which keep the skin of legs and hands smooth in addition to the facial skin.

There are several skincare products that can improve your complexion. Many cosmetics consist of vitamins such as A, D, E and K. These vitamins are essential for healthy skin and hair. To cope up with body odor one can use perfumes and deodorants and feel fresh and cheerful whole day. A large variety of shampoos and conditioners are available, which keep the hair clean, soft and silky.

Cosmetics are used not only for skin care but also to treat certain skin problems. If you have dark spots or pimples on your face, then you can hide them using certain products such as concealer. You can even temporarily change the shape your face, chin or nose with the help of make-up. You can also cover the dark circles and wrinkles using various antiaging creams and eye makeup. You can have eyes of different color using the contact lenses. Your nails appear more attractive due to beautiful nail colors. You can give your favorite color to your hair using different hair colors and dyes. It provides a sensational and unusual look.

Cosmetics can bring about a huge change in your personality. However, you need to be careful and cautious while using the same so that they don't cause any harm or skin allergy.

How is perfume made?


Since the beginning of recorded history, humans have attempted to mask or enhance their own odor by using perfume, which emulates nature's pleasant smells. Many natural and man-made materials have been used to make perfume to apply to the skin and clothing, to put in cleaners and cosmetics, or to scent the air. Because of differences in body chemistry, temperature, and body odors, no perfume will smell exactly the same on any two people.

Perfume comes from the Latin "per" meaning "through" and "fumum," or "smoke." Many ancient perfumes were made by extracting natural oils from plants through pressing and steaming. The oil was then burned to scent the air. Today, most perfume is used to scent bar soaps. Some products are even perfumed with industrial odorants to mask unpleasant smells or to appear "unscented."

While fragrant liquids used for the body are often considered perfume, true perfumes are defined as extracts or essences and contain a percentage of oil distilled in alcohol. Water is also used. The United States is the world's largest perfume market with annual sales totalling several billions of dollars.

The Future

Perfumes today are being made and used in different ways than in previous centuries. Perfumes are being manufactured more and more frequently with synthetic chemicals rather than natural oils. Less concentrated forms of perfume are also becoming increasingly popular. Combined, these factors decrease the cost of the scents, encouraging more widespread and frequent, often daily, use.

Using perfume to heal, make people feel good, and improve relationships between the sexes are the new frontiers being explored by the industry. The sense of smell is considered a right brain activity, which rules emotions, memory, and creativity. Aromatherapy-smelling oils and fragrances to cure physical and emotional problems-is being revived to help balance hormonal and body energy. The theory behind aromatherapy states that using essential oils helps bolster the immune system when inhaled or applied topically. Smelling sweet smells also affects one's mood and can be used as a form of psychotherapy.

Like aromatherapy, more research is being conducted to synthesize human perfume-that is, the body scents we produce to attract or repel other humans. Humans, like other mammals, release pheromones to attract the opposite sex. New perfumes are being created to duplicate the effect of pheromones and stimulate sexual arousal receptors in the brain. Not only may the perfumes of the future help people cover up "bad" smells, they could improve their physical and emotional well-being as well as their sex lives.

perfumes had many practical uses in premodernity. Perfumes were believed to play a role both in preserving health and curing disease. Thus the ancient poet Alexis decreed that 'the best recipe for health is to apply sweet scents unto the brain.' The ancients employed a variety of herbal scents to treat different ailments. The fragrance of mint, for example, was thought to ease a stomach ache. Perfumes might also be applied directly to a wound to relieve inflamation and counter the ill odour of decay

One reason it is so very hard to find information on perfume making or making your own perfume  is that it is very much an intuitive art, not just a science.  And neither intuition nor art can be taught.  It is up to you to have the experiences that will strengthen and fortify your creativity.  We all have it.  We just don't all nurture it. 

perfumes are always good news because almost everyone uses perfume at one point. Whether the purpose is for everyday wear, for special occasions, or simply to attract, perfumes have become body staples, almost as much as soaps and shampoos are. It抯 no wonder then that every day, new perfume is being produced, from the simplest colognes to extravagant and exorbitant designer scents. While we all have different tastes when it comes to smell and fragrance, I think one thing we抮e all in common with is that we want quality ?something that will make us really smell good and will last at the same time.

Perfume Personality

Many people wear perfume to attract, be trendy, make a statement, or simply smell good. However, many people as well don抰 know what kind of perfume really suits them and often make the less than ideal purchase. To make sure you get the right perfume that will react in the best possible way to your body chemistry, you have to determine your perfume personality. Here are some guide questions that will aid you in doing that.

1. Where are you going to use the perfume?

Consider the environment and the whole setting of where you are going to use the perfume. For instance, one of the major factors to think of is the weather and climate. Do you live in very humid or hot setting? Do you live in cold temperature? Fragrances with floral tones and a musky base often complement humid weather, as well as green and ocean based fragrances. For cooler climates, deep oriental scents often work great.

Aside from the temperature, you have to consider the actual environment you plan to use the perfume. Is it for office wear? If that抯 the case, you might want to choose a milder musk because not everyone likes a certain fragrance and some may even be allergic to it. If you plan to use your perfume for daytime activities, light, floral and citrus-based fragrances often smell great. Meanwhile for after work celebrations or parties, spicy or amber-based fragrances are recommended.

2. What is your purpose in using the perfume?

Be honest in why you want to buy a perfume. Is it simply to complement your natural everyday smell? Is it to avoid smelling so sweaty while working out or exercising? Or is it to attract people and be more desirable? If you plan to use your perfume a lot while working out, get a perfume that抯 neither too strong nor too mild. Too strong perfume can combine heavily with sweat and evoke an unpleasant smell, while too mild perfume may fail at its purpose.

Meanwhile, if you want to wear perfume to attract the opposite sex and be more confident, wear a perfume that best allows you to express what you are and what you feel. There are 6 general perfume categories divided into both type of smell and a person抯 mood. Floral scents are light and feminine and great to use if you want to feel all feminine and delicate. Fruity scents are perfect if you always want to smell fresh and good enough to eat. Green-based scents are rejuvenating and makes you feel and smell energetic and always on the go. Oceanic scents are light reminders of the waters and are rejuvenating as well. Woody scents are based on leaves and barks are often exotic and seductive. Lastly, oriental scents are sexy and strong and are great fragrances if you want to make a lasting impression.

3. What is your budget?

When you抳e determined every bit of your character and purpose in buying a perfume, you just have to consider one last thing: your budget. It抯 not a good idea to splurge in a perfume you can barely afford because that also says a lot about you. On the other hand if you feel like splurging because you just want to use it in special occasions, then do so. The most important thing is you feel good and not guilty of your purchase, all things considered.

This article is written by Sebastien Guthery

Question 1 

Perfume today lies at the economic center of a highly creative, multi-billion dollar world wide industry that constantly seeks qualified new talent.