Avoid The Cultural Differences Cultural Studies Essay

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In addition, when time passed by we were unsuccessful in avoiding different people so on Bennett perspective the second was tried to convert them. As an example among the politicians or religious people their always wish to have same mind thinking people with them to doddery the differences so their try to covert them and imposed their own idea and belief on them. On that time it is so difficult to people believe that any understands or thinking people can be gather along so their thought only converting others to same think is the best way for dealing with cultural differences.

Last but not least, according to Bennett when we failed to avoid or convert the people who are diffrent cultures from us then we will kill them. For an instance olden days the Jews were brutally murdered by the Christians because they do not want to convert their religion to the Christianity. So when dealing with these kind differences the choice is to kill and make their life miserable in the neighbourhoods, usually they do not survive.

In boarder perspective, mono- cultural is a society of people whom shared common behaviour, heritage, common beliefs and also common languages' and racial. The past heritage of the area is established on an understanding that the states, food, speech, attitudes, racial features and spiritual beliefs are a vital agent to the nation identity. In others words, monocultural are the bulk of the residents of a state have a public belief construction, established on the nation's heritage. These beliefs form the nationwide individuality, and 'psyche,' that craft to countless a stronger bonded area, but to detractors a state that loses out on the benefits of a multi-cultural cultural society. People will frequently have far extra difficulty accept a person of a disparate ethnicity/background, other than that they could additionally grasp countless stereotypes concerning others of a disparate heritage, more likely to be xenophobic. We can conclude that mono cultural communication is similarity-based and differences will lead for misunderstanding and friction thus, social differences are discouraged in mono cultural communication.

Intercultural communication is society that communicate among different culture and whom shared different beliefs, languages, behaviour and values. The advantages of this communication is citizens of assorted ethnicities add a richness and interesting collection of sophistication to area, people of disparate backgrounds can become to understand every single supplementary extra, can additionally consequently be extra welcoming to 'different' people. In a multi-cultural society you discover to respect supplementary people alongside extremely disparate points of think, and additionally you have the potential to select one more kind of existence if you differ alongside your own kind of culture. Since we live in a more globalized World, countless of our areas are vitally multi-cultural. But yet countless of today's society's yet allocate the public traits of a mono-cultural society. Intercultural communication is a difference-based and it plays an act in social sciences such as anthropology, traditional studies, linguistics, psychology and contact studies. Intercultural communication is additionally denoted to as the centre for global businesses. There are countless cross-cultural ability providers concerning who can assist alongside the progress of intercultural contact skills.

Stereotype is a believed that could be adopted concerning specific kinds of people or precise methods of acting things, but that belief could or could not precisely imitate reality. Though, this is merely a frank psychological meaning of a stereotype. Inside and across disparate psychology disciplines, there are disparate thoughts and theories of stereotyping that furnish their own increased definition. A little of these definitions allocate commonalities, nevertheless every single one could additionally port exceptional aspects that could complement or contradict the others.

positive stereotype are Black people and Hispanic people are good dancers, Black people are fast runners/athletic, Hispanic and white people are good at baseball, Portuguese and Hispanic people are good at soccer, White people are good swimmers, Asians are smart (like you already said),Jewish people are good with money, Italian women are great cooks.

In another hand, negative stereotypes are Stereotyping is not merely hurtful, it is also wrong. Even if the stereotype is correct in a little case, steadily allocating someone down established on your preconceived perceptions will not enthuse them to succeed. Stereotyping can lead to bullying form a youthful age. Jocks and Preps select on the Nerds and the Geeks; Skaters select on the Goths, so on and so forth. Stereotyping is reassuring bullying deeds that children hold into adulthood.

Stereotyping can also lead people to live lifetimes driven by disgust, and can cause the victims of those stereotypes to be driven by fear. For example, countless gays and lesbians are frightened to confess their sexuality in fear of being judged. It is a lose situation, both for those who are acting the stereotype and those who are victims.

Malaysian people are generally they are extremely approachable and friendly especially towards visitors and foreigners. They are humble, helpful and spiritual (the Muslims are concerning 60%). The youngsters are open to new thoughts but wretchedly most of them are westernized nowadays therefore departing behind the noble qualities of Islam. Some of westerner still thinks Malaysian people are living in the trees and sleeping with orang-utan but this really incredible. There three main race in Malaysia Chinese Indian and Malays. Chinese are usually greedy, good in maths, have small faces and can eat everything. Indian is good in English, cultural and some involves in gangsterism where as Malays are racist, poor in English and received more benefits from government. Lastly we must trust that as the new generation of Malaysians, we ought to do our portion to eliminate the sophistication of stereotyping that has been so intensely engrained in our sophistication by going all-out to embrace harmony and associate to others established on their individual attitudes and qualities instead of en masse indulging or modelling people of a precise contest, belief etc. contrarily than how we should delight our own. Let's not ignore that we are all Malaysians in the end.

An emic think is the think from inside; the etic think is the think from outside. Emic is what a person in the sophistication learned should have, and an anthropologist should seize an outsider's view. For example all sophistications have an unmentionable on incest. The emic think should be the traditional logic that creates the unmentionable logical for that sophistication such as an affirmative one - after you wed beyond your relations you spread your family's influence.

The etic think could point to a Darwinian explanation considering the setbacks you can become alongside offspring if you wed someone alongside comparable genes. Obviously, beforehand Darwin this was unfamiliar and is not a socially sensitive answer. The setback alongside this etic think is that no sophistication should ever understand that unless they had rehearsed incest- the setback alongside it cannot ever be known. This particular example is interesting, because the etic (which is our emic) is truly not correct. In most cases whereas the genes are healthy no setbacks ever transpire alongside close connections and animal breeders do it all the time; it happens in nature all the period lacking problem. Looking at emic explanations from supplementary sophistications can expose the traditional fallacies in our own.

Many students and teacher view language as intermediate and as communication tools. Language is a system for communicating. The whole set of words is the language's vocabulary. The methods in that the words can be meaningfully joined are described by the language's syntax and grammar. The actual meaning of words and combinations of words is described by the language's semantics. An example of how assorted tongues direct disparate experiences of reality is discovered in how objects have to be embodied grammatically. American English has merely one method to count things (one, two, three, etc.), as Japanese and Trukese (a Micronesian language) every single have countless disparate counting systems. In portion, these arrangements categorize the physical emergence of objects. For instance, one (long) thing is counted alongside disparate words from one (flat) thing or one (round) thing in Trukese. We might envision that the experience of objects in finished is far richer in sophistications whereas speech gives meaning to subtle contrasts in shape. Indeed, Japanese aesthetic appreciation of objects seems extra industrialized than that of Americans, whose English speech has moderately easy linguistic constructions to embody shapes.

Elements of languages are phonetic or signals. Phonetics meaning the division of linguistics that deals alongside the sounds of speech and their creation, combination, description, and representation by composed signals. Different languages use different sounds for example British English phonetics are different from American English. We may not even hear the sound of another culture uses.

Besides that, most important critical component of languages is semantics. Semantics is the clarification of language. From time to time a person could say something and next their friends "twist" what was truly said. The aged expression of coiling my words or allocating words in my mouth is just a form of semantics. Also, the words factually and figuratively associate to the discussion. One word can have countless disparate meanings. It's all in how a person interprets it.

Syntactic is the study of structure or grammar of language and is the order in that you locale words, to create a sentence whichever sound good or communicate a precise meaning. "To your house we are going" should be an example of embarrassing syntax. You comprehend it, but it sounds odd. People who are discovering a speech could have setbacks alongside syntax. Thai, Japanese, and a little supplementary Asian language have elaborate arrangements of second-person singular (you) words that indicate the rank of the talker comparative to the listener. In Thai, there are additionally variable forms of me to indicate comparative status. Thus, I (relatively lower in status) could be articulating to you (somewhat higher in status) or to you (much higher in status), employing a disparate form of I and you in every single case.

Nonverbal contact is deeds, supplementary than articulated or composed contact, that creates or embodies meaning. In supplementary words, it includes facial expressions, body progressions, and gestures. Nonverbal contact is conversing lacking articulating a word. It is extremely competent, maybe even extra so than speech. In my opinion, I feel that there are differences in non- verbal communication between races in Malaysia. For example, Malays are not allowed to shake hands with their opposite gender when greeting them. The Chinese handshake is light and could be rather prolonged. Men and women could shake hand, even though the woman has to offer her hand first. A lot of older Chinese lower their eyes across the salutation as a signal of respect. For Indians, Indians shake hand alongside associates of the alike sex. After being introduced to someone from the opposite sex, nodding the head and beaming is normally sufficient. Indians also will join their hands (palm) together and say vanakam when they meet up with other Indians. For Malays, they will hold another person hand in their hand and kiss it. When an Indian smiles and jerks his/her head retrograde - a gesture that looks somewhat like a Western "no" - or moves his head in a figure 8, this way "yes." As for all races, it is rude to point with the index finger it is additionally quite public to discern men pat each other on the back or draping their arms on somebody's shoulder and it is not connected to their sexual preferences.

Linear style contact is whereas the contact is led in a straight line, advancing in a linear method in the direction of the main point. "Getting to the point" is extremely vital and the point is uttered explicitly. Not becoming to the point swiftly is perceived as a period waster. According to Bennett, European Americans, particularly males, tend to use a linear style that marches through point a, point b, and point c, establishes links from point to point, and finally states an explicit conclusion. In many school systems, this style has been established as the only one indicative of clear critical thinking. It is, however, a culturally rare form of discourse. People who uses linear style communication will be brief with their points, provide only as much explanation as the other person needs and be explicit about the main. There is a little reliance on context and a forceful reliance on words in this style of communication. Contextual or circular style communication is a way of communication where discussion is led in a circular manner, revealing reports and growing a context concerning the main point, which is frequently unstated because the viewers will understand the point after the talker give them all the data. This style is preferred by many people of Latin, Arab, and Asian cultures. This contextual approach also is more typical of women than of men. Communication is led in a circular manner concerning the main point. The point could be left unstated because the verbal and nonverbal data endowed is adequate for understanding and uttering the point explicitly is perceived as insulting the supplementary person. This style of communication will let the other person infer the meaning of the comments from the story told.

From the Bennett story of the incident in Malaysia, I can conclude that Malaysians are indirect and tends to be subtle in their way of communicating. Malaysians could hint at a point rather than creating a direct statement, as that could cause the supplementary person to lose face. Rather than say "no", they could say, "I will try", or "I'll discern what I can do". This permits the person creating the appeal and the person curving it down to save face and maintains harmony in their relationship. I don't really agree with Bennett's interpretation on this matter because not all people will try to stop others from losing face. People nowadays are more advanced and direct to their point and this seems to be contradicting. They reject something they like on the spot because they feel not to have any troubles later on by doing something they don't like.

Ethnocentrism can be described as the referencing of an individual's sophistication above the sophistications of each supplementary cluster. It additionally can be best delineated as arbitrating supplementary clusters from our own traditional point of think and creating fake assumptions concerning others' methods established on our own manipulated experience. Ethno relative is opposite to ethnocentrism. It is acknowledging that another's values and beliefs, and resulting assumptions and behaviour, are logically connected, and that there is no absolute position from which to judge morals, knowledge and truth. It refers to being comfortable with many standards and customs to having an ability to adapt behaviour and judgments to a variety of interpersonal settings. Bennett identified six stages of development.

First of it all is the denial stage. People in the denial period do not understand the attendance of traditional differences. They are completely ethnocentric in that they trust there is a correct kind of living (theirs), and that those who behave contrarily plainly don't understand each better. Subsequent is the protection stage. Those in the protection period are no longer blissfully ignorant of supplementary cultures; they understand the attendance of supplementary sophistications, but not their validity. They sense intimidated by the attendance of supplementary methods of thinking, and therefore denigrate them in a power to assert the predominance of their own culture. Minimization mentions to the condition whereby people in the minimization period of ethnocentrism are yet intimidated by traditional contrasts, and consequently endeavour to minimize them by revealing themselves that people are extra comparable than dissimilar. They yet have not industrialized traditional self-awareness, and are insistent concerning becoming alongside alongside everyone. Because they accept that all sophistications are vitally comparable, people in this period flounder to tailor their ways to a traditional context. The pursuing period is the acceptance. People in the agreement period can be believed of as "culture-neutral," discerning contrasts as neither good nor bad, but rather as a fact of life. They understand that people are genuinely disparate from them, and accord the inevitability of supplementary worth arrangements and behavioural norms. They do not yet change their own deeds to the traditional context, but they no longer discern supplementary sophistications as intimidating, wrong, or inferior. Adaptation mentions to the period whereby people onset to think traditional contrasts as a priceless resource, and therefore relish the differences. Because contrasts are perceived as affirmative, people knowingly change their behaviours to the disparate traditional norms of their environment.

The final period is the integration stage. In this period, people accord that their individuality is not established in each solitary culture. After consolidated, people can effortlessly and even unconsciously shift amid worldviews and traditional constructions of reference. Nevertheless they uphold their own traditional individuality; they naturally incorporate aspects of supplementary sophistications into it. As for me, I agree with all the stages but I feel that the final stage is seldom attained because there are always some minute cultural differences between all of us and we won't give up on that. Stage six needs in depth vision of at least two sophistications (one's own and another), and the skill to shift facilely into the supplementary traditional construction of reference.


There are some differences in the pattern of the communication styles between races in Malaysia. The way and Indian communicate with another Indian and Indian communicating with a Chinese usually differs. Every race has their own style of communicating. For example, when an Indian meet up an Indian, they usually uses English as their medium and not Tamil. Tamil will be only spoken with whom are uneducated and elderly people. Mostly, Indians uses English to communicate with others and Bahasa Malaysia will be used for people of other races in the case whereby the other party can't understand English. As for Chinese, they always use Mandarin to communicate with other Chinese wherever they are. They always value their mother tongue so much. But when a Chinese talks with an Indian or Malay, the preferred language usually is Bahasa Malaysia. This is because they feel people understand more of their Bahasa Malaysia compared to English because of their slangs. For Malays, they usually talks in Bahasa Malaysia in an informal situation. The frequency of them talking in English with people of other races usually happens whereby the opposite side people don't understand Bahasa Malaysia. This usually rarely happens and only happens during any business meeting.

9 (B)

There are some hiccups in our Malaysian Intercultural communication. The major setback in our Malaysian Intercultural communication is that the Malaysians are very indirect. They are polite and often indirect, with care being taken not cause another person to "lose face", by humiliating or embarrassing them. Malaysians try to avoid outright refusals or criticisms in order to maintain harmony. For foreigners, they can't really understand what is the meaning behind their indirectness and they might assume the meaning wrongly. To avoid this, they should ask assistance from any locals to know what they really mean. They are also very reserved type. Some Malaysians also judge other races based on the stereotypes for each races. They make false assumptions about that person until they know him personally. Malaysians also tend to lump people into a category and this might lead to misconception. Malaysians also pick the people they choose to be polite to, as opposed to Europeans, who pick the people they choose to be rude to. So, they don't give face to everybody and sometimes will behave rude. This problem can be solved by teaching all citizens with cultural differences and make intercultural communication as one of the subject in schools. This will help the young generation to appreciate the differences and practices of other religion.

9 (C)

Personally, I believe in 1 Malaysia ideology which was coined by our current prime minister, Dato Sri Najib Tun Razak. The ultimate goal of this concept is the national unity. In other words, 1Malaysia is a believed to foster harmony amongst the multi-ethnic residents of Malaysia, substantiated by key benefits that every single Malaysian ought to observe. The way is not autonomous of the Government's strategies therefore far; instead it complements them to more underpin our solidarity in order to promise stability towards accomplished higher development and progress for Malaysia and the people. This way that 1Malaysia is a formula conceptualized as a precondition in safeguarding the aspirations of the state to safeguard a industrialized rank by 2020 are encountered, if it is inculcated in the minds of the residents and rehearsed by the whole community. This meaning is crafted on the argument that in order accomplish the rank of an industrialized state in the predetermined period construction; the key requisite is a forceful and stable state, which can merely be attained after its people stand united. As for me, I feel that 1 Malaysia concept requires both the government and its citizens to move towards the same direction in order to achieve its goals. A change can only happen if there is a change within us as citizens. Where there is a common purpose or vision, it is heartening to see Malaysian united.