Upheaval and unrest of terrorism and terroristic activities

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During today's world of political upheaval and unrest, terrorism and terroristic activities have forever altered the world's stage. This policy is not meant to be strictly reactionary in nature. When possible the application(s) of the various portions of this policy will also assist in the detection/deterrence of terroristic activities.

The threat of biological, radiological, nuclear and chemical weapons attacks require us to re-examine and reconfigure the response of emergency and volunteer personnel to reported disasters. In addition, provisions of this policy are designed to manage emergency responses to natural disasters which could potentially make an area or region vulnerable to further security concerns.

Understanding that no individual department is capable of handling the total response of manmade or natural disasters, this policy will delineate the roles of all emergency responders and volunteers. By establishing a central command and control center all responders will receive instructions on their area(s) of responsibility and thereby creating a reduction of confusion and response times while simultaneously increasing overall efficiency.

II. Authority:

The authority for this section is derived from the various local, state and federal statutes governing natural disaster response, terrorist and terroristic activities.

III. Applicability:

This policy is applicable to all paid and volunteer members of the Mayberry RFD Police Department.

IV. Definitions:

Emergency Management - Emergency Preparedness and Response - Establishes a Directorate of Emergency Preparedness and Response in the DHS. Transfers to the this directorate the functions, personnel, assets and liabilities of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Integrated Hazard Information System of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency (NOAA), the National Domestic Preparedness Office of the FBI, Domestic Emergency Support Teams of DOJ, the Office of Emergency Preparedness, the National Disaster Medical System, and the Metropolitan Medical Response System of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Strategic National Stockpile of HHS.

Control zones - Areas at a hazardous materials incident whose boundaries are based on safety and the degree of hazard; generally includes the Hot Zone, Decontamination Zone, and Support Zone.

Decontamination - The process of removing hazardous materials from exposed persons and equipment at a hazardous materials incident.

Decontamination Zone - The area surrounding a chemical hazard incident (between the Hot Zone and the Support Zone) in which contaminants are removed from exposed victims.

Hot Zone - The area that immediately surrounds a chemical hazard incident, such as a spill, in which contamination or other danger exists.

Homeland Security - A federal department in the executive branch of the government of the United States

Homeland Security and Law Enforcement - Establishes a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as an executive department of the United States. The DHS is headed by a Secretary of Homeland Security, who is appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate. Some of the key charters of the DHS are to prevent terrorist attacks within the US, reduce the vulnerability of the US to such attacks, minimize the damage and assist in the recovery from such attacks, and ensure the overall economic security of the US.

Incident commander - The person responsible for establishing and managing the overall operational plan at a hazardous material incident. The incident commander is responsible for developing an effective organizational structure, allocating resources, making appropriate assignments, managing information, and continually attempting to mitigate the incident.

Infrastructure Protection - Department of Defense (DOD) program to identify and protect assets critical to the Defense Transportation System. Loss of a critical asset would result in failure to support the mission of a combatant commander. Assets include worldwide DOD, commercial and civil physical and command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence infrastructures. See also Defense Transportation System.

Response and Recovery - Includes the action of responding to an emergency. Trained and equipped personnel will be required to deal with any emergency situation. Recovery is the process of returning to normal. Salvage, resumption of business processes, and repair are typical recovery tasks.

Situational Awareness - Defined as the perception of environmental elements within a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future. It is also a field of study concerned with perception of the environment critical to decision-makers in complex, dynamic areas from aviation, air traffic control, power plant operations, military command and control, and emergency services such as fire fighting and policing; to more ordinary but nevertheless complex tasks such as driving an automobile or motorcycle.

Terrorism - A violent act, an economically destructive act, or an act dangerous to human life which is in violation of the criminal laws of the United States. This includes the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.

Transportation and Border Security - Is to keep terrorists out of the United States. It has a dual focus: enforcing immigration laws and keeping the country's transportation systems safe. This division incorporates sectors of the Department of Immigration and Naturalization, U.S. Customs Service, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center and the Transportation Security Administration.

Weapons of Mass Destruction - A weapon of mass destruction (WMD') is a weapon that can kill large numbers of humans and/or cause great damage to man-made structures (e.g. buildings), natural structures (e.g. mountains), or the biosphere in general.

V. General Policy

The Mayberry RFD Police Department is committed to providing a safe and secure community for citizens and visitors alike. It is the policy of the Mayberry RFD Police Department to maintain partnerships and high levels of cooperation between city departments and other government agencies including local, state and federal levels, as well as private agencies and community groups to maintain public order and safety for the community.

VI. Training:

Planning for emergency management is a complex but essential tool if we are to be safe and feel safe in our Homeland. This means that not only planning must be placed at the forefront but also requires training be afforded. The broad term "Emergency Management" requires training in many principals of emergencies, risk disaster, hazard management, and disaster just to name a few.

Therefore it is essential that law enforcement officials engage in regular training to understand what Emergency Planning is as well as what is there role in an emergency in our Homeland.

All law enforcement personnel will be initially trained in the subject matters below;

Homeland Security

Homeland Security and Law Enforcement

Homeland Defense

Early Warning Systems

Emergency Management

Infrastructure Protection

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Situational Awareness

Transportation and Border Security

Response and Recovery

The initial training of these subject matters must be completed and verified by a supervisor who will place verification of completion (certificate) in the officer's permanent file.

In addition to the initial training above the agency is required to establish In-Service training regularly (every three months) in the subject matter of Homeland Security. This will be accomplished by information gained by the Homeland Security Management Officer(s) assigned by the Chief of Police.

The In-Service Training can be any of the training below;

Updates referring to the "initial" subject matters listed above

Emergency Reaction Drills (simulation of emergency situations)

Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) Training

Create a CERT training curriculum based on and in conjunction with FEMA and other agencies within the state is the responsibility of the Homeland Security officer(s)

If CERT training has been established by the state, then it shall be attended by the Homeland Security officer(s). These officers either train or create a local CERT (civilians and stakeholders) in the agency's jurisdiction or assist community members to get CERT training given by the state. In either circumstance volunteers will be assisted in obtaining CERT training.

VII. Procedures:

The following points are the main objectives for the first responders to a terrorist incident:

Protect the lives and safety of the citizens and first responders;

Isolate, contain, and/or limit the spread of any cyber, nuclear, biological, chemical, incendiary, or explosive devices;

Identify the type of agent/devices used;

Identify and establish control zones for the suspected agent used;

Ensure emergency responders properly follow protocol and have appropriate protective gear;

Identify the most appropriate decontamination and/or treatment for victims;

Establish victim services;

Notify emergency personnel, including medical facilities, of dangers and anticipated casualties and proper measures to be followed;

Notify appropriate State and Federal agencies;

Provide accurate and timely public information;

Preserve as much evidence as possible to aid in the investigation process;

Protect critical infrastructure;

Fatality management;

Develop and enhance medical EMS;

Protect property and environment.

Alert and Notification:

Alert and notification will encompass the following items:

A. Establish threat levels;

Determination of activation will be based on the information surrounding the threat/event and the subsequent designation of one of four designated notification levels. Threat levels determined by the FBI that serves to frame the nature and scope of the response necessary will be used. The City of Mayberry has adopted this classification scheme and has modified it only where necessary.

Each threat level provides for an escalating range of actions that will be implemented for the emergency management. Specific actions will take place, which are based on each threat level, ensuring that all agencies are operating consistently with the established plan. Local government will notify and coordinate with State and Federal governments, as necessary. The threat levels are listed below:

Minimal Threat:

Received threats do not warrant actions beyond normal notifications or placing assets or resources on a heightened alert (agency is operating under normal day-to-day conditions).

Potential Threat:

Intelligence or a threat indicates a potential for a terrorist incident. However, this threat has not yet been assessed as credible.

Credible Threat:

A threat assessment indicates that the potential threat is credible, and confirms the involvement of a weapon of mass destruction in the developing terrorist action. Intelligence will vary with each threat, and will impact the level of the response. At this threat level, the situation requires the tailoring of response actions to use resources needed to anticipate, prevent, and/or resolve the crisis. The crisis management response will focus on law enforcement actions taken in the interest of public safety and welfare and is concerned with preventing and resolving the threat. The threat increases in significance when the presence of an explosive device or weapon of mass destruction capable of causing a significant destructive event, prior to actual injury or loss, is confirmed or when intelligence and circumstances indicate a high probability that a device exists. In this case, the threat has developed into a weapon of mass destruction terrorist situation requiring an immediate process to identify, acquire, and plan the use of State and Federal resources.

Weapons of Mass Destruction Event:

A weapon of mass destruction terrorism event has occurred which requires an immediate response to identify, acquire, and plan the use of state and federal resources to aid local authorities in response to limited or major consequences of a terrorist use of a weapon of mass destruction. This incident may have resulted in mass casualties. The response is primarily directed toward public safety and welfare and the preservation of human life.

The classification may be upgraded at any time, when warranted by conditions.

B. Assess threat information and initiate protective measures;

C. If needed, rapidly escalate the response from the municipal to the county to the state to the federal levels through the appropriate channels. Follow established notification protocols;

D. Notify agencies that may be needed in case of a terrorist event; and

E. Dispatch appropriate responders to the scene of the incident or staging areas.

VIII. Roles and Responsibilities:

In order to address the requirements of the varied emergency responders and to insure a coordinated response for the accomplishment of their assigned tasks, a system of management is required. The City of Mayberry will therefore use a system based on an Incident Management System.

First Responders

The initial actions that are taken by the first responders will set the stage for the rest of the operation. The first responders should:

Respond to all incidents using appropriate protective equipment.

Gather as much information from dispatch as possible regarding the incident.

Determine wind direction and speed at incident location. This information should be available from police and fire dispatchers. Approach the incident scene from upwind (with the wind behind you) and uphill, when possible.

Survey the scene from a safe distance before making approach.

Park responding apparatus a safe distance away. Do not drive apparatus into the suspected area, as crews may become casualties. Do not block access.

Stage additional responding units a safe distance away from the scene. Anticipate and position the apparatus at an advantageous position for both an easy deployment and a quick tactical retreat.

Initiate Incident Command.

Assess on-scene indicators and request additional resources if needed. Keep in mind that a common mistake made by first responders is to expect the usual and not the unusual. If in doubt, err on the side of safety and request additional resources as they can easily be cancelled later. In the case of suspected multiple casualties, always consider activating a mass casualty call as early as possible.

Initiate accountability system.

A. Fire/Rescue Departments:

Fire/Rescue will be responsible for establishing and setting up the Incident Command, determining the appropriate incident level, analysis of scene, fire suppression, victim extraction, life safety, decontamination, triage, immediate treatment, and transport of victims. Specialized teams such as Hazardous Material Response Teams or search and rescue teams, if available, may be called in to assist.

B. Hazardous Material Response Teams:

Local, mutual aid or area Hazardous Material Teams will be routinely dispatched to all events that involve, or are suspected of involving, situations that require hazardous material type protective equipment, the disposal of hazardous wastes, and the decontamination of victims or property. Hazardous Material Teams will also assist with identifying control zone locations, agent identification, and victim extraction.

C. Law Enforcement Agencies

Law enforcement agencies will be some of the first responders to an event. The response of law enforcement must be quick, assertive, and in such numbers that they can quickly and effectively setup and control a perimeter and isolate the area. If adequate numbers are not met, the senior law enforcement officer on scene will have the authority to request additional resources and manpower from the State.

In addition to scene security, law enforcement is responsible for assessment, traffic management, and subsequent investigation of the incident. Support from law enforcement may also include: special response teams, bomb squad, hostage negotiators, K-9 units, crime scene preservation, and homicide investigations. Law enforcement may also be asked to provide security and crowd control at other locations within the incident area.

Law enforcement will coordinate with State and Federal law enforcement agencies when they arrive. Once the incident is determined to be a potential terrorist event, the FBI is to be notified immediately and will become the lead agency at that time.

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