Revised Juvenile Justice Arrest Rate

Published:

Revised Juvenile Justice Arrest Rate

Introduction

This study was created out of concern about the rate of juvenile arrests within the US. The OJJDP Statistical Briefing tends to have data from 1980 through 2012 in regards to juveniles ages 10-17. But, even with this type of system there are certain sections that are not covered. This research does look at the gender of the juveniles that commit the crime, but as this researcher has notices there are some sections that have been ignored in regards to the gender and the different types of crime that is being committed. This research will address how we can add on to the current report and come up with a way to continually address the juvenile rates.

Statement of the Problem

The problem that was noted is that males’ juveniles have a higher crime rate than the females, and we need to see why there rates are lower than the males. This study also needs to need to find a way to continuously track juvenile arrest rate statistically as well as find a cost effective way to may it fit within our budget.

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Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this research is to examine the number of juveniles being arrested, how often we can conduct the research, examine the gender of arrest rates, find effective way to track the arrest rate by state, community, and by examining the OJJ and the DJJ arrest rate when published to see if there is any type of anomaly within the data to help us decrease the juvenile arrest rate citywide.

Significance of the Study

This study will help LEOs, Correctional officers, Probation Officers, Parole Officers, Administrations, parents, Communities, and DJJ to gain a better understanding of what gender is increasing the crime rate index. Then gage how the juvenile crimes arrest rate is affecting everyone including the OJJ, DJJ and community, and check the data for anomalies in the arrest rate, then work through the data to see what relevant information there is that can help us understand the arrest rate of juveniles.

Methodology

The Juvenile Justice Arrest rate research goal is to study the criminal rate of juveniles. The most current data, that was used for this research is from two samples which were the National Juvenile Arrest report and the Juvenile Crime Index arrest rate.

Per the National Juvenile Arrest trends of 2012 the rates have declined, and the Juvenile Crime Index arrest rate has reached a new historic low-point” (“OJJDP Statistical Briefing”, 2014). OJJDP Statistical Briefing (2014) stated that the Violent Crime Offenses rate among

Ages 10-17, were 999,999 per people in the resident inhabitants, and the charts included offenses of murders, negligent homicide, forcible rape, theft, and aggravated assault. The “five year rate was:

This study design “is intended to learn more about Juvenile arrest rate per gender and the DJJ experiences of the matter of understanding why the males arrest crime rate is higher than the females, and it did not include serious crimes committed by adults” (“The Juvenile Offender”, 2006).

The rate in “2012, for juvenile male arrest per the Violent Crime Index offenses was four times the female rate, and the Juvenile Arrest Rates for Violent Crime Index Offenses by Sex, 1980-2012

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Violent Crime Index Offenses by Sex

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Violent Crime Index Offenses by Sex” (“Statistical Briefing Book”, n.d.). These rates show the number of arrests for juveniles’ age 10-17 were about 999,999 per persons 10-17 within a resident population. Then with the Violent Crime Index we are able to see the types of offences like forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and murder and nonnegligent manslaughter.

Data Collection and Variables

This was a quantitative collection and the data was used more in term of male verses female, and the type of crime that was being committed by the juveniles age 10-17. The Court records of the juveniles was able to give us a good view and data on the crimes they committed, details were documented on all petitions, hearings and their offences, and the age they were when the offence was collected. This made this part of the research a lot gathering easier. For our variables we stuck with age, gender, race and the type of offences, and because the research sample was large because we used the US verses a control area like Georgia, the statistical analysis was very massive. So, we were not able to list all the data on this research report, so we have enclosed a few charts to support some of the related statics data.

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Conclusion

In conclusion, this research into the arrest rates of juveniles age 10-17 and their offences,

Although this research was massive like the sample size, the pattern becomes apparent. It is very important to take note of the outcomes, this shows that female juveniles are committing less criminal acts than their male counterpart which was observer in 2012 research.

It is our recommendation that based on our current result that further research needs to be done. The data pool needs to be curtailed to the surrounding community within a particular state. Then we need to examine why the males are committing more crimes than females, then once we are able to break it down locally then we can compared it to surrounding states. For example, if you have the stats for Georgia, then we should then more out towards North and South Carolina, Tennessee, etc.

I believe that if we can continue this research and do it slow and maliciously that we will be able to understand how or why our juveniles’ rate is getting high in cases and lower in others. It will also help us to evaluate if there is other ways to get the males number down like the females by investigating what is the key factor between the genders. I also believe that if we can include a qualitative and a mixed research report, so that we can gain a better overall view of where the anomalies are within the research data. Our recommendation is for further studies, so that we can help steer our juvenile in the right direction and steer them from a revolving door with the DJJ and take ownership of their lives to become productive citizens.

References

OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends (2014). Retrieved from http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05201

Statistical Briefing Book > Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime (n.d.). Retrieved from http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05231&text=no&print=yes

The Juvenile Offender Study - Council on Crime and Justice (2006). Retrieved from http://www.crimeandjustice.org/researchReports/Youth Offenders Who Stop Offending as Adults.pdf.