Reasons For Ending The War In Afghanistan Criminology Essay

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The tragic attacks in New York City, Washington, D.C., and Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001, people in the United States , shocked and in disbelief, wondered who had committed such acts and why. When U.S. government authorities cautiously revealed the identities of the alleged perpetrators to be members of the al-Qaeda terrorist network, believed to be led by the headquarters in Taliban-held Afghanistan, everyone wanted to know the facts about the Taliban: where did they come from? What internal and external forces created and supported them? What was the relationship between the al-Qaeda terrorists and the Taliban regime in Afghanistan? After September 11, 2001, the United States was waging a war in Afghanistan. This war was not against the Afghan people but against the Taliban and the terrorist organization al-Qaeda that had flourished under Taliban rule. The U.S. should not send more troops to Afghanistan for many important reasons.

Before discussing the issue of the U.S. attack on Afghanistan, it is first important to know what happened on September 11, 2001. September 11, 2001 is a date which will live in infamy. It is the date of a massive terrorist attack on the United States, resulting in the collapse of the World Trade Center, twin towers. The hijackers that belonged to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda organization claimed to have been responsible for the September 11, 2001 attacks. The suffering of September 11, 2001 was inflicted on people of many faiths and many nations. The U.S. attack on Afghanistan was an act of self-defense, not a vengeance. President George W. Bush states that Afghanistan is under attack because its Taliban regime harbored and supported the terrorists responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001.

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One reason why more should not be sent to Afghanistan is because the al-Qaeda terrorists have nothing to do with collapse of the World Trade Center. An Indian novelist Arundhati Roy states that "American policies may have contributed to the September 11 attacks and asserts that the people of Afghanistan are not the rightful recipients of American wrath" (Boaz p.27).There is compelling evidence that the September 11 terrorist attacks in the U.S. were organized by US authorities as an excuse to start an already planned war in Afghanistan. "The Bush administration was actively involved in planning September 11 as part of an integrated plan which involved the coming war in Afghanistan" (Was the War against Afghanistan Planned Before September 11)." Within 12 hours it was being claimed that they were "almost certain" of bin Laden's guilt. Within a few days, they were proclaiming his guilt as 100% certain, using the expression, "his fingerprints are everywhere", and the US was already threatening to attack Afghanistan" (Was the War against Afghanistan Planned Before September 11). Form all accounts, it is impossible to produce evidence to link Bin Laden to the September 11 attacks.

Another reason why more troops should not be sent to Afghanistan is because thousands of civilians will be killed. Although the United States has taken extraordinary measures to avoid civilian casualties in the campaign, many innocent people have died during the war in Taliban. "Within the Afghan "rubble" could be found many innocent noncombatants who, unlike bin Laden's terrorist cadres, couldn't protect themselves from airstrikes" (Boaz p. 49). The bombing must stop, as it is setting the Muslim World against the U.S. Some of the places that the U.S. has bombed have been reported that there weren't any al-Qaeda terrorists. "Serious questions were raised about a December 1st 2001 U.S. bombing raid that destroyed villages outside Kabul. Over 100 civilians were reportedly killed in the village of Kama Ado, despite residents insisting that no al-Qaeda terrorists were ever there" (Boaz p.52). "As Afghan civilian casualties mounted in Afghanistan in late 2001, it became increasingly difficult for many writers and activists across the political spectrum to view the U.S.-led attack as just" (Boaz p.48).

The last reason why more troops should not be sent to Afghanistan is it

The last reason why more troops should not be sent to Afghanistan is because the American army has to first clear the mines and build roads in order to take in soldiers. "Of Afghanistan's 13,041 miles (21,000 kilometers) of roads, only about 17 percent are in good condition" (Otfinoski p.106). "Afghanistan's economy is in a shambles. In fact, the problem for an invading army is that Afghanistan has no conventional coordinates or signposts to plot on a military map-no big cities and no highways, no industrial complexes, no water treatment plants" ( Boaz p.31). The country is littered with 10 million land mines. Afghanistan is one of the poorest, most ravaged, war-torn countries in the world. "In September 2002, U.S. president George W. Bush pledged $180 million for a road improvement project that would involve United States, Saudi Arabia" (Otfinoski p. 106).

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The goal for the U.S. in Afghanistan is to root out terrorist groups, and to do that, more troops should be sent to Afghanistan. The US invasion in Afghanistan was not constructed as a humanitarian intervention, but conceived as an act of self-defense in response to the attacks on New York and Washington D.C. in September 2001. The world will probably never know what motivated those particular hijackers who flew planes into those particular American buildings. They were not glory boys. They left no suicide notes, no political messages; no organization has claimed credit for the attacks. All we know is that their belief in what they were doing outstripped the natural human instinct for survival, or any desire to be remembered. What they did has blown a hole in the world. The U.S. could have used many other smarter approaches to limiting terrorism, including appeasement, passivity, and increased defensive security measures instead of having a war in Afghanistan.