Proposal - The challenges of Community Policing in Eldorado Park

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The challenges of Community Policing in Eldorado Park

Introduction and Background

According to Pelser it is well known that the role of the South African Police members has changed fundamentally in 1994,when the Police Force became the Police Service. At that time the service adopted the philosophy of Community Policing. What is not always understood or appreciated is that, at that point all South African Police men and women became community police.

In order for Community Policing to be achieved South Africa has in it’s Constitution Act 108 of 1996 entrenched the establishment of Community Police forums (CPF).

This has been further supported by the South African Police Act 68 of 1995 that Mandates all Station Commissioners to establish these forums at station level.

According to the White Paper on Safety and Security Community Police Forums is A platform where community members, organisations(CBO’S, NGO’S, Business, FBO’S, youth organisations, woman organisations, student governing bodies) and other relevant stakeholders, provincial government ,local government ,traditional Authority, and parastatals with the police need to discuss local crime prevention initiatives . The key building blocks of a crime prevention forums which are fashioned along the lines of sector policing.


If the role of the police officer became that of a peace officer after 1994, rather than That of a law enforcement officer ,involved solely in crime patrol. Meaning that the police are called upon to enforce the law, to prevent crime, promote public order, resolve conflict, enhance police community relations and render general assistance to the public .

If the above statement is true , it would seem that the community does not have a role in crime prevention or securing their own safety.


The purpose of the research is to see if members of a community and local police Station believe that a partnership in fighting crime can lead to a lasting peaceful co- existence between community members or do people believe it is just a government initiative to solve a more complex problem that exits in our community. The information that I receive from the interviews will then be translated to a graph and will be displayed as per the graph below.



Primary Objective

If all the structures mentioned in my introduction and back ground is in place why then did one of the mothers in my community write an open letter to the state president to intervene in the crime situation in my community.

Secondary Objective

Can a partnership between the police and community lead to peaceful co-existence in my community.


Will a partnership between the police and the community in ELDORADO PARK Lead to people over coming their fear for criminals and live peacefully with each other.


Literature Review

There are compelling reasons why our leaders in law enforcement believe the time has come to change from a police force to a police service.

Policing strategies that have worked in the past are not always effective today. The desired goal, an enhanced sense of safety and security and wellbeing, has not been achieved. All spheres of government agree there is a need for innovation to curb crime in our country. Both the level and nature of crime in this country and the changing characteristics of communities in urban and rural communities are experiencing services problems with illegal drugs in the gang violence, form murders service delivery protest, violence against woman and child etc.

In addition, the social fabric of our country has changed .The family unit is not stable single. Parents find it extremely difficult to spend enough time with their children, and churches and schools have been unable to fill this.

We have also seen with the world recession in 2008 that our government is finding it Increasingly difficult to level budgets in all departments .as a result the police service has toAllocate during resources to grooving problems

With the increase of drug abuse ,violent crime and public disorder ,the police management have turned to community they course in the fight against crime .

In Gauteng we see that the management have been trying to reduce the fear of crime through high visibility police presence in communities which has been found to be more closely correlated with disorder and crime .This manner of crime prevention is to keep people in their homes and streets empty this strategy is seen by people as an after the fact response to crime ,and lacks community participation

So What Is A Community And How Do You Form A Relationship?

According to Taylor a community is an open textured concept that is to say there cannot be an exhaustive specification of the conditions for the correct use of the concept there are however three attributes or characteristics possessed in some degree by all communities 1.people must share the same value and principles 2.people must have interest invested in the community example they have children ,business and homes in the area the third and final characteristic of community is that of reciprocity

The key issue is that of reciprocity ,the ability of people sharing a residential area to engage with ,receive and contribute to the generation of social capital clearing, the hey assumption here is that the reciprocal relationship that builds the social capital to that which contributes to a community are generically crime prevention

From the above statements one can conclude that communities portray themselves as anti-violence and anti crime but some communities collective values may serve to argued that this is because of inadequate or corrupt state agencies

As Lyons puts it …’’the most basic reciprocal exchange at the heart of stories about community policing is a police state commitment to perform their duties in a way that enhance the generation of social capital in communities and a community commitment to invest a portion of that capital in cooperative efforts with the police to improve public safety’’

CPFs and local government

The white paper on safety and security September 1998 envisaged a situation where CPFs move much closer to local government in fulfilling the crime prevention function local government should words in conjunction with community police forums indeed local government and CPFs are uniquely placed to complement each other local government although police boundaries do not always match those of the municipal authority is well placed to words with the area level of police management in setting joint priorities and objectives in conjunction with community police are boards

Service orientation policing rely on command and control to get things working alright it seems to be taking the initiative away from that police communities take more responsibility for crime solutions

As an alternative to community policing or service orientated policing one can use ’’problem oriented, which encourages police to think differently about their purpose problems solving policing constitutes the true, substructure working of the police and advocates that police identify and address root causes of problems that lead to repeat calls for service problem solving policing requires a move from a reactive, incident oriented stance to one that activity address the problem that actually drained police resources

Research designs





Provide advice and consultation

Document the success of Community Participation in Problem solving

Assist in implementation of Sector – Policing

Future Plans


Assist in establishing of Community forms and outline its benefits

Document number of workshops and continuing education on activities happening through Community and Police

Staff support

Provide work


Shops to office and communities on how CPF Works



Laptop, Printer and other statistical Software

Specific Aims

To establish an ongoing program that highlights community police projects and successes

Unit Analysis

I will be interviewing members from the CPF the police and other civil rights groups of which 50.2% must be female and 48.8% male. No particular age groups will be targeted and I will use personal interviews telephone and questionnaires to collect my data and use a pie chart to display my data.

My identification of variables





Department safety security

Youth organisation

Neighbourhood watch

Vigilantly groups

Sample and sample type

My population group I will be targeting is the CPF members in the Soweto Area from all stations .I will aim to interview as many people through personal interviews and telephone interviews

Data collection methods

One on one interviews will be conducted with each sample to collect data

Only interviews will be held with active police CPF and MEC for safety and security office

The internet will be utilized to collect information from previous research done ,articles as well as manual as manuals written on topic

Data analysis

All books which will be used in the process of this research will be written on the bibliography and authors will be acknowledged. The internet will also be used in the process of the research.

Ethical considerations constraints

In this research I will be using voluntary participation, where people will not be forced to participate in a project.

Chapter Outline

This desertion will consist of two chapters.

Chapter 1

This chapter is the introductory of study of the research proposal where I will introduce my topic.

Chapter 2

This chapter will be about the report which will be written and be guided by the books

Welman- Kruger-Mitchell Research Methodology – Third Edition

AS De Vos – H Strydom – CB Fouche – CSL Delport – Research at Grass Roots – Fourth Edition

·Definition of concepts

·Goals and objectives

·Type of report

·Research Report

·The title page

12 Preliminary Bibliography

De Vos, AS.Strydom, H.Fouche, CB.Delport, CSL 2011. Research at GRASS roots for the social science and human service professions Fourth Edition. Hatfield, Pretoria, Van Schaick.

SAPS 2007 Management principals a contemporary edition for SAPS. Cape Town, Juta Schevella.E, Burger.J, Fox.W & Muller.JJ.

1996 Public resource management, Cape Town Juta.

Smit.J, Munnaar.A, Schnetler.J, 2004, Smart policing for law enforcement.

Pelsner.E challenges of community policing in South Africa 1(2) 25-36. Data# accessed 12 April 2014.