National Youth Gang Prevention And Intervention Criminology Essay

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This country has been observing the rising rate of violence linked with youth gangs since the past few centuries. Youth gang activity is enlarged by behavioral problems, cultural differences, deficiency of parental concern and unconstructive peer influence. Furthermore, lack of public support and little self-esteem has outcome in widespread gang contribution amongst youth. Several minority localities are in urgent requirement of wide-ranging campaigns to make out the level and environment of the problem. The lack of gang avoidance programs has resulted in extensive gang participation and has become a nationwide dilemma. The National Youth Gang Intervention Program will evaluate the problems which lead to youth gang participation and offer a variety of levels of avoidance and involvement through individual and relations counseling, school-based tutorial and management besides other remuneration and services to the adolescence and their relatives.

Societies must come mutually and recognize the reason of youth gang involvement. Societies must assemble and hold back gangs and gang-related offense. The era has come for societies to recognize the grounds of the dilemma and supply the essential treatment to stop youth from joining gangs. The National Youth Gang Intervention Program will get involved with gang-involved youth and offer them the chance to improve themselves and be creative member of societies.

Recognizing the Problem

Ever since the commencement of human being, top secret societies for example gangs have served as a means of safeguard for numerous individuals. Even though gang involvement was previously well thought-out as city epidemic, the excessive dominance of youth gang involvement has turn out to be a problem all through the United States. The enlargement of youth gangs in the earlier period has fueled society's terror and raise probable misconception about youth gangs (U.S Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1998). Consequently, the rising rate of youth gangs has become an increasing worry not merely for law enforcement but as well as for society. Renovation and urbanization, has shaped such a miscellaneous population that it has exaggerated the ways youth wear clothes, act and speak; so making it hard to differentiate gang members from persons who are not. In addressing the rising anxiety about youth gang participation, the National Youth Gang Intervention Program will look at the key factors linked with youth gangs. These factors comprise "gang migration, gang growth, womanly participation with gangs, murder, drugs and aggression, and the requirements of communities and youth who exist in the company of youth gangs" (Howell & Decker, 1999, p. 1) . As a result, gang movement carries on threatening the social structure of numerous areas in the United States.

Demographics

The majority youth by no mean gets involved in crime or associate with gangs. Those who do associate themselves with gangs frequently have exacting risk factors, which manipulate their participation. Even though gangs have been a rising social problem in the United States for several years, society must remember that not every youthful who commit a crime is a gang member. Today, further youth are joining gangs in exploring defense and requirement of belonging. "The diversity in gang types and in causes of gang formation and membership involves a broad range of social, political, family, educational, health, and other community factors" (U.S Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1998, p. 111).

The development of gangs has been a component of history for thousands of years. The origin of gangs and gang activity arrives from deep within America's culture and history. "Gangs are not a new phenomenon nor are the problems associated with them; however, they have never touched a greater segment of society as they do now" (Lewis, 1997, Para. 1). Additionally, new data on society and race retrieved from a 2001 survey exposed; even though gang participation has reduced, participation of Hispanic and African American gangs has enlarged.

Figure 1 Youth Gang Demographics (in percent)

Source: CRS Presentation of NYGC unpublished data. (Franco, 2006, p. 22)

Youth gangs and the security of kids are a rising concern for schools. Inhabitants believe that individual attention must be prearranged to signs of gang activity inside the schools. Gang participation among the youth in school frequently causes conflicts, which numerous times rise and fall over into the area. Numerous people quarrel that gang-related movement within the schools is frequently covered up. Possibly this is because of schools trying to shun any unconstructive notice from the society (Franco, 2006).

Addressing the Problem

The National Youth Gang Intervention Program would be fond to tackle this problem for the reason that it is a significant social matter upsetting youth, families and whole communities all through the United Sates. This program's meaning is to lift awareness and engage communities in the acknowledgment of gang being there. To facilitate and to hold back the dilemma at hand, communities must appreciate the nature, harshness and amount of gang-related movement.

Time Line

With the extended history of gang aggression in the United States, the juvenile justice system has put into practice a large quantity of programs. Though there are several programs in position, the National Youth Gang Intervention Program will start by suggesting extra strategies that focus not only on interference and avoidance but also on holding back the mobility of gangs and gang member. Supplementary treatment policies will be put into practice.

Month

Goal

Objective

Activity

Expected Completion Date

People Involved

1

Visit the societies and schools and offer seminars, which accede to the communities, know we are there to assist.

Amplify the consciousness of gang company with the societies and schools.

Start student recommendation process. scholar peer groups consisting of 10 students and assisted by coordinators who gather weekly all through the year

Continuing

Family, individual youth, Analyst and a helper prevention team.

2

Endangered youth will be recognized and begin counseling. Gang concerned youth will be targeted and begin widespread therapy and supervision.

Youth be given educational input when out of school, and develop interest in learning. Additionally, they will build up skills to stay away from gang affiliation. They will be involved in project areas, which gear them away from gang participation.

Youth will be located in groups and study communication skills.

We will offer uniformed police officers to help youth obtain the necessary tools to help them shun gang involvement

9 weeks

Volunteers, police officers and school

3

Assessment

Track the development of the youth in the program

Provide real life scenario, quiz and family assessment,

Last days of the third month

Program coordinator

Causes and Consequences

There are numerous factors which consist of structural and entity factors which can cause gang participation. America's social structure was unsuccessful in repressing the cruelest in our society. The main cause of gang activity is deficiency of family social structure. Supplementary causes are augmented poverty, wrecked homes, social segregation, deficient of guilt and sympathy toward others. Among entity factors, gang association is usually caused by previous criminal behavior, violence, aggressive behavior and nonstandard attitude. These factors are contributed from harassment, premature commencement of sexual activity, parental loss, disabilities, peer force and enlarged drug or alcohol mishandling. Additionally, other common causes comprise: physical or sexual abuse, in relations dispute of collapsing, criminal behavior and familiarity of prison (Juvenile Justice Bulletin, 1998).

Most juvenile crimes start out by commending status offenses for example running away from residence, smoke cigarettes, non-attendance, and immature drinking. Several times status crimes can show the way to gang participation, which can be a probability for additional serious crime s

Policy Elements

Mission

Our mission is to make available supervision, support and guidance services to youth contained by the communities.

Goals and Objectives

Our aim is to struggle gang activity, association and dependence by providing a prearranged program, counseling, rehabilitation, recreational programs and instructive training.

Benefits and Services

The National Youth Gang Intervention Program will get involved with gang-involved youth and provide them with the chance to better them and be creative members of society. Our services consist of in-school and society avoidance strategies and entity and group assessments by providing a family environment for those who consider that they have no-where to turn. To battle youth gang activity our plan comprises a system of persons for example the juvenile justice organization. We will give computers, lunch, books, after school recreation and group therapy sites. Additional benefits include community counseling, referrals, job search and educational training.

Eligibility rules

Each youth inside the society including non-citizens, who give you an idea about signs of at risk performance, participation with gangs, under pressure in school and referred to us, will be given careful testing in a private setting. All non-risk youth and families concerned in educating regarding the causes and consequences of gang association will also be acknowledged. The seminars will be open to all citizens with no regard to competition, national origin, color, sex, or disability.

Service delivery

We include an eagerness and capability to become accustomed our services to assemble a variety of individualized requirements. Our programs tackle entity and family resource requirements throughout interagency association and provide instructive services to meet youth's social and emotional requirement. Education is provided throughout significant occupation relatively than as a necessary ability to be additional advantageous.

Theory and Specifications

I. Program Theory

Youth presume being in a gang is cool.

Youth supposes that by being in a gang he or she will obtain admiration from other youth.

II. Program Design

To accomplish youth at risk of gang participation and mainstream them into safer surrounding

Teaching young people about the penalty of gang relationship

Teaching about peer difficulty and harmful behaviors

 

Develop youth gang consciousness using uniformed law enforcement representatives in a school-based surroundings

Offer lesson plans and talk about signs of at risk behaviors

Discuss the anxiety process

With the parents' consent bring the youth to a juvenile imprisonment center

 Parents join the negotiations and discover about caution signs

Lack of guilt/ disobedient performance/ family lack of involvement/ hopelessness/ absenteeism

III. Program Specifications

Satisfied to be trained and educated by youth

Gang association: Risk factors and signs:

Harassment/ acting tough/ criminal behavior/ the want to be accepted

Peer Pressure

Negative friendship with gang members

Social skill guidance and anger administration

Substitute to gang participation and or connection

How to put in order private time and space

Individual needs (Physical/Emotional)

Emotional and physical aspects of being sent to a custody center

Offense, their sufferers, and their impact on families

Conflict declaration

Accountability

Cultural sympathy/prejudice

Educational process must comprise:

Video display of the all around penalty and costs of gang affiliation

Individual and group therapy

Parent participation in discussions and lecture plans

Outings with counselor

Financing

The total finances needed to construct this curriculum succeed will be $100,000 yearly. We will set up single self-supporting office in the society with maximum gang occurrence.

Proposed Budget

1. Office utensils $20,000

2. Management cost $15,000

3. PC and workbooks $15,000

4. Fundraising $5,000

5. Research $10,000

6. Office provisions $10,000

7. Travel $ 5,000

8. Rental fee and utilities $20,000

Total Cost $100,000

Our salaried staff will be negligible; we will focus on using volunteers. The only paid staff will be a program coordinator, a secretary and one accountant, who will maintain track of the individual business accounts. Provisions and utensils will be purchase as required. Travel costs will be bare minimum as services offered by volunteers will be used. Additionally, our program will be funded through national and state grants beside private contributions and fundraising activities. We will assign our funds in the following manner; 89% of our finances go straightforwardly to the program, 4% go for fundraising 7% go toward management.

As stated previously, we will focus on volunteers as our fundamental source of achievement. All volunteers will be pre-screened and have to show a genuine enthusiasm to counsel the youth. We will use a minimum of 100 volunteers per year, who will work practical with youth and families. Volunteers have to be able to educate life-skills lessons to the youth. In assessment our program we maintain track of achievement and failure rates of the youth registered in the program. We will assess the policies that being used and put into practice new ones if essential.

Conclusion

In assessing Youth Gangs in our society, it is obvious that even though the required court systems are in place there is space for change. Development can help to give better therapy and support to both parents and youth that are enthusiastic to win the fight to be gang free. Before being so enthusiastic to jump to conclusion, we have to learn to try to recognize these problems, or we will by no means find a solution to them. Juveniles are frequently answerable by Society for giving into these gangs; nonetheless we do extremely little to help avoid it. With the enlargement in aggression in our cities, we can only anticipate our youth to be straightforwardly misguided into thinking that violence is a usual way of life. The majority youth are able to stay missing from the gang life; nevertheless, there are lots of who surrender to the gang lifestyle. The juvenile justice system cannot decide the dilemma alone; they require help; that is what The National Youth Gang Intervention Program is determined to do.

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