Looking At Domestic Violence Cases In Women Criminology Essay

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Domestic violence is a serious problem and is affecting more than half of women and children in the United States. "Almost a fourth of all U.S. women are abused sometime in their lives by current or former partners, says the AMA. In 1990, says the FBI, such intimate enemies accounted for 30% of all women murder victims," ("Doctors Must Join Fight Against Domestic Violence," 12A). Many victims are suffering injuries due to domestic violence by their abusive attackers. Also, Day and Carson said, that the domestic violence occurs all over the United States annually and one-third of all women get abused by their men while they are in the relationship with them, (154). The justice system does not adequately protect victims of domestic violence.

Domestic violence is abusive behavior against one or both partners in a relationship. Feinstein said annually, there are 3 million incidents of domestic violence reported in the United States, (par. 2). In the United States, victims of domestic violence are mostly women and children. Domestic violence between sexual relationships partners have been especially serious problem for a long time in the United States. Domestic violence abuse has gained a lot of attention because a lot of women have been beaten or even killed by their husband or boyfriend. Family violence is often abusing children and elders, for example:

In 2008, a national police study showed that 156 women were murdered by their partner or ex-partner, while 27 men were killed in comparable circumstances. Eleven of the women who killed their partners had themselves been victims of domestic violence, the authorities say. In addition, nine children were also murdered by their fathers.

Family violence against children and elders are mainly bruising, hitting, burning, and even choking them and they are so little or so old that they cannot even defend themselves from their abusers. However, most domestic violence against children and elders has been with guns. According to Jost, Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that 30,000 people die annually in the United States because of domestic violence using guns. Also, during the year of 2004, there have been 11,624 homicides and 16,750 suicides because of guns against children and elders, (459). There have been so many men and women that have been abused when they were children by their own momma, father, or even a close family member. Also, sometimes when children and elders are abused their abuser is mostly on drugs or an alcoholic.

There are several reasons why victims should call the police on their abusers. If the victim calls the police it tells them that they cannot handle the problem anymore; for example, "seventeen percent of the women receiving prenatal care at public clinics in Houston and Baltimore had been physically or sexually abused, a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association reported last June," (Glaser, par. 9). The abuser can be arrested for a felony in the officer's presence. Also, the abuser can be arrested for violating a restraining order against them. Police departments have important information that can keep the victim safe and send his or her abuser to prison. The victim should always tell the police officer that comes out to the disturbance if they have ever been sexual assaulted by your abuser; for example, men use different range of abusive behaviors against their victims most of the time. Victims sometimes get injured physically and emotionally, ("Men's Desire to Control Women Is Responsible for Domestic Violence," par. 10). Also, the victim should tell the police officer if their abuser has warrants out for his or her arrest. Each police department in the United States has at least one trained police officer to help domestic violence victims if they need assistance on trying to escape from his or her abuser. The victim should have all of his or her evidence so that they can give their important information about their abuse to the trained police officer so that they can build a case against their abuser. The victim should also tell the trained police officer that if any of their children were injured in the domestic violence disturbance. One reason for that is because DHS could take their children away from them because they were abused.

There are several reasons why victims should not call the police on their abusers. The police can arrest the abuser if they see any abuse going on. They can arrest both of them for domestic violence. "In recent years, she said less have been arrested on domestic abuse charges. However, more victims are seeking services and this could be for a number of reasons. One reason is that victims are electing not to go to police, Seger said," (Abdelnabi, par. 16). Also, if the police officer does not see any abuse going on they will not arrest the abuser. Sometimes the victim does not want their abuser to be arrested. The police officer can handle the situation wrong and can cause more problems. If the victim and their abuser are both fighting and beat up the police officer will not know which one are the victim and which one is the abuser. Also, if the victim calls the police for domestic violence it can be published in the newspaper. Sometimes police officers can handle situations in their own way.

There are several reasons why victims should get a restraining order against their abusers. A restraining order gives every victim a level of security because if their abuser break the order; the victim can call the police on them and get their abuse arrest. The abuser cannot contact the victim for any reason while he or she has a restraining order against them. Also, the abuser cannot send the victim anything such as letter or flower, but if they do they are still violating the restraining order. Some domestic violence abusers respect their victims' restraining order. If the victim and the abuser stay in the same house, the abuser must move out if the victim gets a restraining order against him or her. Also, if the abuser violates the restraining order against their victim; they can be charged with a misdemeanor or felony because they violated the restraining order against them. The victim should always record if the abuser violates the restraining order so that they can use it against their abuser when they go to court.

There are several reasons why victims should not get a restraining order against their abusers. Most victims' abusers do violate the restraining order against them. The abuser may get angry if he or she has to move out of the house with his or her victim because their victim has a restraining order against them. Getting a restraining order against your domestic violence abuser can also make him or her angrier. The victim should ask himself or herself if their abuser has threatened them with a gun. A restraining order is just a piece of paper so that means if his or her abuse become violent the restraining orders will not protect him or her from being harmed, for example, "In the United States, a 51-year-old woman is stabbed to death by her former boyfriend as she waits inside a courthouse to extend a protective order. Two previous harassment charges against the man had been dropped," (Cooper, 355). The judge can put a restraining order against the victim and the abuser for domestic violence. Will the restraining order protect the victim all the time? No, because the abuser will do anything he or she wants to do to their victim.

Finally, shelters can help domestic violence victims in need of a safe place from their abusers. Sometimes the shelter staff may ask the victim about their abuser to see if they want to take in him or her. There are other people that are staying in the same shelter that the he or she is in and having the same problems that they are having. The shelter staff will also ask the victim if they have children because all shelters do not take in children. "Since the 1970s, a host of social programs and legal reforms have brought public attention to what was once considered a private family matter. As of 1995, approximately 1,800 domestic violence prevention programs operated in the U.S. About 1,200 of those were shelters for battered women. Other services include hotlines, counseling resources, legal advocacy and job training for abused women and child care for their children," ("Domestic Violence," par. 2). Also, the shelter staff can give the victim important information about the laws of being abused and help the victim get a restraining order against their abuser. The shelter will find the victim a secure home if the victim does not want to go back to their old house.

If the justice system do their job and adequately protect the victims of domestic violence it will lower the crime rate of domestic violence. Prah said, "The number of female victims of so-called intimate-partner violence dropped nearly 50 percent --- from 1.1 million incidents in 1993 to 588,490 incidents in 2001. Women make up 85 percent of all victims of abuse by either a spouse or ex-partner," (4). Domestic violence abuse has been lowered since law enforcement has crack down on it. If you know anyone that is being abuse you need to contact the authorities.