Looking At Domestic Violence Against Women Criminology Essay

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Domestic violence is a serious problem and is affecting more than half of women and children in the United States. According to Billitteri, "Illinois leads the nation in juvenile arrests for violent crime, with 1,000 arrests per 100,000 persons ages 10 to 17. Five states --- Maine, New Hampshire, South Dakota, Vermont and West Virginia --- had arrest rates below 100," (196). Many victims suffer injuries due to domestic violence by their attackers. Also, Day and Carson said, that the domestic violence occurs all over the United States annually and one-third of all women get abused by their men while they are in the relationship with them, (154). The justice system does not adequately protect victims of domestic violence.

Domestic violence is abusive behavior against one or both partners in a relationship. Feinstein said annually, there are 3 million incidents of domestic violence reported in the United States, (par. 2). In the United States, victims of domestic violence are most women and children. Domestic violence between sexual relationships partners have been an especially serious problem for a long time in the United States. Domestic violence abuse has gained a lot of attention because a lot of women have been beaten or even killed by their husband or boyfriend. Family violence is often abusing children and elders, for example:

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In 2008, a national police study showed that 156 women were murdered by their partner or ex-partner, while 27 men were killed in comparable circumstances. Eleven of the women who killed their partners had themselves been victims of domestic violence, the authorities say. In addition, nine children were also murdered by their fathers.

Family vioLence against children and elders is mainly bruising, hitting, burning, and even choking them and they cannot even defend themselves. Transition sentence about guns According to Jost, Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that 30,000 people die annually in the United States because of domestic violence using guns. Also, during the year of 2004, there have been 11,624 homicides and 16,750 suicides because of guns, (459). There have been so many men and women that have been abused when they were children by their own momma, father, or even a close family member. Also, sometimes when children and elders are abused the abuser mostly is on drugs or an alcoholic.

There are several reasons why victims should call the police on their abusers. If you call the police it tells them that you cannot handle the problem anymore. The abuser can be arrested for a felony in the officer's presence. Also, you can be arrested for violating a restraining order against you. Police departments have important information that can keep the victim safe and send his or her abuser to prison. The victim should always tell the police officer that comes out to the disturbance if you wlo ever been sexual assaulted by your abuser. McKenzie said, "In 2008, a national police study showed that 156 women were murdered by their partner or ex-partner, while 27 men were killed in comparable circumstances. Eleven of the women who killed their partners had themselves been victims of domestic violence, the authorities say. In addition, nine children were also murdered by their fathers," (par. 5). Also, the victim should tell the police officer if their abuser has warrants out for his or her arrest. Each police department in the United States has at least one trained police officer to help domestic violence victims if they need assistance. The victim should have all of his or her evidence so that they can give it to the trained police officer so that they can build a case against your abuser. During 2001, the Department of Justice did some research and found out that there were about 588,000 women and more than 100,000 men were being abused by their relationship partners. Also, there are over 1 million women that have been stalked by the men they talk to, (Prah, 3). The victim should tell the trained police officer that if any of your kids were injured in the domestic violence disturbance.

There are several reasons why victims should not call the police on their abusers. The police can arrest the abuser if they see any abuse going on. On April 16, 2007, Seung-Hui Cho, a student at Virginia Tech went on a shooting rampage and killed 33, wounded 29, and killed himself. It was double the number of people that was killed at Columbine High School in 1999 and the people that were killed at the University of Texas in 1966 (Jost, 462). They can arrest both of them for domestic violence. Also, if the police officer does not see any abuse going on they will not arrest the abuser. The police officer can handle the situation wrong and can cause more problems. If you both are fighting and beat up the police officer will not know which one is the victim and which one is the abuser. During the year of 1996, the BJS did some research and found out that black women were abused by their spouse or boyfriend more often than white women were, ("Domestic Violence, par. 6). Also, if you call the police for domestic violence it can be published in the newspaper. Sometimes police officers can handle situations in their own way.

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There are several reasons why victims should get a restraining order. A restraining order gives every victim a level of security because if their abuser break the order; the victim can call the police on them and get their abuse arrest. The abuser cannot contact the victim for any reason while he or she have a restraining order against them. Also, the abuser cannot send the victim anything such as letter or flower, but if they do they are still violating the restraining order. Some domestic violence abusers respect their victims' restraining order. If the victim and the abuser stay in the same house, the abuser must move out if the victim gets a restraining order against him or her. The bill 34-16 that was passed by the Senate will let law enforcement crack down on domestic violence abuse in the United States (Bumsted, par. 3). Also, if the abuser violates the restraining order against them; they can be charged with a misdemeanor or felony because they violated it. The victim should always record if the abuser violates the restraining order so that they can give it to the judge when they go to court.

There are several reasons why victims should not get a restraining order. Most victims' abusers do violate the restraining order against them. The abuser may get angry if he or she has to move out of the house with the victim, if the victim has a restraining order against the abuser. Getting a restraining order against your domestic violence abuser can also make him or her angrier. The victim should ask himself or herself if their abuser has threatened them with a gun. A restraining order is just a piece of paper so that mean if your abuse become violent the restraining orders will not protect the victim from being harmed. The judge can put a restraining order against the victim and the abuser for domestic violence. Will the restraining order protect the victim all the time? No, because the abuser will do anything he or she wants to do to you.

Finally, shelters can help domestic violence victims in need. Sometimes the shelter staff may ask the victim about their abuser to see if they want to take in the victim. There are other women that are staying in the same shelter that you are in and having the same problems that you are having. The shelter staff will also ask the victim if they have children because all shelters do not take in children. Also, shelter staff can give anyone information that are being abuse the laws of domestic violence to help the victim get an order of protection against their abuser. The shelter will find the victim a secure home if the victim does not want to go back to the old house.

If the justice system do their job and adequately protect the victims of domestic violence it will lower the crime rate of domestic violence. Prah said, "The number of female victims of so-called intimate-partner violence dropped nearly 50 percent --- from 1.1 million incidents in 1993 to 588,490 incidents in 2001. Women make up 85 percent of all victims of abuse by either a spouse or ex-partner," (4). If you know anyone that is being abuse you need to contact the authorities. The laws need to be changed so that the abusers can spend more time in jail. Sometimes women are more abusive to their men more than men are more abusive to their women.