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Individuals experience poverty can produce notions of despair. Once an individual encounter this one lives with an uncertain mentality about ones futures. An individual considers he or she doesn't have anything to take away anyhow so they proceed with the criminal behavior. Parents that do not constantly show guidance withhold the chances for the children to act and follow the rules. Poverty stricken children are more potential candidates for delinquent acts than someone of higher class. Many children might quit school so that they can get a job to help their family; many might even begin to sell drugs. Children that are abused or they are a witness of parental abuse, one may become violent themselves and this will have an impact on their acts and activity within society. Juveniles who are abused physically or verbally suffer from emotional and psychological abuse, and they begin to hate not only themselves but others too.
General deterrence is punishment to an individual to stop the society as a whole from committing crimes. In other word, it is using the punishment as an example to "scare" society from precipitating in criminal acts. Under general deterrence, publicity is a major part of deterrence. Crime and their punishments being showing in the media or being told person to person can be used to deter crime. Specific deterrence is punishment to the individual to stop that individual from committing other crimes in the future. This type of deterrence is used to teach the individual a lesson whatever action that participated in. Specific deterrence is founded on a principle called hedonistic calculus meaning, "an assumption that human nature leads people to pursue pleasure and avoid pain". I believe that Specific deterrence has the belief that people will be persuaded by human nature to pleasure and not to pain. General deterrence is punishment to not only the "criminal" but to the society as a whole. Deterrence theory of crime is a method in which punishment is used to dissuade people from committing crimes. There are two different types of deterrence; the first is classified as specific deterrence. The goal of this category of deterrence is to lessen the probability of having a repeat offender. The three strikes law is an example of one of the methods that is used to assist this category of deterrence. The other category of deterrence is general deterrence. This category focuses more on future offenders. General deterrence attempts to positively influence would be offenders and stop the crimes before they happen. A stricter sentence for lesser crimes is an example of specific deterrence. As a free society there are obvious limitations on the use of capital punishment that the law must still protect. However capital punishment in itself is a deterrent. If the death penalty were the mandatory sentencing for any murder, the murder rates in our society would surely lessen.
Social structures are restrictions that impact the individuals from the wealthy individuals and also from the poverty stricken individuals. Every social class possesses their personal collection of cultural groups for instance; social class, sexuality and ethnic groups. All of these are considered to be restrictions that all social groups have to deal with. One of the most fundamental of the social structures would be class. Social structure fall into every society and this is the key point of economical differences. Within the social process theory, three areas are covered. Most people learn through watching other. As a child, we learn by mocking what we have observed repeatedly. This is how we learn to walk, talk, speak, and to feed ourselves. We also learn social skills from the people around us. We learn right from wrong, we learn what is acceptable in our everyday lives. We also learn societal norms. Most children learn social norms from the family structure. If the family structure is broken or not complete it may cause problems for the children.
The life course view is the guiltiness that is better believed considered to be of different one of many social difficulties confronted juveniles in jeopardy, which is also known as the problem behavior syndrome. With such beliefs, crime remains incomparable amongst a set of related unsociable conducts that gather unitedly and generally include parental dysfunction, sex crimes, mental and physical neglect, drug abuse, smoking, having sex at an early age and getting pregnant, failing school, attempting suicide, looking for excitement, and no job. Individuals that live with and experience one of these difficulties generally show signs of all the remainder of these. Every form of felonious activity, also involving hostility, larceny, and drug violations, may be a component of a inferred problem behavior syndrome, showing that every class of unsociable conduct have the same developmental perception.
A lot of parents nowadays are already giving to the ever so growing difficulty with delinquency in juveniles only by not experiencing and recognizing on how to be a parent to their children. When one becomes a parent they have a dedication for life and young and inexperienced parents must learn through experience; one does not have a book they can read or watch a video to learn, they must learn often with mistakes being made. They have many causes of the considerable situation for families now. Here are some reasons: Alterations in the social surrounding. These modifications have become a hazardous to the environment for the children today. Youth's consume most of their time with their friends than any other time period. Illicit drugs and weapons are used more and more as a way to solve small problems associated with teens today. Illegal and expressed sexual orientation and hostility consist of the primary subject for the media to write about; which the medias impact on the communities have become very popular with the communities and available with at ones fingertip with the technology of computers and music the also the use of video games.
Academic trouble frequently encourage behavior difficulties, which often leads to disciplinary implementations such as being suspended from school or staying after school; things like these take away from the students education learning. Being suspended from school, one feels that they will keep getting into trouble just so that they can continually get suspended from school until they are expelled for the year. Even though being suspended, failing school and quitting school are all related to certain behaviors, it all may be involved with the way that the school is being run. Being in school can have a large impact on one's life and they do encourage the students to stay in school and learn so that they can make something of themselves when they do get their education and finish school. Crime is higher in areas that are of low income than with areas of higher incomes due to the education.
There are countless variations within the juvenile court and the adult court (Mosee, 2010). Within the juvenile justice court system there is vindication plus intervention, plus there is protection from the community, these are believed to be important and feasible objectives. Within the adult court vindication is not believed to be the main objective in the criminal justice system that operates under the possibility that illegal punishments should be equal to the offense. Deterrence is considered to be a productive result of penalization. Restrictions are set so that no person can have access to the records on file because of the vague idea that the individual offender can gain access back into society to lead a normal life and to prevent unneeded disapproval from others.
Minors are not charged for engaging in criminal acts, but rather juvenile delinquents are instead (Mosee, 2010). When the minor actions acts are extremely severe, it might be constituted as a crime and the minor might be charged in an adult court system. Juveniles are not allowed to have an open court hearing. For a minor determined guilty of a crime; the prosecution of the proceeding includes an adjudicator listens to all of the information gathered and decides if the juvenile is guilty and deemed a juvenile delinquent (Sprott, 2012). When the individual has been considered to be a juvenile delinquent, then the court will decide which courses of legal proceedings are utilized (Sprott, 2012). This level of law contrasts from the adult court in the determination of the legal proceeding. In the adult courts the plan of action constitutes punishment. In the juvenile court system, the plan of action that is used constitutes to vindication and to do what is best for the minor. The main goal of the justice system of juveniles and adults is the general objective and outcome. For the juveniles the overall goal is the rehabilitation and to change and improve the minor so that they can continue performing in a normal manner socially.
Mosee, G. D., Jr. (2010, Summer). Juvenile prosecution - it's the same, but different. Criminal Justice, 25(2), 64. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA247879534&v=2.1&u=remcoll&it=r&p=ITOF&sw=w
Sprott, J. B. (2012, July). The persistence of status offences in the youth justice system. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 54(3), 309+. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA299535981&v=2.1&u=remcoll&it=r&p=ITOF&sw=w
Community Oriented Policing is the core of the coaction of the police force and the community that recognizes and resolves community problems. Community policing does not suggest that the local authorities do not have primary control, but it is a way to relieve some of the police of the burdens of having to patrol the neighborhoods on foot. Community policing embraces a mixture of book and street smarts and is still developing quickly. Community policing systematic plans change, calculating on the demands and reactions of the communities required; however, certain rationales and circumstances are to be expected to the entire community and the police. The reason for the community policing theoretical account was a chance to give to the development and carry out community policing. An advantage and limitation of using Community Oriented Policing over reactive policing would be, when an officer patrols a neighborhood on foot or rides in a neighborhood, he is better able to become familiar with everyone and the community; he can also see what is going on better than when a regular police who is assigned to a designated zone patrolling in a squad car.
The role of the juvenile defender is very import. The defense attorney might recommend that he juvenile stay in the community so that they can receive some sort of help like going to drug counseling or going to a mental facility to receive psychiatric help rather than the juvenile going to a facility of some sort. The Guardian Ad Litem defends the juveniles who appear in court. The juveniles in these cases are not a kind of offender but they are the children of neglect and abuse. The Guardian Ad Litem makes certain that the juveniles do not become part of the system. They represent the children having their best interest in mind. The juvenile courtroom adjudicate accepts and bears many responsibilities when it comes to making the last notion to what happens with the juvenile in many cases. The court judge may declare that the juvenile be placed into a facility for the better care of the juvenile. The judge takes into consideration what is the best outcome at that time for the juvenile.