Gender Sexuality And Diversity Studies Criminology Essay

Published: Last Edited:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

In today's society, both domestic and family violence come across as one of the main issues that are occurred in our lives. Domestic violence occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate or harm the other. Family violence is known as a serious social issue that affects the health and well-being of thousands of Australians and has long term effects on the Australian community as a whole. The Legislation introduced for this particular issue is The Domestic and Family Violence Protection Act 1989. Issues relevant to defining violence include the importance of cruelty of aggressive behaviour in relationships, relationships among types of abusive behaviour, and ability of descriptive models of partner violence.

Domestic violence is defined as any type of abusive behaviour by one partner that attempts to gain and maintain control over the other. It is when one partner deliberately tries to, or does, manipulate and dominate the other partner, using high power and control. Abuse does not have to be physical or sexual to be domestic violence. It can happen in all types of relationships, either straight or homosexual. According to the Commonwealth's Office for Women, domestic violence can be shown in many forms, including physical violence, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, or verbal abuse. It can also occur in all geographic areas of Australia and cultural groups but it is a more significant problem for certain groups, such as regional and rural Australia and Indigenous communities. Indigenous Australians are known as both victims and perpetrators all violent crimes caused in Australia. Statistics cited in the Australian component of the International Violence Against Women Survey, which was published in 2004, show that the rate of family violence persecute for Indigenous women may be 40 times the rate for non-Indigenous women that despite representing just over two per cent of the total Australian population. Indigenous women were found to be accounted 15 per cent for homicide victims in Australia in 2002-03. [1] 

The Family Law Act 1975 defined family violence as 'conduct, whether actual or threatened, by a person towards, or towards the property of, a member of the person's family that causes that or any other member of the person's family reasonably to fear for, or reasonably to be apprehensive about, his or her personal well-being or safety.' [2] Common forms of violence in families include spouse/partner abuse, child abuse/neglect, parental abuse and sibling abuse.

The legislation for domestic and family violence is The Domestic and Family Violence Protection Act 1989, also known as the 'Act'. The Act defines domestic relationships as spousal relationships, intimate personal relationships, family relationships and informal care relationships. It aims to provide safety and protection for people who are in violent relationships who experiencing these types of violence. It provides protection for people who experiencing violence by allowing a court to make an order. The Act recognises that some people may do not want to end their relationship but just want the violence to stop. This means that the person seeking protection and the person who committed the abuse can continue to have contact with each other and live in the same household if that is what they both want.

An article called 'New order for family violence' was found in The Age on April 29th 2009, in the National section, written by Demi Cooke. This article argues about domestic and family violence orders which could be assessed by law enforcement agencies. It announces how Kevin Rudd puts aside a whole heap of money in funding for violence prevention programs and public information campaigns and services to deal with the issue. Demi Cooke stated that the family violence orders for protecting women and their children will be enforced across all the states that are under a Federal Government plan to create a national record of orders which are issued by the courts and the federal police. Attorney-General Robert McClelland had said that there were some important advantages to having a central system where information about domestic and family violence orders could be accessed by law-enforcement agencies. In response to this, Kevin Rudd put together almost $40 million, $12.5 million towards a 24-hour crisis telephone line, and the other $26 million spent on funding for violence prevention programs and a public information campaign.

According to Elizabeth M. Schneider's book called 'Woman and Feminist Lawmaking', it argues how feminists in the 19th century argued that violence against women were inextricably linked, but it took a woman's rights to bring this issue of domestic violence to national attention and to the domestic violence against the law.

A domestic violence article was found on Emedicine on August 18th 2009, written by Lynn Barkley. The article discusses the frequency of violence, what effects patients go through if violated and the causes of violence. In the United States, it was stated that in 2001, domestic violence was causal in 20% of nonfatal violence directed against women and in 3% directed toward men. A 2002 study report was found which showed that 29% of women and 22% of men report having experienced physical, sexual, or psychological intimate partner violence during their lifetime. Also, almost 5.3 million incidents of domestic violence occur yearly among American women aged 18 years and older, with 3.2 million occurring among men [3] .

Some significant issues which are relevant to domestic violence include the importance of cruel behaviour in partner relationships and relationships in the middle of types of abusive behaviour. Different types of abusive behaviour should be taken to account for variation in partner abuse.

In conclusion, both domestic and family violence are known as one of the main issues that are occurred in our lives. It can happen in all types of relationships. Domestic violence is a serious crime that thrives on the use of emotional, psychological and physical abuse to control and isolate the victim. This can be prevented if people spoke out against it. Talking about the seriousness of domestic violence amongst friends, family and other community members may helps to keep the importance out there. The Act was introduced so people who have been assaulted in ways know that there is something out there that provides safety and protection those who experience it.