Examining Drug Abuse Murder And Other Crimes Criminology Essay

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Juvenile courts are based off false ground in which the courts are made to treat young criminals rather than punishing them for their wrong actions. The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1972 was made to shield young criminals from dealing with the consequences of their behavior, but this approach was short-lived as juvenile crimes rate began to soar. (Vasudevan 103) Juvenile courts fail to force juveniles to realize their actions. It is better to stop the trend of crime from the first offense of the juvenile than the fourth or fifth offense. Not every child can be properly treated. For the young criminals who commit dangerous crimes and do not have the willingness for rehabilitation, the laws allow juveniles to transfer to adult criminal courts. Part of the punishment process, either by serving jail time or community service, is to learn that crime is not acceptable and punishment must be made in order to stop crime from happening again and to teach juveniles that wrong doing will not be tolerated.

Juvenile courts fail to stop violence after the teens are released from the rehabilitation center. Like adult criminals, juveniles tend to fall under the same tendency to continue and break the laws. If 'nothing happens' to the young offenders, they are convinced that they have an exclusive contract with the court permitting them to break the law. (Siberman 345) Juveniles often get a second chance allowed by the government at making the right decisions because of their youthfulness. However, most juveniles are not affected by the treatment provided to them. Andrea Banda, a strong opposer of juvenile courts has said:

If juveniles are tried and convicted as minors in murder trials, then they will use that as an excuse to kill other people. They may think that it isn't too heavy a price to serve a years in a juvenile prison for killing someone they really didn't like. What is the lesson in that?

Treatment given as the rehabilitation's centers is not effective. Adolescents will use the rehabilitation center as an excuse for their actions. Not only it is ineffective, juvenile court focuses more on the lives of those who commit crime for the purposes of social control rather than social welfare of the society. (Hickey 143) Giving the same harsh punishment to juveniles, as an adult would receive would deter them from any further crimes, which will result in a lower the crime rate. (Borkar)

Justice needs to be served, not matter who commits the crime. Victims are effected by the crimes are suffering and want justice. Being young is no excuse to not be punished properly to the law. There is little reason for not holding juveniles responsible under the same law as adults. The victim of a fifteen-year-old mugger is as mugged as the victim of a twenty-year-old, the victim of a fourteen-year-old murder is as dead as the victim of a twenty-year-old. (Van Den Haag 174) The results remain the same and the need for social defense is the same. Adolescents understand the implications of violence because they are sophisticated in this day and age. With the modern technology, it is absurd to claim that a kid, who sees the result of violent behavior and crime in the news every day, doesn't understand what crime really is. (Reaves) Children are intelligent enough to realize what weapons can cause death and that it is extremely dangerous to use one. Even then, juveniles who commit murder or commit any dangerous crime, then they should be tried as adults, whether a person is 12 years old or 30 years old, one is fully aware of his choice to intentionally harm someone or take another person's life. (Banda)

Many people claim that parents are the ones responsible for the teenager's crimes and their criminal actions. Some parents are not taking care of their children, letting them play with weapons or hang out with the wrong people. Teenagers, especially, are going through a tough time in their lives, being pressured to do certain things or their parents expose violence in their homes. But one becomes aware of their intentions and realizes the difference between right and wrong at a very young age. It is very unlikely that an adolescent below the age of 10 to commit a serious crime. (Borkar) At the age of 11, children are well aware if they are doing something that is hurting another person; it does not take a genius to realize this when someone is in pain. Everyone have responsibilities to keep themselves safe and others. No matter what situation an underage person or adult is in, crime is never acceptable and should never be forgotten.

Whether a person is young should be no excuse for violent criminal actions. Juveniles who act like adult should be tired as adults, since doing crime is considered an adult activity. Juvenile courts do not stop crime from happening, but rather treat the juveniles, which is not effective. It does not stop crime from happening, where as punishment works. Juvenile court doesn't give proper justice for those who are affected by the crime. The fact is, a crime affects the society negatively one way or another and will never get back what lost due to the criminal activity.