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The criminal justice system is a system set by organisations in order to detect crime and aims to deliver justice to criminals.
Criminal justice is in relation to society's strict reaction to crime in addition to be defined specifically in terms of series of decision as well as actions taken by a number of agencies in response to a precise crime or criminal activities. (Malcolm Davies, at al, 2005, p.8)
There are number of agencies that work together to deliver the Criminal Justice System. This includes; the Police, Prosecutors, Courts, Prisons, Probation, Youth Justice and many more across England and Wales which work are supervised and managed by three government departments- The Home Office, The Ministry Of Justice and The Attorney General's office.
For this assignment, i am going to be identifying the role of the "Youth Justice" and the function as well as the issues this agency faces in its service delivery to youth in the society.
There are many young offenders in the society today; various have chosen to break the law of their individual accord whereas several have been unluckily false into it by friends or gangs. Young offenders come from all difficulties of life, with such it is hard to say what attitudes are shown by them however regardless of what makes them law breaker, they need help and support multi agencies working together to help offenders get back on the right path.
The Youth Justice, Formally known as Juvenile Justice Teams is aim to prevent young people in the society from getting involved in crime and anti-social behaviour. It delivers this by; preventing crime and the fear of crime, identifying and dealing with young offenders and lastly, reducing reoffending. Furthermore, it involved with parents, carers as well as guardians. The Youth Justice Board is a central board that monitors the work of the youth justice system and work of the Youth Offending Teams. (Malcolm Davies, at al, 2005, p.5).The Youth Offending Teams are made up of bodies from various agencies such as social services, probation, police, education andÂ health, bringing their professional skills to take part in preventing young people from crime.Â The Youth Justice System also includes Youth Courts as well as the institution in which young people are held in detention.
The assessments applied by the Youth Offending Team requires them to communicate with the juvenile, their parents or carers along with services that have worked with the youth and their family in order to gather information about their criminal history (if they have offended before), education, health (if they have any medical condition), family and their geographical location. The Youth Offending Team uses the information they have draw together to protect the society as well as construct programmes of activities such as youth clubs, for the young offender that will address their needs moreover reduce the likelihood of them offending again. The Youth Offending Teams frequently re-examine these assessments plus modernize them when offenders' behaviour changes.
For young offenders, the Youth Offending Team uses what they call "Assets" to assess the young offenders. "Asset is a structured assessment tool to be used by Youth Offender Teams in England and Wales on all young offenders who come into contact with the criminal justice system." (http://www.yjb.gov.uk/en-gb/practitioners/assessment/asset.htm, accessed 14/01/2011).
Asset must be completed with all young due to be sentenced to a custodial or community order. The Youth Offending Team then uses the information assessed to make a reference to the court on a suitable sentence. They also use the information to categorize the activities that the young offender will be required to complete as part of their punishment. Finally, they also use is to identify whether work needs to be done with their family as well as identify how they will protect the public.
The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 enforced by the Labour Party to assist local authorities to establish youth offending teams and multi-agencies that are working together to formulate as well as implement the youth justice plans in order to set out how the youth justice services were monitored and funded as well as how the target for crime reduction could be met in each local area.
(John Muncie, 3rd edition, 2006, p.299)
This new system seeks to ensure that every agency in all region of the society can influence the behaviour of offenders and potential young criminals.
In general, the main concerns for Youth Offending teams were statutory groups. These are group of young people subject to a reprimand or final warning as well as conviction in court (also known as disposal). In particular, those in prevent or deter young offenders group are identified as a key priority. For example, cases such as anti-social behaviour order (ASBO) recipients, first-time offenders and those at risk of offending.
Research shows that youth offenders higher in people who come from families where the parents are young or from a large family, where there is limitation of education, high rates of poverty, dependency on social government (Benefits), lack of social support and high levels of family discord. These are common in the families who form the majority of the case for social care workers or other service provider. However, there is little study that directly tackles crime by children in need, nor of the problems of managing youth offending by children being looked after. (Farrington D, 1995, p.36)
The overall focus of the youth justice system is to prevent young people re offending again. The reform have seen the establishment of 154 or more Youth Offending Teams spread across England and Wales and in touch at least in theory with all young offenders who have participated in the criminal justice system. The Youth Offending Team manage a wide range of new Youth Justice Board programmes for young offenders, and results of a