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This research is aimed to determine whether drug trafficking in United States is increasing or decreasing along with an appropriate reason or justification by the help of the findings of the specific claims. The research explains about the drug trafficking and it's reducing/increasing factors. The claims also turn the relationship between the drug trafficking with other factors like health, safety, shared border, offenses etc.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: INTROCUCTION
Scope and nature of the Problem
Scope of this research is to make the readers aware of the fact that drug trafficking is of a serious concern to the United States of America and that they are certainly using different strategies and plan to eradicate this crime. This research will also make the readers gain insight concerning which countries or states are contributing towards rising drug trafficking in the United States. Along with this valuable information concerning which agencies are involved in reducing drug trafficking in the United States of America will also be addressed in this research.
Drug trafficking is rising at an increasing rate in the United States, if conditions prevail it is expected to increase in the near future. The rise in drug trafficking is also giving rise to other crimes such as prostitution, robbery, theft and even murder. Rise of drug trafficking at an increasing rate in United States. Drugs can be use as a precursor to serious crimes. The Government is still finding it difficult to eliminate this issue mainly due to reasons such as flaws as well as Unawareness with respect to eradicate this issue.
According to the study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Crime Victimization Survey 2004, the percentage of violent crime, 1993-57% dropped by, and is at its lowest level since it is these studies. Property crimes are in the same time also fell by 50%.
A high percentage of crime in the United States is directly related to the sale and use of illegal drugs. Drugs are smuggled into the country, organized crime groups, and intensive efforts by the government to stop illegal drug trade despite. Abusers are often offended; they try to break into homes and businesses raise money to pay for their drugs.
Drug abuse has caused considerable concern in the United States. The federal government has worked hard to stop the cultivation of opium, coca (for cocaine) and marijuana (marijuana and hashish for) in several countries. There were authorities established distinctive, with governments of other countries work together to drug traffickers within the United States to put the craft and outside. The underlying idea that no one is better suited as self-offenders youth crime to prevent. Experience has seen the inside of a prison has a deterrent effect may also have.
Other government programs to encourage private businesses youths from disadvantaged backgrounds a job or training offer, so they get their money legally, and the way in which crime is the only way to see do not get things that one want.
Specific Aspect of the research topic
This analysis covers information within United States, there are several drugs that are found which include methamphetamine, heroin, cocaine, PCP, and marijuana. Penalties attached to drug trafficking may differ, but in the majority of places these penalties are aimed to be harsh enough to de motivate individuals from selling drugs. This research report provides highlights of the history concerning how drug trafficking initially came to United Sates which includes, the first drug history of America can be dated to the 1850s when the Chinese, brought in opium as they began settling to the United States for work purposes which includes the mines where they were goldKahhan 2008. It is from here that Opium began to spread gradually. Very soon Americans of every age group started using opium, as they were getting crave for it. This research also helps in unveiling which countries or states are contributing towards the rise in drug trafficking in United States, and what strategies and agencies are there available to reduce drug trafficking in United States. Mexico is known as the chief foreign supplying zone within the United States of marijuana. Several agencies such as Federal Bureau of Investigation, Drug Enforcement Administration, and Bureau of Alcohol are working on strategies to combat drug trafficking. (Hluza, Marigny, 2009)This research will also provide the means and methods of how data is gathered, along with some anticipated results and predictions.
CHAPTER 2: METHODOLOGY
Methods of data Collection
The research is based on secondary sources that include newspapers, books, journals as well as searching for the Internet where there are some valuable sites that provide authentic facts and figures relating to drug trafficking rise and fall rate and the current rate that is prevailing with respect to drug trafficking. Factual data concerning what the government and agencies are doing in order to reduce trafficking is extremely important aspect that I aim to cover in this research by going over newspapers, published documentaries and books. The research methodology of this report is thus qualitative instead of quantitative.
CHAPTER 3: DISCUSSION/ PRELIMINARY FINDINGS
The findings of this research include that drug trafficking and drug use have an extensive history in the United States. Unfortunately, an end to that history cannot be predicted in the future too soon. Mexican government is now taking steps and aims to continue taking further more steps in helping United States track the areas where drug business is working in Mexico and eradicate it, as well. This finding is predicted as seen that Mexico cooperation has enabled United States to improve their current situation, but yet they have to devise more strategies to make their goal more attainable.
Homeland Securityââ‚¬â„¢s Department is involved in protecting the boundaries of America from activities relating to trafficking of drugs. Earlier, Homeland Security flew drones over the border of U.S. Mexican in order to search for illegal immigrants but there were loop holes in this as their communication system would fail occasionally. . (Paoli, Letizia, 2002). Hence, now as a more active approach the drones are taking on a new mission which is, hunting drug cartels in Mexico and this with the help of Mexico will certainly be a positive steps towards reducing drug trafficking that prevailing in the United States.
Claim: The fight against drug trafficking in the United States will not only reduce the health and safety of today's generation, but of children's future.
Drug trafficking is a crime is to facilitate or promote the consumption of illicit drugs and addictive substances that threaten the health public for profit, although this definition may vary according to different criminal laws of each state. (Paoli 2002)
There are three types of drug trafficking within established based on the means used for drug trafficking. These three types are (Fazey 2007)
Air Traffic: It consists in that it uses as a means of transit, vessels or public or private aircraft for air carrying narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances.
Vessel Traffic: It consists in that it uses as a means of transport ships, boats, etc. to sea carrying narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances deposited in containers or elsewhere in the vessel.
Traffic road: It consists in that it uses as a means of traffic, vehicles or other means of road transport, to land traffics narcotics or psychotropic substances, in whatever form to be packed.
But there is another outstanding figure of drug trafficking by human, which is a new type well known in narcomulas (McLennan 2008) which is inserted into the stomach of one individual some amount of finger guards to facilitate the traffic of several grams of drugs, which in many cases are unsuccessful due to the rupture of finger stalls, which can lead to death of narcomula, all this in order to evade the action of security that are becoming more rigorous and intense, especially at airports, on behalf of the fight against drug trafficking.
Initially, the war against drugs was a stage that had a lot of repression, unilaterally, and some ingenuity. It was believed that it was sufficient to eradicate the crop areas, curb addicts, dealers and business leaders, increase and improve the systems of control and create campaign customs discouraged consumption, to contain the waves flowing from drug-producing countries and American refiners. Thus, measures were implemented to eradicate coca crops, improve the detection and confiscation of proceeds, increasing arrests of those involved in the business and enact legislation increasingly severe penalties for consumption, possession and trafficking drug. But all these measures proved futile. (Mcketin 2009) It then started to struggle more and more front: it established a network of intelligence to detect and intervene clandestine drug mailings, were seized materials for the refining, improved control of customs and border surveillance, airports and coasts, is extradited to the United States renowned drug dealers are in a closer relation between the global anti-drug police and started the program for promotion of alternative crops to coca. Each hectare eradicated with the use of powerful defoliants that polluted the environment, we were new plantings in virgin areas and increasingly remote. For each laboratory destroyed (and destroyed in Colombia only about 5,000 between 1984 and 1991), arose other increasingly sophisticated and more hidden in the jungle, to extraditions (be extradited 38 drug traffickers. (Miovsky 2007)
Claim: The shared border, a long history of border crossing, Mexico's key location in an area Between a drug, producing and consumption country abundantly has had a long-term effect on the drug problem in United States.
According to a personnel of Defense department United States is developing a safety program to be implemented at the border of Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. The border security plan will be developed in the context of U.S. anti-drug cooperation in the southern Mexican border. Defense minister said that government main objective of addressing the "increasing pressure" involving drug trafficking and organized crime in Central America. Before the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, Welchsler said the U.S. government will provide $ 51 million to Mexico for fiscal year 2011 to support the struggle for security. The need to control drug trafficking in Mexico's southern border was evidenced when, in September last year, the White House claimed that the drug trafficking in Central America was controlled by Mexican cartels. "As Mexico and Colombia continue to apply pressure on drug traffickers, the Central American countries are increasingly vulnerable to trafficking cocaine and other drugs that are intended primarily for the U.S. market", published the Annual Memorandum White House. (Fazey 2007)
Posters control certain border crossings between Mexico and the U.S.
The posters manage millions in profits dealing drugs, but controlling the border is critical to its operations. It's so keep that control through bribery, extortion, intimidation and extreme violence. So much so, officials in some border areas of Mexico there is so much violence that recalls the years of gangsterism in Chicago of the 1930s, or the five Mafia families in New York. In Juarez, for example, the severed heads of members of rival drug cartels are displayed outdoors on poles to intimidate them.
Corruption, terrorism and drug trafficking in the US-Mexico border
High levels of violence often overshadow the national security risks that exist in the border areas. Unfortunately, sometimes there are cases of border guards are corrupt, people who leave vehicles without reviewing spending in areas that are supposed to do. "These vehicles may contain narcotics or undocumented, but the worst thing is they may also contain parts to build the next bomb to be used by terrorists. We are working hard to make sure that does not happen. ââ‚¬Å“The FBI and the administration of drug enforcement, DEA, are waging a relentless struggle to combat the threat posed by drug trafficking and terrorism to the United States.
The National Strategy on the southwest border narcotics ordered federal agencies to increase cooperation and information sharing with state and local agencies responsible for enforcing the law, intensify national efforts to prevent the flow of arms and cash southward and calls for continued close collaboration with the government of Mexico in its efforts against drug cartels. The strategy is a vital component of the administration's national policy to control illegal drugs and is complemented by extensive efforts, to respond to threats along the border.
"The posters for illicit drug trafficking generate violence and violation of the law across the width of the border zone, reaching all our communities, large and small," said Attorney General Eric Holder. "In seeking greater cooperation between the U.S. and the government of Mexico, as well as better communication between agencies responsible for enforcing the law in the United States, the National Strategy on the southwest border narcotics presented provides an effective way to dismantle cartels and make our country safer.
CHAPTER 4: JUSTIFICATION/ CONCLUSION
This subject is extremely important as day by day drug trafficking not only in the United States, but also globally is becoming a serious issue as its rise in affected the economyââ‚¬â„¢s growth severely. (Kahhan, Nicole, 2008). It cannot be predicted that very soon drug trafficking will be reduced significantly in United States as there are still coordination issues internally in relation to the Department of Homeland Security. The fact that the Drug Enforcement Administration has unawareness of a lot of operations is also another reason why one cannot complete state that drug trafficking will reduce in United States. United States have taken action and if it continues to take more further progressive measures may be it can bring an impact if not reduce it significantly.
The president's strategy against narcotics will be instrumental in government efforts to curb illicit drug trafficking and violence across the border. The plan calls for tougher inspections, more staff responsible for law and close coordination with our partners in Mexico. While, we strive to federal and state and local governments guarantee the reservation and security in our communities. Together we will continue to reduce the flow of illegal drugs along the southwest border, and ensuring that those who ignore our laws are prosecuted.
There is a greater integration of intelligence work with other police agencies, domestic and foreign competition in this field (in the case of Venezuela), as it is unavoidable need to make common cause to defeat an enemy that threatens humanity, which destabilizes the structures of states themselves and the society, that takes lives and property and that it strikes at the youth especially.