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Within units 7 – 8 the analysing of Crime statistics and the requirements needed to be in place in order to research crime rate in your area will be looked at to see whether these statistics are a viable resource worth using.
Getting the information and looking through your data and then putting the information in to the relevant; either graphs, tables or pie charts.
This then gives the reader the overall view of what crime has been committed, what percentage is the crime rate for that specific crime and whether there is enough information that has been collect for you to come to a reasonable conclusion.
RESEARCH CRIME RATES IN YOUR AREA AND ANALYSIS THE FINDINGS.
Looking at crime rate within the Shropshire area and specifically Newport, show a reduction in the level of crime but combined with other districts statistics they make up a larger and more detailed picture of the real crime statistics within Shropshire.
These statistics correlated in the pie chart and graph show the criminal statistics in Newport are low and statistically make up a small fraction in the graph as the graph is showing statistics for the Shropshire area (See Appendix 1: Figure 1: Pie chart for Newport-Crime Breakdown May 2013-2014.)
(Appendix 1: Figure 2: Graph- Crime and ASB chart.)
(Appendix 1: Figure 3: Pie chart for Shropshire-Crime Breakdown 2 May 2013-2014.) Anon 1 (No date)
The statistics are based upon per 1000 people, who are residents of that area, they are formed into categories of specific crimes and then from each area of that they are compiled into a graph, table or a pie chart.
These then are brought together by Police and Government to calculate the statistics of the crime rate in each county. This overall result giving the Authorities with reference to Police or Government the tools to evaluate where and which areas need improvement and in so doing put in to place strategies that can reduce the crime rate of one or all crimes.
This can be seen as crime statistics are based on either a monthly or 6 monthly rotation whether in that month or 6 monthly these statistics have increased or decreased and what has been put in to place to reduce the crimes in question will show if any strategies have been initiated. (Flatley, J. 2014).
The statistics of any crime report goes on what types of crimes have been committed, what percentage have committed these crimes and whether or not the strategies the authorities have put in place are working and if so how do you know this?
As seen in Figure 1: Pie chart-Crime breakdown the area of Newport has a low crime rate as this being a small market town still has an impact upon the overall crime statistics for Shropshire this makes up a fraction of the crime rate. Anon 2 (No date).
The need to have an overall crime report means local authorities can review which areas of criminal activity are in need of help using crime prevention tactics.
Other crime websites publish a yearly out take of the crime that have been committed and again publishing this on a wider scale enables conclusions to be made to where the areas are most in need of most support.
‘Within the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the police having collected the data and recorded it, compare this with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics, this is then compiled to meet the National statistics’. (Flatley, J. 2014).
There are two different sources and this includes the Crime Survey of England & Wales (CSEW; previously known as the British Crime Survey) and the Police Recorded Crime.
These crimes are then complied to view a greater picture, and are an assemblance of other police reports which still may not give a full explanation for the crime in question as some are not dealt within a court situation so may not be part of the statistics and not be placed in the information of the criminal activity.
All crimes are dealt with accordingly and are punishable by Law, the crime committed may incur a fixed fine, and this is for a lesser crime e.g. dropping litter. Crimes of a serious nature are then processed and held in a Court of Law and a Judge and jury have to deliberate the consequences of the individual’s action and punish accordingly.
With the CSEW and the Police Recorded Crime there are discrepancies with the information that is collected as not all this is used and certain information is discarded from both of the data’s collected. The data that is not used is still criminal in origin even though not recorded statistically is classed as crime, and still amounting to a fine, or community service.
With the CSEW occurs with the society this then is necessary to be able to satisfy their Crime encounters this is looked at also by TSN-BMRB (TSN- Taylor Nelson Sofres and BMRB- British Market Research). TSN- BMRB (2012)
‘This “Offence Coding” aims to reflect the Home Offices counting Rules for recorded crime which governs how the police record offences reported to them’ Anon (no date)(3)
Looking at the data and going over it too see whether this is a Criminal Act and whether this has betide.
The crime statistics are defined by ‘Notifiable Offences List’, what this is where the crimes are covered and yet there are some criminal activities that are not documented and these are still criminal offences.
These include offences such as dropping litter, being drunk in a public place or anywhere other than your home and also people who beg are statistical offences. These crimes are noted and they are not used in the main crime statistics but are subsequently reported and this then gives a wider perspective on what has been provided data wise. Anon 3(2014)
So the crimes notes in pie charts and graphs (See Appendix 1: Figure 1-3: Pie chart and graph- Crime Breakdown 1-2, Crime and ASB Totals) are the crimes of a serious nature and require a great deal of investigation into them, for the authorities to be able to come to a conclusion and statistically make the right choices on how best to tackle the on going crimes.
The information that is found in the main body is that crime varies and reports in the pie charts and graphs are crimes that have been reported to the local authorities, even though not all crimes are noted in the statistics they are still criminal.
Also having police reports and statistics helps paint a bigger picture of the crime rate and what has increased in the areas and then the authorities that are need can then tackle the crime and see what has triggered an increase in criminal activity and tackle it head on. Not all crimes increase so then the authorities can then look over what plans have been put in place to reduce the crimes in the areas?
Anon (2012) Crime survey for England and Wales. [Online] Available at: http://www.crimesurvey.co.uk/about.html [Accessed 1st August 2014].
Anon (No date) Quality and Methodology Information. [Online] Available at: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/methos-quality/quality/quality-information/index.html [Accessed 1st August 2014].
Anon (No date) Uk Crime Stats. [Online] Available at: http://www.ukcrimestats.com/Neighbourhood/West_Mercia_police [Accessed 1st August 2014].
Anon (2014) Information paper- Quality and Methodology Information. [Online] Available at: http://file:///C:/users/Lisa/Downloads/qmicrimejulyupdate14finalfarpub_tcm77-361184%20(2).pdf [Accessed 1st August 2014].
Flatley, J. 2014. Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending December 2013. Available at: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/dcp171778_360216_pdf [Accessed 1st August 2014].
Figure 1: Pie chart 1- Crime Breakdown 1- May 2013-2014. (Newport)
Figure 2: Graph- Crime and ASB Total
Figure 3: Pie chart- Crime Breakdown 2- May 2013-2014. (Shropshire).