Civil Management plays an important role in the understanding of the process involved in the construction of building and how the overall management takes place henceforth. The report contains a detailed study of the management of the various areas in construction process and how civil engineering management from planning of financing of controlling takes place.
Here we study in detail the various safety and the health related aspects of the civil engineering management. A working knowledge of all relevant legislation involving safety, commercial and employment issues are also talked off in detail. Practical business management techniques are also covered with the emphasis on understanding and applying the areas of technical compliance and financial control.
The various health related issues are studies and conclusions to solve the problems related to the safety hazards in civil works are given. The various aspects involved in civil engineering the planning of the civil engineering management are done in detail. The operational, financial, human resources are discussed further in the report.
Construction planning is a fundamental and challenging activity in the management and execution of construction projects. It involves the choice of technology, the definition of work tasks, the estimation of the required resources and durations for individual tasks, and the identification of any interactions among the different work tasks. A good construction plan is the basis for developing the budget and the schedule for work. Developing the construction plan is a critical task in the management of construction, even if the plan is not written or otherwise formally recorded. In addition to these technical aspects of construction planning, it may also be necessary to make organizational decisions about the relationships between project participants and even which organizations to include in a project. For example, the extent to which sub-contractors will be used on a project is often determined during construction planning.
Some projects are primarily divided into expense categories with associated costs. In these cases, construction planning is cost or expense oriented. Within the categories of expenditure, a distinction is made between costs incurred directly in the performance of an activity and indirectly for the accomplishment of the project. For example, borrowing expenses for project financing and overhead items are commonly treated as indirect costs. For other projects, scheduling of work activities over time is critical and is emphasized in the planning process. In this case, the planner insures that the proper precedenceâ€™s among activities are maintained and that efficient scheduling of the available resources prevails. Traditional scheduling procedures emphasize the maintenance of task precedenceâ€™s (resulting in critical path scheduling procedures) or efficient use of resources over time (resulting in job shop scheduling procedures). Finally, most complex projects require consideration of cost and scheduling over time, so that planning, monitoring and record keeping must consider both dimensions. In these cases, the integration of schedule and budget information is a major concern. (Hendrickson, C., D. Martinelli, and D. Rehak)
Burj Dubai, Empire State Buildings are taken as the reference case to study in detail the construction management in civil engineering. Burj Dubai is only a small part of what's beeing constructed in Dubai, the amusement park Dubai land will be twice the size of Walt Disney World in Florida and Dubai Mall the largest department store in the world of which both of them already are under construction.
The project has been scrutinized by human rights groups, who have objected to its treatment of laborers, as well as by environmentalists who said the tower would act as a power vacuum, increasing the city's already massive carbon footprint. But despite the criticism, many say the edifice, believed to have cost $1.5 billion to build, is an architectural marvel.
The development of a construction plan is very much analogous to the development of a good facility design. The planner must weigh the costs and reliability of different options while at the same time insuring technical feasibility. Construction planning is more difficult in some ways since the building process is dynamic as the site and the physical facility change over time as construction proceeds. On the other hand, construction operations tend to be fairly standard from one project to another, whereas structural or foundation details might differ considerably from one facility to another.
Forming a good construction plan is an exceptionally challenging problem. There are numerous possible plans available for any given project. While past experience is a good guide to construction planning, each project is likely to have special problems or opportunities that may require considerable ingenuity and creativity to overcome or exploit. Unfortunately, it is quite difficult to provide direct guidance concerning general procedures or strategies to form good plans in all circumstances. There are some recommendations or issues that can be addressed to describe the characteristics of good plans, but this does not necessarily tell a planner how to discover a good plan. However, as in the design process, strategies of decomposition in which planning is divided into sub problems and hierarchical planning in which general activities are repeatable subdivided into more specific tasks can be readily adopted in many cases.(Pre-Project Planning Handbook ,Publication 39-2, April 1995)
Construction projects generally suffer from financial stiff and therefore have to be carefully funded. There is bidding system undertaken to fund these projetcs on a large scale. Underbids end up asking for very little money for the project completion. There are problems that emerge when the project costs are unable to meet the cost of the labour involved the material costing and are unable to dispense the cash for the overall completion of the project. Therefore fraudulent practises also take place in construction project. Therefore the financial plan has to be laid out in detail to sort out and take care of such problems in future and to ensure execution of plan from starting till end in appropriate manner.
Empire state was financially planned to cost $50 million but it resulted in huge profits as the building construction was completed in just $40,948,900 as a result of saving on the workers wages due to great depression that surged the economy. Hence turned out to be a profitable deal for the owners.
Large projects can involve highly complex financial plans. As portions of a project are completed, they may be sold, supplanting one lender or owner for another, while the logistical requirements of having the right trades and materials available for each stage of the building construction project carries forward. In many English speaking countries, but not the United States, projects typically use quantity surveyors.
A construction project is a complex net of contracts and other legal obligations, each of which must be carefully considered. A contract is the exchange of a set of obligations between two or more parties, but it is not so simple a matter as trying to get the other side to agree to as much as possible in exchange for as little as possible. The time element in construction means that a delay costs money, and in cases of bottlenecks, the delay can be extremely expensive. Thus, the contracts must be designed to ensure that each side is capable of performing the obligations set out. Contracts that set out clear expectations and clear paths to accomplishing those expectations are far more likely to result in the project flowing smoothly, whereas poorly drafted contracts lead to confusion and collapse.