The Ninth Malaysia Plan, 2006-2010 was presented in the Dewan Rakyat on 31 March 2006. The main policies and programmes of the Ninth Malaysia Plan have been intended to achieve the thrusts and objectives of the National Mission are:
Thrust One: To Move the Economy Up the Value Chain
Thrust Two: Enhancing the National Capacity for Knowledge and Innovation and Nurturing Citizens with "First Class Mentality"
Thrust Three: Addressing Socio economic Disparities Constructively and Productively
Thrust Four: Enhancing the level and sustaining the quality of life
Thrust Five: Strengthen institutional and implementation capacity
On this Ninth Malaysia Plan, the Government allocated RM200 billion for development expenditure in year 2001 to 2006. From this amount, it is about 30% has been set aside for housing and infrastructure development. These sectors were included in Forth Thrust which is to enhance the level and sustaining the quality of life.
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The allocation of expenditure for this Thrust as below:
Areas of focus
Allocation, RM billion
Roads, rail transport, ports, airports, water supply, sewerage & flood
Low-cost housing for the poor & housing for public-sector employees
The outcome of the initiatives of Ninth Malaysia Plan
Meeting housing needs and improving urban services
Based on the achievement in Eighth Malaysia Plan, the number of houses built exceeded the set targets. The quality of low cost houses also improved. On this Ninth Malaysia Plan, the government increased the allocation to build housing which is to provide the sufficient quality and affordable housing for all citizens, especially for those in the lower income group. Approximately 43,800 units of low cost houses through Program Perumahan Rakyat will be built by the Government. Syarikat Perumahan Negara Berhad was complemented for the building of approximately 29,000 low and medium cost houses. This will be a great chance to promote the use of the Industrialised Building System (IBS) in the construction of affordable homes.
Improving transportation facilities and infrastructure
Limited road capacity is the factor resulting to high incidence of road accidents and traffic congestion is extremely unproductive for the country. The establishment of the Public Transport Trust Fund will be one of the initial steps to improve the public transportation system effectively.
The commuter, LRT and monorail systems have proven to be effective investments. Nevertheless, these systems need to be integrated comprehensively with a wider network in order to become the choice mode of transportation. In order to let this system get the high demand the services of the system must be improved to provide on-time services, increase in frequencies and less waiting time. The growth of new residential areas, new commercial centres and complexes, new public infrastructure such as schools and also population growth and density also need to take account by transportation planner.
A National Commission will be established to regulate the overall public transportation system in the country and a specific commission will be established for the Klang Valley. Integrated transport terminals will be built in Gombak and Bandar Tasik as transit hubs to Kuala Lumpur. A number of major projects across the country, including the Penang Monorail and the Eastern Dispersal Link in Johor also will be implemented by the Government. Other than that, the construction of new roads and upgrade current roads to facilitate access to less developed areas and to link regional growth centres with areas that have tourism potential also will be continued by the Government.
Enhancing the domestic tourism
In order to develop Malaysia as a main international tourist destination, while enhancing domestic tourism, the Government allocated RM1 billion to enhancing access and facilities for tourist arrivals, and improving as well as maintaining amenities and infrastructure. Malaysia had the advantage as a centre for conferences, event organisation, sports facilities, exhibitions and conventions as well as its wealth in arts and crafts, shopping and recreation.
Improving the agriculture sector
A large portion of the allocation of RM11.4 billion that has been allocated for agriculture sector will be for the development of infrastructure for irrigation and drainage, R&D. Other than main projects such as replanted more than 380,000 hectares of land with rubber and palm oil, it is also included 28 Permanent Food Production Parks comprising a land area of almost 2,400 hectares, an Agropolis at Serdang and National Food Terminals (TEMAN) at Ipoh and Kota Bharu. We will also increase the development areas of oil palm clusters, livestock valleys, fruit valleys, aquaculture parks and Halal food parks
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Improving education facilities
180 primary schools and 229 secondary schools and full boarding schools will be built by The Government. Dilapidated schools will be replaced, especially those in Sabah and Sarawak. Furthermore, to improve and enhance rural school facilities, primarily in Sabah and Sarawak, RM1.15 billion is allocated. This is occurs of awareness by The Government that 1,598 schools in Malaysia do not have piped water and 809 schools do not have 24-hour electricity supply.
The Government will also construct the Universiti Darul Iman in Terengganu, Universiti Darul Naim in Kelantan and a number of polytechnics. Vocational training facilities by establishing Community Colleges, MARA Training Centres and Centres of Advanced Technology will be increased by the Government too.
Improving the rural area
A total of RM1.2 billion will be utilised to improve water supply to rural areas; RM1 billion for rural electrification, RM2.7 billion for rural road construction and RM900 million for construction of village roads. New regional development authorities will be established in Sabah and Sarawak to develop rural areas and rural growth centres. This initiative will generate income and employment, particularly in modern agriculture, agro-based industries, and the services sector to consolidate villages as well as establish growth centres.
Enhancing water supply systems and overcoming floods
'The Government will focus on improving the quality, coverage and reliability of water supply. Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Air Negara (SPAN) will regulate the quality of water supply throughout the country to safeguard the interests of consumers. Water supply infrastructure will be built and upgraded. Among the major projects that will be implemented include the Pahang-Selangor Inter State Raw Water Transfer, Triang and Batu Hampar Water Supply Scheme in Negeri Sembilan, Sandakan Phase 2 in Sabah as well as Phase 2 of Langat Water Treatment Plant in Selangor. The Government will also allocate RM1.48 billion to rehabilitate the distribution network to reduce the rate of non-revenue water from 38 percent in 2005 to 30 percent by 2010' (Abdullah, 2006).
New projects under Ninth Malaysia Plan
â€¢ Sarawak and Perak Technology parks to be set up
â€¢ 20 industrial parks and SMEs parks to be set up throughout the country
â€¢ Govt to build 180 primary and 229 secondary schools
â€¢ Universiti Darul Iman in Terengganu and Universiti Darul Naim in Kelantan to be built
â€¢ Second Penang Bridge to spur development in Penang, Kedah & Perak
â€¢ 8 new hospitals to be built
â€¢ Govt to build Penang monorail
â€¢ Govt to build Eastern Dispersal Link in Johor
â€¢ Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Air Negara to regulate nation's water supply Pahang-Selangor Inter State Raw Water Transfer project, Triang and Batu Hampar Water Supply Scheme in Negeri Sembilan, Sandakan Phase 2 in Sabah and Phase 2 of Langat Water Treatment Plant in Selangor to be built to ensure reliability of water supply.
â€¢ 13 community sports complexes to be built
â€¢ Construction of ring roads and bypasses in Georgetown, Pulau Pinang
â€¢ 2 integrated transport terminals in Gombak & Bandar Tasik Selatan
â€¢ RM500m to replace old pipes and install new meters in Selangor, Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya
â€¢ Simpang Pulai-Gua Musang-Kuala Terengganu Road
â€¢ East Coast Highway Phase 2 in Terengganu
â€¢ Upgrading of Oya-Mukah-Balingan Road (Sarawak)
â€¢ New Sibu-Bawang-Assan-Seredang Road (Sarawak)
â€¢ Construction Of Deep Sea Fishing Complex in Tanjung Manis (Sarawak)
â€¢ Sepulut-Kalabakan Road and Sipitang-Tenon Road (Sabah)
â€¢ Trans-Eastern Kedah Hinterland Highway in Kedah
â€¢ Expansion of Kulim Hi-Tech Industrial park
â€¢ Pulau Pinang Outer Ring Road
â€¢ Construction of the National Food terminal in Ipoh
â€¢ Banting-Taiping Coastal Highway
â€¢ Govt to build 43,800 low cost houses
The construction sector is expected to record a robust growth of 5.8% per annum, contributed mainly by civil engineering activities as well as the residential and commercial proper subsector. The implementation of social and physical infrastructure projects will generate growth in this sector. The development of regional growth corridors will further stimulate the expansion of this sector.
Gross Domestic Product by
Industry Origin, 2006-2010
Gross Domestic Product by
Public investment is anticipated to grow at 6.3% per annum, taking into account the expected additional capital expenditure of non-financial public enterprises and the general government. The Government will continue to implement programmes and projects to expand the productive capacity of the economy. Focus will be on peoplecentred projects such as poverty eradication, reducing disparities and the provision of social and physical infrastructure. Private consumption will continue to be a major source of growth and is expected to grow at 7.6% per annum with its share to GDP increasing to 52.9% in 2010. Consumer confidence is anticipated to improve further with increasing employment opportunities and higher disposable income. Public consumption is expected to grow at 6.6% per annum, reflecting higher expenditure on emoluments to improve the delivery system.
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