The Key Proffesions In The Construction Idustry Construction Essay

Published:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

For this project we are asked to list and identify the key professions in the construction industry, carry out research about two construction projects and describe the size and scope of these projects and to describe the role undertaken by a certain profession on one of the two projects that have been researched.

The two construction projects that I have chosen to research are the Heathrow Terminal 5 development in London U.K and the Central China Television (CCTV) Headquarters building in Beijing China.

Both of these projects used worldwide renowned based consultancy and design engineering firm Arup to work in conjunction with well known architects and contractors, such as Mott Macdonald, HOK, Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, East China Architecture and Design Institute and OMA Stedebouw BV to produce worldwide recognised developments.

There were many obstacles that the Architects, Engineers and Contractors faced during every process from start to finish during the construction of these developments especially with the complex design of the Central China Television (CCTV) Headquarters.

Both projects have also encountered problems since there completion with Heathrow Terminal 5 experiencing problems with baggage for the first few weeks after it opened which took the gloss off what a fascinating piece of construction that it is even though these problems were not construction related. The Central China Television (CCTV) Headquarters actually caught fire on February 9th 2009 after fireworks which were thought to be illegal firecrackers were set off too close to the building and it evidently caught fire. Remarkably there was no long term damage to the structure of the building however one fire fighter was tragically killed during the incident.

Both Structures are landmark buildings of their kind and could be thought of as benchmarks for future developments that could take 21st century designs to a new level.

Key Professions in the Construction Industry

There are many different professions in the construction industry, starting from the people at the top such as the Clients, Architects and Engineers right down to labourers on site. Even though there is a hierarchy in the construction industry no one should be thought of more highly than anyone else, everyone should considered an equal. Usually the people considered to be at the bottom of the 'food chain' are the ones more likely to get hurt on sites and therefore should not be less thought of than an architect.

The following are some of the jobs involved on the construction industry from top to bottom:

Clients

Architects

Engineering

Civil engineers

Structural engineers

CAD Technicians

Building services engineers

Environmental Engineers

Health and Safety Managers

Contractors

Estimators

Buyers

Project Managers

Contracts Managers

Site Managers

Design coordinators

Procurement Managers

Construction managers

M&E coordinators

Design Managers

Foreman

Bid Managers

Health & Safety Officers/Managers

Environmental Managers

Ecologists

Surveying

Quantity surveyor

Building surveyor

General practice surveyor

Builders

Joiners

Labourers

Brick layers

Obviously as with every project a Client is required otherwise the project would not be thought of and there would be no backing financially; in terms of the 'food chain' they are at the very top. The idea of the client is then passed on to the Architect who will then come up with a design suitable for the needs and requirements of the project within an agreed budget. Once a design has been made Consulting Engineers and Contractors will submit their tenders for the right to carry out the work on the project. The Engineers will then be responsible for carrying out any Structural and Civil Engineering works required to ensure the project is competent in those areas. Building Services and Environmental Engineers may also be required to carry out M&E works and Environmental issues such as BREEAM. The Contractor will then carry out the construction works on the project and may need to appoint Sub-Contractors also. The most important part of any construction project is Health and Safety. Consultancy firms and also Contractors will appoint H&S Managers/Officers to ensure the safe well being of everyone involved on a construction site and will follow strict guidelines to ensure that this is so. As mentioned above there are many other professions in the construction industry and without everyone involved on a project working together as one, the project will not be a success.

Construction Projects

Heathrow Terminal 5

Location: London

Country: United Kingdom

Client: BAA

Collaborators: Pascall + Watson

HOK

yrm

Mott Macdonald

Laing O'Rourke

Architect: Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners

Engineers: Arup

Overview

£4.3bn project creates additional capacity of up to 35 million passengers a year.

Arup worked as part of a collocated, integrated team.

Multidisciplinary services included design management and 4D planning.

According to Arup's own website referring to the Heathrow Terminal 5 project;

"To meet the challenges of this vast project, Arup worked as part of a team assembled by BAA under a bespoke partnering contract, 'The T5 Agreement'. Collocated, integrated teams involved suppliers from the outset, working together with an emphasis on design for manufacturing and assembly and a focus on safety. Arup provided multidisciplinary services, from project management to people movement studies.

The Terminal 5 project included the main terminal building and two smaller satellite terminals, an extension to the rail lines for the Heathrow Express and London Underground Piccadilly Line, 60 aircraft stands and associated airfield infrastructure a 4,000-space multi-storey car park a control tower and a 600-bed hotel.

All companies under the T5 agreement came together as an integrated team, with over 1,000 designers working on 16 separate projects.

Design management assisted decision-making by consolidating information and presenting it in a clear and consistent way. An example of this success was the 4D planning tool used at the terminal's interchange plaza. The tool linked CAD data to one or more schedules, helping to identify potential clashes between contractors, and saved £2.5m in the first nine months of use.

Because the 4D models could be viewed in standard digital formats, everyone involved in the project could see several years of work unfolding in less than a minute and could resolve issues in advance".

Writing Services

Essay Writing
Service

Find out how the very best essay writing service can help you accomplish more and achieve higher marks today.

Assignment Writing Service

From complicated assignments to tricky tasks, our experts can tackle virtually any question thrown at them.

Dissertation Writing Service

A dissertation (also known as a thesis or research project) is probably the most important piece of work for any student! From full dissertations to individual chapters, we’re on hand to support you.

Coursework Writing Service

Our expert qualified writers can help you get your coursework right first time, every time.

Dissertation Proposal Service

The first step to completing a dissertation is to create a proposal that talks about what you wish to do. Our experts can design suitable methodologies - perfect to help you get started with a dissertation.

Report Writing
Service

Reports for any audience. Perfectly structured, professionally written, and tailored to suit your exact requirements.

Essay Skeleton Answer Service

If you’re just looking for some help to get started on an essay, our outline service provides you with a perfect essay plan.

Marking & Proofreading Service

Not sure if your work is hitting the mark? Struggling to get feedback from your lecturer? Our premium marking service was created just for you - get the feedback you deserve now.

Exam Revision
Service

Exams can be one of the most stressful experiences you’ll ever have! Revision is key, and we’re here to help. With custom created revision notes and exam answers, you’ll never feel underprepared again.