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For this project we are asked to list and identify the key professions in the construction industry, carry out research about two construction projects and describe the size and scope of these projects and to describe the role undertaken by a certain profession on one of the two projects that have been researched.
The two construction projects that I have chosen to research are the Heathrow Terminal 5 development in London U.K and the Central China Television (CCTV) Headquarters building in Beijing China.
Both of these projects used worldwide renowned based consultancy and design engineering firm Arup to work in conjunction with well known architects and contractors, such as Mott Macdonald, HOK, Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, East China Architecture and Design Institute and OMA Stedebouw BV to produce worldwide recognised developments.
There were many obstacles that the Architects, Engineers and Contractors faced during every process from start to finish during the construction of these developments especially with the complex design of the Central China Television (CCTV) Headquarters.
Both projects have also encountered problems since there completion with Heathrow Terminal 5 experiencing problems with baggage for the first few weeks after it opened which took the gloss off what a fascinating piece of construction that it is even though these problems were not construction related. The Central China Television (CCTV) Headquarters actually caught fire on February 9th 2009 after fireworks which were thought to be illegal firecrackers were set off too close to the building and it evidently caught fire. Remarkably there was no long term damage to the structure of the building however one fire fighter was tragically killed during the incident.
Both Structures are landmark buildings of their kind and could be thought of as benchmarks for future developments that could take 21st century designs to a new level.
Key Professions in the Construction Industry
There are many different professions in the construction industry, starting from the people at the top such as the Clients, Architects and Engineers right down to labourers on site. Even though there is a hierarchy in the construction industry no one should be thought of more highly than anyone else, everyone should considered an equal. Usually the people considered to be at the bottom of the 'food chain' are the ones more likely to get hurt on sites and therefore should not be less thought of than an architect.
The following are some of the jobs involved on the construction industry from top to bottom:
Building services engineers
Health and Safety Managers
Health & Safety Officers/Managers
General practice surveyor
Obviously as with every project a Client is required otherwise the project would not be thought of and there would be no backing financially; in terms of the 'food chain' they are at the very top. The idea of the client is then passed on to the Architect who will then come up with a design suitable for the needs and requirements of the project within an agreed budget. Once a design has been made Consulting Engineers and Contractors will submit their tenders for the right to carry out the work on the project. The Engineers will then be responsible for carrying out any Structural and Civil Engineering works required to ensure the project is competent in those areas. Building Services and Environmental Engineers may also be required to carry out M&E works and Environmental issues such as BREEAM. The Contractor will then carry out the construction works on the project and may need to appoint Sub-Contractors also. The most important part of any construction project is Health and Safety. Consultancy firms and also Contractors will appoint H&S Managers/Officers to ensure the safe well being of everyone involved on a construction site and will follow strict guidelines to ensure that this is so. As mentioned above there are many other professions in the construction industry and without everyone involved on a project working together as one, the project will not be a success.
Heathrow Terminal 5
Country: United Kingdom
Collaborators: Pascall + Watson
Architect: Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
£4.3bn project creates additional capacity of up to 35 million passengers a year.
Arup worked as part of a collocated, integrated team.
Multidisciplinary services included design management and 4D planning.
According to Arup's own website referring to the Heathrow Terminal 5 project;
"To meet the challenges of this vast project, Arup worked as part of a team assembled by BAA under a bespoke partnering contract, 'The T5 Agreement'. Collocated, integrated teams involved suppliers from the outset, working together with an emphasis on design for manufacturing and assembly and a focus on safety. Arup provided multidisciplinary services, from project management to people movement studies.
The Terminal 5 project included the main terminal building and two smaller satellite terminals, an extension to the rail lines for the Heathrow Express and London Underground Piccadilly Line, 60 aircraft stands and associated airfield infrastructure a 4,000-space multi-storey car park a control tower and a 600-bed hotel.
All companies under the T5 agreement came together as an integrated team, with over 1,000 designers working on 16 separate projects.
Design management assisted decision-making by consolidating information and presenting it in a clear and consistent way. An example of this success was the 4D planning tool used at the terminal's interchange plaza. The tool linked CAD data to one or more schedules, helping to identify potential clashes between contractors, and saved £2.5m in the first nine months of use.
Because the 4D models could be viewed in standard digital formats, everyone involved in the project could see several years of work unfolding in less than a minute and could resolve issues in advance".