The International Broadcast Centre Construction Essay

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Traina Construction Services Ltd (TCS) have been contracted as principle contractor to carry out the overall construction management throughout the whole duration of the project from start to finish at the media centre in host for the London 2012 Olympic Games based in Stratford, London.

The Olympic Media Centre will be the International Broadcast Centre and the Main Press Centre for the upcoming Olympics. The building itself will accommodate 20,000 journalists and photographers and will provide 900,000 sq ft of office space when the building ends it's use once the Olympics have finished. The office area equates to 800 offices, toilets, catering facilities, and reception area. After the Games the facilities will create more than 80,000 sq m of business space with the potential to generate thousands of new jobs.

TCS are due to have all contractors on site starting on 1st March 2010, where the project will be completed and handed over 1st January 2012. A fast track strategy will be required due to the 6 month delay start date. Further into the report will detail the proposals and intention of completing in the utmost sufficient manor and on time for practical completion for the requested date of 1st January 2012.

Scope of works

As mentioned above a fast track strategy will be required to overcome the 6 month delay and finish on schedule for 1st January 2012. The intention is to take on modular build contractor 'Yorkon' to carry out the off-site modular construction. This will consist of using individual modular pods manufactured off-site constructed to a span of 12m and delivered to site. Simplicity of construction is paramount. The use of the predominant 12m modules ensures the most economic method of construction on site, reducing the number of internal columns within the building, freeing up space and allowing flexibility in partition layouts.

Rationale of construction methodology

The modules will be delivered to the site by road, where they will be crane lifted onto the pre-prepared foundations, as shown below:

Individual modules will be lowered into position by crane to create the building floor area. The modules will then be positioned as a base, side by side then erected above to create the second floor area.

The weather is an important factor, which may affect the ability of the construction crew to make progress in erecting the modular pods. Due to the presence of openings in the mating surfaces of some of the modules, i.e., stairwells, the buildings must be covered with a tarp to prevent water infiltration from rain. Furthermore, due to the fact that the modules are crane lifted into place and that their orientation must be controlled by personnel on the ground, windy conditions might present a dangerous situation and construction must be halted.

There will be two main crews involved in erecting the modules, a lifting and fitting crew and a welding crew. The main crane will be position in the centre of the foundations, modules will then be backed into the delivery space individually. The 12m span modules will required the use of a spreader bar to allow for support and control for the lifting procedure of the modules.

As each building module arrives on site, it is unwrapped and placed on the delivery spot to be picked up by the crane. For large modules, the spreader bar is first attached to the crane; then, the module is hooked, lifted, and placed in its final position. Once a module has been placed, the fitting crew must work to secure and fit the module before welding activities can commence. After setting up all the required modules for one building, the crane is used to lift and place the roof of the building.

The structural steel framed building system uses high quality steel frames, which are manufactured in controlled production conditions. The building structural steel frame is designed engineered and tested to comply with British Building Standards. The external steel columns supporting the roof and floor beams are rolled steel sections, hot dip galvanised and gloss painted. Internal columns will be primed, painted and finished to suit the internal finish of the building. Floors The Yorkon suspended floors are structures of steel beam and joists, at 400mm centres, supporting a double deck of 18mm structural particleboard. This floor will offer a strength of 3 KN/m2 UDL, plus an allowance of 1KN/m2 for partitions.

The external walls will be a structural composite of Dobel 200XT Plastisol steel bonded by a rigid insulation core to an internal lining of 12.7mm tapered edge, Fireline board. Internal joints between boards will be taped, filled and skimmed flush. Externally the cladding will be flat Dobel 200XT Plastisol Steel with structural columns clad with HP200 Colorcoat casings.

External Building Finish The building will be finished with a printed fabric screen (set off the building) to the elevation area of the 1st and 2nd storey levels of the building to create an effect similar to that shown on the images supplied (an alternative solution would be to provide a solid colour and project an moving image (by others)).

The roof will be a one piece structural composite panel of Aluzinc profiled sheet bonded by the injected rigid insulation to an inner panel of polyester coated architectural steel to form a fully insulated "Warm Deck" roof construction. Access, to the roof of the top floor for gutter cleaning, will be via an access hatch and fixed vertical ladder situated in an agreed location. Access, to the roof of the 2nd floor for gutter cleaning, would be from the terraces at 3rd floor level. Access, to the roof of the ground floor for gutter cleaning, would be from the tower scaffold/cherry picker. Fixing points are available to attach a safety line and harness, which will allow safe access to the building perimeter.

Windows will be low maintenance Synthapulvin powder coated thermally broken aluminium frames and 24mm thick hermetically sealed doubled glazed units made up of 1 x 4mm clear, 16mm airspace and 4mm Low E glass.

External doors to the building will consist of the following types: The VIP entrance and the entrance from the external covered area will have glazed automatic doors. Other principle entrance doors and doors to the business centre terraces will be fully glazed Powder Coated Aluminium doors in Powder Coated Aluminium frames complete with grab handles and locks.

Other doors will be Dobel 200XT Colorcoat steel covered flush doors in satin anodised aluminium frames.

Other doors will consist of polyester powder coated steel doors, with honeycomb core and powder coated steel frame. All doors except to the VIP & covered entrance area doors will be manually operated. Thermal Insulation The thermal insulation performance of the YORKON building meets with the design limits for envelope standards in accordance with Approved Document L2A of the Building Regulations 2000 (2006 edition). For However, overall building performance is dependant on a number of factors specific to the individual project including location/orientation, fenestration/solar shading, occupancy and building services design. It is therefore recommended that an integrated design approach is adopted from the outset.

Internal staircases will be constructed from steel with hardwood handrails and glass balustrade panels.

External staircases will be made from galvanised steel with rounded steel handrails. Standard Internal Partitions will consist of one layer of 12.7mm taper edged plasterboard to each side of 70mm x 40mm steel studding. The minimum overall thickness will be 95mm and all partitions will extend full height from floor to structural soffit. Full height glazed partitions to the meeting rooms on the first and second floor facing out onto the open plan office spaces would be provided and also to the function gallery as shown on the drawing SK-05. High quality acoustic folding partitions will be provided to the AV Workspace, meeting rooms as shown on our drawings.

The ceiling finishes will consist of a combination of either a suspended ceiling and/or plasterboard with acoustic panels as required. The ceiling system would be fixed to the underside of the soffit and will give an uninterrupted level ceiling throughout, free from any projections except where bulkheads are required for installation of the mechanical services. The suspended ceiling will consist of 600 x 600 x 15mm ceiling panels laid into a white finished metal grid. The ceiling tiles are available in Board and Tegular edge details for installation on 24 mm exposed grid system.

Fire barriers will be installed during installation of the suspended ceiling, where required, in accordance with the requirement of the Building Regulations. Internal plasterboard walls and internal surfaces of external walls will have joints taped, filled and skimmed flush; screw holes and indentations will be filled to provide a smooth joint free surface. Walls will then be treated with one coat of Dry Wall Top Coat Primer and two coats of vinyl egg shell. The Hardwood Skirting will be finished with two coats of varnish. Ceramic tiled splashbacks will be provided to sinks and wash basins. Showers if applicable would be fully tiled from floor to suspended ceiling. The kitchenette areas will have splash back tiling to the sinks and worktops.

Entrance Lobbies would have Barrier carpet matting with a hardwood skirting. Stairs and intermediate stair landings would be covered with Heuga 726 Hawk carpet with rubber nosings. Toilet/shower areas would have Polysafe anti-slip heavy duty sheet vinyl flooring with welded seams and coved vinyl 'sit in' skirting

Post room, stores, canteen, kitchens and plant room would have Polyflor XL heavy duty sheet vinyl flooring with welded seams and coved vinyl 'sit in' skirting Meeting rooms, open plan areas, breakout areas,

conference, induction and training rooms would be covered with heavy contract Heuga 726 Hawk, loop pile carpet tiles with Graphlex backing and provided with a hardwood skirting. The main entrance reception areas, the business centre reception areas, AV workspaces, function gallery, meeting rooms and dining area would be covered with high quality, loop pile broadloom carpet with Graphlex backing and provided with a hardwood skirting.

2no thirteen person capacity hydraulic self-levelling electrically operated lifts with solid state controls will be

provided. Unless specified elsewhere the building costs include for our standard lift construction, as summarised below. Car interior panels would be vinyl coated steel, from a standard colour range, including a white vinyl coated steel operating panel incorporating an alphanumeric liquid crystal display showing car position. The car façade, ceiling and door panels will be white vinyl coated steel. Flooring, to the car, would be rubber to a standard colour range. Hall features will include: Illuminating, micro-movement push buttons.

The complete Mechanical and Electrical services installations will be designed, installed and commissioned

in accordance with all relevant Statutory requirements and the Building Regulations and generally in accordance with the BLL WP/1200 document OB/001 Rev 3 dated 21st December 2007 and site layout drawings, these include General Requirements for Building Services and the Aspirations and Operations Briefing. The M&E servicing strategy will be developed in close coordination with the construction programme and phasing/legacy issues. This may entail the location of plant and equipment in a manner which may allow the three separate buildings/functions to be removed at different times whilst maintaining supplies and services to areas that remain. These aspects have already been considered and taken into account where possible in the current proposals.

Welfare Areas

A gas-fired high efficiency boiler plant will provide variable temperature LPHW to LST radiators and ceiling mounted radiant panels throughout the building in areas requiring heating. The plant will also provide constant temperature LPHW to ventilation plants serving the building. The plant will be located in either a ground floor or roof plantroom to suit the phasing/legacy approach required. In heated areas, space temperature control will be achieved by direct acting thermostatic radiator valves, and ceiling panel valves will be activated by wall mounted sensors in each of the rooms where these are used.

Offices & Meeting rooms

A Heat pump/Comfort cooling installation shall be installed to serve all offices, meeting rooms and receptions where temperature control in summer has been specified. Ceiling mounted indoor units will be installed to provide all heating or cooling requirements within these areas. Outdoor units will be located on the roof of the building in locations to be agreed, or at ground level if necessary. Note; There is no planning requirement at present for renewable energy sources for this building as it is considered a temporary building. However, an option for a more sustainable GSHP solution may be evaluated following preferred bidder status confirmation if programme permits and if required.

Hot and Cold Water Services

All appliances will be fed from the mains cold water supply with no storage facility provided. Domestic hot

water will be provided by gas-fired DHWS generator installed within the Plantroom. Hot and cold water services will be installed to all appliances where required with TMV3 thermostatic mixing valves to all wash basins in public areas and showers to limit delivery temp to 41C in these areas. H&C water supplies shall be provided to the Kitchen for fit-out by others.

All hot and cold water services will fully comply with BS6700, the Water Regs and Current Regs for control of

Legionella and will be sterilised and chlorinated upon completion. An option for a more sustainable approach with a Rainwater recycling system to serve WC's throughout the building will be evaluated.

TCS Construction Management Structures

As principle contractor the main duties TCS are subject of require are the following:

Planning, managing and monitoring the construction phase

Making sure there are adequate welfare facilities for the site

Drawing up and implementing site rules

Drawing up and implementing the construction phase plan

Providing sufficient site induction and ensuring that workers are suitably trained

Making sure the site is suitably fenced and secured against unauthorised entry

Making sure the co-operation and coordination between those working on the site so as to prevent danger

Making sure there are suitable arrangements for effective consultation with the workforce

Making sure the right health and safety information is provided to the right people at the right time.

TGS - General organisational chart

Planning Supervisor

Design Team

PQS

Client

Traina Construction

Services Ltd

Construction Manager

Commercial Manager

Senior site manager

Quantity Surveyor

Module site package manager

Finishing site package manager

External works site manager

Trade Contractor

Trade Contractor

Trade Contractor

Key:

Contractual responsibility

Management responsibility

Management methodology and procedures

Progress Control and Monitoring

Progress Control and monitoring of this element is achieved by the following:

Weekly Construction Managers review of each package and its performance

Weekly combined trade Contractors Progress meetings

Monthly Trade Contractors directors meetings

Generally the frequency of these meetings will relate to the performance of each trade contractor and the critical nature of the work.

The weekly Trade Contractor's progress meeting will include a review of: -

Checking of short-term progress (4 weekly) and 2 weekly updates

Checking labour histograms against anticipated labour where applicable

Materials delivery schedule checking

Discussion with the operatives on site

Commissioning checks and sign-off systems

Key handover milestones

The trade contractor will provide his programme marked up to show his weekly progress.

Delays against the programme are inspected for criticality and the reasons for the delay identified.

Progress Reports from TC are reviewed and verified. Delays are indentified along with reasons

Reports should identify actions required by the Project Team or TC to obviate the delays/recover the delay.

If delays occur a recovery programme should be identified which meets the requirements of the strategic programme as regard to milestones and key interfaces.

Labour resources should be issued with actual against anticipated and any shortfal/increase identified and reason detailed.

To ensure the effective design, co-ordination, progress and completion of all works, trade contractors will attend the following meetings which will chaired by the construction manager.

Trade Contractor Progress Meeting - This will be held on a weekly/fortnightly basis and will review progress and assist in short term planning of operations. It will also highlight information required, evaluate the trade constractor programme, method statements, safety awareness and quality assurance procedures.

Trade Contractors Co-ordination Meeting - These will be held on a weekly basis (Friday 08:00am). The purpose of the meeting is to co-ordinate the activities of all TC's to ensure that each knows what the others will be working on.

Trade Contractors Daily Meetings - These will be held daily at 8:00am to discuss the forthcoming days objectives and targets, in particular identifying any problems with other TC's

Trade Contractors Directors Meeting - These will be convened monthly to provide a regular form for TC's to meet and discuss critical design, progress and interface problems.

Services Co-ordination Meeting - The objective of this meeting is to ensure that the services TC's co-ordinate their shop drawings wit each other, the structure and finishes TC's interface locations, prior to submission of drawings for approval by the design team. It will also ensure the appropriate builders work details are preapred and issued.

Construction Managers Instructions:

There are eight types of Construction Managers Instruction, that may be issued to TC. Each has a distinct implication to works being carried out by by the trade contractor. These are as follows:

Works Package Placing: Confirms the Clients approval to the bid a Trade Contractor has placed. The instruction is not issued to the TC and is filled internally only

Trade Contractor's Shop Drawings: returns shop drawings or other Trade Contractor documents to the originating Trade Contractor with a Document Submittal Record confirming the drawing/document status.

Drawing issue - Designers Drawings: issues designers drawings to a relevant Trade Contractor for construction purposes

Sundry Item: this is a general instruction type. This may refer to anything that the Construction Manager has reffered to, for example the return of Requests for Information (RFI's)

Work by Others: an Instruction issed to a Trade Contractor when it becomes necessary for the Client to sub-contract work within the scope of the TC due to default by the TC. Thus, the work is outsourced and the sub-contractors costs are levied against the overall cost plan of the Trade Contractor.

Drawing Issue - For information only: issue drawings and documents for information/coordination purposes only. The TC should review the drawings/documents and advise of any affect of the TC's work or lack of coordination. The TC should make any changes necessary to his shop drawings as a result of receipt of this information and submittal for approval. No changes to the TC's work are authorised by this type of instruction. Any works carried out by a TC as a resul;t of following data issued for information only will be at the TC's risk and no payments will be made.

Request for Price: Instructs the TC to advise cost and programme implications for a particular task/ area of works. The Trade Contractor is to provide the required information within 5 working days. It is a requirement that the TC submitting the costs should complete the details outlined on the instruction form itself. The TC may attach a breakdown of the costs, but it is also imperative that they also complete the details on the CMI itself.

Proceed with Work and Advise Price Within 5 Working Days: instructs the TC to carry out additional work prior to cost being agreed, in order to expedite the works. Costs must be submitted within the pre-set time period.

Whenever an attachment requests acknowledgement of receipt from the Trade Contractor, the tear-off slip provided must be completed and returned to the Construction Manager within the specified period.

The following Site rules will be enforced by the management team for the duration of the project.

Operatives must have a Site induction prior to commencing works on site

All works are to be carried out in accordance with a task specific Risk Assessment and Method Statement that has been approved by the management team and communicated to the operatives via a toolbox talk

Permits must be obtained prior to any works commencing

All works areas to be clearly delineated

At the end of each shift the works are to be left in a safe, clean and tidy condition

Passes must be carried at all times.

No smoking anywhere on site

No urinating on site other than the facilities provided

Hard hats to be worn at all times

No alcohol, drugs or other intoxicants to be consumed on site

Ear, foot, hand, eye, fall and respiratory protection must be used where required

No horseplay, fighting or malicious damage

No music or audio entertainment equipment of any kind to be used on site

Steel toe-capped safety footwear to be worn at all times.

Hi-Vis jackets to be worn at all times.

All operatives to stay within the confines of the site boundary at all times while in possession of their ID pass

All electrical equipment and tools used on site is to be power on a 110v supply, be defect free and PAT certified.

Induction Procedure

Induction - Site Passes

Management will undertake site inductions daily at 8:15am in the site induction room

Operatives must receive an induction prior to starting work on site

All induction attendees will be required to sign a register as a record

A pass will be issued indicating an an operative has been inducted. This must be worn at all times. Operatives wiill surrender the pass at the security desk at the end of the day. The pass is not to be taken off site.

On the operatives helmet and hi-vis should bear the name of his company so as to be instantly recognised by management staff.

Visitors will be issued with a one day pass. Any visitors expecting to be on site for more than one day must receive a safety induction and be issued with a permanent pass.

Housekeeping

All trade contractors accomodation is to be kept clean and tidy at all times.

Trade contractors are to remove all waste during and at the end of each shift

Keep walkway, fire escapes and all external work areas clean of all materials and debris

All stored materials must be stacked in a safe manner

Welfare facilities must be kept clean at all times

lock up all hand tools at the end of each working shift

Do not leave any flammable liquids inside the building. Gas bottles are to be stored in cages in a location to be agreed by the management team.

Do not leave damp or wet clothing on electrical heaters

Basic safety princiles which will apply to all operatives on site:

Alcohol & drugs not allowed on site; offenders will be instructed to leave site immediately

Smoking - this is a non-smoking site. There will be no smoking allowed within the construction zones at any time or in the Project and trade contractor offices

Hard hats, safety boots and high visibility vests to be worn at all times within the construction zones

All personnel must use safe systems of work at all times, and must issue method statements and risk assessments for every element to work to management for approval.

Safe systems of work:

Procedures required to work at high level or in difficult areas must be carfully planned in the form of a method statement and approved prior to implementation.

Fire and security procedures must be implemented at all times.

Noise restrictions to certain operations must be observed, ear defenders should be utilised when appropriate

All portable tools must be 110 volt, 240 volt may be used with prior agreement with the construction manager.

Additional protective clothing and equipment must be worn where appropriate

Materials must be stacked and stored in a safe manner, and materials should be delivered to site when required (just-in-time)

Permits to work systems are to be implemented for:

Permit to work

Electrical permit to work

Hot works

Confined spaces

Mobile cranes

Permit to dig

Permit to roof

Welfare

Welfare is to be provided by our logistics company within the site until the basement is complete and temporary accomodation can be constructed in this location.

First Aid

A First Aid facility is to be provided by our logistics company in their Welfare Facility. Each Trade Contractor should have as a minimum two First Aiders per shift equipped with suitable First Aid Kits. Where this is not possible, for example when there are limited numbers of one TC, the matter should be discussed with the management team to ensure adequate cover. Their names are to be published on the site notice board.

All certified First Aiders shall be easily identified by means of adhesive first aid symbols affixed to their Hard Hats and adequate number of trained First Aiders are to be available to sevice the First Aid Point during site operational hours.

When a First Aider is not present on site their name should be removed from the notice board and a suitable trained replacement sought by the TC to cover their duties.

Accident Reporting

All accidents on site shall be reported as of the following:

All accidents to be recorded in Accident Book to be held on site by all contractors

Management team to be notified of all accidents immediately

Major injury and dangerous occurences to be reported within 10 days on F2508 statutory accident form to the HSE with a copy to the management team.

Health & Safety Regulations

All Trade Contractors and site personnel should be aware of the conditions of the following regulations:

The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974

The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999

The control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005

The construction (Head Protection) Regulation 1989

The Workplace Health & Safety Welfare Regulations 1992

The manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992

The Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 2002

The Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 2007

The Report of Injuries, Diseases & Dangerous Occurences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995

The Construction (Health & Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1996

Construction (Confined Spaces) Regulations 1997

Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) 1998

Provisions, Use and Working Equipment Regulations (PUWER) 1998

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulation 2002

Method Statements

The trade Contractor must submit a Method Statement for each of his activities on site. The statement must clearly define the scope of work, describe the way in which the work will be undertaken and include all the relevant Health & Safety issues which must be considered. Each method statement shall be submitted to the Construction Manager for approval. As Principal Contractor, Management will rebiew each method statement upon submission by the TC using a checklist as an aide memoire and logging the results in the " Register of Health and Safety Method Statements".

The following Site rules will be enforced by the management team for the duration of the project.

Operatives must have a Site induction prior to commencing works on site

All works are to be carried out in accordance with a task specific Risk Assessment and Method Statement that has been approved by the management team and communicated to the operatives via a toolbox talk

Permits must be obtained prior to any works commencing

All works areas to be clearly delineated

At the end of each shift the works are to be left in a safe, clean and tidy condition

Passes must be carried at all times.

No smoking anywhere on site

No urinating on site other than the facilities provided

Hard hats to be worn at all times

No alcohol, drugs or other intoxicants to be consumed on site

Ear, foot, hand, eye, fall and respiratory protection must be used where required

No horseplay, fighting or malicious damage

No music or audio entertainment equipment of any kind to be used on site

Steel toe-capped safety footwear to be worn at all times.

Hi-Vis jackets to be worn at all times.

All operatives to stay within the confines of the site boundary at all times while in possession of their ID pass

All electrical equipment and tools used on site is to be power on a 110v supply, be defect free and PAT certified.

The Construction Methodology and Appraisal

The modules will be manufactured by Yorkon. As a company the decision was based on several reasons to choose Yorkon:

As building manufacture they are able to manage every element of build ability of the project, from design to delivery, this is extremely beneficial as it saves TPS the trouble of liaising with several different suppliers.

A visit to their factory enabled TCS to see the possibilities of modular construction, as well as helping TPS assess the quality of their buildings and services.

Yorkon were able to prove they have the sufficient independent endorsements for quality, fire performance, acoustics, and insurance and the Local Authority Building Control LANTAC approval and certification from the British Board of Agrément (BBA). This gave TCS the assurance that the building will comply with the relevant permanent Building Regulations and Building Standards. Yorkon also provided details of the ISO 9001 approval for the whole process of construction, enabling verification that approved quality control procedures are in place.

Yorkon also demonstrated their service commitments ensuring TCS receives the required levels of service at each stage of the whole duration of the project.

The lead-in time required from ordering to delivery of the modular units can be as short as 6 to 8 weeks if the modular units have been 'prototyped' previously on similar projects and the production logistics are well established. Even in a typical regular hotel project, there can be 8 different modular units representing internal, end bay, rooftop, and left- and right handed units. However, the floor configuration of all units is essentially similar. For buildings in which modular construction is being considered for the first time, sufficient time should be allowed for manufacture of pre-production prototypes, which help to resolve potential design and production problems. A period of 4 to 6 weeks should be allowed for this prototyping stage. The sensible 'lead-in' time for delivery of the modules might therefore increase to 10 to 14 weeks. At this point the design is frozen; changes will lead to delays and possible additional costs. Often it is ordering of the lifts and any complex plant that determines the effective completion of the project rather than the production of modular units. A lead-in of 18 weeks is allowed for lifts but can be reduced significantly if the modular manufacturer has arrangements with particular lift suppliers. Loose furniture is often moved in later whereas fixed furniture is installed in the factory. It is apparent that the on-site construction period might be reduced from 47 weeks for conventional construction to 33 weeks for light steel framing with prefabricated bathroom pods and to 22 weeks for entirely modular construction. Timesaving can be even greater on real projects. However, the pre-site ordering period can increase from 3 weeks to 6 and 8 weeks respectively for the various degrees of modularisation, which is also dependent on the ordering of the major services, cladding and fitments. However it is evident that the total time from ordering to completion is much reduced, which effectively means that the variable site activities are replaced by more quality controlled and faster factory operations. These approximate construction and lead-in times are not intended to be definitive but rather emphasise the importance of the decision-making process when using modular construction.

The clear spans along the length of the module, up to 12m, means the number of structural columns in a Yorkon building is similar to traditional steel or concrete framed building although the arrangement differs. The structural zone between the roof of one module and the floor of the upper module provides the one hour fire resistance and is not available for use as a horizontal service distribution zone. Services can pass vertically through the zone. Care is required when designing the module layout to ensure that all sections of roof can drain to the perimeter.

Area of MPC Building:

430m long x 375m wide

Total 161,250 m2

X 6 stories

Total 967,500 m2

Modules

12m x 3.2

Total 38.4 m2

25,195 modules required

Area of IBC Studio Building:

275 x 104

Total 28,600

Modules

12 x 3.2

Total 38.4m2

744 modules required

Common User Plant

Programme

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