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In this report Janus Leisure Plc the client objective was analyzed for selecting a best procurement method for their project. The typology of the client and the impact of a risk to absorb was carried out. The goals were prioritized to figure out the most key elements that is to find out the procurement method for the project.
The construction of projects consists of lots of risks, variation and decision making , so it is essential to identify and managed them carefully, in order to make them into a reality. Due to sophisticated and sensitivity of clients in the construction industries , it is very important to understand their needs before starting any project. As the project are always prompted by the client for its business case. The pre study of client needs will thus help us in avoiding the various errors or misunderstanding by providing the most key element that is to find out the most appropriate procurement method (Masterman, 2002).
Janus leisure Plc is proposing to make substantial improvements to their flagship racecourse at Melchester, which hosts the Melchester Derby Stakes every year and therefore they are desiring to acquire a project which is both efficient and sustainable. The project should be constructed in two phases and the phase I must be completed before mid of September, 2014. Melchester , while phase II must be operational for the 2015 Derby Stakes meeting in mid-September.
This report focuses on choosing and analyzing the best procurement method which is suitable for Janus Leisure Plc to achieve their objectives. Procurement method selection for any project is basically making a decision on various risk allocation with the involvement of various parties in the form of contract and therefore knowledge clients involvement goes a far away in getting how to assign and mitigate or reduce these risks .
The Construction manager
A client (Janus Leisure Plc) should appoint the construction manager at the start of their project to assess the scheme design and for better Constructability of the project by giving them improvement suggestion about the project. The Construction manager is responsible for the growth, control and monitoring of projects from inception to completion of the project to ensure a satisfactory outcome. The CM supervises the works contractors ensuring the effective flow of information in the construction team and reports directly to the Janus Leisure Plc.
The Professional bodies (RICS, RIBA, ICE, ISTRUCTE ,CIOB)
The consultation of these bodies can help us recommend a well certified and accepted professionals who are certified in managing the various projects and these professionals are suggested by restricted concepts and make them responsible in case of carelessness by these methods.
The scheme designs, quality specification and final designs for the project is carried out by the architecture , as they are well coordinated by the other firm of a design team in getting out a bespoke design which is suitable for the client ( Janus leisure PLC). They are also responsible for supervising the work to achieve Janus leisure plc requirements.
The Structural Engineer
Analysis of structure and design for the construction work is carried out by the Structural Engineer and they are responsible for design of foundation, loading designs and reinforcement for structure.
The Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
The electrical and mechanical engineers provide a design for building wiring and electrical and mechanical components of the building. They are also responsible for plumbing as well as duct requirements for ventilation and they are too responsible for the requirements of the power loading arrangement and lighting system of a building
The Quantity Surveyors
The bills of quantities with details of Labors , materials , equipments and plants with its cost is carried out by the quantity surveyors with the variation and costing progressively of the project.
The Geotechnical Technicians
The physical and chemical properties of the soil are checked by Geotechnical technicians or engineers to find out the load bearing capacity of soil at various area , which in terms help in differentials and strength of soil.
The Environmental Engineer
To carry out the site map , profile and drainage system of the site for the project is done by Environmental Engineer, by carrying out the various soil test and silt content of soil.
The Landscape Architect
The landscape architect is responsible for the various design related to landscape their outcomes with an outline for hard and soft landscape and they are too responsible for producing design with construction supervision for work related to planting of garden, pavement design , kerbs etc.
The Energy Company
The Energy Company do the work related to Photovoltaic cell and the installation of biomass boilers they are correlated with electrical and mechanical engineers during outline scheme design for a smooth installation of appliances, they are also responsible for installation of an HVAC system and supplies of gas.
The Waste Company
The Waste company deals with the construction waste during construction of project by recycling waste products by adopting suitable techniques which will reduce waste.
The Energy Agency
The Energy Agency is sustainable development bodies ,who report theirs advice to the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and a Welsh Government Sponsored Body responsible to the Minister for Environment and Sustainable Development (Energy Agency, 2012).
The civil Lawyer
The civil lawyer is needed to understand the rules and regulation under some special cases if any came to carry out the development of project success by adopting sustainable clause and to defend their client or company from any legal action legislation, for this he should be well experienced and well competent to handle any legal matter against a company or client.
The project can lead to failure, if we fail to understand the type of client and their brief, so knowing of client type and their brief is essential. The project implementation can easily go in a smooth long way after identifying the client type. As the client organization often consists of various factions and competitive groups with their own problems of passion (Masterman, 2002). These problems may result into conflicting demands from various end users of clients' organization , in both way externally or may be internally, to resolve such problem diplomacy it should be strategically planned , while selecting an appropriate procurement method for project (Masterman, 2002).
A clients in the construction industry are mainly classified up to now as private or public organization , which symbolizes their resource of funds or ownership (Masterman, 2002). Janus Leisure PLC wants to expand their investment in this they are carrying out various redevelopment works and has intended to build a new hotel facility and casino to make more profit or business by expanding its capital.
On the basis Greenhalgh & Squires's (2011) Janus leisure plc is classified under secondary client because there need of development is to expand their business.so Greenhalgh and Squire's (2011) classified Janus leisure plc as a private/experienced/secondary client , which can be easily identified with the figure below;
Figure 1.0: Categories of clients in the construction industry
Source: Greenhalgh & Squires (2011)
The summary of the proposal by Janus leisure plc describes its objective, which is in term of recognizing its goals, describes the need of a company for its business case, therefore the implementation of any project starts from the brief of the client. The clients main objective in construction industry drop within the certain interelationship of cost , time and quality ( performance ) in a project implementation. Besides from these requirements there are various other aspects that will be accountable for the tasks or project achievements.
The various objectives are as follows;
The Speedy construction of the project i.e. must be completed before mid of September 2014 for business purpose.
The high performance and functional building at an affordable cost and quality.
The design which is an innovative and an environmentally friendly.
The construction of sustainable drainage systems by using Sustainable design, and maintaining the minimum carbon footprint by using biomass boilers and photovoltaic cells in a project.
Janus's needs and objectives Prioritization
A client Janus leisure plc has defined its objective in the project brief which can be categorized into performance ( quality ) needs i.e. issue related to ecological and durability, completion time ( duration of achievement ) and cost objective i.e. budget of the project. The priority of building construction indicates the need of building clients, for example, where the development is designed to take care of a designed market, time may be essential ( Morledge et al. , 2006 ). He also recommended that the three requirements i.e. time, quality and cost all cannot be fulfilled at the same time as it affects the project somehow. The objectives organized in order of concern are as follows;
The main objective of Janus leisure place emphasis on performance and they are sustainable waste management and water recycling , minimizing energy consumption and carbon footprint, sustainable natural drainage system and much more. The performance objective can be given as a first and important priority for the project because the Janus leisure plc has obtained a great image from their performance policies and customer satisfaction. It has set a landmark which is considered as its essential achievements aspect.
The second most important priority for the project is time, according to Morledge (2006), the time is important when development of the building is needed for a designed market. The period is crucial when a building development is needed for a designed market. It uses the word 'must' seriously highlight the value of achievement before Mid of September 2014. Simultaneously facilities must be constructed to achieve this target.
The third priority for the project is cost objective because the Janus leisure place belongs to investors group, they can easily alter the budget for a project if they are really interested in good profit from their project. These three basic objective prioritization is interdependent with each other and therefore they can be separated into percentage according to Morledge et al, 2006, they are rated as performance 40%, time certainly 40% whereas cost certainty is 20%. the percentage prioritization for project performance would help in achieving the Janus leisure plc overall goals and objective.
Scope of the project.
Demolition of the existing grandstand
The construction of a new 5-storey grandstand with an extensive conference and exhibition centre.
Refurbishment of two existing stands circa, which is an 100 years old
The construction of a new hotel facility with 120-bed and casino
A tasks achievements (project success) have over the years been suggested by the three primary requirements of quality, time and cost. There are other aspects that are accountable for project achievements, for example, Janus Leisure plc is experienced, secondary client and therefore reputation in the market is their main moto or value. As per Muller and Turner (2007) project success comprises of two important elements,they are factors for project success and criteria for project success i.e project success factors and project success criteria.
Project Success Factors
The project success factors are the factors that if efficiently determined and handle, can lead to successful implementation of the project. These factors can help in selecting a procurement method for the project. The various project success factors are as follows;
Characteristics of the clients.
Complexity of the project
Management and risk allocation factors for project
Suitable method for Construction
Participants in the project
Project and site constraints