Study Into Application Of Industrialised Building System Construction Essay

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The Malaysia construction industry plays an important role in generating wealth to the country and development of social and economic infrastructures and building. The industry provides job opportunities for 800,000 people which represented 8% of total workforce (CIMP, 2006). The construction industry is one of the productive sectors that constantly contribute to the economy.

The IBS is a construction technique in which components are manufactured in a controlled environment (on or off site), transported, positioned and assembled into a structure with minimal additional site works (CIDB, 2003). IBS is not new to the construction industry. Only it has now remerged worldwide into the 21st century as a plausible solution to improve construction image and performance. The Malaysia government has spared no effort to bring IBS to the drawing tables of all professionals involved in the built environment. The IBS Roadmap 2003-2010 has been endorsed by the Cabinet of Ministers to be the blueprint document for the industrialisation of the Malaysia construction sector (IBS Roadmap, 2003).

The IBS is a manufactured the building components at factories, will enable cost saving; safety and health; productivity and quality improvement through the reduction of labour intensity and construction standardisation. Apart from this method, it offers minimal wastage, less site materials, cleaner and neater environment, controlled quality, and lower total construction costs.

Using higher percentage of IBS in the construction of public housing and other building projects will provide better productivity, quality, and safety. IBS will contribute towards a better construction industry, as well as enhance the global competitiveness of Malaysian builders. Nowadays, IBS in Malaysia become more popularity in the construction industry especially for the Government project. An early effort by the Government of Malaysia to promote usage of IBS and develop an Open Building system (OBS) concept as an alternative to conventional and labour intensive construction method has yet to make headway.

Prefabricated parts will be used in all Government projects in a bid to reduce the dependence on foreign workers, Works Minister Datuk Mohd Zin Mohamed said. [1] He said the move would begin with projects under the Public Works Department, which are worth RM6.9bil. The use of prefabricated parts was part of the Industrial Building System (IBS) which would be adopted for all Government projects. "The Government has ordered all government agencies carrying out development and people's housing projects to use at least 70% IBS content in those projects." he told a press conference at his office after the weekly Cabinet meeting. [2] 


Study into using IBS in the public housing in Malaysia and the popularity apply in the construction.


To study the history of IBS in public housing.

To study the classification of various types of IBS and apply to public housing.

To identify the benefits and barriers of the IBS in public housing.

To identify as a potential method to improve overall construction performance.

To identify as a popularity for public housing.


Apply IBS for public housing will be one of the future construction methods and will become more and more popularity for construction industry is using IBS. For the construction cost, time and quality, IBS will be the better construction cost saving method and is one of the faster construction times saving and produces high quality of components.


IBS has been introduced in Malaysia since early 1960s by the use of pre-cast concrete beam-column element and panelized system. (Thanoon, 2003). Nearly, 22.7 acres of land along Jalan Pekeliling was dedicated to the project comprising seven blocks of 17-storey flats (3,000 units of low-cost flat and 40 shop lots). These projects are using the Danish System of large panels in a prefabricated system. The second project is a six block of 17-storey flats and three blocks of 18-storey flats at Jalan Rifle Range and using French Estoit System.

Using the IBS in the construction industry will improve overall construction performance such as standardization, quality improvement, reduce defect, waste reduction, cast saving and etc. But for the barriers of using IBS in the construction industry will be the poor knowledge of install IBS, lack of guidance, lack of professional trained in IBS and etc.

IBS Roadmap 2003-2010 was developed and published to steer the direction of IBS implementation and promotion activities and guide the practitioners and policy makers on IBS related issues (IBS Roadmap, 2003).

Scope and limitation of study

This paper shall identify the common types of IBS in the construction industry and apply into public housing in order to determine their impact on construction projects and popularity in the public housing. This study is part of the ongoing research appraising and analyzing how we use the IBS in construction and how many percentage of IBS are using in the construction project. Therefore, this study will include the following areas:

Definition of IBS in public housing.

The history of the IBS for public housing in Malaysia.

Classification of IBS in Malaysia.

Various types of IBS in construction industry and which one is more useful for public housing.

The advantages and disadvantages of using IBS for public housing.

The selling price and the popularity using IBS for public housing to the contractor.

Research Methodology

Literature Review

In the beginning, literature review was conducted to determine an overall idea regarding IBS for public housing. This refers to collecting the latest secondary data and information from different sources which including books, journals, magazines, dissertations, conference papers, and information from the internet. These materials were used for background reading to obtain full understanding and information needed for discussion and analysis in the research.


A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions and other prompts for the purpose of gathering information from respondents. The questions will centre on the KL areas mentioned in the above objectives. A multi-option format will be designed and limited to about 30 questions, in order to obtain a high level of response.

Project Plan and Schedule

1.9.1 Chapter 1 : Introduction

This chapter will include the project title, rationale of the study, scope and limitation of study, research goals and methodology. In addition, aims, objective and hypothesis of the study are included under the research goals.

1.9.2 Chapter 2: Literature Review

This chapter will display the definition, history of IBS, classification of IBS in Malaysia, and benefits and barriers of using IBS in construction project for public housing and this literature review will base on the dissertation objectives.

1.9.3 Chapter 3: Research Methodology

This chapter will discuss on the technique for data collection to achieve the dissertation's aim and objective. Besides, it also includes the research sample and method of analysis for the feedback obtained from the respondents.

1.9.4 Chapter 4: Data Analysis

This chapter wills surveys and analysis the data collection from the contractor, consultant and developer of people about their opinions, behaviour or knowledge.

1.9.5 Chapter 5: Conclusion

The conclusion will include summary on the dissertation from chapter 1 to chapter 4 together all the research result to present the overall findings and make appropriate recommendations.