Specification and Contract Documentation for Construction


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TASKS 1 (LOC 1/ AC 1, AC 2, AC 3, AC 4, AC 5, AC 6) - M1, D1






Drawing means the employer’s drawings of the Works, and any Variation to such drawings.

Drawing, to bring a design concept to reality.

Drawing, evolution through the design process.

Form of Contract

Contract means the agreement and the other document.

Contract, form contracts are generally thorough and cover virtually any issue that is likely to arise in a construction project.

Contract, types or articles agreement and condition of contract.

Bills of Quantities (BQ)

Bills of Quantities (BQ) means all expenditure properly incurred by the contractor, quantity surveyor, whether on or off the site, including overheads and similar charges but does not include profit.

Bills of Quantities (BQ) is to manage and calculated the usage of money need to be used on a building and need to be in client need.

Bills of Quantities (BQ), bills of approximate quantities.


Specification means the document, including employer’s requirements in respect of design to be carried out by the contractor, if any Variation to such document.

Specification, One part of drawings to get information between drawings and specification of one building.

Specification, project specification and performance specification


Schedule means the time for completing the works calculated from the Commencement Date.

Schedule, Schedule is prevent from too many workers on the site and to determine which work need to be done 1st and who have to come to the site and done their job 1st.

Schedule, for internal maintenance and build.

Master Programme

Master programme means all the work and design to be performed by the contractor including temporary work and any variation.

Master Programme, This is a programme that set the time duration of each department needed to finish their job.

Programme, arrangement for worker to come and start work.

TASKS 1 (LOC 1/ AC 1, AC 2, AC 3, AC 4, AC 5, AC 6) - M1, D1

Propose a suitable Form of Contract for the above project and at least provide THREE (3) its advantages.

Standard Form of Building Contract with Contractor’s Design (WCD 98)

The use of this form is on projects of a design and build nature. It includes many of the clauses found in the ‘parent’ JCT 98. It also includes clauses especially designed to deal with this type of contractual procurement arrangement. It includes the same three amendments as JCT 98. (Chapter 11).

The documents are widely used in the industry, the contract terms are generally well understood by parties involved in construction, which hopefully results in fewer misunderstandings on the job. Unlike contracts drafted from scratch that may fail to address important issues, the form contracts are generally thorough and cover virtually any issue that is likely to arise in a construction project.

If you chose to use a standard form construction contract for your project, it is still wise to have that contract reviewed by an attorney or other professional. A professional who is familiar with this type of contract, as well as construction practices, can determine what contract modifications may be necessary for your particular project.

Standard form contracts has developed addressing the specific contract terms and clauses used in these types of contracts so that when issues arise, the parties can look to prior decisions to see how certain key provisions have been interpreted and standard form contracts are easily obtained at a relatively low cost.

TASKS 2 (LOC 2/ AC 2, AC 3) - M2, D2

Identify the CONTENTs of Specification inclusive the following items:

  • Quality of material
  • Standards of works
  • Testing of materials and works

Quality of materials

Materials quality is an essential part of construction quality and requires the same degree of planning, prevention, appraisal, and corrective action as design engineering and construction. Materials quality control is usually equated with shop inspection. Non-conformances in fabrication must be identified to allow correction in the fabrication shop, where the proper skills and equipment exist to correct non-conformances. Materials quality is more comprehensive than shop inspection. It is a continuous process that is part of the total project quality system. The process consists of quality planning, organization, design and specification, supplier evaluation, supplier quality control, shop inspection, field quality verification, and audits. Documentation must be meaningful, and senior managers must commit the organization to the total quality process.

Standards of works

The standard of acceptance is formal written acceptance by the City of the entire Contract which has been completed in all respects in accordance with the Specifications and any approved modifications.

Addenda is clarification or supplement changed issued for bidding, issued by the City or its Engineer prior to bid. Specifications, acting through its authorized representatives.

The allowance is the amount of money for contract and the contractor and for the other worker.

Contract is for Architect and Consulting Engineer which is a person who firm, partnership, joint venture, corporation, or combination thereof or authorized representative thereof, acting in the capacity of consultant to the City. The Architect or Consulting Engineer shall issue directions to the Bid security which certified check or accompanying the bid by the bidder to enter the contract.

Contractors also referred to as “Board”.

Testing of materials and works

Element’s Construction Materials Department evaluates building materials and products from the planning stages to completion, operating a full-service construction materials testing laboratory.

Element supports a program of maintenance and calibration of equipment and laboratory facilities to ensure accurate construction testing.

In addition to fieldwork, Element engineers test products and materials in the laboratory to evaluate compliance with published specifications, comparison purposes, research and development, performance verification, or failure analysis.

Moreover, able to ensure the sampling rate yields a representative sample that is statistically significant for the purpose of control.

For critical structural elements, require 100% testing such as, radiography of critical welds or 100 percent of preparation for sampling tests with an actual lower percentage of sampling such as sonic testing of large piles where only a proportion of the cast in tubes may be selected for testing. It able to bring in a degree of randomness in the sampling process.

TASKS 2 (LOC 2/ AC 2, AC 3) - M2, D2

Justify at least THREE (3) advantages of controlling the Quality of Materials and Works.

By controlling the Quantity of Materials and works able to implemented for simple and short to be understand by other people and able to notice easily.

It’s also able to focus on outputs which is the quantity materials so that people able to work easy and not to put the wrong quantity when in the progress and finished goods will be the same quantity.

With quality control, inspection is intended to prevent faulty products reaching the customer. This approach means having specially trained inspectors, rather than every individual being responsible for his or her own work. Furthermore, it is thought that inspectors may be better placed to find widespread problems across an organisation.


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Anon, (2014). [Online] Available at: • http://www.macdonaldillig.com/understanding-the-pros-and-cons-of-standard-form-construction-co.html [Accessed 3 Oct. 2014].

Anon, (2014). [Online] Available at: • http://www.jkr.sarawak.gov.my/upload/file_folder/Contract-Matters/Form-of-Contract.pdf [Accessed 4 Oct. 2014].

Anon, (2014). [Online] Available at: • http://www.petronet.ir/documents/10180/2323250/Contractual_Procedures_in_the_Construction_Industry,_5th_Edition-Allan_Ashworth [Accessed 4 Oct. 2014].

Element.com, (2014).Construction Materials Testing & Engineering. [Online] Available at: http://www.element.com/services-index/constructionmaterialstesting [Accessed 5 Oct. 2014].

Anon, (2014). [Online] Available at: • http://www.icac.org.hk/filemanager/en/content_1031/construction_qctesting.pdf [Accessed 5 Oct. 2014].

Anon, (2014). [Online] Available at: • http://www.millergroup.ca/construction_materials/index.html [Accessed 5 Oct. 2014].

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