Safety Management System For Kam Kei Machinery Limited Construction Essay

Published: Last Edited:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Kam Kei Machinery Limited ( The Company ) is a company which retailing and after-sales maintenance of heavy construction plants with three maintenance workshops in Hong Kong. Brief information of the organization as illustrated in appendix I.

The objective of the assignment are twofold, to assist the Company to develop a Safety Management System with particular emphasis for developing and implementing safe working procedures, training of operational staff for safety for specific needs of the business; and to assist in launching the system to enhance workplace safety by proactive and systematic approach for continual improvement with focus on accident prevention.

Specific objectives are:-

- To carry out a preliminary review of the Company s activities in all stations and the prevailing standards;

- To assist the Company in amending existing procedures (where appropriate) and developing a documented Safety Management System;

- To inspect the Company s premises and activities to identify hazards and assess risks;

- To evaluate of the training need and implementation of the SMS;

- To assess the implementation of the SMS, training conducted, knowledge of employees and maintenance of records;

- To make recommendation and provide the necessary trainings and assist launching the SMS;

- To develop and provide all the necessary documentation and guidelines as needed for the administration and management of SMS including control procedures for subcontractors, standard operating procedures for staff and monitoring and performance measurement.

2 Safety Management System

A Safety Management System (SMS) is a systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies and procedures. In order to enhance industrial safety standards, the Government introduced a set of safety management regulation under the Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance in early 1999. The Legislative Council under section 7 of the Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance (Cap. 59) passed the Factories & Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulation on 24 November 1999, making it mandatory for contractors and proprietors of certain industrial undertakings to establish SMS, which composed of 8 to 14 key elements.

3 SMS V 14 Key Elements

A Safety Management System composed of 8 to 14 key elements.

1. Safety Policy

2. Safety Organization

3. Safety Training

4. In-house Safety Rules and Regulations

5. Job Hazard Analysis

6. Programme for Inspection of Hazardous Conditions

7. Safety Committee

8. Personal Protection Programme

9. Accident / Incident Investigation

10. Emergency Preparedness

11. Safety Promotion

12. Health Assurance Programme

13. Evaluation, Selection and Control of Sub-contractor

14. Process Control Programme

3.1 Safety Policy

Safety policy which states the commitment of the proprietor or contractor to safety and health at work. The policy should include a statement, which clearly articulates the company s safety objective and goals and management s commitment to achieve these objective and goals. It must be endorsed by the Chief Executive Officer or the most senior management staff of the company to demonstrate commitment of top management.

The policy must be well publicized, make known, understood and accepted by all levels of personnel and contractors. It must be reviewed and revised (if necessary) on a regular basis and the date(s) of review and revised stated.

3.2 Safety Organization

Safety organization is a structure to assure implementation of the commitment to safety and health at work. It shall be established to clearly define the roles, duties, responsibilities and accountabilities of every individual in the organization.

3.3 Safety Training

Safety training to equip personnel with knowledge to work safety and without risk to health.

Training includes:-

- Safety induction

- Basic skills training

- Continuous development training

- Training for change

- Supervisory safety training

- Management safety training

- Specialized safety training

- Toolbox talk

Statutory training requirements stipulated under Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance must be provided to ensure that relevant personnel receive the necessary training. The line managers and supervisors must be adequately trained so that they can effectively supervise and control workers behavior at the workplace.

All new employees must be adequately inducted and orientated. Structured On-the-job training should also be provided.

All training conducted must be properly documented.

3.4 In-house Safety Rules and Regulations

In-house safety rules to provide instruction for achieving safety management objectives. This involves inculcating in workman, their roles and responsibilities in safety whilst performing their work in the workplace.

3.5 Job Hazard Analysis

Job hazard analysis is evaluation of job related hazards or potential hazards and development of safety procedures.

3.6 Programme for Inspection of Hazardous Conditions

Programme for inspection of hazardous conditions is a programme of inspection to identify hazardous conditions and for the rectification of any such conditions at regular intervals or as appropriate.

3.7 Safety Committee

A mechanism should be established to effectively communicate the decisions and actions recommended by a safety committee to persons responsible for their implementation. Committee s members should come from all level of management and workforce.

3.8 Personal Protection Programme

Personal protection programme is a a programme to identify hazardous exposure or the risk of such exposure to the workers and to provide suitable personal protective equipment as a last resort where engineering control methods are not feasible.

3.9 Accident / Incident Investigation

Accident / incident investigation is investigation of accidents or incidents to find out the cause of any accident or incident and to develop prompt arrangements to prevent recurrence.

3.10 Emergency Preparedness

Emergency preparedness to develop, communicate and execute plans prescribing the effective management of emergency situations.

3.11 Safety Promotion

Safety promotion is to develop and maintain of safety and health awareness in a workplace.

3.12 Health Assurance Programme

Health assurance programme is a programme to protect workers from occupational health hazard.

3.13 Evaluation, Selection and Control of Sub-contractor

Evaluation, selection and control of sub-contractors to ensure that sub-contractors are fully aware of their safety obligations and are in fact meeting them.

3.14 Process Control Programme

Process control programme is a programme for accident control and elimination of hazards before exposing workers to any adverse work environment.

4 Implementation Plan

The implementation would be provided in 4 stages as outlined in the following:-

Stage 1 V Review of existing system and gap analysis

Stage 2 V Safety plan development, setting of safe working procedures

Stage 3 V Training and implementation

Stage 4 V Independent Safety Audit and Review

4.1 Stage 1: Review of Existing System and Gap Analysis

The focus of stage 1 will be site visits and document review, identify the gap between the existing system and the level for achievement in law. We will conduct inspections and interviews with staff of the Company to identify the coverage and completeness of the safety management system and the risk assessments. Through this task, potential safety hazards will be identified and the associated risks will be assessed.

4.2 Stage 2: Safety plan development, setting of safe working procedures

The information gained from stage 1 will provide the basis for the development of the Company s SMS. Documentation of the system will be a key issue in terms of both the effective execution of the project and the ease with which the system can be implemented. We will have meeting with management staff of the Company to fine-tune the safety plan in order to meet the Company s objective and achievement on safety and health.

4.3 Stage 3: Training and implementation

Stage 3 involves the training of the staff and responsible person for the implementation of SMS. The safety system training will focus on implementation of safety management system, such as basic orientation safety training, in-house safety rules and procedures training, high risk training, etc.

4.4 Independent Safety Audit and Review

Appendix I Company Structure

Head Office Workshop A Workshop B Workshop C

Location of Service Centre Yaumatei Wong Chuk Hang Shatin Yuen Long

Person In Charge General

Manager Manager Manager Manager

Employment Size 55 employees 35 employees 60 employees 140 employees

Administration Department

Account Department

Human Resource Department

Purchasing Department

Marketing Department



Repair Workshop Excavators and loaders Mobile cranes and rollers Excavators, loaders, mobile cranes and rollers


Appendix II