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Employers role and responsibility for health and safety
An employer is the owner of the company that is carries out work on the construction of a building or project. They have a large responsibility and legal obligation in ensuring that the construction site complies to the “The Health and Safety at Work etc Act of 1974” so that it's safe for employees to work on. To make the construction site a safe place for work the employer has many responsibilities those are as follows;
- The two main responsibility are to ensure all employees are safe on site by having a safe workplace and to Prevent any risk to health the following responsibilities are way which employers keep employees safe and prevent any risk of health
- Organise work so that it is safe I.e. the handling off thing may cause injury to hands with sharp edges therefore glove, a form of personal protective equipment is needed to be worn.
- Maintain machinery or equipment which is to be used by the employee, check to see the machinery is not broken. Make sure the correct training has been given to the employee to use the machinery
- Provide enough supervision of work so that if employees are performing work with a method which may cause them danger, then they can be told the correct method which will help prevent an accident occurring
- Provide a first aid facilities
- To prevent injury knowledge employees of control measure put in place when carrying out certain work, which may be found as a risk to the employee, so that the employee does not injure themselves
- Provide personal protective clothing to his employees
- Place warning signs where necessary to warn employees of potential hazards
- Provide the employee must provide health and safety equipment free of costs
- And finally keep unauthorised people off site any they may be putting themselves in danger if they come on site due to many hazards around them.
Clients roles and responsibility for health and safety
A client is the person/ company that work is being carried out for. Their role again is a important in ensuring the work site will be a safe environment to work in. HSE require project sites to have standard of health and safety that has to be reached even before work is started. Clients, under the construction design and management regulation 1994, have certain responsibilities. Those responsibilities are:
- Appoint a CDM co-ordinator who will ensure that everyone on site is carrying out their duties under the CDM regulations
- Make sure that a health and safety plan has been done before any work is started on site. The health and safety plan helps to manage H&S from start to finish by provide information which and instruction which may help reduce the risk of injuries occurring on site
- They must make sure there are sufficient welfare facilities on site
- A main contractor must be appointed, preferably and company who can keep site standard to a high health and safety standard so that problem will not a occur, like CDM co-ordinator closing down the site and therefore the project will then be put behind schedule costing the client more money and time.
- Must discuss health and safety on site with the CDM co-ordinator so that health and safety file can be written up by the CDM co-ordinator and the files will be stored by the clients
Employee roles and responsibility for health and safety
There role is to safely work on site without dangering themselves or others. They will succeed in doing so by following these responsibilities:
- Employee's must take care when carrying out any work, go through thought processes, thinking about if work they are doing will effect themselves or other, be one step ahead of the game to ensure health and safety on site is to a high standard
- If anything has been said to the employee by the employer then those instruction must be followed that may be instruction to used something given to the employee to carry out work or it could be a way to carry out work by following control measures. This session between the employer and his employees is known as "tool box talks."
- Keep in constant touch with the employer to discus maters concerning health and safety issues. Issues brought up could be things like a change in the risk assessment due to the fact of a recurring injury or it could be that the employee may need to bring up a risk that may not have been accounted for, report something that could be thought to be dangerous.
- Must not temper or misuse anything which is to be used in the interest of the employees healthy, safety and welfare, follow the correct procedure to use the equipment correctly which will be shown in training or instruction given to the employee by his employer. If equipment is misused or tampered with it may not work in the way that it is meant to and therefore the employee could be vulnerable to certain risks.
CDM Co-ordinator's roles and responsibility for health and safety
After research by a European directive they found that nearly a third of accidents were tracked back to the design and planning stages of the project, therefore CDM regulation were put in place. The CDM co-ordinator was the person who was given the responsibility to put this legistlation into place. They provide the client with advice, in respect of health and safety issue that have been identified during the planning and designing stage of the project. They must have a good knowledge and understanding of health and safety and must also have good communication skills so that their knowledge can be passed onto others which could prevent allot of accidents occurring as people on the site are aware of hazards. The CDM co-ordinators roles include:
- They must give professional and sufficient support, guidance and advice to the client so that the client is able to follow his duties concerning
- They will give advice to the client on certain designers and contractors which would be best to work with to carry out work this. Selection could come from future experience of working with the designer/ contractors where work would have most likely been completed to a high standard, communications were good and their was a high level of health and safety on site
- Create and inform health and safety aspects of design work so that it can then passed on to others involved with the project. This is why communication skills is a key skill needed to be a successful CDM co-ordinator, they knowledge of the job might be there but if this knowledge of health and safty cannot be passed onto others involved on the project then the role would be pointless
- They must notify the HSE that there will be a project getting underway on a certain date
- Work closely with the main contractor regarding ongoing design work so that as new design are drawn up the CDM co-ordinator can rectify any thing that may be a potential hazard
- A pre-construction information pack is produced by the CDM co-ordinator. The information pack is based on the Designers designs and on information provided by the client and designers. It will indicate all significant hazards on site.
- They are responsible for the preparation of the health and safety file. This file is continually updated throughout the project.
The local authorities roles and responsibility for health and safety
The local authorities are only interested in the local people living in the area on the construction project. They set out to do everything they can to ensure the public is not affected by the project and the environment is a safe place. This could mean they will:
- Roads nearby have signage making public, passing by, aware that there is a construction project underway to make them take even more care when driving as there will be more people is the area and possibilities of daubery from the site wind onto road. Slow sign are put up
- People living in the area are sent letters be the local authorities to tell them a construction project will be nearby to outline possibly health and safety problems which may effect locals
- Noise pollution is monitored by environmental health officers working for the local authorities to see is noise could be hazardous to locals health
- So the levels of dust which is blow into locals homes which may be hazardous as dust can be poisonous and irritant