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Safety on establishment should commence before any activity. A safety induction is a primary activity performed on site yet it is cited and accounted for in few building programmes. This report attempts to outline the state of safety within the industry, identify key issues contributing to the results and make researched recommendations and solutions to the issue at hand.
Safety should be taken serious as it deals with the people that actually construct the projects we steer. Morally health and safety deals with the life of human beings, these people have families, dependants, and someone back home that needs them. To most employers these are just a "labour force" and disregard the fact that they have lives just like them.
We are going to see also in this report the emphasis of laws such as the health and safety act and how this act can be implemented. These laws are put in place for a reason and should be acted upon as citizen of South Africa. Laws are not to be seen as burdens but rather mediums of influencing businesses, companies and construction companies. These are just to protect the workers on site and ensure that everyone has a good standard of health and safety on site.
We are also going to look at other aspects such as public liability insurance which is an insurance protecting a company monetary if anything where to happen to the public in terms of accidents. This insurance pays out the public if any accidents are caused by the construction site and them negligence. However over years this has become a solution which is totally unacceptable. This is something which is insurance so as it says, just there to protect against a problem already created. The best way would be to prevent the problem before it happens.
Another aspect that we are going to look at are more of a management point of view but helps with health and safety and that is of planning. We are going to see how planning affects and influence health and safety on site and how we can achieve better health and safety through better planning methods. All the above will be put through a brief introduction then data then analysed into results and finally giving us solutions and alternate solutions
Research into Health and Safety on Site
Site's practices and safety methods
The best way to look for solution to a problem you are having is to look at others having the same problem, dealing with the same problem or in the same situation and avoiding the problem. We are going to look at some practices on site and how they deal with issues, or what issues they have on site.
New Employee Orientation
New employees should engage in a new employee orientation. The quantity of information in these orientations and in the first few days of any job, this training should be divided down two parts that includes, some topics such as, basic companies safety policies and on site safety hazards and principals.
Safety meetings and training should be carried out on a daily, weekly or even monthly period. Depending on the project and the accidents threats on this project, informal meetings, and training can be in multiple times during the day to enable communication between supervisors and the workers performing the jobs.
Job-Specific Safety Training
A new employee orientation, employees who switch jobs, job criteria, or whose safety actions need development should have additional safety practice that includes good work techniques, the health, maintenance and personal protective equipment, risks associated with any threatening material used in the enhancement of the job, and the actions of these practices
Supervisors set the route in any work environment. A supervisor who seeks employees' safety will achieve safety record than one that does not. To be effective, supervisors must attend certain training that emphasizes the unifying of the company's commitment to a safe working environment, reviews the company's safety policies, conducting regular safety meetings, on how to handle unsafe working conditions, accident investigation process, coaching, and counselling. The supervisor is always on the front of the business every day and plays a larger role in any company's success and safety.( Extract and PARTS only taken of ehow safety tips)
Occupational health and safety act
19. Health and safety committees. - (1) An employer shall in respect of each workplace where two or more health and safety representatives have been designated, establish one or more health and safety committees and, at every meeting of such a committee as contemplated in subsection (4), consult with the committee with a view to initiating, developing, promoting, maintaining and reviewing measures to ensure the health and safety of his employees at work.
(2) A health and safety committee shall consist of such number of members as the employer may from time to time determine: Provided that
(a) If one health and safety committee has been established in respect of a workplace, all the health and safety representatives for that workplace shall be members of the committee;
(b) if two or more health and safety committees have been established in respect of a workplace, each health and safety representative for that workplace shall be a member of at least one of those committees; and
(c) The number of persons nominated by an employer on any health and safety committee established in terms of this section shall not exceed the number of health and safety representatives on that committee.
20. Functions of health and safety committees-. (1) A health and safety committee-
(a) May make recommendations to the employer or, where the recommendations fail to resolve the matter, to an inspector regarding any matter affecting the health or safety of persons at
The workplace or any section thereof for which such committee has been established;
(b) Shall discuss any incident at the workplace or section thereof in which or in consequence of which any person was injured, became ill or died, and may in writing report on the incident to an inspector; and
(c) Shall perform such other functions as may be prescribed.
The above passage is a section from the occupational health and safety act. These two section deals with what we dealing with in this report.
From the above extract from the occupational health and safety act we can see that the law has a very active role in health and safety on site. Hence we can see if health and safety is not adhered on site it is a criminal offence as it is breaking one of the countries acts! Although this is true many companies have taken this very lightly and deemed this as a "lighter or smaller" crime. The punished and penalties should be emphasized more in order for companies to get the message and start practicing safer working conditions even if they are forced to. The emphasis on this report though is not on forcing acts or principals on companies, rather showing them how they safer acts can benefit them short term and long term.
Safety Representative Notes
It is important to protect your eyes when working as it could damage eyesight and vision. This may look like it is not necessary all the time, however when any object touches the eye it can cause severe difficulties in sight. Sawdust, debris and any other common material dust can go to the back of your eyeball and create an infection which may stop work. Metal fibers from drilling or cutting holes in metal can easily become embedded in the eye and could become quite painful.
Safety harnesses ties a worker on high buildings so that they may work at those heights without being in fear of falling off. They are used for working on scaffolding, and others like tall walls or buildings roofs and lifts. The fall is not as deadly as what you fall on. A safety harness will ensure that the worker to hang from the tie down instead of going down and can go upward or downward to reach at a safer position.
A good pair of safety boots is vital for balance on site when working. The boots should have a soft rubber sole for good gripping properties and have a fit to allow easy flowing movement. It is best to poses boots with good electrical protection with, water and oil resistance to avoid slipping, and a steel toe for protection.
Drinking and Drug Policy
Many employees and workers are injured and killed to drinking and drug abuse on site. A strong zero tolerance should be put in place and followed to by every employee. Some employees think it's OK to have a drink at lunch breaks and go back to work because it's only a "buzz," but when if this employee is working with heavy machinery it could cause an injury very easily Alcohol and drugs in a workplace leads to bad decisions and inaccurate judgments which lead to injuries on site.
The Occupational Safety and Health representative is the leader in any construction and all the employment safety. They put greater safety and inspections in order to keep all employees protected from injuries caused to them and to others around them. These actions are helpful with reducing accidents on site to employees and fellow employees; this in turn produces a safer working site.
Extracts Taken in conjunction with safety representatives and from
http://www.ehow.comwww.ehow.com (on safety matter)
Data and Information
Safety Inductions and Drills and Safety Notes
Here we are going to see checklist and safety notes from different safety representatives and professional safety practices. These are good documents to help with safety on site.
Portable Fire Extinguishers
Water/Dry Chemical Powder/Carbon Dioxide/Foam/Gas types
Items to be checked monthly
Date Defect Repaired
Check to ensure the equipment's locality is still applicable to risk.
Check appropriate demarcation for legibility and conformance.
Check the equipment is easily accessible and manufacturers operating label is legible and facing forward.
Check the shell for metal corrosion and damage.
Check the finish/paint work for peeling or chips.
Check the equipment is identified and the numbering corresponds with the register and the location.
Check the hose (if applicable) for perishing, blocked nozzle, free movement of discharge nozzle.
Check for blockage of the breather (if appropriate).
Check for sufficient pressure (stored pressure types fitted with pressure gauges).
Check the plunger/operating lever/handle seal is still intact.
Check the seal on extinguisher cap is intact (if applicable).
Check for stability of mounting brackets/hooks.
Check the correct Symbolic Safety Signs are displayed.
Check the equipment is clean.
Invert all cartridge type DCP extinguishers and give them a good shake before remounting (not necessary with stored pressure type).
Where subject to direct sunlight, is the cover on the equipment?
Inspected by: _______________________________________________________________________
Eskom Distribution Critical Task Analysis
2. TASK ANALYSED........................