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During the recent years, the cost of construction materials price is keep on increasing day by day, this is mainly because highly demand in the industry for the developed country like Malaysia which caused scarcity of raw materials as most of the traditional construction materials are being produced in large amount from using existing natural resources. It is indirectly cause damage and harmful to the environment due to non stop exploration and depletion of natural resources.
In accordance with that, awareness of environmental matter rises among our society hence this makes designers and engineers eager to introduce more various eco friendly methods like in which production involves in using potential recycle waste materials. These can be seen by Aubert, Husson, Sarramone (2006, p 624) clearly stated that many involved and relevant authorities and certain investigators are already frequently working to have the privilege of reusing and recycling the solid wastes in environmentally and economically sustainable ways.
Whereas according to Ismail,Yaacob (2010,p 878) claim that the conventional cement and sand bricks are currently now consider as one of the bricks types that are commonly used and favourite choice and application in among the low and medium cost housing development and other commercial construction in Malaysia, the main reason is due to they are easier and cheaper in term of production but currently, problem tend to arise which plague production of these materials that are mainly happened in developing areas where manufacturers have difficulty to locate adequate sources for the brick production due to the supply of natural resources such as natural aggregates are limited.
Hence this research will focus to review the potential and possible use of various recycling solid wastes for producing bricks to substitute the traditional cement and sand bricks which are now commonly used, although the productions of cement and sand bricks are cheap and easy to manufacture but due to highly demand in market, it is currently facing inadequate source due to shortage of natural resources like natural aggregates, it could be notice if continues using it will definitely causing negative effects and impacts on the environment.
To review the potential of bricks production with available recycled waste materials in Malaysian construction industry.
To identify the available recycling solid wastes to produce bricks.
To compare the characteristics of available recycling materials with traditional materials which used to produce bricks.
To examine the problems and barriers encountered by using alternative recycling materials to produce bricks in Malaysia.
To ascertain the factors which encourage the future growth of bricks production and usage using recycling materials.
Alternative recycling waste material can be successfully used to substitute conventional materials for bricks production with the positive government initiative toward eco-friendly environment.
This research shall beginand conducted with a literature review to source out and overview all types of available recycling materials for bricks production. 2 types of literature sources will be taken into account, primary source shall be academic research journal which can be look through internet in Google scholar or e-library of Tarc college website, while secondary sources should be relevant books and newspaper which could be borrow from library. The literature review will include all relevant background, types, characteristic and also pros cons of the recycling waste materials for bricks production.
The methodology used will be survey approach.A set of questionnaire which consists short and straight forward questions related to the topic will be prepared to obtain necessary information to achieve the project objectives, the questionnaires shall be distributed or sent to the relevant manufacturer of bricks or contractor firm within Selangor and Kuala Lumpur area due to time and money constraints. Questionnaires aresuggested in this research, because it is economical and easier to analyse the data and achieve the research goals. At least 30 respondents are expected to express their views based on their experiences and knowledge regarding the recycling materials for bricks. In facts questionnaires will helps obtain certain degree of understanding and information which could not search from text or literature.
Second method will be conducted the face to face interview with the people who are familiar or experienced with these field of bricks production knowledge. Through this manner, the perception or their opinion in term of future growth in these new bricks would be evaluated.
Majority of the interviewees would be selected from the bricks manufactured factory located in Selangor or Kuala Lumpur state, supplier or engineer who are relevant will be considered.
The relevant information or professional view towards future issues can be gather through this method of interview session to achieve the objectives of this research. The ideal selections of company shall include at least 2 to 3 bricks manufactured factory or company.
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Research
In this chapter, the research aim, objectives, hypothesis, dissertation content and research methodology will be presented. This chapter will also allow reader to know about the reason why this research is conducted and provide rough information about current situation of environment which facing depletion of natural resources hence overview available alternative eco friendly recycling material to substitute the original resources used to made bricks. This chapter will also give the outline of the approach in undertaking this project.
Chapter 2 -Alternative Recycling Materials for Bricks Production
In this chapter the review of literature relating to the research topic will be presented. Books, articles, internet sources and etc will serve as the sources of information. The purpose of literature review is to give an overview or review at least 3 types of the available alternative recycling material which is potential of bricks production in Malaysian construction industry. In accordance to that, the original traditional materials used to produce bricks and comparison in all aspect between both materials mentioned above will also highlight and fully describe in this chapter.
Chapter 3 -Potential Usage of Bricks with Alternative Recycling Materials
In this chapter, the review of the literature regarding the research topic shall focus on the problems and barriers encountered when alternative recycling materials are using to replace the traditional materials, it focus on how did it cause impact or influences the market in terms of demand and supply for both producers and consumers like suppliers and contractors, beside that, possible factor which able to encourage the bricks production and usage by using the new recycling material will also highlight and classified in this chapter.
Chapter 4 - Questionnaire Design
Questionnaire will be designed in a few sections based on research objectives and formulated based on literature review.Method of analysis and achievement of research object will also be discussed and to achieve in this chapter.
Chapter 5: Data Analysis and Result Discussions
After collecting the data from all possible parties of above, the results will be interpreted, analysed and presented in frequency distribution, bar chart, pie chart or histogram form and elaborate into detail.
Chapter 6: Conclusions & Recommendations
The overall results of the survey will be concluded and recommendations will be provided in this chapter.
Ismail, S. and Yaacob, Z. 2010. 'Properties of bricks produced with recycled fine aggregate'. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. 67, pp.878-882.
Safiudin, Md. and MohdZaminJumaat. 2010. 'Utilization of solid wastes in construction materials'. International Journal of the Physical Science. 5(13), pp.1952-1963.
Naganathan, S. and Subramaniam, N. and Nasharuddin Bin Mustapha, K. 2012. 'Development of brick using thermal power plant bottom ash and fly ash'. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building and Housing). 13(1), pp.275-287.
Aubert JE, Husson ,Sarramone N. 2006. 'Utilization of municipal solid waste icineration fly ash in blended cement: Part1: Processing and characterization of MSWI fly ash'. J. Hazardous Mater. 136, pp.624-631
Project Plan and Schedule
Advanced Diploma Year 2 Sem 1
First meeting with supervisor
Identify a topic & undertake background reading
Prepare dissertation proposal
Proposal approved by supervisor
Undertake literature review
Feedback from supervisor and amendment
Advanced Diploma Year 2 Sem 2
Questionnaire or data collection approached by supervisor
Feedback from supervisor and amendment
Sending out questionnaire (interview)
Conduct Questionnaire and interview
Analysis of questionnaire and interview
Preparation of final draft
Submission of final draft
Feedback from supervisor
Preparation of final thesis for submission
Completed and submission