This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
Identify and describe the various stages of the construction process for a low-rise domestic or commercial building.
Planning in terms of feasibility studies.
On any construction project it is essential to establish whether the elements of location, market conditions, financial and design combine to produce a viable product that will meet a client's needs.
The feasibility study defines how the construction goal is to be accomplished, what risks are to be involved and any special security, technology or building considerations. Feasibility studies can be developed to evaluate everything required for a project to function.
The design process.
Once the brief has been developed, the initial budget will need to be established. The design team will have to be put together before the next stage. To complete the design process the client will choose the design that is most like what they had in mind. Once an estimator ahs agreed on a cost with the client documents will need to be signed by the client's written approval. If the tender has been won, everyone that would possibly be involved in the project will have to assess potential risks.
Once the contractor had been informed that they have won the contract the company will usually have to start on site within two to three weeks. The designer will supply two sets of drawings then set a time and date for a pre-contract meeting. This is where everyone interested will get together and arrange lines of communication and the start date of the health and safety plan. Materials will then have to have to be scheduled so that materials with a long delivery period are ordered first.
Maintenance and Repair.
For work to be carried out safely this means a shut-down process. However, many factory sites when the main activity can't be shut down as they will lose production. Some sites have specific time slots where production can be taken off; therefore maintenance work can be carried out.
A convenient time has to be made available for any major refurbishment work to be carried out. This can be done in phases as this will not disrupt the whole site. If it is done in phases the client will not have to relocate as many staff. The contractor will have to plan the refurbishment to take place in as little time as possible.
Investigate and explain the roles and inter-relationships of those members of the building team in resource management, planning and production.
The managing director leads the company and develops the cooperative culture for the entire organisation. They will look at the current workload, workload for contracts that the company has won and also contracts that are being tendered for. The managing director is also involved in risk assessments on complex projects and the type of work the company wants to undertake. Financial planning of the business is also down to the managing director. For example, cash flow and financing of workloads.
The construction manager's job is to ensure that the construction site runs smoothly and overcome any problems that may occur. For example, if materials aren't delivered on time it is their job to sort this out as quickly as possible and disturb the running of the project as little as they can. Problem solving is a big part of the job as so many problems can arise this is because a construction manager needs to make sure that the project is kept within budget and to the quality that the client has required.
The planner's job is to make sure a project is completed with the right resources and that they're delivered on time safely and to the required quality. The planner will also be responsible for other schedules as well as material schedules. For example, plant scheduling and labour scheduling. They have an overview of the whole operation which is why they are the person that will report back to the managing director.
It is important that once a project starts that it follows the agreed budget, it is the job of the quantity surveyor to do this. They will have to manage the budget efficiently. They will do this by getting the best value out of contractors and managing the time periods between valuation dates. This is when the company receives money from the client for the work undertaken.
It is the buyer's job to make sure that once the project tender has been won that they work with suppliers to make sure that everything that is needed is bought from the suppliers. They will also ensure that they are delivered on time within budget. The buyer will also need to schedule delivery dates, this is because if everything that is needed for the project comes at once there will not be enough room to store anything and material will become damaged so it is best that the materials are delivered on just before they are needed.
The estimator will have to calculate the approximate total cost of a project from contract drawings. During this time the estimator will be in contact with a variety of subcontractors so they can estimate how much it is going to cost for the subcontractors work. The estimator may be up against other estimators from other companies so it is important that they achieve the lowest price possible and at the highest quality.
The general foreperson is often an older and more experienced worker. They will also often have a trade behind them, for example, bricklaying and carpentry. They will report the progress of the site to the construction manager they will also assist the site supervisor with labour and material control.
These have a trade or background trade. They will make sure that the work they are doing is to the correct quality. They will contribute to maintain the construction programme and to work safely.
They take care of the semi-skilled works such as excavations and drain trenches. They will keep the site clean and move resources.
Produce organisational charts to explain the group dynamics of team working.
Teams are often split into two. For example;
Interaction and communication between the two can take place in several ways. For example;