Health Safety Concerns With Reference To Garmco Construction Essay

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GARMCO was set up in 1981 and this company is built very close Aluminium Bahrain the worlds principal aluminium smelters. The tactical location guarantees steady source of quality raw material promising its clients of well-timed product delivery and this to anywhere globally, all through the year.

GARMCO provides both standard and non-standard customised cut Aluminium sheets, coils and circles. These products are utilised in an extensive scope of applications such as food containers to even aeroplanes and from architecture to paints. Existing continuous relationships speaks of GARMCO's fervour for customer satisfaction and this is obvious with one to one relationship with nearly all the customers for three decades. GARMCO is synonymous with innovative and original solutions which has heralded it as leaders in the aluminium downstream market. GRAMCO hallmark is dedication, timely delivering; satisfy the requirements of all the customers be it big or small and for all kinds of projects.

GRAMCO is advantageously situated in the Northern Gulf between two foremost markets that of Saudi Arabia and Iran. GRAMCO is well connected by both land and sea connections to key global markets of all major continents. GRAMCO has diverse series and types of the Aluminium products that is produced in its modern aluminium plant and this is located amidst the east and the western world right on the gateway that is Bahrain.

Description of the requirements for a healthy and safe workplace as applied to the physical environment and equipment used:

GRAMCO the company that is into Aluminium rolled and milled products take care of health and safety norms in the work place

Safety Management

The safety requirements should have all the safety procedures in place, to put into practice an effective Incident Prevention Programme that is part of GRAMCO's process. Once of the key requirement is certification of organisation on various quality certifications like ISO-9001, OHSAS - 18001(2007) and ISO-14001. These quality certifications have inbuilt systems where employee's participation in Safety Management while the rights of safety lies with the line functions. The company needs to engage an external company to do its health and safety audit to get an unbiased opinion. The company also needs to have software for all safety associated information viz. hazards, incidents and near misses, to inform the area Head of the department and the concerned In-charge for it to be abolish at the initial stages itself. Company also needs to adopt the latest safety scorecard models to assess the OHS Performance of Individual manufacturing units.

Having a full-fledged Health Safety and Environment (HSE) Department with exclusive employees to take care of Health, Safety and Environmental aspects of the Company is much needed.

Various methods, process and systems need to be calibrated to continuously decrease the Loss Time Injury Frequency Rate that is Number of lost time injury per million man hours. A continuously decreasing trend demonstrates continual improvement in Occupational Health and Safety Management. GRAMCO needs to consider the human resources especially the man behind the machine as vital which the company does and hence the health and well-being of each of the employee is a valuable asset to the Company. The company needs to have the subsequent facilities for Occupational Health related issues such as

Hospital setup with specially trained doctors very close to the unit.

Trained and qualified doctors for monitoring the occupational health of employees.

First-aid centres manned round the clock with fully equipped ambulance facilities.

An annual health check-up programme to be organised, as a part of periodic medical examination and specific medical examination.

Health awareness programme on occupation and other programmes like yoga, health care, art of living needs to be conducted.

Health record of each employee needs to be maintained though relevant software.

Fire Safety

GRAMCO needs to give high precedence on fire prevention and accordingly fire protection and detection systems needs to be installed across the plant and periodic monitoring of systems needs to be done. The facilities need to integrate:

Fire Hydrant System


Smoke Detection System

LPG Leak Detection System

Water Spray System

CO2 Flooding System

FM200 System

Sufficient fire equipment in all three fire stations

GRAMCO needs to create understanding and knowledge among the employees about fire prevention and fire fighting; regular fire safety classes and various campaigns and programmes need to be conducted.

Safety measures for the Aluminium products manufacturing company like Garmco

It is mandatory for FRAMCO to assess and monitor the following:

Assess the risks to health of employees and take necessary precautions needed for protection;

Prevent exposure to harmful chemical, metals and other substances or at least adequately control exposure and reduce it to be sensibly practicable for it to be lower than the permissible maximum exposure limit (MEL) that is 0.1 milligrams per cubic metre of air standardised over an 8-hour period;

Persist with all dust managed methods in competent operational order;

Study the way in which employees are getting exposed to hazardous material with the help of a supervising course;

Organize any health tests that are essential; and, notify, train entire set of employees who may be open to hazardous elements and chemicals.

Provide protective clothing like overcoat and gloves to all the workers in the factory. They should use at all times when working in the factory

Workers should refrain from using hands or any other things lying in the factory in the mouth. They should wash hands before eating or using their hands for eating.

Powered respirators, with a filter protective against particulates, should cover the nose to prevent particles to enter the lungs.

Eliminate non-metals from scrap before it enters the furnace to avoid formation of dioxins

Enclose furnaces where possible - use extraction to enclose dross presses;

Wear protective clothing when moving dust from bag filter

Furnace loading

Sufficient local exhaust ventilation (LEV) should be correctly maintained.

Keep all staff not concerned in the loading operation out of the area during charging, as this is when dust and fume levels are highest

Furnace operation

In order to improve the furnace operation it is necessary to prevent furnace dust and fume from entering the workplace air. Complete enclosure is the perfect solution, but can be hard with many furnaces. Where canopy hoods are utilised to capture rising fumes, extra partition walls and curtains better conditions with their fume-capturing capabilities.

Extraction systems must be frequently preserved, tested and inspected by a competent person. Systems should be checked weekly for damage to ducting and hoods, and for cleanliness of the filter system.

General ventilation helps to prevent the build-up of background dust levels. Open doors wide; to allow any dust or fume in the air to escape.


Provide clean facilities: a washroom, showers, storage for clean and contaminated work clothing, and a refreshment area.

Environmental guidelines

Releases and wastes may be regulated within the Pollution Prevention and Control (PPC) framework

Explanation of the roles and responsibilities for health and safety of key personnel

The various roles and responsibilities related to health safety are listed as follows:

The HOD for the health, safety and Environmental Affairs in GRAMCO

This is the top most position connected to Environmental, Health and Safety concerns related to GRAMCO and the responsibilities span the entire organization of GRAMCO. This position has organization-wide accountability for creating and implementing a conscientious health, safety and environmental policy to protect the environment and care for the health and safety of employees and the public within the financial goals of the organisation. This position would generally report to the Chief Executive Officer or to the Executive Vice President in GRAMCO.

The key responsibilities of this position is

IT is the leader and the largely leading health and safety position in GRAMCO with direct line responsibility for the entire organisation.

Responsible for assessing the financial goals of the company keeping in mind various legislations and striking the right balance between these two parameters.

Monitor the development of internal policies, procedures and practices dealing with health, safety and the environment founded on the excellent obtainable scientific proof and ruling.

Set up programs to conserve the quality of life by correcting and bettering different areas of environmental concerns.

Makes sure compliance with all yardsticks propagated by government agencies of Bahrain through creating and executing on-site examination and monitoring programs at all facilities.

Set up precautionary medicine programs to recognize and decrease risk from possible hazards in the work-place.

Carry out autonomous research on the organization's environmental problems to create a basis for program alterations and expansion.

Keep abreast of imminent regulatory developments through reference sources.

Obtain insight on legislative agendas at government agencies levels.

Build up an accord position within an organization climate of varied operational activities and often conflicting regulations proposed by agencies with regulatory jurisdiction.

Operations head of a manufacturing unit

In addition to his/her managerial responsibilities the Operations head of a manufacturing unit:

Will be accountable for guaranteeing that discussion with Health and Safety spokesperson is done in agreement with the decided measures;

Will be accountable to the head of group operations.

Manager (Operating Unit) with responsibilities for a EH&S function in a single operating unit

This level is for a manager position that reports to the top management position in the operating unit (Vice President, General Manager, and Assistant Laboratory Director)

The Manager directs major projects and the supervisors and professional staff of EH&S functions within the operating unit.

Plans, guides and direct the environmental, health and safety (EH&S) plan inside a unit beneath the direction of senior management.

Be familiar with, assesses, recommends and puts into practice course of action and practices to promise consciousness and fulfilment with EH&S wants of GARMCO.

Accountable for monitoring and averting biological, chemical, physical dangers and ailments there; all through the conveniences employment locations.

Reassess and incorporates health standards disseminated by the establishment.

Guarantees that quality management measures are set up and scrutinized on all aspects of regulations.

Supply all essential reports to government agencies.

Guides inspections of health and safety plans at the unit to recognize and manage momentous loss producing disclosure.

Ought to be kept completely notified on every one of current and planned alterations in work-related health and safety policies.

Expands and offer basic EH&S training to facility employees.

Support communication programs to improve and promote staff consciousness of deterrence of accidents and fire, manufacturing cleanliness and ecological fulfilment.

Supervisor with responsibilities for a EH&S sub function in a single operating unit

Under universal course oversee employees occupied in the environmental, health and safety (EH&S) tasks within the unit.

Implements guiding principles and procedures to guarantee awareness of and fulfilment with EH&S requirements of the organization.

Accountable for supervising personnel engaged in observing and averting chemical, biological, physical hazards and diseases there all through the facilities work sites.

Offer technical leadership and functional management to operating unit personnel to guarantee health standards transmitted by regulatory authorities are being enforced.

Make certain that quality control process and systems are performed to observe all aspects of regulations.

Drafts all necessary reports to government agencies.

Systematizes inspection of health and safety plan at the manufacturing unit to recognize and direct significant loss producing exposure.

Keeps knowledge on all current and planned alteration in occupational health and safety regulations.

Helps in the growth and performs fundamental EH&S teaching to workers in the unit.

Supports communication processes to improve and hearten employee consciousness of accident and fire avoidance, manufacturing cleanliness and ecological fulfilment.

The Health, Safety and Environment Co-ordinator

Accountable for monitoring the application of the Health and Safety Policy: General Statement, the Health and Safety Policy: Organisational Responsibilities and the detailed Health and Safety arrangements made

Help managers in complying with the requirements of health, safety and welfare legislation, codes of practice and guidance by providing appropriate assistance and advice;

Support a general concern for health, safety and environmental welfare throughout the organisation.

Co-ordinate Risk Assessments and Workplace Inspections.

Accountable for the investigation of accidents and incidents reported.

Liaise with the Health and Safety Executive, other enforcement agencies and government and independent bodies on matters concerning health, safety and environment.

Assessment of the implications of health safety and security legislation and regulations for a business role

There are many legislations imposed for monitoring and improving the working conditions for avoiding accidents. Under the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH), there is a legal requirement to adequately control exposure to dust of any kind in the workplace which exceeds certain specified levels.

You can achieve adequate control of exposure to dust containing dioxins by a combination of engineering, process and other control measures

The workplace health and safety regulations cover a wide range of basic health and safety issues and apply to most places.

The regulations aspires to ensure that work places meet the health and safety needs of all members of a work force, including people with disabilities, which parts of the workplace should be made accessible for disabled people.

Requirements under these regulations is that employers have a general duty under section 2 of the health and safety at work act 1974 to ensure, the health and safety of their employees at work. The regulations expand on these duties and are intended to protect the health and safety of everyone in the workplace and ensure that adequate facilities are provided for people at work.

Legislations are necessary and needs to be observed but all this needs to be done with a clear view of financial goals. Hence it is imperative that a delicate balance needs to be maintained by GRAMCO so that they have safe conditions and still make profit.

Analyze the roles and responsibilities for health and safety of key personnel in your selected workplace

Here we are analyzing the roles and responsibilities in relation to GRAMCO. The entire Health Safety and Environment department needs to do the following:

Mapping out the requirements of this department is most vital for this role.

Technical and relevant knowledge is necessary for the person to know even the risks that the workers will be exposed to.

Constant monitoring is needed to ensure that even arranging for exposure measurements is done.

Process needs to put in place to minimise the amount of hazardous material being breathed-in by staff by reducing fume and/or dust.

Set control measures that can be used looking at their cost effective and practicality with respect to each situation.

Need to keep all controls in good working order. This means mechanical controls (eg extraction, respirator), administrative controls (eg supervision, health surveillance) and operator behaviour (following instructions).

Ensure that the process is being followed on a regular basis.

Documentation needs to be incorporated by the Ops head.

Carry out health surveillance and take exposure measurements.

Information, training and supervision

Tell workers:

that dust from sand, fettling and kiln relining can cause silicosis, which leads to disablement and early death;

that ferrous foundry fume may cause cancer, and other foundry fume

can cause lung diseases;

that there may be an asthma risk with investment casting or spray coating castings;

to avoid breathing in dust, mist or fume;

to do the job in the correct way and minimise dust clouds;

to always use the dust suppression and extraction equipment properly;

to keep this equipment clean and working properly;

if equipment is not working - report it;

to keep their protective equipment clean, and wear it properly;

to keep surfaces clean as this helps to prevent dust being made airborne again;

to wash dust off skin

to avoid cotton or knitted clothing; and

to vacuum clean, not sweep.

Train and supervise workers - you need to make sure they are doing the job in the right way, and using controls properly to reduce their exposure as low as possible. Include supervisors and managers in health and safety training. Training should include:

how to use the controls and how to check that they are working;

how to maintain and clean equipment safely;

how to use and look after personal protective equipment (PPE); and

what to do if something goes wrong.

Remind workers that cotton or knitted work clothes hold dust that can be inhaled later.

Supervision means checking workers:

use the controls provided;

follow the correct work method;

turn up for health surveillance; and

are following the rules on personal hygiene.

Contractors also need supervision. Find out if they are bringing hazardous substances on site, and how they will protect your workers from them.

Recommendations for improving the health and safety standards and practices

Organisations that manage safety and health successfully invariably have a positive safety culture and active safety consultation programmes in place. Successful organisations can establish and maintain a culture that supports safety and health. Practical methods of designing, building, operating, and maintaining the appropriate systems are outlined in this guidance. In the following sections the similarities and strong links between total quality management, environmental protection and effective safety and health management will become increasingly apparent.

GRAMCO should perform an preliminary review of its safety and health management arrangements if not already done. This review should be evaluated with the current safety and health practice taking into consideration

the wants of safety and health legislation;

the stipulations set out in the organisation's Safety Statement;

safety and health management in the organisation;

current reliable and published safety and health manual;

As a minimum, in order to comply with safety and health legislation, the organisation must:

Recognize hazards and carry out their risk assessments;

Organize and implement the Safety Statement requirements;

Have efficient safety consultation and employee partaking programmes in place;

Assist the choice of and support the role of the health and Safety HOD

GARMCO needs to follow this sequence in terms of health and safety:

Policy and Commitment


Implementation and Operation

Measuring Health Safety and Environmental concerns

Auditing and Reviewing Health Safety and Environmental process

Effective safety and health management demands comprehensive safety and health policies that fulfil the spirit and the letter of the law, are effectively implemented, and are considered in all business practice and decision-making.

Organisations achieving high standards of safety and health develop policies that recognise:

The contribution that safety and health can make to business performance by preserving and developing human and physical resources, by reducing costs and liabilities, and by expressing corporate responsibility;

The need for leaders to develop appropriate organisational structures and a culture that supports risk control and secures the full participation of all members of the organisation

The requirement to resource and plan policy implementation adequately;

The necessity of approaching injury, ill-health and loss prevention by systematically identifying hazards, assessing and controlling risks;

The need for the organisation to develop an understanding of risks and risk control and to be responsive to internal and external change;

The requirement to scrutinise and review performance to learn from experience the workplace, safety, and health management.

The connection between quality the environment, safety and health, and good management practice.

Arrangements should be put in place to guarantee that the lessons learned from the Auditing and Reviewing process are put in place. This will mean the identification of the root causes of non-conformity and checking the effectiveness of, and documenting corrective actions including changes to the management system. Arrangements should be made to ensure the continuous improvement of the safety and health management system and achieving buy-in for the improvements from the workers, members of the safety committee (where it exists), and the safety representatives. The safety and health processes and performance should be compared by the organisation with others in order to improve safety and health performance