Every company has to follow certain HSE principles to in order to understand the level risk is various situations. It helps the clients to select the contractors who are capable. It enables to develop improvements during the process and adopt new techniques.
HSE principles help to obtain permission from state and local authorities to perform the operations in the company successfully. It help to to reduce risk as much as practicable possible .Due to these risks people, environment, equipment, and income of the company are majorly affected in the duration of time.
The various principles that are practised should be able to ensure that the operation is done with zero loss to people, environment, contractors who are involved.
Role of HSE management
HSE management should be able to ensure that people and environment are safe during the process.
Leadership and responsibility
The leaders of the management help the people to understand the need for the HSE principles. HSE management makes people to aware of their responsibilities and makes people to work with their HSE goals. It helps the people with defined rules to each of the individuals.
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HSE principles provides frame to obtain zero level of injuries to the people in the working environment. It helps to reduce the discrimination to the people and reduces the forced and stressful works to the employees.
Training is a base for the HSE management to run effectively and to improve the understanding of new techniques to the people.
Newly assigned people mainly in HSE field should be given proper training, however training programs varies from managers to employers, supervisors and workers.
The training gives the knowledge related to the health, safety and controls factors during various situations. Managing wells, preventing of blowouts are considered in a wide range in offshore and onshore well.
People in the local community should be made aware of the HSE training courses given to employees so that they can extent the support during any extreme situation. Training improves the range of protection to the environment. The verification, understanding and the capability of individual should be done after the training has been done.
Supervising plans are enabled for HSE principles to get implemented in qualitative manner.
It plays a vital role in
Observing the working nature of each individual (worker) with keen observation.
Verification of queries or the workers and giving an effective guidelines
Directing the people towards the safety procedures.
Suggesting proper direction and methods for the workers by acting the role as a guide.
Understanding the capability, health conditions of the workers at regular intervals.
Checking the unsafe behaviour of workers and other misunderstanding with each other.
Communication and team work
Communication is one of the important role which helps to improve the level of HSE that is being implemented.
Communication helps to improve the implementation and understandings of various plans. It helps to share the knowledge and experience with each of the ,
It also helps to take effective decisions at the times of emergence
Team work is an important role by which help to develop communication between employees.
Team works lets people to mitigate various problems and improves the quality of work.
Health and safety
Health is the person factor and safety is the job factor the company. Various measures are taken to improve the health conditions are
Arrangement of various medical check-ups based on level of exposure to the contaminants. Using advance techniques and emergency system are to be developed to reduce the health risk.
Safety is the earlier precaution to be taken to avoid risk to a certain level. Safety principles and standards are executed by the management based on type of risk that is involved. Usage of various safety tools at all circumstances should be made compulsory to improve the level of damage.
People are guided with safety principles while dealing with the hazardous substances. Every HSE management tries to obtain zero harm and zero error in the system they are performing. Health and safety together minimises the occurrence of risk to the individual, environment and company.
Figure Accident Causation Model (Maurino et al, 1995)
Security and Barricades
Always on Time
Marked to Standard
Security system includes the protection to the company and the data of various operations. The secure entry system and checks should be made enable to avoid external risk from exploiters. To avoid misleading in the system and operation Protection of the data of the contract and business information is essential.
Barricades acts as a defence and prevent entry of any external disturbances. They are used to make local people to ensure the progress of work around the zone. Barricades give awareness to public about the presence of hazardous substance present beyond the zone.
Effective management should do its various roles.
Management should focus on the amount to time, resource and the expenses made during the process.
Should perform various actions like planning, work, analysis in order to improve the quality of the process.
Management should gather the problems faced by the people and provide solutions to a quick interval of time.
Efficient care to prevent any accident and damage by implementing various safety procedures.
Analysing the performance on the basis of hse principles at various stages.
Ensuring the best practise, thereby by developing confidence among the employees.
Updating the guidelines, principle and implementing new techniques.
Analysis and prevention
Investigations of various incidents are done to understand the root cause for the failure. Prevention of any further incident can be made from the technical analysis of the failure. It helps to take effective decisions at occurrences of similar circumstances.
Figure Tripod: General Failure outcomes (Shell, 1997)
Incident analyse help to understand various the condition, process during the last last successful completion. It gives sequential occurrences of failure and human impact that leaded to the disaster.
The major contributors or occurrence of the incident is being investigated to develop the sequence for the event.
Involvement by the people, equipment and environmental change which leaded to the event is being estimated. The various factors that leaded to occurrence of accident due to damages, leaks and failure operation are analysed.
Relative analysis is the estimation of complication of an incident in indirect analysis. The result of indirect failure of good quality equipmentâ€™s leaded to a disaster are analysed in this phase. The leading, supporting factors for incident to occur at a large scale are also considered in relative analysis.
In the change factor analysis various possible changes that can be brought up to prevent the event are estimated. Change factors illustrate the various mistakes which leaded to the incident. It gives various information to be altered based on design, parameter and functions.
Working with contractors
Contractors are the whole responsible for the operation, activity that is undertaken. Reporting of events should be the prime responsibility of the contractors. Employees of the Contractor should follow the client safety principles.
Contractors should proceed the work after the possessing the authority to progress. Contractors should point the obstruction or hazardous that is being observed to client. Various confident dataâ€™s should be maintained safely by contractors
Contractors who are involved should be capable to support on HSE standards that are to be implemented during the process. Even contractors should be trained so that they should be able to co relate the risk in involve. The activities of the contractors are monitored by the management to ensure the safe practise.
The sub-contractors are the designees, who frame the outline for the construction of the services that are operated.
Designs the nature of work and specifies the conditions to proceed the work. Sub-contractors are sole responsible for the work undergone in the contract. To estimate the level of HSE training and plans required for the project.
Advices about the issues in HSE procedures are being prompted. And help to estimate the incident analysis. Monitoring the training given to the employees based on the HSE principles.
Emergence management systems
Functions of emergency management
Emergency plans are maintain to meet the requirements of any incident that could occur. Safety procedures and equipmentâ€™s are being tested and updated periodically.
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Arrangements of first aid procedures and alarm system of any event are made in an effective manner. Communication plays a key role at any instant in the process.
Management of change
Management of change is the system to manage the changes in the procedures, technology, materials, and organization. The change is made in an effective to avoid any effects on the quality, safety.
Change are made in
The main aim is to avoid distraction to HSE principles. These changes has vivid impact in the quality, environment, facilities an business. All the change and approval in the process should be are recorded in effective manner
Various activities are undertaken to reduce major impact on the environment .In order to reduce the impact, efficient use of technology should be made to monitor the areas of impact .The regions of very sensitive zones should be analysed and rectified to prevent further risks.
Reducing the level of oil spill and managing the emergency systems to improve and to restore the available restore in an efficient manner. New recycling techniques to reduce wastages and disposes should be practised. The material that is compatible to the Environmental should be used at all kinds of circumstances. Low CO2 emission gases should be implemented. The main consideration is to reduce the emission of hazardous products to the environment.
Emission of various waste from company are considered as have a major impact of environment. It includes the gases and other waste to the atmosphere, soil and water.
The waste gases and the combusted gases are major impact to the atmosphere. Steps to reduce the impact are
Reducing the flare and other reactive gases that are expelled out the environment.
Regular maintenance of the engines and machines used to reduce the level of emission
Spreading of lighter component or chemicals in a wide range should be minimized.
Use of toxic or harmful chemical (inert gases) to the environment should be eliminated.
Solid wastes and other chemicals should be treated before they are disposed to the environment.
Controlling the spill and clearing them from the environment should be made at regular interval.
Top soil that is disturbed must be restored after the completion of the work according to the regulation of the government.
The usage of the ground water should be made at permissible amount. Liquid and solid waste form the major contribution for the contamination of water
The various waste which contribute mostly are
Inhibitors and salt water
Empty vessels and containers
Clays and cement materials
Inert and drilling fluids
Formation cuttings (such as shale, lime, salt or dolomite)
Empty containers, bags and filters.
Maintenance of noise level to the ambient level should be made relatively equal. Improve the condition of the engines to avoid the increase in the rate noise. Construction of barrier walls to reduce the sound level. Ear plugs should be used by the workers at those areas of frequent and loud noises.
Maurino et al.,1995.,Safety in High Technology Systems. (1st ed.). Hants, England: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.
Shell.,1997.,Review of Tripod-DELTA .Shell Expro UK.