Health And Safety Responsibilities Of Every Worker Construction Essay

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This report provides a brief overview of the legislation, which sets out the duties imposed on everyone at workplaces.This outlines the responsibilities of every person at the workplace, the consultative framework, the requirements for reporting injuries and dangerous occurrences, the use of codes of practice, how the legislation is administered.

The human and financial consequences of injury and disease at work are enormous. Safe and healthy workplaces are the result of the commitment by employers, employees and others to the highest standards of safety. Continuing improvement relies upon the goodwill and cooperation of all those who are affected by the legislation. One important principle underlying the legislation is that by bringing all parties in the workplace into consultative and decision-making processes, there will be greater commitment to workplace health and safety.

INTRODUCTION

Health and safety all about is keeping people from costing harmed by work or turning ill by taking the correct precautions or safeguard and supplying a satisfactory working environment.

Dealing health and safety is small in comparison to from managing any early aspect of your workplace. You require doing a risk assessment to search out around the risks in your workplace, set reasonable measures in place to regulate them, and make surely that they remain controlled.

A risk assessment or judgment is nothing more than a proper way of examination of what reason behind safety of worker in danger and cause harm to work. Risk assessment/judgment should be a practical workout, directed at getting the right way of controls of safety in place - keep it simple and set the outcomes into practice.

Steps include in risk assessment

Make systems for implementing the health and safety assesses identified as necessity by the risk assessment;

Put up emergency processes;

Offer clear information and training to employees;

Guidance in particular to the health and safety troubles of an industry or of a particular procedure applied in a number of industries.

The important functions of guidance are:

To understand - serving people to realized what the law says and provide for instance how demands based on EC Directives meet with those beneath the Health and Safety at Work Act;

To aid people follow with the law;

To establish technical proposal.

Since health and safety at work is so important, thither are principles which need all of us not to place ourselves or others in danger. The law is also there to protect the public from workplace hazards or dangers.

Hazard means anything that can make harm (e.g. chemicals used in industry, electricity appliances, fall during working from ladders, etc). Risk is the take a chance, high or low, that a person will be affected by the hazard.

Figure Overall safety scheme

LEGISLATION

Taking care after health, safety and welfare is not just a legal necessity - it draws commercial sense. Failing to deal with health and safety properly can be far more costly than acquiring it right direction in the first place. There are certain mass of legislation are provided and come year by year for the safety and health of worker at workplace. We discuss some important Laws available.

A brief guide led to caring out the principal provisions:

Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (risk assessment).

Workplace Health and Safety Act 1995(the Act).

Workplace Health and Safety Regulations 1998 (the Regulations).

Safety Representatives and Safety Committees Regulations 1977.

2.1 Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (risk assessment).

Choose specially and sufficient risk assessment is made of:-

The risks to all employees whilst they are working;

The risks to all workers originating from company's operations;

The recognition of the measures needed to follow with the applicable statutory conditions.

The Risk Assessments will be furnished with or supported and revised if there is substantial change in the risk. These Risk Assessments will be examined at least yearly.

Interpretation of Risks.

Hazard or danger: It means circumstances at time probable to cause accident, hurt or damage to persons or property working at workplace.

Hazard Material: A Hazards material probable to cause accidental injury or harm or damage to persons working or property or place.

Risk involved: The most probable is that the hazard (hazardous material) or run a risk will cause injury or harm or damage to persons working or property or place.

Workplace Health and Safety Act 1995(the Act).

The aim of the Act is to provide for the health and safety of people employed in, engaged in or affected by industry.

Specifically, the Act aims or objectives to:

• assure the health, safety and welfare of employees at work

• protect people at or near workplaces from risks to health and safety

• promote an occupational environment for employees that harmonizes with their health and safety needs

• foster a co-operative, consultative relationship between employers and employees on the health, safety and welfare of employees at work.

The Act covers employers, employees, self-employed persons, manufacturers, service providers, designers, importers, suppliers and installers. The Act requires all people participating in the workplace to make sure their workplace activities take into consideration the health and safety of themselves and others people.

Workplace Health and Safety Regulations 1996.

The function and purpose of regulations is to give details of requirements that must be observed in the workplace. Regulations are the second tier of legislation. While they are subordinate to the Act, they still represent legal requirements, and failure to comply will generally be an offence punishable by a fine.

The Act broadly outlines the legal obligations employers and workers have to workplace health and safety. The Regulations set out goals for meeting these legal obligations and making workplaces safe. Employers and workers can tailor safety measures to the needs of individual workplaces - provided the outcomes specified in the Regulations are achieved.

Risk management is a key element of the Regulations.

Other important issues outlined in the Regulations include the need to:

• communicate with all parties at the workplace, including health and safety committees or employees' safety representatives and those responsible for managing workplaces - particularly whenever any proposed change to a workplace is likely to affect health or safety

• keep records relating to a number of workplace matters

• make any relevant health and safety information available to workers.

Safety Representatives and Safety Committees Regulations 1977

Under the Act, the functions of the health and safety committee are to:

• Foster consultation and co-operation between employers and people working at the workplace

• Initiate, develop and implement measures that will ensure workplace health and safety

• Keep abreast of changes in standards of workplace health and safety

• Recommend to the employer that programs, measures and procedures about workplace health and safety are established, maintained and monitored

• Keep information provided by the employer about hazards that may arise at the workplace in a place where employees can access them

Figure The law on consulting employees about health and safety in your

HAZARDS

Hazard means anything that can make harm (e.g. chemicals used in industry, electricity appliances, fall during working from ladders, etc). Risk is the take a chance, high or low, that a person will be affected by the hazard.

Slips or trips - The slip or trip at work in almost all kind of businesses activities or work place cause many serious injurious such as food and catering.

Falls from a height - Falls from ladders results serious harm to people and to protect falls from height, the work is planned or designed and conveyed out by capable people and adopt the hierarchy for managing and dealing with risks.

Fire and explosion - Each year many people's health and safety in danger because of the flammable materials present at workplace or they work with it like heating fuel(LPG gas), Petrol, Paint thinners and during wielding gas used.

Musculoskeletal disorders - Manual (or mechanical) carrying or moving or delivering or working with loads by hand or using bodily force or power .For example Upper limb disorders (repetitive strain injury (RSI)) due to repetitive, or forceful or full strength using manual activities or actions in awkward positions, for prolonged periods of time, back problems to computer using employees, repetitive strain injury, or other relating to muscles and skeleton disorders.

Noise - High levels or degrees echo of noise at work can probably cause hearing damage deafness to both age group young and old.

Vibration - 'Hand-arm vibration syndrome' due to strong or powered hand held equipments or tools .

Electricity - Electricity can cause non-fatal shocks, falls from ladders caused by contact with overhead or underground power cables. Poor electrical installations or facilities and faulty or defective electrical gadgets can lead to huge fires and sometimes blast result in death or danger to safety and health to others.

Work equipment and machinery - Accidents involving work equipment happen all the time - many serious, some fatal.

Radiation - Different kinds of radiation harmful and very dangers to human and environment.

UV radiation coming from the sun lead to skin cancer to on field worker;

Lasers harmful to the eye.

Radon gas coming out from the ground;

X-ray sets used in medical.

First aid and accident reporting - First aid means emergency care given before regular medical aid can be obtained. It basically involve treating any physical damage to the body caused at work and giving immediate care to more serious and of great consequence casualties before the medical help is obtainable. Through with this at the beginning management of injury or damage suffered at work, lives can be saved and minor injuries prevented from turning into major ones.

Reporting accidents and ill health of worker at workplace is a legal demand.

Health and safety in Construction

This section provides a brief advice on the process for integrating health and safety into construction projects. This outlines the main health and safety management requirements during a construction project by including and addressing the following project specifies:

Objectives, the key health and safety performance and success criteria during construction and for the finished asset.

Background, the key health and safety drives ( such as the intention to achieve excellence as a client and to align the project with current national improvement campaigns.

A business case that recognizes the need for client health and safety leadership and commitment

Quality plans that measure health and safety performance during design, procurement and construction(including , where appropriate, facilities maintenance etc)

A list of stakeholders acknowledging from the outset that the following groups of people have a stake in health and safety impacts:

Those who will be at risk during construction, including the IST's supply chains, both onsite and during off-site prefabrication

Others who will be affected but not directly involved , such as the local community and business

Those who will operate maintain, alter, refurbish, repair and ultimately decommission and deconstruct the facility

Project organization, addressing responsibilities for the management of health ans safety risks as part of project governance.

CONCLUSION

A systematic and regular audit of Safety Systems and Performance can lead to significant improvements. There are certain laws and legislation are made in favor of workers and employee for their safety and there are so many committee and representative are assign to groups of worker under safety representatives.

The main function of safety representatives to look into possible hazards and dangerous happening at the workplace (whether or not they are drawn to his attention by the employees he represents)

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