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Good transportation systems are lifeline to the area they serve. Highways are a major component of the total transportation system in India. Roads bring about all-round development to the region. A good road network helps in the success of all development activities, including movement of people and goods, agriculture, commerce, economic, education, health, social welfare, cultural diversification, and maintenance of law and order and security.
To provide connectivity to all state highways by all weather roads, and improve quality of life in rural areas, in terms of quick access to health services, better education, social services etc.-To provide an adequate and efficient road system encompassing all transportation needs so as to ensure smooth and uninterrupted flow of goods and passenger traffic both within the State as well as on interstate routes-To constantly upgrade technology by inducting superior and quicker construction and maintenance methods with a view to reduce the total transportation cost as well as to reduce the over all life cycle cost of roads-To induct more scientific principles of resource allocation for maintenance and new construction programmes-To set high standards of road safety and travel comfort
GUJARAT STATE HIGHWAYS PROJECT
The Gujarat state highway project , will build the capacity of the govt.of Gujarat towards effective planning,mgmt. Of road infrastructure,in addition , the existing road infrastructure asset utilization will be maximized , through priority investments,and increased maintenance funding.
The govt. Of Gujarat, india has received a loan from the international bank of reconstruction and development amounting to US$381 million toward the cost of the Gujarat state highway prj.,and intends to apply part of the proceeds of this loan to payments under a contract for consulting services for institutional strengthening comprising two components
strengthening of policy and planning
strenghtening of quality management of design , construction and maintenance .
Road improvement component(widening or strengthening)
Periodic maintenance component(asphalt overlays,etc)
Institutional development component
A word bank loan US$380m)
Initiation of the project
In 1995 govt. of Gujarat completed a strategic options study(sos).Study carried out broad engineering and economic evaluation of 3000 km of state highways from core state road network.1500 km of state highways were selected for improvement in the next 10 years.
Situation and Target market Analysis:
1.. The project shows that it will impact 11235 PAPs and 2261 Person Affected Families.
2.Of the total affected families major impact of the project is on 1339 families and minor impacts on 1247 families.
3. Major impacts are where the PAF is either displaced due to the loss of house or has lost his means of livelihood, either agricultural or commercial; this category also includes those like to become marginal farmers due to the impact of the project.
4.The total private land acquisition for the project is 245.80 hectares, and Govt. land to be transferred is 77.89
A. Impact and Outcome
The impact of the TA will be enhanced efficiency in the planning, programming, policy formulation, and monitoring of the road sector in Gujarat such that the percentage of links on the CRN where volume exceeds capacity is reduced by 30% in the next 5 years and by 70% in the next 10 years. The outcome of the TA will be that GSHTTA and GPWD effectively implement their necessary responsibilities to plan, manage, and maintain Gujarat state Highway network.Identifying, planning, and financing a 35,000 km CRN is necessary to support the state's socio economic development and will be done taking into account the future needs of the state.This TA will serve as the foundation for another follow-on capacity development TA as well as a project preparatory TA to prepare possible projects for ADB financing.
B. Methodology and Key Activities
1.Formulating the Core Road Network. The TA will formulate a CRN for the state for the next 10 years with the development of the road sector master plan. The required corridors and standards for road infrastructure and road amenities will be identified through traffic surveys and reviews of existing plans for the current and future socioeconomic development of the state for agriculture, mining, industry and tourism, as well as with an eye toward providing connectivity to other transport modes (i.e., rail, air, and inland waterway terminals and ports). The likely traffic demand on each corridor for the next 10 years will be estimated using traffic surveys and origin-destination surveys and modeling. This will be done in close consultation with the relevant GOK officials overseeing the TA to ensure that the final output as the ownership of the GOK.
Institutional Strengthening of GSHTTA. GOK recently approved a state highway policy that identifies the new role of GSHTTA as the planning and regulatory body for the roads sector.
2.The TA will carry out capacity development to strengthen GSHTTA so that it can act as thenodal agency for planning and programming the road sector. It will carry out an organizational analysis to recommend the organizational structure and skill mix required to fully operationalize GSHTTA, as well as to develop and implement databases and systems within GSHTTA to enable it to maintain the statistical databases necessary for carrying out maintenance planning and programming, project planning. The major outputs of institutional strengthening during the
3.TA will be
(i) the formulation of the CRN and
(ii) the development of management information systems for planning and programming work.
As GSHTTA does not now have any staff, GOK will create an "embryo unit" of the future, strengthened GSHTTA in the project implementation unit for the GSHIP. This embryo unit will be in place before the TA starts so that consultants will have a core group of people to work with while developing the systems that will be used by GSHTTA. Training the staff assigned to GSHTTA will be done using a learning-by-doing approach so that GSHTTA can build upon what was done during the TA after it is completed.Officials from the "embryo unit" will be fully involved in developing the various plans, including organizational restructuring proposals, systems and procedures necessary for the effective functioning of the GSHTTA.
Reorganization of GPWD.
a.The objective of this component is to strengthen the institutional focus of GPWD on the roads sector, considering that it will be the agency to carry out the maintenance of the state highway network.
b.The TA will study the current organizational structure of GPWD and the sanctioned and current staffing pattern to better assess the staff requirement for road sector activities. It will prepare a draft implementation plan for reorganizing
c.GPWD such that the major focus of the GPWD in the future will be on road sector activities. This objective has already been accepted by GPWD management. It will also formulate an appropriate training curriculum. After approval by PWD , it will be implemented by GPWD.
d. Cost and Financing
The TA is estimated to cost $2,875,000 equivalent. The Government has requested ADB to finance $2.5 million equivalent. The TA will be financed on a grant basis by the Japan Special Fund, funded by the Government of Japan. GOK will finance the balance equivalent to $375,000 in kind by providing office accommodation, support facilities, counterpart staff, maps,reports, and other logistical support. cost estimates and financing plan.
e. Implementation Arrangements
The project implementation unit for the GSHIP of GPWD will be the Executing Agency.
The chief project officer of the GSHIP will appoint a project director who will be responsible for the day-to-day supervision of the TA. GOK assured the mission that all required counterpart staff, office space, furniture, equipment, support facilities for surveys, maps, reports, and other support services will be made available to the consultants in a timely manner. All equipment for the TA (principally office and survey equipment and software) will be procured according to ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time) and turned over to the Executing Agency upon TA completion.
Challenges and opportunities
1.Lack of advance planning of development activities on which available funds will be utilized.
2. Highway Construction Cost Increases and Competition Issues
3.high administrative costs and lack of availability of skilled labour.
4. Localized material shortages for specific construction products
5.doubtful sustainability of project being implemented.
6. GROUND-WATER PROBLEMS IN HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE
7.lethargic management takes the project non seriously and are available in bulk.
8.very large area to be covered as Gujarat is one of the largest state of india .
The project will increase the area of highways in Gujarat and will directly affect the development of Gujarat.
Will generate great employment avenues for different categories.
Job opportunities are expected to be good, especially for skilled and experienced construction trades workers.
Joining downtown area , airport with the safe road facility will attract real estate in this area and increase more investment and hence, economic growth will be there.
It will help the state grow faster and will make this state as the hub of international infrastructure
It will uplift the weaker section by creating job oppurtunities for the common man
The development in the telecom sector, IT sector ,Industry etc.with the development of highways will usher in great economic growth and will increase the GDP which will bring credibility to the govt.
Highly developed highways will make the movements of goods easier and less costly and traffic hazards and road causalities will be checked and undercontrol.
SCBA(social cost benefit analysis)
1..The project was a government initiative to provide good connectivity to all state highways by all whether roads to improve the quality of life, better accessibility and best serviceability and safer geometrics to provide an adequate and efficient road system and encompassing all transportation needs.
2..The project will help in elevating poverty and will increase employment avenues many folts for the guaratis as they will get many jobs oppurtunities and with the development of international infrastructure they will socially get up lifted and their employment avenues will be generated in a big way there will be great development in the education sector which will intern bring them great sociability and economic development and that will bring to them plenty and prosperity.
Reasons for Success of the project
The project was funded by world bank and a team was dedicated to continuous review of the project.
It was a government of India intiative.
Implemented and guided under the state government
A dedicated team of I.S officers were the head of the project
The people of Gujarat are highly practical and pragmatic and there approach to the project was realistic and work oriented.
Public Opinion after Project Implementation
Saving of Journey time, Safe driving and good riding quality, Comfort, Adequate safety aspects, Less chances of Accidents
Increase in Vehicle Speed, Less travel time, more safety, faster & better availability of medical services
Increase in Business activities, Saves Time & Money, Reduced production costs
Increased speed with safety, less travel time, reaching schools in proper time, can reach distance education center
Excellent road to transport goods, less travel time, improved safety, increase in land value, More business, less time of transportation for perishable items.